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What is the „First Sunday Rule“? Meaning, explanation, definition

In the midst of hectic everyday life, in which obligations such as work, studies, household chores and possibly children take up a large part of our time, there is often little room for cultivating friendships. This is where the „First Sunday Rule“ comes in, a strategy designed to help us find time for the most important people in our lives despite all the challenges – our social contacts, our friends and, of course, our family members. After all, maintaining relationships in the long term requires not only occasional contact, but also consciously cultivating it.

Not everyone is lucky enough to have a person in their circle with whom the connection remains unbroken even after months of radio silence. It is human to desire quality time together, but the often overcrowded schedule, which does not become emptier with age, poses a challenge. The „First Sunday Rule“ promises a solution by encouraging people to consciously dedicate the first Sunday of the month to friendship and thus strengthen bonds and will therefore be the focus of the following article.

Definition of the term „First Sunday Rule“

The term „First Sunday Rule“ comes from the English language and is made up of the words „first“, „sunday“ and „rule“. Combined, „First Sunday Rule“ could therefore be roughly translated as „First Sunday rule“ or „First Sunday ritual“.

This actually refers to a ritual that is recommended by leading social scientists. The first Sunday of the month should always be used to socialize. The first Sunday of the month is often ideal for this because the individual to-do list usually swells over the course of the month. The first Sunday of the month is usually not too busy – so there is also time for socializing.

The „First Sunday Rule“ is therefore a piece of advice to use the day for social activities, such as going out, visiting cafés or meeting up with old acquaintances. Former friends, fellow students you thought you’d lost or an aunt you haven’t seen for a long time – they all qualify for the „First Sunday Rule“.

Where does the term „First Sunday Rule“ come from?

The term „First Sunday Rule“ cannot be dated exactly. It probably originated over the past year or two on social media platforms such as TikTok, Twitter or Instagram. The „First Sunday Rule“ is also not a fixed method, but rather a rule of thumb.

The first Sunday of the month seems ideal for such activities – especially if you are working, have a large family to look after and have a lot else on your agenda. According to experts, however, you should make time for socializing every now and then – and this is where the „First Sunday Rule“ comes into play!

How does the „First Sunday Rule“ work?

The „First Sunday Rule“ is a simple yet effective strategy for maintaining friendships in a hectic everyday life, especially in adulthood. It involves consciously dedicating the first Sunday of the month to maintaining relationships by checking in with a friend you haven’t heard from in a while. This doesn’t necessarily involve a whole day of activities together, but rather a conversation to catch up.

The rule offers a minimally invasive way of showing that you are thinking about your friend. However, the „First Sunday Rule“ should be handled flexibly, as not every friendship requires the same level of care. The essence is to make friendships routine in order to build and maintain strong bonds in the long term.

Main areas of application of the „First Sunday Rule“

The „First Sunday Rule“ is now used in many different areas:

  • within personal relationships
  • within the family
  • on social media

The following subsections are intended to illustrate the main areas of application of the popular „First Sunday Rule“ mentioned above.

Personal relationships

The „First Sunday Rule“ proves its worth in personal relationships by encouraging regular contact. From long-standing friendships to new acquaintances, it makes it possible to consciously make time for each other on the first Sunday of the month and thus strengthen the connection. This could be just acquaintances, established friendships or fleeting contacts from professional life.


In family relationships, the „First Sunday Rule“ establishes itself as a reminder to regularly reserve time for family members. This is done through conversations or joint activities to deepen family ties.

Social media

Even in the digital age on social media, the „First Sunday Rule“ is applied. Through targeted messages, comments or calls on the first Sunday of the month, virtual connections are maintained and deepened, which strengthens social cohesion. The term is also used in video and image descriptions and as a hashtag on social media.

A critical look at the „First Sunday Rule“

Despite its apparent simplicity and well-intentioned intentions, the „First Sunday Rule“ raises some critical questions. The rule assumes that all social contacts require the same level of care, which is often not the case in reality. Some people appreciate less frequent contact and may feel overwhelmed by too frequent requests.

In addition, the fixation on the first Sunday of the month could lead to spontaneous, authentic encounters being neglected. There is also a risk that the „First Sunday Rule“ becomes a mere routine, with the quality of interactions falling short of the regular obligation. It is therefore important to interpret the rule flexibly and adapt it to the individual needs of different friendships.

Conclusion on the „First Sunday Rule“ and similar terms

To summarize, the „First Sunday Rule“ can be described as a rule of thumb that recommends dedicating the first Sunday of every month to socializing. These can be casual acquaintances, friends or former colleagues with whom you spontaneously do something or talk to them. This is intended to strengthen social ties, despite the often hectic and busy everyday life.

In addition to the „First Sunday Rule“, there are also the terms „Quality Time“ and „Mindful Presence“. „Quality time“ is a term that is often used to describe time spent consciously and intensively with certain people or activities. Mindful presence, on the other hand, is being consciously and attentively present in the present moment.

What is „ego lifting“? Meaning, explanation, definition

„Ego lifting“ refers to an improper approach to strength training in which the main focus is not on correct execution and technical precision, but on managing impressive amounts of weight. This serves the goal of satisfying one’s own ego. In the fitness world, „ego lifting“ is considered risky as it can lead to injury. Exercisers often neglect proper form and use momentum, momentum or uncontrolled movements to move heavier loads, which increases stress on joints and muscles.

The negative combination of excessive weight and lack of control can cause long-term damage. Effective and safe training practice, on the other hand, emphasizes controlled execution, progression and the development of strength based on sound technique to avoid injury and achieve long-term progress. The following article will therefore provide a comprehensive definition and critical evaluation of the term „ego lifting“.

Definition of the term „ego lifting“

The term „ego lifting“ comes from the English language and is made up of the words „ego“ (meaning „the ego“) and „lifting“ (meaning „lifting weights“). Combined, „ego lifting“ can therefore be roughly translated as „lifting weights just for the ego“.

This refers to the fact that „ego lifters“ do not train for the actual training effect, but to impress others (with the heaviest weights possible). However, this is often at the expense of the quality of the exercise execution (and therefore the training). „Ego lifters“ choose loads that are far too high for their training and cannot be moved technically clean. Furthermore, nonsensical exercises are often used.

Ego lifting“ is a widespread phenomenon, especially in fitness studios, which can always be observed when training beginners in particular are „left to their own devices“. They then choose the wrong exercises and inappropriate loads – often mainly in order to „gain respect in the gym“ and to be admired by others for their supposedly rapid training progress (which they are not!).

Where does the term „ego lifting“ come from?

The term „ego lifting“ has its origins in the fitness and strength training scene and is closely linked to the development of social media and fitness culture. In recent years, especially with the emergence of platforms such as Instagram and YouTube, the display of impressive physical achievements has become increasingly popular. This has led to an increased focus on impressive amounts of weight and spectacular exercises.

The term ‚ego lifting‘ was coined to describe the practice in which fitness enthusiasts often forgo proper technique and safety in order to produce impressive videos or images for social media. However, it is not possible to pinpoint an exact date of origin for the term „ego lifting“. The term itself emphasizes that one’s own ego and the urge for admiration are placed above reason and the health aspects of training.

How does „ego lifting“ work?

„Ego lifting“ refers to the phenomenon where strength athletes lift heavier weights than their actual capacity allows in order to impress others. This is often done at the expense of performing the exercises correctly and carries serious injury risks. The urge to showcase impressive performances on social media leads to a focus on spectacular moments rather than a sustainable and safe approach to training. Ego lifting can lead to muscle strains, tendon and joint injuries and endanger long-term health. It is advisable to ensure correct form and appropriate weight loading during strength training to avoid injury.

In what contexts is „ego lifting“ used everywhere?

Dangerous and unsustainable „ego lifting“ can be found today in the following contexts in particular:

  • in strength sports, bodybuilding and weightlifting
  • on social media platforms
  • in everyday spoken language

The following subsections will now go into more detail on the above-mentioned areas in which the term „ego lifting“ is frequently mentioned or encountered.

Strength sports, bodybuilding and weightlifting

In the context of strength sports, bodybuilding and weightlifting, ‚ego lifting‘ refers to the tendency to lift excessive weights in order to perform impressively. Athletes may tend to push their limits in order to stand out in competition or training. This can lead to injury and is in contrast to a health-oriented approach to strength training.

Social media platforms

Ego lifting is particularly prevalent in the social media fitness community. By sharing impressive but potentially dangerous lifting feats, athletes are trying to showcase themselves and their fitness abilities. This pressure to perform can lead to unsafe behavior and injury as social media often sets unrealistic standards.

Everyday language

In everyday spoken language, „ego lifting“ is often used to describe excessive bragging or boasting that is not based on real ability. The term „ego lifting“ is used when someone tries to give an exaggerated impression of themselves in various situations, not just in sport.

Social classification of „ego lifting“

„Ego lifting“ can be socially classified in the broader context of the modern cult of fitness, which is often characterized by a striving for perfection and self-presentation. In a society that often pays attention to outward appearances and performance, certain character traits, such as a strong need for recognition or the desire to stand out to others, can greatly increase the risk of ego lifting. The fixation on visible results and social validation can lead people to overstep their boundaries in order to present an impressive image of themselves.

Critical view of „ego lifting“

Ego lifting involves considerable risks and is often viewed critically. Exceeding personal boundaries in order to shine in front of others increases the risk of injury considerably. The pursuit of external recognition can lead to a lack of self-awareness, which can impair progress in training in the long term. There is also a risk of excessive pressure and stress in order to maintain your own success. A healthier, sustainable training philosophy based on personal growth and well-being is often considered by experts to be more effective and satisfying in the long term.

Conclusion on the topic of „ego lifting“ and similar terms

The bottom line is that ‚ego lifting‘ can be described as a worrying fitness trend in which strength athletes want to impress other people by moving extreme loads. However, these loads are often moved technically incorrectly or nonsensical exercises are used that carry a high risk of injury and offer no lasting training effect.

In addition to the term „ego lifting“, there are also the terms „form-over-function“ and „bro-science“ in this context. With „form-over-function“, the focus is on external appearance and aesthetic training, while functional fitness is neglected. „Bro-science“ refers to non-scientific training methods that are often based on oral traditions or myths.

What is Looksmaxxing? Meaning, explanation, definition

„Looksmaxxing“ is a term that has gained prominence in various online communities in recent years, particularly in relation to the pursuit of outward attractiveness. The term „Looksmaxxing“ describes a process in which individuals specifically work on their external appearance in order to be perceived as more attractive. This involves not only external changes, but also the optimization of clothing, hairstyle, fitness and self-care.

„Looksmaxxing“ reflects the trend that more and more people are using digital platforms to discuss beauty standards and find individual ways to improve their appearance. But what exactly does „Looksmaxxing“ actually mean? Where does the term come from? And how does „Looksmaxxing“ work? This article therefore explores the meaning, characteristics and background of „Looksmaxxing“ in order to give the reader a comprehensive understanding of this phenomenon.

Definition of the term „Looksmaxxing“

The term „looksmaxxing“ comes from the English language and is made up of the two words „look“ and „maxing“. In combination, „Looksmaxxing“ could therefore be translated as „optimizing the look“ or „maximizing the look“.

This refers to a targeted process in which conscious efforts are made to improve the external appearance. This includes not only physical changes, such as fitness and skincare, but also the choice of clothing, hairstyle and accessories to raise personal standards of beauty.

„Looksmaxxing“ is considered a new social media trend that aims to provide ways to improve one’s own beauty without resorting to surgery. The activities used in this way therefore have a certain potential for sustainability, which is why „Looksmaxxing“ also appears to be much more desirable and healthier (and not least why it is so interesting for many people).

Origin and meaning of „Looksmaxxing“

The exact origin of ‚Looksmaxxing‘ is not known, but the term itself probably originated in early 2023 on various social media platforms, such as TikTok or Instagram. The meaning of the term refers to the various possibilities for individual beauty optimization. It is based on the idea that everyone can maximize their individual beauty potential through targeted measures.

In this way, „Looksmaxxing“ gives the user a certain amount of self-control and the belief that they can do something about it through their own efforts. Looksmaxxing is therefore increasingly becoming more than just a social media trend. At times, there is a large following who provide each other with tips and tricks in order to find the best beauty results for themselves and the community.

How „Looksmaxxing“ works

Looksmaxxing follows a certain pattern:

  • Physical optimization (individuals use intensive fitness programs to sculpt their physique, establish skin care routines for healthy, glowing skin, and consider possible cosmetic procedures to correct facial features as part of „Looksmaxxing“)
  • Style and fashion (lookmaxxing involves choosing clothes that emphasize individual assets, experimenting with different hairstyles and hair styles and using accessories to enhance personal style)
  • Nutritional optimization (adjusting diet for better skin, hair and body composition)
  • Self-care and health (getting enough sleep, comprehensive body care and relaxation techniques for a fresh and healthy look)

Use of „Looksmaxxing“ in different contexts

The term „Looksmaxxing“ has now become firmly established in everyday language. However, the word „Looksmaxxing“ is used particularly frequently in the following areas:

  • as a slang expression
  • in the field of self-optimization
  • on social media

The following subsections explain the main uses of „Looksmaxxing“ in more detail.

Slang expression

The term „looksmaxxing“ has become an integral part of slang. It is often used in informal conversations to describe the process of external improvement, especially in the context of beauty ideals and personal aesthetics.


Within self-optimization communities, „Looksmaxxing“ is considered a key concept. People use this term to describe their efforts to consciously work on their appearance, be it through fitness, skincare or style improvements.

Social media

Looksmaxxing is also widely used on platforms such as Instagram and TikTok. Users share their transformations and beauty rituals, creating a community that exchanges experiences and sets trends in the area of external optimization. To this end, „Looksmaxxing“ is used in image and video descriptions and as a hashtag, causing the term to spread virally.

Social classification of „Looksmaxxing“

The social categorization of „Looksmaxxing“ reflects an increasing emphasis on outward appearance in the digital era. While some see it as a positive expression of individual freedom and self-love, with people consciously working on their self-image, critics see it as an increased fixation on superficial beauty standards. Looksmaxxing itself is primarily practiced by members of younger generations, such as Generation Y, Millennials, Z and Alpha. All of these age groups are under 35 years old.

Especially on social media, ‚Looksmaxxing‘ can put pressure on individuals to conform to unrealistic beauty ideals. At the same time, it serves as a platform for self-expression and community building as people share their transformations and find support. „Looksmaxxing“ is therefore considered a highly polarizing term.

Critical view of „Looksmaxxing“

Critical consideration of ‚Looksmaxxing‘ raises questions about its social priorities and psychological impact. Critics argue that the focus on external optimization can undermine the acceptance of diversity and authenticity. This trend could contribute to perpetuating unrealistic ideals of beauty and linking individual self-worth to external standards. The fixation on external changes could also cause psychological stress and increase the pressure to live up to certain ideals. Social media, where „Looksmaxxing“ is often celebrated, could become a comparison trap and affect self-confidence.

This is one of the reasons why „Looksmaxxing“ is strongly opposed and is suspected of triggering self-abandonment, depression and delusions. A critical perspective therefore questions the extent to which this striving for external perfection is in harmony with a healthy self-image and social diversity.

Conclusion on the topic of „Looksmaxxing“ and similar terms

The bottom line is that „Looksmaxxing“ can be described as a new trend on social media in which individuals want to improve their individual appearance through targeted measures (without the use of cosmetic surgery). This can include diets, exercise, special care products and relaxation techniques.

In addition to the term „Looksmaxxing“, there are also the terms „Glow-Up“ and „Self-Improvement“. „Glow-up“ describes a positive, transformative change in a person’s external appearance over time. „Self-improvement“ refers to the general process of personal development and self-optimization. This includes not only external aspects, but also intellectual, emotional and spiritual areas.

What is „mogging“? Meaning, explanation, definition

In recent years, the term ‚mogging‘ has emerged as a worrying trend on social media. In the so-called „incel“ culture, „mogging“ refers to aggressive behavior that primarily targets people with insecurities and low self-esteem. Through platforms such as TikTok, Twitter and Facebook, the number of people engaging in mogging or humiliating others due to genetic, injury-related or abnormal body size is steadily increasing. As a result, many sufferers, also known as ‚moggees‘, struggle to overcome the fear, shame and embarrassment associated with their often uncontrollable trait.

Stigma around body size is deeply rooted in our society. Many people, especially „moggers“, are often unaware of how privileged they are to be above average. But what exactly does „mogging“ actually mean and where does this new term come from? The following article is intended to provide the reader with all the background information on the subject of „mogging“ and, not least, to take a critical look at it.

Definition of the term „mogging“

The term „mogging“ is derived from the term „AMOG“. „AMOG“ means „Alpha male other guy“ or „Alpha male of the group“. „AMOG“ means: to dominate others or to assert oneself. In the verb „mogging“, the „a“ is omitted and the „g“ is doubled. Together with the suffix „-ing“, this creates the verb „mogging“. „Mogging“ means „to dominate“ and „to make small“.

This means that people are deliberately denigrated or made fun of because of their height. The aim of this is to indirectly exert dominance over these people. „Moggers“ tend to assume that height is a genetic gift and show little empathy for people of average or smaller height. In many cases, they even resort to toxic behavior, such as „mogging“. Children and adolescents are not the only ones affected. Many adults live with fears and insecurities about their body size.

„Mogging“ is a social phenomenon that has become increasingly common in recent years. However, it goes far beyond the actual discrediting of body size (and only uses it as an excuse). „Mogging“ can therefore be classified as misanthropic and narcissistic.

Word origin and origin of „mogging“

The chronological origin of the term „mogging“ can be traced back to recent years. The term has appeared in online forums and especially on platforms such as TikTok, Twitter and Facebook, where it originated as part of incel culture. The exact dating of the term cannot be precisely determined.

The term „mogging“ was first used in online forums such as Reddit. It then spread to social media platforms, where it became a thematic component of short videos. The use of the term „mogging“ in video and image descriptions and in the form of hashtags then made it increasingly popular.

How does mogging work?

„Mogging“ refers to a form of aggressive behavior in which a person attempts to assume a dominant position by humiliating or harassing others based on characteristics that are considered undesirable, primarily small body size. These hostile acts can range from subtle verbal attacks to overt physical confrontations. Often the tactics used in „mogging“ are not obvious and can be subtle.

The goal is to make the target appear less important through belittling comments, disrespectful behavior or even physical intimidation. This form of pressure can cause considerable psychological stress and have a negative impact on the self-esteem of those affected. The most common tactics include

  • Insults and derogatory comments regarding body size
  • Staring at or demonstratively ignoring the person concerned
  • Subtle derogatory gestures or facial expressions
  • Spreading rumors or derogatory comments on social media
  • deliberately isolating the person concerned in social situations
  • Participating in derogatory jokes or mockery
  • Recording videos or photos intended to humiliate the person
  • Physical intimidation through physical proximity or threats
  • Manipulating group dynamics to exclude the target person
  • Exploiting the target’s insecurities or personal weaknesses

Where is „mogging“ used everywhere?

„Mogging“ is used in various areas, although three main contexts can be identified:

  • social networks
  • professional environment
  • personal relationships

In the following subsections, the above-mentioned areas of application of „mogging“ will be discussed in more detail.

Social networks

In the vastness of social networks such as TikTok, Twitter and Facebook, mogging is spreading at an alarming rate. By publicly exposing and bullying people of small stature, the negative practice is being reinforced. Disparaging comments and degrading content find a platform to humiliate others.

Professional environment

„Mogging“ can also occur in the workplace, where people are the target of derogatory comments or social exclusion due to their body size. This form of discrimination can put a strain on the professional environment and affect those affected psychologically, which in turn has a negative impact on work performance.

Personal relationships

In personal relationships, whether with friends or in other social settings, mogging manifests itself through subtle put-downs and derogatory comments. Those affected can feel socially isolated, which can lead to psychological stress and low self-esteem.

Social classification of „mogging“

The social categorization of „mogging“ reflects a worrying trend. The practice of humiliating people because of their body size is contrary to basic principles of respect and empathy. „Mogging often thrives in environments where superficiality and social hierarchies are emphasized. It contributes to the reinforcement of beauty standards and prejudices, resulting in psychological distress for those affected. Social categorization varies, with some viewing it as a serious problem that requires attention and countermeasures, while others see it as a mere provocation.

Reviews on the subject of „mogging“

Critiques of „mogging“ emphasize the negative effects on the mental health and self-esteem of those affected. Opponents argue that this form of harassment undermines social norms and contributes to an intolerant atmosphere. Some see „mogging“ as a product of superficial social media that increases the pressure to conform to unrealistic ideals of beauty. Criticism also focuses on the fact that „mogging“ promotes a toxic culture in which empathy and respect are neglected. The discussion around mogging therefore also reflects broader issues of social responsibility and dealing with diversity.

Conclusion on the topic of „mogging“ and the use of similar terms

In summary, „mogging“ can be seen as a worrying trend in which people are insulted, abused and discriminated against because of their small size. However, this often only serves as a pretext and is due to narcissistic personality traits or pure malice or envy.

In addition to „mogging“, there are also the terms „body shaming“ and „sizeism“. „Body shaming“ refers to the practice in which people are criticized, bullied or discriminated against because of their body or external appearance. Sizeism, on the other hand, refers to the discrimination of people based on their body size.

What about the worn-down ring, Balin’s letter and Durin’s crown? Return to Moria, explanation

What about the worn-down ring? Return to Moria, explanation

You will receive the worn-down ring at the end of the fight against the dragon. The ring is simply under the dragon’s body. (At the level of the dragon’s belly.) After the dragon has despawned, you will see the ring and can collect it.

In version the ring has no use and no function.

The author suspects that this ring may have belonged to Durin and once held great power. But it is now just worthless scrap metal.

What about Balin’s letter? Return to Moria, explanation

You will receive Balin’s letter as a physical object in your inventory during the course of the game. The contents of the letter are entered in your diary. This means that the physical object has no use and simply occupies an inventory slot.

What about Durin’s Crown? Return to Moria, explanation

You will receive Durin’s Crown after killing the Troll King. To the right of the throne in front of Durin’s forge is a destroyed statue. You can rebuild it by using the crown.

What about Khazadstone (Khazad Stone)? Return to Moria, explanation

After you have found the Khazadstone, your dwarf will carry it in his inventory.

In the Secret Tomb of Kings there is a small altar about which it is explicitly stated that the Khazad Stone is missing.

It is not possible for me to use the Khazad Stone. (Version

Author’s comment: Too bad, I would have liked that.

What about the Achievmente „We are running out of jugs of all brews.“? Return to Moria, explanation

The Achievement „We run out of jugs Stelle all the brews.“ is not available. In version there is a bug that causes the runner’s diary in the Dwarrowdelf to not give a recipe. This means that a brew is missing.

Brew kettles, beers, brews, Return to Moria

A brew is missing!

What about Bundushathûr? Return to Moria, explanation

Bundushathûr is mentioned at the end.

Moria consists of three mountains: Barazinbar, Zirakzigil and Bundushathûr.

Bundushathûr is therefore „just“ another mountain.

How do I open the door to the Great Mithril Forge?

Restore the monument of Durin VI and then your dwarf must sing the whole song. He has to sing the whole song. The door will then open by itself.

Where can I find mithril ore / diamonds? Return to Moria, explanation

Where can I find mithril ore? Return to Moria, explanation

Mithril ore, Return to Moria

You can find mithril ore in the Barazinbar at a depth of over 300 fathoms. You have to climb down into a crevice or shaft.

Find a dead end in the Barazinbar. This is a room that looks like this:

dead end return to moria

Then find the crevice / shaft in the middle and climb down.

gap, shaft, return to moria

The mithril ore is visually very striking.

Mithril ore vein, Return to Moria

You can mine it with your best pickaxe or Durin’s pickaxe / hammer.

Caution: It is hostile deep in the crevice. After a short time, your dwarf will fall into despair and lose life energy. Therefore, take enough resources with you to build a campfire and a teleporter.

Caution 2: Monsters live deep in the rift. They will attack you. Remember your armor and good weapons.

You will need a total of 21 mithril ingots. (For the Shaz’akhnaman spear and (after the dragon fight) the mithril armor, the mithril shield and mithril weapons).

You need six ore for a mithril ingot. This means you only need a total of 126 mithril ore in the game. That’s all you need. (This applies to version

Where can I find diamonds? Return to Moria, explanation

Diamonds return to moria

Note: This is about diamonds, not black diamonds!

You need nine (9) diamonds for the Shaz’akhnaman spear.

Go to the Dwarrowdelf. Find a dead end there that has a shaft in the middle. (Like the mithril ore. Except that you search in the Dwarrowdelf instead of the Baranzinbar).

Descend the shaft and search for gemstone deposits. These are located at a height of 270 fathoms. Mine them and you will receive diamonds.

The environment in this shaft is also hostile and your dwarf will take damage after a short time. So remember to take enough materials for a campfire and a teleporter.

Shaz’akhnaman Spear: Return to Moria

Shazakhnaman spear Return to Moria

For the Shaz’akhnaman spear you will need:

  • 5 mithril ingots
  • 9 diamonds
  • 6 ironwood
  • 6 scales

I had collected enough scales by then because I had killed every little dragon on the way. Once I’d understood about the shaft, the path was clear. (Incidentally, I was pleased that I could actually climb down there and that they weren’t just there for visual effect).

Note: You can’t start the boss fight without the Shaz’akhnaman spear!

Where can I find the dragon? How do I fight the dragon? Return to Moria dragon fight, explanation

The dragon is hiding deep in the Barazinbar. Unfortunately, this part of the world is built like a labyrinth and you have to search for the dragon. You know you’ve come to the right place when you find an orc camp (shadow orcs) with a large wooden wall. The way there leads up and down many levels. (That’s all I can help you with, sorry!)

Note: You can only start the fight against the dragon after you have the Shaz’akhnaman spear.

How do I fight the dragon? Return to Moria dragon fight, explanation

The dragon fight in Return to Moria has three phases.

1st phase / 1st room: The dragon sits in the middle of the room and is surrounded by spikes. You cannot attack the dragon.

You will be attacked by the dragon’s minions. Kill them all until they flee. Then you can open the door to the second room. The door will not open before then.

2nd phase / 2nd room: There is no fight here. The dragon sees you and talks to you. You climb up the rock face. When you are almost at the top, the dragon flies on.

3rd phase / 3rd room: The third phase has two parts:

You can’t do any damage to the dragon yet. Do the following: Destroy the four pillars by the dragon. This will cause the roof to collapse. Now you can attack the dragon.

Now use your Shaz’akhnaman spear.

One hit was enough for me and the dragon was dead. That’s it!

You’ll find a worn-down ring on the dragon. This has no function in the version in which I played.

What else can you do after the dragon fight? Return to Moria

The missions and quests are now complete. After the battle, the mithril armor, mithril shield and mithril weapons have been unlocked. You can now forge these. In addition, another brew tank has been unlocked and you can now build Durin’s lamps.

You can now dedicate yourself to the Achievements if you wish.

About the fight: (Author’s opinion) I was overwhelmed in the first room or phase of the fight because I didn’t know what to do. The second phase was ridiculous. Nothing happened. The third phase, and therefore the final battle, was the opposite of epic. This dragon was far too weak.

Black diamonds in Return to Moria: How to get them! Explanation, instructions

black diamond Return to Moria

There is a very simple way to get hold of black diamonds. Let’s keep it short:

  1. Create a new world
  2. Finish off Bolgakh again
  3. Profit

Now comes the detailed version:

Black diamonds in Return to Moria: How to get them! Explanation, instructions

To get new black diamonds, you can take advantage of a Return to Moria mechanic.

When you create and enter a new world, your dwarf always takes his entire inventory with him. This means you can start a new world and already have higher quality equipment with you. This makes battles with opponents much easier.

You can now take advantage of this! You create a new world and simply fight Bolgakh again. (He’s the first big orc boss and you’ll meet him in the mines of Moria.) He’s relatively easy to defeat.

Now to the details:

Preparation is important. Make provisions in the oven. If your dwarf is hungry, you can then eat something.

Take materials for a fireplace, a bed and a repair station. (This is your back-up in case the orcs do finish you off.) Set up camp just before you enter the orc camps and/or start the fight against Bolgakh.

The way:

Simply run through the Western Halls and the Elven Quarter. Once you arrive in the Mines of Moria, run down to the camp (of Balin) and then continue on to the orc camps.

Memorize the way through the western halls and the elven quarter. This will get you through faster. (Don’t get held up in the elven quarter, just run through!)

Then defeat Bolgakh again. He has dropped eight black diamonds on me. The two crates in his camp contained a total of six more black diamonds.

On the way to Bolgakh, I looted three crates with two black diamonds each.
I have now looted a total of 20 black diamonds.

Once you have collected your black diamonds, you leave the world and return to your main world. Your dwarf takes his inventory and all items with him. You should now have enough black diamonds for the mine winch or the grand staircase.

Tip: Destroy the orcs‘ standards first. They ensure that the orcs and their followers spawn again and again.

Then leave the camp so that the orcs respawn. Then return. Now you can loot the crates in peace.

Alternatively: Leave your world and enter it again. This will also cause the orcs to respawn. You can then collect all the items in peace.

Ranger’s Diary Page – Where is his diary and camp? Return to Moria solution hint

You are looking for the camp and the ranger’s diary? I found it and I’ll explain how:

First of all, you only need five pages to complete the quest. As a reward, the game gave me a recipe for a stamina potion, that is, a stamina beer.

Note: Yes, I am aware that your map could look completely different. Nevertheless, I explain long and wide my way. Because there are details that are important. Maybe it will help you.

Ranger’s Diary Page – Where is his diary and camp? Return to Moria solution hint

On the map I marked Balin’s old camp. You should have found it. If I go to the right, after 3-4 rooms comes a troll. Here I pass to the right. This room has three branches. The middle one leads to the gate to Durin’s high road. The left and right branches each lead to a room with two levels and two statues each. In both rooms there is a lower level. In the left room there was an orc camp in my case. In the right room (red circle) were spiders.

I went down in the right room and walked on the circular path. There was an inconspicuous hole in the wall and I went in there.

Yes, behind the green circle it goes downhill.

There were nine new rooms down here. I took the left path to the end. In the last room I found a small orc camp and the longed-for camp and ranger’s diary.

You can’t take the diary with you. It is (visually) an open book. You just interact with the book normally.

By the way, I found a total of eleven diary pages, but you only need five.

What does „From the river to the sea“ mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

„From the river to the sea“ is a Palestinian nationalist slogan used in the context of many pro-Palestine demonstrations. It expresses the Palestinians‘ desire to remove the state of Israel from the map. Demonstration slogans continue to emerge from the ranks of Palestinians. Most recently, the slogan „From the river to the sea“ was banned by German constitutional law and consequently may no longer be used in demonstrations in this country.

Palestine is a state, sometimes not internationally recognized, located in the middle of Israeli territory. In the course of Israel’s attack on the Gaza Strip in October 2023, Palestinian demonstrations took place all over the world. Among other things, the slogan „From the river to the sea“ was coined during these. What this means exactly and why it is experiencing tremendous hype among Palestinians (and pro-Palestinians) right now, more information is provided in the following article.

„From the river to the sea“: Banned in Germany

Update: 11.11.2023

The slogan „From the river to the sea“ was banned in Germany by the Federal Ministry of the Interior and Home Affairs on November 2, 2023. This happened as a result of the Hamas ban.

In detail: On November 2, 2023, the German Minister of the Interior Nancy Faeser (SPD) issued a ban on Hamas. The ban includes a list of symbols (logos, signs, slogans and slogans) that are now prohibited. This list also includes the slogan „From the river to the sea“ in German.

This ban now ensures that public prosecutors can take tougher action against the use of „From the river to the sea“ and that the slogan is no longer covered by freedom of expression.

Justification: The slogan „From the river to the sea“ seems to express the seemingly harmless wish that Palestine should be free. But behind this is the demand to destroy Israel. Because the land from the Mediterranean to the Jordan River is not free or uninhabited, it is Israel. In order for Palestine to become free in the sense of the demand, Israel would have to be wiped out and disappear.

Conceptual interpretation of „From the river to the sea“

The expression „From the river to the sea“ is composed of the words „from“, „the river“, „to“ and „the sea“. Combined, „From the river to the sea“ could be translated as „From the river to the sea“.

What is meant by „river“ is the Jordan River, which is located on Israel’s eastern border with Jordan. (Israel and Jordan share the river.) The sea means the Mediterranean Sea. The territory of Israel, in effect, extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan River. „From the river to the sea“ now indicates that the Palestinians claim this territory for themselves and that this should no longer represent Israel.

„From the river to the sea“ is therefore a nationalist slogan that wants to express that Israel is the enemy and the territory of Israel should be dissolved. It thus questions Israel’s right to exist and is considered unconstitutional not least for this reason.

Origin and meaning of „From the river to the sea“

From the river to the sea“ is a pro-Palestinian slogan that originated in the course of worldwide pro-Palestine demonstrations. It expresses the sentiment that Israel’s right to exist should be questioned. Israel had attacked Gaza in the wake of a Hamas raid in October 2023. Many Palestinians and Arabs worldwide see this as an unjustified act. As a result, Palestinian flags at demonstrations around the world were emblazoned with the slogan „From the river to the sea.“ This was meant to express that Israel would have no right to exist anyway and that the current territory of Israel had always been Arab. In addition to the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, the rest of Israel’s territory was also to be „neutralized“ (by which acts of war are meant).

Use of „From the river to the sea“

„From the river to the sea“ is now considered a forbidden saying, but we nevertheless encounter it today in a wide variety of contexts. Among them are, for example, the following uses:

  • Pro-Palestine demonstrations
  • Islam
  • Social Media

In the subsections that follow, we will now go into a bit more detail about the main uses of „From the river to the sea“ mentioned above.

Pro-Palestine demonstrations

In pro-Palestine demonstrations, the slogan „From the river to the sea“ is often written on flags or banners. It is meant to express that Israel’s right to exist should be questioned. In addition to „From the river to the sea“, the slogan „Free Palestine“ is also used, for example. Here, too, it is meant that Palestine is currently occupied by the Israelis, or that the Israeli attack in October 2023 is unjustified. Palestinians and pro-Palestinians worldwide use the slogan „From the river to the sea“ to live out their nationalist fantasies. The Office for the Protection of the Constitution recognized this recently and henceforth banned the slogan at demonstrations.


The pro-Palestine demonstrations are mainly sympathized with by members of Islam. The reason is that the war between Palestine and Israel is secretly an Islamic-Jewish war. „From the river to the sea“ can therefore also be classified as racist and anti-Semitic. The subtext of „From the river to the sea“ is that Israel and its predominantly Jewish population should be wiped out or expelled. This attitude is supported in Islamic countries.

Social Media

From the river to the sea“ is also spreading rapidly on social media. Here, the slogan is mainly used in the form of video and image captions and also in the form of hashtags. In the future, however, „From the river to the sea“ is likely to become a banned term here as well, since it is extremely racist or nationalistic. Nevertheless, many Palestinians and pro-Palestinians still use the phrase „From the river to the sea“ on social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram and X.

Social classification of „From the river to the sea“

Socially, „From the river to the sea“ can be attributed primarily to Palestinians themselves, as well as pro-Palestinians and people with an Islamic background. These groups of people are therefore the main target group for „From the river to the sea“. Other people understand the slogan, but classify it as racist and nationalistic and therefore neither use it nor tolerate it.

Criticisms of „From the river to the sea“

„From the river to the sea“ has drawn considerable criticism, especially in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It is a Palestinian nationalist slogan used at many pro-Palestinian demonstrations, expressing a desire to wipe the state of Israel off the map. Not without reason, therefore, „From the river to the sea“ has been banned by German constitutional law, among others, because of its provocative and inflammatory nature. Critics also argue that it promotes a one-state solution that would exclude Israel, which is a highly controversial and debated issue in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian war.

Conclusion on „From the river to the sea“ and similar terminology

The bottom line is that „From the river to the sea“ can be described as a pro-Palestinian saying that implies Palestine should extend from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea. There, however, lies the present territory of Israel, which in the eyes of the Palestinians should be eliminated. The slogan is considered unconstitutional because it is racist and strongly nationalistic.

In addition to „From the river to the sea“, there are also the slogans „Free Palestine“ and „Palestine will be free“. Both slogans are also aimed at putting Israel, the supposed occupier, to flight, or at persuading the Palestinian population that Israel will eventually suffer defeat.

What is „Sharenting“? Meaning, explanation, definition

Using mobile devices as well as social media has almost become the norm today. People take pictures of themselves and then post the pictures on their social media profiles. However, this is not always harmless – especially when sensitive content (for example, of one’s own children) is shared on social media. In this case, the term „sharenting“ is used. This is a sometimes worrying trend in which parents take pictures of their children and then upload the images to the Internet.

In this way, sensitive content can already reach the wrong people – as a result, their own children can become the focus of sex offenders and are exposed to unnecessary danger. Sharenting“ is still a comparatively young phenomenon, but one that has come in for a lot of criticism. The following article is therefore intended to clarify „sharenting“ and its consequences. In addition, typical areas of use of the term „sharenting“ will be pointed out.

Definition of „sharenting“

Sharenting“ is an artificial word that originates from the Anglo-American world. It is composed of the two words „to share“ and „parenting“. Combined, „sharenting“ can therefore be roughly translated as „sharing with care“.

This admittedly rather incomprehensible translation means that parents often take photos of their children and then distribute them randomly on the Internet. So instead of just protecting them (i.e., „to parent“), they also take and share pictures of them (i.e., „to share“).

The dissemination of photos on the Internet is often for individual pleasure, but is also often intended to create social ties to like-minded people (for example, to other parents). Often, however, it is not such like-minded people who emerge as the main consumers of the images. And this is exactly where the danger of „sharenting“ lies, or rather why „sharenting“ is so strongly criticized.

Origin and meaning of „sharenting“

Sharenting“ is a recently discovered phenomenon whose name probably originated in the USA. The term developed as an artificial word from the two words „to share“ and „to parent“ and unmistakably refers to the wild photo craze of young parents, who are often very active on social media. „Sharenting“ therefore typically describes people who have a great affinity for social networks and a certain need for recognition – this often goes even further than their own person. In this context, the child is seen as an extension of the self and is put on display accordingly on social media – with potentially strong negative consequences for the child. Once posted online, images spread rapidly and usually cannot be removed (see the saying: „The web never forgets!“).

Use of „sharenting“

In the meantime, the term „sharenting“ is encountered quite frequently. However, the following areas have emerged as the main areas of use in recent months:

  • Social media platforms
  • Social psychology
  • Everyday language

In the subsections that now follow, the above-mentioned main areas of use of „sharenting“ will be discussed in more detail.

Social media platforms

„Sharenting“ takes place primarily on social media platforms. The platforms Facebook, Instagram and TikTok are particularly popular for this purpose, on which private and sometimes very sensitive content is shared. This often involves baby photos or revealing photos of babies, which can then fall into the wrong hands. „Sharenting“ operates in an absolute gray area in Germany, as it does not observe the strict guidelines of the DSGVO – after all, babies or young children cannot be asked for their consent that their content may be shared on social networks. It was precisely on these platforms that the „sharenting“ phenomenon was also first discovered, before this gradually spilled over into other areas of life.

Social psychology

After „sharenting“ became known on social media, social psychology also became involved with this topic. The latter sees „sharenting“ as a worrying trend and classifies the topic as highly controversial. Although it is cute to post pictures of one’s own children, parents should always be concerned about the well-being of their little ones. Social psychology associates „sharenting“ with a need for recognition and even mild narcissism – after all, the well-being of the other person is sacrificed for the sake of one’s own prestige.

Everyday language

In the meantime, „sharenting“ has also arrived in spoken everyday language. It has therefore established itself as a fixed term in German usage and usually describes young parents who are very active on social media and tend to upload pictures or videos of their own children there. „Sharenting“ parents are sometimes heavily criticized in Germany. Last but not least, celebrities such as Oliver Pocher fueled the debate about the negative consequences of „sharenting.“

Social classification of „sharenting“

Although the term „sharenting“ is becoming more and more widespread, it is an expression that is primarily understood or used by younger generations. The main target group of „sharenting“ therefore usually includes people who are between 18 and 40 years old – and thus people who typically are or will become parents themselves. Older people often do not understand „sharenting“. In this case, there is also a lack of reference to the technology required for this – in this case, social media.

Critical view of „sharenting“

In this country, „sharenting“ is heavily criticized and is considered an extremely worrying trend. This is because the uncontrolled sharing of sensitive images of one’s own children on social media poses significant risks (such as pedophilia). Children’s privacy can be violated and they are unnecessarily exposed to potential dangers. The phenomenon of „sharenting“ has been intensively discussed and criticized in recent years. Social psychology also points to an excessive need for recognition and narcissistic approaches in „sharenting“. „Sharenting“ has entered everyday language and polarizes society, with prominent voices highlighting its negative effects.

Conclusion on „sharenting“ and naming of similar terms

In summary, „sharenting“ can be described as a new trend on social media, where especially young parents tend to upload pictures of videos of their children on social networks. This is neither compliant with the GDPR nor can it be considered safe, as the images and videos can quickly spread across the network, resulting in unnecessary risks and dangers.

In addition to „sharenting“, there are also the terms „parental oversharing“ and „digital kidnapping“. While „parental oversharing“ is the exaggerated form of „sharenting“ in which an excessive amount of content is shared, „digital kidnapping“ often even happens despite the children’s prior denial that photos or videos of them are being published.

Marie Moreau from The Boys / Gen V: facts, info, actors and details

Marie Moreau is a fictional superheroine from the extended narrative universe of the Amazon Prime series The Boys. She is considered a so-called Supe, a human with supernatural powers that are the result of human experimentation. Marie Moreau is played in The Boys and in Gen V by American actress Jaz Sinclair, who previously appeared in the film Paper Towns (2015) and in the series The Vampire Diaries (2017), among others. In Gen V, her starring role puts her in the narrative spotlight.

Marie Moreau first appeared in season 3 of the series The Boys. There, she briefly appears in episode 2, originally titled „The Only Man in the Sky.“ Almost to be overlooked, her portrait is called up in a database. Listed is her as an orphan housed in the so-called Red River Institute. The portrait, with the name Marie M., is the first impression many viewers will have of Gen V’s eventual leading lady.

The character’s well-planned establishment in The Boys eventually heralds the plot of the Gen V series. Set in the narrative cosmos of The Boys, Gen V is based on comic books 23 through 30 of the series written by Garth Ennis and Darick Robertson, which have become known as the „We Gotta Go Now“ story arc. The streaming series delves into the world of Godolkin University, an American college dedicated to training young superheroes. Special focus is given, among others, to Marie Moreau, who is endowed with extraordinary powers.

The powers of Marie Moreau

As a Supe, Marie Moreau can draw on supernatural powers. Her special ability is blood manipulation, which is also called „hemokinesis“ in the original. This allows her to influence her own or other people’s blood through her psychic power. Blood that runs from an open wound she can shape according to her ideas and use that as an extension of her body. This unusual and macabre ability allows her to manipulate organic beings – weakening and strengthening them. To this ability is added supernatural strength, high endurance, as well as a special healing power associated with blood manipulation.

Marie Moreau looks back on a tragic childhood. She loses her parents when she discovers her superpowers. Consequence is estrangement from her sister and life in an orphanage. The loss of parents is a classic motif of superhero narratives, ranging from Batman and Spider-Man to Jessica Jones. Moreau suffers fundamentally from the trauma of her childhood and is bound by physical limitations with her powers that do not make her invincible.

The plot of the Gen V series dives into the present day: Marie is a student at Godolkin University, also known by its abbreviated name God U. It was founded by the international conglomerate Vought International and specializes in the development and promotion of supes. The university is known for its intense competition: Only the best and most talented Supes get the chance to rise to powerful superheroes and become members of the famous Seven. The Gen V series highlights the conflicts and challenges faced by Marie Moreau and her contemporaries at God U.

Moreau in The Boys and Gen V

Marie’s appearance in The Boys is brief, indirect, and easy to miss. Her visage appears in episode 2 of season 3 within mentioned database: A Teaser of sorts for the series Gen V. Gen V, like series like Supernatural and The Boys before it, goes back to showrunner Eric Kripke. This spin-off opens up the facets of life at God U to viewers, with aspects of the narrative reminiscent of the famous Academy mutants in X-Men in an adult and uncompromising way. Cameos from the series original The Boys also stand out, such as those of The Deep (Chace Crawford) or A-Train (Jessie T. Usher).

Marie is not alone in the series, an ensemble of recurring characters populate the university. These include, for example, Andre Anderson (Chance Perdomo) with his magnetic powers, Enna Meyer (Lizze Broadway) with her dynamic height, Cate Dunlap (Maddie Phillips) with her telepathic power, or Jordan Li (Derek Luh, London Thor) with the power to switch between male and female aspects. Also, Arnold Schwarzenegger’s son Patrick Schwarzenegger takes on a role as Golden Boy, who has mastered pyrokinesis.

Luke aka Golden Boy thereby defines the mystery of the first episodes of Gen V. In those first episodes, viewers learn more about the tragic backstory of Marie Moreau and her first days at the university. She gets to know her new roommate Emma Meyer and her classmates. Right away, her superpowers come in handy. Until Golden Boy brings existential chaos to the halls of the university. By the way, a second season of Gen V has been announced for October 2023. So more on Marie Moreau and her contemporaries can be expected on Amazon Prime.

Overview: Who is Marie Moreau?

Marie Moreau is considered a so-called Supe, a highly talented orphan with superpowers. Gen V takes a narrative look at her life at Godolkin University, inspired by the comic book original by Garth Ennis and Darick Robertson. The protagonist benefits from the powerful forces of blood manipulation, which also informed the tragedy of her childhood due to the death of her parents. Unlike the minimal cameo in the series The Boys, Marie Moreau thus becomes one of the main characters in the Amazon Prime series Gen V.

Cate Dunlap from The Boys / Gen V: facts, info, actors and details

Cate Dunlap (Maddie Phillips) is a student at Godolkin University. She is a junior student, so she is already in her third year at the university. Most other classmates at the university know Cate mainly because she is the girlfriend of star student Luke Riordan (also known as „Golden Boy“ and played by Patrick Schwarzenegger).

Originally, Cate was enrolled in Lamplighter’s crime-fighting course. When she hooked up with Golden Boy, however, she switched her major and is now interested in hero management. She dreams of eventually becoming her boyfriend’s manager because she sees in him the potential to become one of the Seven.

Cate Dunlap’s background (The Boys / Gen V)

In the first season of Gen V, Cate Dunlap is introduced in a rather reserved way and is seen by many of her classmates merely as Golden Boy’s friend. In fact, however, Cate possesses one of the most powerful abilities of all. She is able to impose her will on other people by mere touch. She is also able to manipulate other people’s memories. She is able to alter actual events or even erase them altogether, making those around her unable to remember what they did.

In her past, Cate had a traumatic experience because of her abilities. When she was eleven years old, her family went on a camping trip. Cate’s brother Caleb annoyed the young girl so much while she was there that she grabbed him and told him to leave and never come back. Caleb then ran off into the woods and was never found again.

Cate’s parents then locked the girl in her room for nine years and did not allow her any contact with the outside world. She had to wear gloves at all times and was only allowed to do online schooling. When Indra Shetty, the director of Goldokin University, became aware of the incident, she brought Cate to the university to help the young woman learn to better control her powers.

Cate Dunlap in season 1 of Gen V

While at first it seems that Cate is on the side of her friends and wants to get to the bottom of the mysterious things that are happening at Godolkin University, as the season progresses it turns out that she is actually just a puppet of the director and uses her abilities to manipulate her friends. Among other things, Cate gets Golden Boy to kill her professor, Brink, because he is a thorn in the principal‘ side.

However, Cate’s repeated manipulations cause her friends‘ psyches to destabilize over time. Memories that were forgotten due to the young woman’s abilities slowly burst into the light of day, causing those around her to slowly go insane.

Cate finally decides to return her suppressed memories to her friends, because she wants to uncover with them what things are going on in secret at Godolkin University. However, her friends initially turn away from Cate because they feel betrayed and cheated by her. It is not until they take a trip down Cate’s memory lane together that the students realize that Cate has only been used and manipulated by the principal herself. That’s why they end up accepting Cate’s help and stand together against Indra Shetty.

What is „Sittervising“? Meaning, explanation, definition

In our modern society, new parenting trends are constantly emerging, including the so-called „sittervising“. With this quite pass form of education the child can develop freely – it is only observed from a distance that this does not come to harm. Sittervising“ plays an important role especially in connection with the „home office“ trend. While the child is being looked after, „sittervising“ often involves other activities being done on the side (for example, answering e-mails, doing the housework, etc.). Sittervising“ is therefore a modern and increasingly popular form of parenting.

„Sittervising“ stems from the concept of „laissez-faire“ parenting, where children are largely allowed to make their own decisions in order to gain experience. However, the idea behind „sittervising“ is often something else. In the following article, the reader will learn more about what exactly it is, how „sittervising“ works, and in which areas it is particularly common.

Interpretation of the term „Sittervising“

The term „sittervising“ comes from the English language and is composed of the words „to sit“ and „to supervise“. „Sittervising“ can therefore be roughly translated as „to supervise while sitting“ or „to educate while sitting“.

What is meant by this is the fact that „sittervising“ is often carried out only as a secondary activity – for example, while sitting at the workplace at home. While parents are sitting or at least otherwise occupied, children pursue their play instincts or engage in other activities. This is then done with simultaneous (indirect) supervision of the parents.

Sittervising“ is considered an effective and popular form of education because it leaves room for individual activities. For example, the household can be taken care of, work can be done on the laptop, or other activities can be pursued.

Where does the term „Sittervising“ come from?

The term „sittervising“ is a typical U.S. term that emerged on social media platforms in the last two to three years. Here, users recognized in various videos that child-rearing is often „just done on the side“ for many parents. Instead of actively taking care of the children, playing with them or actively responding to them, they were often just left to their own devices (but supervised at the same time). A new term was quickly coined for this new form of education – namely „sittervising“. Immediately, the term went viral and spread to many areas of daily life. Sittervising“ is very polarizing – one side considers it a practical, modern form of parenting, while the other side almost equates it with neglect.

In what contexts is „sittervising“ often used?

„Sittervising“ has sometimes established itself as a common term (also in the German language). Mainly, however, one encounters the use of „sittervising“ in the following areas:

  • social networks
  • child education
  • spoken everyday language

The following paragraphs are intended to give the reader a deeper understanding of the main uses of „Sittervising“.

Social networks

In social networks, „sittervising“ has now become a common term that is mainly used within comments, picture as well as video descriptions and also in the form of hashtags. „Sittervising“ is considered neutral, especially in the social media context – it has neither positive nor negative connotations and generally corresponds to the current zeitgeist. Users of social networks accordingly frequently post pictures or videos showing them during „sittervising“ (and how this can be optimized if necessary). In this way, the term spread rapidly and sometimes expanded to many other areas of life.

Child education

In child rearing, „sittervising“ is now an established concept that corresponds to a rather passive parenting style. Instead of actively responding to the children, they are raised (mostly due to time constraints) rather indirectly and left to their own devices (without, however, endangering or neglecting their individual well-being). „Sittervising“ also encourages the child’s imagination, as they must learn to develop their own ideas and concepts for play. It also teaches personal responsibility.

Spoken everyday language

Sittervising“ has also arrived in spoken everyday language. This is where it spilled over, especially from social media. Sittervising“ is mostly used in everyday conversations, such as: „Are you coming to the office today? No, I’m doing home office and „Sittervising“!“. „Sittervising“ is thus used in spoken everyday language to refer to a form of parenting that is largely passive and in which other secondary activities can take place simultaneously.

By which groups of people is „sittervising“ often used?

The main target group for the term „sittervising“ includes young parents. These are usually between 18 and 30 years old and are more or less firmly in their professional lives. It is striking that the expression „Sittervising“ is used particularly frequently by people who pursue a home office activity. At the same time, the likelihood that „sittervising“ is understood is increased by the fact that the person uses social media in some form. This suggests that „sittervising“ is a typical trendy term that sprang from social media and then gradually crept into everyday usage.

Criticisms of the term „sittervising“

Not without reason, „sittervising“ is quite polarizing in places. It is often perceived by critics as a toned-down form of neglect. After all, less attention is paid to the child than would normally be the case. In this way, there is less promotion and less communication with the child. Critics fear serious developmental disorders in the child as a result. Sittervising“ is therefore sharply criticized and generally corresponds to a negative trend: namely that society is becoming more and more negligent and inattentive (which is a great disadvantage, especially when it comes to raising children).

Conclusion on the topic of „sittervising“ and similar trend terms

The bottom line is that „sittervising“ can be understood as a new, controversial form of parenting in which parents only indirectly supervise the child while they pursue other activities. These may be work or household chores, for example. Sittervising“ is sometimes sharply opposed by critics, who equate it with neglect.

In addition to „sittervising,“ there are other trendy terms in the field of parenting, such as „sharenting“ or „mindful parenting.“ Sharenting“ refers to the uncontrolled (and sometimes dangerous) sharing of children’s photos or videos on the Internet. Mindful parenting, on the other hand, refers to a conscious and mindful upbringing of one’s own children.

Luke Riordan (Golden Boy) from The Boys / Gen V: facts, info, actors and details.

Luke Riordan is better known to many as „Golden Boy“ and a fictional character in the series „The Boys“ and „Gen V“. These are series that are available exclusively on „Amazon Prime Video“ as the streaming service’s own production. The role of Luke Riordan is embodied by actor Antony Starr.

The Boys – Season 1: Luke Riordan (Golden Boy)

In „The Boys“ Luke Riordan is a super soldier on behalf of the multinational corporation „Vought International“. Formally, he is responsible for public relations at the company and portrays the very charismatic, universally popular superhero „Golden Boy“. As such, he is an extremely important part of Vought International’s marketing campaigns and virtually a representative symbol for all the superheroes that has a lot of appeal to the general public.

In this season, Luke Riordan hardly reveals anything about his true personality, since he exclusively plays the role of a shining hero, although one can already somewhat sense that he is not entirely free of inner conflicts.

The Boys – Season 2: Luke Riordan (Golden Boy)

In this season, Luke’s complex character becomes clearer to the viewers, as he finally shows human weaknesses and personal ambitions. Among other things, he realizes that Vought International uses morally very questionable practices. As a consequence, he finally starts to doubt the role he plays and even struggles with his loyalty to the corporation.

The Boys – Season 3: Luke Riordan (Golden Boy)

In this season, Luke’s professional conflict becomes even more evident, as it now expands to the point where he even becomes an opponent of the regime, looking for ways to bring the truth about the machinations of Vought International to light.


On September 11, 2020, the short film titled „Butcher: A Short Film“ directed by Liz Friedlander based on a screenplay by Rebecca Sonnenshine was released in its original soundtrack with subtitles. Originally, this short film was produced as part of the 2nd episode of season 2.

Gen V: Luke Riordan (Golden Boy)

Luke Riordan is the key character in „Gen V“ as well, although the plot shifts significantly, focusing more on his origins. Nevertheless, his connections to Vought International and especially the circumstances that led to him becoming that „Golden Boy“ are addressed.

So it is not left out that this series gives deeper insights into Luke’s family environment, especially in terms of how and how much his decisions have affected his relationships. Basically, many psychological aspects about Luke Riordan are brought into deeper focus here, which includes his motivations, his inner conflicts, and the emotional challenges that arise from them.

Conclusion: Luke Riordan (Golden Boy)

In both series, Luke Riordan goes through quite impressive developments, especially in terms of his character and personality. It is certainly not an easy path to transform from a sought-after, shiny super-soldier to a character who formulates a whole series of moral and ethical questions and draws such massive consequences from the answers to them.

The character of Luke Riordan offers a particularly multifaceted portrayal of a superhero confronted with the realities of a cynical and corrupt world. New Zealander Antony Starr does an excellent job as an actor here, giving his character Luke Riordan impressive depth and complexity in both „The Boys“ and „Gen V“.

Who is the Huh Cat? Memes, Meaning, Definition, Explanation

The „Huh Cat“ is an internet meme that is used when someone wants to express confusion and shock.

The „Huh Cat“ is an internet phenomenon. Instead of meowing, you hear a Huh sound. To do this, the cat makes a face with its mouth open and eyebrows seemingly raised, as if it were really shocked and surprised.

Who is the „Huh Cat“? Memes, meaning, definition, explanation

The „Huh Cat“ is actually named Ben. Ben lives in Australia.

Original videos of Ben have been and continue to be posted on @planetvenus500’s TikTok channel. This channel seems to belong to his owner, an elderly lady. In the context of Ben, the hashtag #benderchonkycat was also used.

The channel of @planetvenus500 now has over 2 million followers.

Story: „Huh Cat“

The original video of Ben doing Huh has since been deleted. It was published in September 2021. A repost of the video happened on February 12, 2023. In the video, Ben the cat was seen leaning over, making his signature facial expression, and begging for food. (In particular, it is noticeable that it looks like he is raising his eyebrows. Giving him a facial expression of confusion). This video now has over 16 million views.

The original video clip of Ben is seven seconds long. A „Huh“ sound was superimposed over this one.

Where the „Huh“ sound came from is no longer determinable or ascertainable. So the original could not be found.

„Huh Cat“: Meme

By the way, before Ben became the „Huh Cat“, the same clip was already used for the „Bruh Cat“ meme.

The „Huh Cat“ is used in various memes, funny videos and situations. Most often, this is done to highlight that something is not understood. In this context, the „Huh“ means something like: What did you say? I didn’t understand anything. You’re not serious!?

A popular meme featuring the „Huh Cat“ Ben is a video montage featuring the Rambling Goat. The Rambling Goat is a goat is makes inimitable noises.

The seven second image clip with Ben is also distributed on the Internet with a green screen so that anyone can use it.

Spread: „Huh Cat“

The first meme reactions to Ben occurred in late September 2021 from Russian TikTok users. Every few months, a meme about the „Huh Cat“ spread, but it wasn’t until October 2023 that Ben became really popular in the Western world.

Emma Meyer (Little Cricket) from The Boys / Gen V: facts, info, cast and details.

Emma Meyer, also known as Little Cricket, is a protagonist from the Amazon series „Gen V“, a spin-off of „The Boys“. She is a student at Godolkin University and becomes close friends with her roommate Marie Moreau in the series.

Emma Meyer is played by Lizzie Broadway.

Shortly after Emma’s birth, her parents injected her with a drug called Compound V that turns her into a Supe, which is a superhero. Superheroes are a kind of superhumans who accordingly possess superhuman powers and abilities. The medical diagnosis is super gifted. Her mother constantly monitored her growth and kept measuring Emma’s height.

At some point, she created a channel on YouTube titled: „Fun sized with Little Cricket, acting as an internet personality.“ Translated: fun size with Little Cricket, acting as an internet personality. In 2023, Emma enrolled as a student at Godolkin University and lives with Marie Moreau, with whom she becomes close friends.

The special powers of Emma Meyer (Little Cricket) from The Boys / Gen V

Changing her height: Emma’s main ability is to be able to change her height. For example, she is able to shrink to the size of an ant or grow to the size of a building. However, in order for Emma to shrink, she must vomit the contents of her stomach, which causes her to gradually shrink until she reaches the desired size. To return to her original size, she must eat food. To grow larger, Emma must eat large amounts of food.

Superhuman Powers: Emma possesses superhuman powers that surpass those of the average human, which is particularly impressive given her enormous size, comparable to the height of a house. She effortlessly subdues both normal individuals and superhumans. This is demonstrated by the example of Sam, whom she overpowers with ease. In one scene, she immobilized Sam by gripping him tightly with both hands. However, it is unclear whether Sam intentionally withheld his strength to avoid hurting Emma. Despite her small size, similar to that of a mouse, Emma can effortlessly leap to great heights and thus enter a person’s head through the ear.

Superhuman Resilience: Emma has a high level of resilience. As such, she has survived jumps from great heights with ease in her small form.

Skills: Social media influencer: Emma owns and manages a YouTube channel called „Fun sized with Little Cricket“ where she posts videos of her teenage supe life as well as her „fights“ with her pet gerbil, David Caruso. Besides, she is said to have at least 1 million subscribers, which gives the impression that she is quite famous.

Relations and family: Tiffany Meyer – mother, Mr. Meyer – father. Allies: Marie Moreau – close friend, Sam Riordan – admirer, Andre Anderson – crush, Cate Dunlap – former enemy. Enemies: Justine Garcia, Indira Shetty, Edison Cardosa.


During production, Emma’s last name was originally „Shaw“, but was eventually changed to „Meyer“. This could be because Queen Maeve already had the last name and confusion was to be prevented. Emma is a parody of Cassie Lang/Stature from Marvel Comics. Both characters had the same powers and characteristics.

Andre Anderson from The Boys / Gen V: facts, info, cast and details

Andre Anderson is, along with Marie Moreau, the second main character in The Boys spin-off series Gen V produced for Amazon Prime. He is a junior at Godolkin University School of Crimefighting and appears in the very first episode. His superhero ability is the willful manipulation of magnetic impulses. He can use it to attract and repel metals telekinetically.

All that is known about Andre’s origins is that his father, who appears simply as Mr Anderson and under his superhero name Polarity, was already at „God U“. Shortly after his birth, Mr. Anderson and Andre’s mother agreed to inject their son with Compound V, a kind of drug that enhances superhero abilities. Andre, just like the other heroes from Gen V, thus belongs to the first generation of Supes who know the importance of the mysterious substance for their superhero abilities from the very beginning. This sets him and the others apart from the (anti)heroes of the first seasons of The Boys.

Andre Anderson’s role in Gen V

Andre appears directly in the first episode of Gen V. As a junior, when Marie Moreau meets him, he is part of the clique around Luke Riordan (Golden Boy), his girlfriend Cate Dunlap and Jordan Li. By using his magnetism ability, he seriously injures a woman at a party. Only Marie’s courageous intervention can save her. Later, Andre saves Marie from Luke, who, for reasons unclear at the time, runs amok and kills the renowned God-U professor Richard Brinkerhoff and ultimately himself.

As the first season progresses, Andre joins Cate Dunlap in an investigation to find out what triggered Luke Riordan’s rampage. The two find out that Luke’s brother Sam is being held captive in a place known only as „The Woods“. They attempt a rescue, during which Andre is almost picked up by Sam’s captors. Andre and Cate become closer during the attempt to rescue Sam. Eventually, they succeed in freeing Sam. It turns out that Vaught International, the same company behind Compound V, has been holding Sam and other children captive and experimenting on them. When Sam tries to kill psychologist Edison Cardosa after his release, Andre overpowers him.

With Cate unable to control her abilities, Andre, Marie, Jordan and former God-U student Dusty become trapped in Cate’s memories. There, it turns out that Cate and Andre have had an affair with each other before, behind Luke’s back.

Andres Anderson in The Boys and the comics

Andre Anderson has not yet played a role in the first four seasons of The Boys. It is not yet known whether he will appear in future seasons. Andre Anderson also does not appear in the The Boys comics by Garth Ennis and Darick Robertson. This also applies to the volume „We Gotta Go Now“, on which Gen V is loosely based.

Andre Anderson is embodied in Gen V by Chance Perdomo, who was born in 1996. Perdomo has previously appeared, for example, in the Netflix adaptation of the Archie comic series „The Chilling Adventures of Sabrina“ as Ambrose Spellman and in the After film series based on the books by Anna Todd.

What is a „Double Dip Recession“? Meaning, explanation, definition

The term „double-dip recession“ describes an economic phenomenon in which an economy first supposedly recovers from a recessionary phase, experiences a slight upswing, and then plunges significantly into another recession. The „double-dip recession“ follows the pattern of the Turkish economy, which even experienced it several times in a row. Experts have now also found signs of the so-called „double dip recession“ in the German economy.

After economic experts newly coined the „double dip recession“ as a term, it spread furiously on a variety of channels. The double dip can be a dire scenario for an economy. But, how does the „double dip recession“ happen in the first place and what does this term derive from? This and much more helpful information on the „double dip recession“ will be provided in the following article.

Definition of the „Double Dip Recession“

The term „double dip recession“ is made up of the English words „double“, „dip“ and the term „Rezession“ (for economic downturn). In combination, the „double dip recession“ can therefore be roughly translated as „double economic downturn“.

This refers to an economic phenomenon that is very different from the typical business cycle of an economy. The regular cycle knows market peaks (the so-called „boom“), the economic downturn (the „recession“), the economic trough (the „depression“) and the economic upswing (the „expansion“). Accordingly, the „recession“ marks a phase in which the economic performance of an economy declines. This is usually followed by a trough and then again by an upswing.

In the „double-dip recession“, however, the first recession is followed by a very short upswing, only to be followed by another recession. In this way, a negative downward spiral is created overall, which seems to weaken the economic performance of an economy in the long term.

Where does the term „double dip recession“ come from?

The term „double-dip recession“ does not have a precise origin. It probably originated in the course of the Turkish „double-dip recession“ that occurred in recent years. In the course of the Turkish double dip recession between 2015 and 2022, there was inflation of the Turkish lira and a noticeable deterioration of living conditions within Turkey. A similar pattern has now been recognised (albeit in a weakened form) in the German economy. The „double dip recession“ is therefore currently experiencing a lot of hype as a term. Accordingly, „double dip recession“ is often used by leading economists in essays or news articles, which of course increases the virality of this expression.

In which areas is the term „double dip recession“ used?

We now encounter the term „double dip recession“ in various areas of everyday and commercial life. However, the following areas are particularly common for the „double dip recession“:

  • Finance
  • Science
  • Social Media

The subsections that follow will delve deeper into the above uses of the term „double dip recession“.


In the financial sector, we encounter the term „double dip recession“ particularly often. This is a common term used by financial analysts and economists to emphasise economic anomalies. The aim is to describe a specific type of economic recession in which there is a renewed downturn in the economy shortly after it has begun to recover from a previous recession. Among other things, the „double dip recession“ highlights the risks and challenges associated with such a double-dip deterioration in the economy. The mere prospect of a „double dip recession“ can have implications for stock markets, investment strategies and economic policy.


In academia, the „double dip recession“ is a term used to describe patterns and causes of economic causality. Economists and researchers study how various factors, such as business cycles, financial crises and policy decisions, can contribute to a double dip recession. The analysis of such economic phenomena is crucial in order to develop better practices to prevent and manage such scenarios.

Social media

Germany has an increasing number of private investors. Accordingly, the expression „double dip recession“ is now also hyped on social media. Significant channels for this are, for example, Facebook, Instagram as well as YouTube. Financial experts, investors and even laypeople are using the term „double dip recession“ to share their views on the current economic situation and possible risks. Through its use in picture and video captions as well as in the form of hashtags, „double dip recession“ continues to spread as a trending financial term.

Critical view of the „double dip recession“

The term „double dip recession“ has been criticised in many places. In the eyes of critics, it is seen as pure scaremongering. An economic cycle has upswings and downswings that alternate harmoniously. If there is an interim recovery in the course of a recession, this basically means nothing other than that the actual recession was not yet over. The „double dip recession“ is therefore misleading as a concept and in any case only confirms the rule. Moreover, the „double dip recession“ poses a challenge for economic policymakers trying to stabilise the economy – this usually requires more comprehensive measures, such as mitigating the recession. A critical review of this phenomenon emphasises the importance of stable and consistent economic policies, as well as a better understanding of the factors that can lead to repeated recessions in order to counter them more effectively.

Conclusion on „double dip recession“ and similar terminology

In summary, then, the „double dip recession“ can be described as an economic phenomenon that describes a twofold sequence of recessionary economic phases. These are actually atypical for the regular, cyclical course of the economy. The „double dip recession“ is therefore sometimes sharply criticised – the main criticism is the meaningfulness and thus the raison d’être of this expression. Proponents believe that a „double-dip recession“ can be recognised in the current economic situation in the Federal Republic of Germany.

The economic terms „boom“ and „depression“ are related to the term „double dip recession“. A „boom“ describes a cyclical high phase of the economy in which there is great economic growth and a high level of prosperity. A „depression“, on the other hand, describes the exact opposite. This is a low point in the economic cycle where economic slack and low levels of prosperity are prevalent. The „double dip recession“, however, is more akin to the „recession“ (i.e. economic downturn).

What is the „Calm Luh Fit“? Meaning, definition, explanation

A „Calm Luh Fit“ is an outfit that looks effortlessly good and stylish. A „Calm Luh Fit“ is casual and comfortable. It is not extravagant or flashy.

A „Calm Luh Fit“ is a low-effort outfit without looking low-effort, yet it is not too out of the ordinary.

What is the „Calm Luh Fit“? Meaning, definition, explanation

A „Calm Luh Fit“ requires little effort and still looks good. Therefore, a Calm Luh Fit can be put on at very short notice and still look good.

The term „Calm Luh Fit“ was used as early as 2022, but it wasn’t until 2023 that the concept really became popular.

A „Calm Luh Fit“ can be increased to „Calmest Luh Fit“.

„Luh“ is the slang variant of „Love“ or „Little“. In „Calm Luh Fit“, the „luh“ probably stands for „little“. In this sense, „Calm Luh Fit“ means: Calm little Fit or Little calm Fit. This means (as already written above) an outfit that looks simple and yet good.

The expression „Calm Luh Fit“ is also used ironically.

About the „Calm luh fit“ phenomenon

The phenomenon „Calm luh fit“ is accompanied by the song „Calm luh fit“ by the content creator Tweaknh. He published it on Soundcloud in August.

Since then, the song „Calm luh fit“ by Tweaknh has been used in slideshows on Calm Luh Fit.

In the context of Calm Luh Fit, photos of actor Woody Harrelson at the premiere of „The Hunger Games“ kept appearing. Here he can be seen in a Calm Luh Fit. (Well fitting t-shirt and blue check pants.)

Calm Luh Fit and Erosion Bird

The Calm Luh Fit is related to the Erosion Birds (also Opium Birds).

The Erosion Birds are AI generated images of oversized bird-like creatures standing in a landscape of ice and snow.

The videos of these AI-generated birds have been widely commented on. Repeatedly, social media participants wrote that these birds look grotesque and opulent, but at the same time they appear peaceful. This kind of look and outfit is what users called „Luh Calm Fit“.

Further meaning of Calm Luh Fit

On TikTok, the hashtag #Calmluhfit has been used over 60 million times so far.

The musician BRADY4VP uses the term „Luh Calm Fit“ in his song Steppin 2nd (October 2023).

What does 👁👄👁 / 👁️👄👁️ mean? Emoji Face, Meaning, Explanation, Definition

The three emojis 👁👄👁 represent a face that stares and looks. It means that someone has been watching something and has become a spectator.

👁👄👁 is meant to be funny and doesn’t really have a deeper meaning.

What does 👁👄👁 / 👁️👄👁️ mean? Emoji face, meaning, explanation, definition.

The emoji face 👁👄👁 is also simply called eye mouth eye emoji.

Translated, the emoji 👁👄👁 means all eyes are on x.

But the emoji face 👁👄👁 can also mean that you are speechless and dumbfounded because you have seen something (perhaps involuntarily and without warning) that amazes, astonishes or even disturbs you.

Another variant is: 👁️👄👁️ – The emoji face with widened eyes means that you are shocked or overwhelmed. But it is also used with the statement „Give us your information“.

Widened eyes generally mean that someone is in a state of alarm or curiosity. The widened eyes allow more light to enter the eye and one can see more. This allows you to get a better grasp of your surroundings and see possible sources of danger.

Both faces – 👁👄👁 and 👁️👄👁️ – are used in social media to communicate that you have observed something as a bystander. Depending on the context, this can be funny, shocking or confusing.

Other variations of 👁👄👁 and 👁️👄👁️

👁👅👁 – The emoji face stands for sticking out your tongue. The emoji face stands for being cheeky and out of line.

👁💧👄💧👁 – In this emoji face, the water drops stand for tears. So the face is crying. This expresses sadness and disappointment, among other things.

👁〰️👁 – The symbol in the middle is the Wavy Dash emoji. Wavy Dash means wavy line. This emoji is popularly used in the context of weebs.

About 👁👄👁 and 👁️👄👁️

Since around 2018, these kinds of faces have been spreading. In 2020, they became really popular.

The eye and mouth emoji have been around since 2015.

Especially on TikTok, the emoji faces are common.

Emoticon variants of 👁👄👁 and 👁️👄👁️ are, for example, o.o and O.O (They consist of the letter o and the dot.)

What is the 90s Yearbook Challenge on TikTok? Meaning, explanation, definition

Statistically speaking, fashion trends repeat themselves every 20 to 30 years – this is also the case with the so-called „90s Yearbook Challenge“. The yearbook photographs in the style of the 1990s are currently very trendy and ultimately represent a filter into which individual photos can be inserted. The filter included classic, 1990s-typical outfits, a stack of books and a comparatively pale image look (as was common with the cameras in use in the 1990s).

On Instagram, TikTok or elsewhere on the web, the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“ is currently spreading virally and no one really knows where it actually came from. The following article will therefore deal with a comprehensive definition of the term „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“ as well as its origin and meaning. Furthermore, the main areas of application and target groups of this popular new challenge will be shown.

Definition: 90s Yearbook Challenge

The term „90s Yearbook Challenge“ refers to a viral challenge on various social media platforms in which users use the „90s Yearbook Challenge“ filter to upload their own pictures of themselves in this style to social media. Mind you, these are users who were not even born in the 1990s. However, out of sympathy for the decade of the 1990s and the lifestyle of that time, such photos are currently very trendy.

Moreover, the photos themselves also serve as a source of sympathy and are intended to portray the user in a more tangible and approachable way. Due to the constant request of other users on social media to follow this trend, the „90s Yearbook Challenge“ is becoming more and more widespread.

Origin and significance of the 90s Yearbook Challenge

The „90s Yearbook Challenge“ originated in the spring of 2023, when a special artificial intelligence (AI for short) was developed to produce such images in combination with a filter. In addition to the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“ filter, there are other popular filters in the style of the 1990s. The decade itself was characterised by supermodels, techno and colourful neon colours – these and many other influences can be easily recreated in the respective filters. It doesn’t matter whether it’s a sportsman, an actor or a musician – pretty much everyone of distinction sometimes created a picture of themselves in the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“ style and spread it on social media. For most users, the „90s Yearbook Challenge“ therefore means something like community, belonging and sometimes making a fool of oneself (which is intentional!).

How the 90s Yearbook Challenge works

The app with the corresponding „90s Yearbook Challenge“ generator was developed by a South Korean company. You first have to download it. Then the Epik app is populated with individual photos, from which the funny pictures in the style of US yearbook photos can then be generated. The app itself is currently one of the most popular and fastest-selling apps and works on all common platforms, such as iOS. Once the „90s Yearbook Challenge“ pictures have been created with the Epik app, they then only need to be uploaded to social media – a request from other users is often added to the picture description.

Areas of application for the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge

Today, we encounter the legendary Epik app primarily in the following areas:

  • Social Media
  • Artificial intelligence

The following subsections will be used to take a closer look at the main areas of application of the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“.

Social Media

On social media, the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“ images serve primarily to entertain and create a sense of community. In the course of the challenge, friends, acquaintances or strangers are motivated to also post „90s Yearbook Challenge“ photos of themselves on social media. Through targeted captions and the use of special hashtags, the term „90s Yearbook Challenge“ is also spreading more and more. Gradually, the trend spilled over from TikTok, or Instagram, to other areas of the internet.

Artificial intelligence

In the field of AI, the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“ is of course another interesting example of how image creation and image editing can already be automated by innovative AI tools. In this context, AI is not only used for scientific or productive purposes, but also for entertainment. With the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“ generator, a new era seems to be dawning in which AI is now also gaining more and more acceptance and use in the entertainment sector.

Social classification of the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“

Socially, the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“ can be assigned primarily to younger generations, such as generations Z and Alpha. These are mostly younger than 25 years old and thus belong to the main target group of the social media platforms TikTok and Instagram. Celebrities, athletes and musicians, however, are mostly older than the aforementioned target groups, but serve as important influencers for this trend (and implement it as well) due to their popularity. The „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“ is therefore understood by a fairly broad mass of people and is perceived as funny and entertaining.

Reviews of the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge

Although the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“ is in itself a funny, harmless social media trend, it is sometimes sharply criticised from many sides. The main criticism is the educational added value of this challenge, which, in the eyes of the critics, also wastes a lot of time. The romanticisation of older decades is also criticised – young people today would not be able to cope without the comforts of today anyway and would therefore not have found the 1990s as great as it is always portrayed. In addition, there is criticism that the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“ is once again a typical social media trend that the uninitiated would not understand anyway.

Conclusion on the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“ and similar trends

The bottom line is that the „90s-Yearbook-Challenge“ can be understood as a fun, new social media trend based on the Epik app of a South Korean company. The app allows – through the use of an AI filter – the creation of individual images in the style of US yearbook photos. The challenge was first started by prominent users on TikTok and has since spread to Instagram and other areas of daily life.

Related to the „90s Yearbook Challenge“ are, among others, the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ and the „Kevin James Memes“. The „Wrong Shoe Theory“ is basically about making one’s individual outfit really perfect by supposedly mismatching shoes. On the other hand, the „Kevin James Meme“ is currently a popular meme for creating individual posts in which the meme is provided with one’s own slogans and spread on social media. Both alternatives are also currently popular social media trends.

What is „MBSR“? Meaning, explanation, definition

The MBSR method (also known as Mindful-Based Stress Reduction) is an established concept for stress management and mindfulness training. The treatment method, which originated in the USA, was originally used for chronic pain patients, but soon spread to the field of stress and strain management. „MSBR“ is therefore now mainly used in clinics as well as in health centers.

Very roughly speaking, „MSBR“ is an eight-week stress management training program. It offers effective tools for stress reduction and individual stress prevention. Stress, pain as well as mental strain are equally eligible for this. Since the „MSBR“ method is still comparatively unknown in this country, it will be presented comprehensively in the following article. The main areas of application will also be shown and a critical examination will be made.

Definition of „MBSR“

„Mindful-Based Stress Reduction“ refers to a special treatment method in which stress-related behavior patterns in everyday situations are recognized or challenged. In this way, a more conscious and better way of dealing with stress is to be developed. The therapy with „MSBR“ is based on an inpatient or outpatient treatment of at least 8 weeks duration, which is carried out by experienced psychotherapists.

Since the „MBSR“ method is a recognized prevention program in Germany, it is covered or subsidized by the statutory health insurance funds. Certified „MBSR“ courses are covered insofar as there is a medical indication for them.

Where does Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction come from?

The „Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction“ method was developed as early as 1979 by U.S. professor Dr. Jon Kabat-Zinn. At that time, Kabat-Zinn and his team at the Stress Reduction Clinic at the University of Massachusetts in Worcester, USA, were working on a new concept for the treatment of chronic pain patients (who suffered from permanent stress). However, it quickly became apparent that the newly discovered method could also be used for other types of stress. For example, burnout patients or anxiety patients could also be helped with the „MBSR“ method. A little later Kabat-Zinn applied for a patent for his „MBSR“ method, which from then on became an integral part of (US) psychotherapies. Only in recent years has this method gradually spread to Germany.

How does Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction work?

In the context of an „MBSR“ treatment, the following points are worked through within an eight-week program:

1. mindfulness training (through regular mindfulness practice, patients learn to live in and appreciate the here and now).
2. developing stress awareness (various mindfulness exercises are designed to ensure that stress- or anxiety-inducing thoughts as well as reactions are recognized)
3. acceptance training (stressful situations are to be accepted from now on instead of fighting them)
4. stress management (developing constructive strategies for coping with stress)
5. everyday life training (the techniques learned are not only applied in the course hours, but also in everyday life)
6. group dynamics (exchange of experiences with other participants promotes individual understanding)

Where is „MBSR“ used everywhere?

The „MBSR“ method has now established itself as a proven tool in the following areas:

  • Stress management
  • Mindfulness training
  • Burnout therapy

The above mentioned areas of application of the „MBSR“ method will now be shown in more detail in the following subsections.

Stress management

The „MBSR“ method has proven to be an extremely effective tool for stress management. People who suffer from high levels of professional or personal stress find in „MBSR“ a structured and proven approach. Accordingly, the eight-week program makes it possible to recognize the causes of stress, deal with them and develop helpful coping strategies. By recognizing and accepting stress-related behavior patterns, participants can ultimately develop a healthier approach to stress and build long-term resilience.

Mindfulness training

The „MBSR“ method is also a good tool in the area of mindfulness training. It teaches participants to live mindfully in the present moment and sharpen their senses. Through regular practice of formal and informal mindfulness exercises, people can integrate mindfulness into their individual daily lives. By becoming more aware of thoughts and feelings in this way, a deeper understanding of one’s self is created.

Burnout therapy

Last but not least, „MBSR“ is also used in the field of burnout therapy. Here, too, the cause of burnout (which is usually based on chronic stress) can be identified and managed. „MBSR“ promotes self-care and awareness of one’s own limits, which can be invaluable in burnout therapy. By regularly practicing mindfulness and stress management techniques, sufferers can also slowly find their way to recovery from burnout.

By which groups of people is „MBSR“ preferred?

„Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction“ can prove enormously beneficial for the following groups of people:

  • Individuals with chronic illnesses
  • Stress-ridden professionals
  • Patients at risk of burnout
  • Persons in search of more mindfulness

The „MBSR“ method is also used by psychotherapists as well as psychotherapy clinics and specialized health centers.

Critical examination of the „MBSR“ method

Despite its fairly widespread use and its positive results, the „MBSR“ method repeatedly becomes the focus of criticism. It is often criticized that „MBSR“ is too strongly individualized and neglects the social context. Others criticize that the effectiveness of „MBSR“ has never been clearly proven in scientific studies. It is also pointed out that „MBSR“ is not suitable for everyone and may not be recommended for certain mental health problems or personality types. Last but not least, the eight-week duration and the extensive treatment requirements are criticized, which are often difficult to integrate into individual daily life.

Conclusion on „MBSR“ and naming of similar methodologies

In summary, „Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction“ can be described as a concept from psychotherapy, which was developed as early as 1979 by U.S. professor Dr. Jon Kabat-Zinn for the original treatment of chronic pain patients. Over time, however, this method also became established for general stress management and stress prevention as well as mindfulness training.

The „MBSR“ method is closely related to „Cognitive Behavioral Therapy“ and „Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy,“ among others. While „Cognitive Behavioral Therapy“ aims at identifying and changing destructive thought patterns and behaviors, „Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy“ was specifically developed for relapse prevention in depression, but can also be used for stress management.

What is „shadow work“? Meaning, explanation, definition

„Shadow work“ is a concept from psychology that goes back to the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung. The fascinating idea behind it deals with the deep-seated, unpleasant aspects of the personality that have been repressed or denied over the years. These are often the reason for the way our interpersonal relationships are. With the „shadow work“ these hidden personality parts are now to be uncovered again.

„Shadow work“ is applied by an experienced psychologist and is considered one of the most successful achievements in the study of the human psyche. Within the framework of this article, we will take an in-depth look at what „shadow work“ exactly means and how it influences our behavior, our decisions and our interpersonal relationships. In addition, we will take a critical look with the topic of „shadow work“.

Definition of „shadow work“

The word „shadow work“ is composed of the words „Shadow“ and „Work“. „Shadow“ here serves as a metaphor for a cool, dark, or rather a covered, often unknown place. This refers to the hidden personality traits that are stored in the subconscious. Thus, these lie hidden and can only be recovered through psychological practices. For this now the „work“ is responsible. Because with the help of „work“ on the individual personality, the hidden personality parts can then be uncovered.

The „shadow work“ is therefore to be understood as a name for a psychological concept. It is considered a method frequently used among psychologists to treat patients. In addition, „shadow work“ is now also very popular among amateur psychologists, hypnotists as well as personality coaches.

Origin and origins of „shadow work“

The Swiss psychologist Carl Gustav Jung developed „shadow work“ during his career as a psychoanalyst. The concept behind it emerged as part of his work on analytical psychology, which he produced in the early years of the 20th century. During his collaboration with Sigmund Freud and his later independent work, Jung explored the depths of the human psyche and concluded that there is a „shadow,“ or hidden, often unpleasant side of the personality that influences our behavior. Between 1920 and 1930, Jung continued to refine the concept of „shadow work“ before it later became an integral part of analytical psychology. He continued to work on this concept in his Zurich practice until his death.

How does „shadow work“ work?

The „shadow work“ developed by Jung can be implemented in the following steps:

1. shadow identification (reflection, recognition of personal prejudices, fears and unlovable characteristics).
2. awareness (becoming aware of repression, recognizing and accepting „shadows“)
3. confrontation (confrontation with the „shadows“, analysis of individual behavior for decision making)
4. integration (integration of the „shadow“ into the conscious self)
5. self-acceptance (attaining inner peace and better control over one’s own actions and emotions).

Overall, then, shadow work aims to deepen self-knowledge and promote personal growth.

In what areas does one encounter „shadow work“?

„Shadow work“ is considered a remarkable concept of the 20th century and today we encounter it in the following areas of life:

  • Psychotherapy
  • Hypnotherapy
  • Personality development

In the following subsections, the above-mentioned main areas of application for „shadow work“ will be described in more detail.


In psychotherapy, „shadow work“ plays a crucial role in the identification and management of psychological problems. Psychotherapists use Carl Jung’s concepts to help their patients uncover hidden, repressed or even suppressed aspects of their personality. In this way, inner conflicts can be better understood, or eliminated. By consciously confronting the „shadow“, deep-seated traumas, fears and unresolved issues can be uncovered, ultimately leading to emotional healing and personal growth.


In hypnotherapy, „shadow work“ is just as commonly used to recover information or experiences from the subconscious mind. Here, hypnosis itself can first help facilitate access to the subconscious mind, where many shadow aspects are anchored. For this purpose, hypnotherapists put their patients into a trance-like state to access deep layers of the psyche and promote the integration of shadow aspects. Through this method, one can often begin the actual „shadow work“ more quickly.

Personal development

Personal and professional success are often closely linked to a healthy, conscious personality. In personality development, „shadow work“ therefore serves to achieve a higher level of self-awareness and to enable personal growth. Here, too, one actively deals with the individual shadow aspects in order to better understand (and, if necessary, optimize) certain behavioral patterns in relationships as well as for decision-making. This makes it possible to choose more conscious and healthier paths in life and to develop a deeper self-acceptance.

Criticisms of „shadow work“

Despite its importance for personality exploration, „shadow work“ has always received a plethora of criticisms. Among the main criticisms are that the concept is considered too subjective and too vague. It can be difficult, in the eyes of critics, to clearly define exactly which aspects are considered „shadows.“ This is because this depends too much on individual beliefs as well as norms and values (which can vary greatly from culture to culture, for example). Further, in some cases, the „shadow work“ may be perceived as too intense and emotionally taxing. In some, this can lead to an excessive focus on the negative aspects of the personality (and thus an increased sense of self-rejection). „Shadow work“ can and should therefore only be used by experienced psychotherapists and not, for example, by self-proclaimed hobby psychologists or personality coaches.

Conclusion on the topic of „shadow work“ and similar terms from psychology

The bottom line is that „shadow work“ represents a remarkable concept from 20th century psychology, developed by the Swiss psychoanalyst named Carl Gustav Jung. The method is intended to uncover hidden or repressed parts of the personality so that more specific work can be done on them, or self-acceptance can be promoted. It is still used today in numerous psychotherapy practices as well as in hypnosis therapies and is not least considered to be very controversial.

Related to the concept of „shadow work“ are, for example, the psychological terms „self-acceptance“ and „self-reflection.“ While „self-acceptance“ refers to a person’s ability to accept himself and all aspects of his personality without reservations, „self-reflection“ refers to a process of critical thinking about one’s own thoughts, feelings, behaviors as well as motivations. Both terms are an important part of „shadow work“.

What is the „Triangle Method“? Meaning, explanation, definition

The „Triangle Method“ is a subtle flirting trend from the USA that uses a variety of psychological tricks to win over the individual dream partner. The „Triangle Method“ is initially based on the fact that eyes and mouth form a triangle and this area is most frequently looked at during the first eye contact. Through clever facial expressions and gestures, the other person is now to be seduced into a kiss or a closer relationship.

The „Triangle Method“ uses certain non-verbal body signals to convey clear messages to the other person. The still fairly new trend is especially popular in the areas of flirting and dating. However, how the „Triangle Method“ works in detail, where it comes from and where it can be socially classified, the following article will provide further interesting details. In addition, we will take a critical look at the „Triangle Method“.

Definition of the „Triangle Method“

„Triangle Method“ refers to a certain area of the face – namely the eyes and mouth. These parts of the body form an isosceles triangle (ideally) and appear particularly attractive to people around us. Accordingly, this area is often looked at when first getting to know each other. If this area sends out positive signals right at the beginning, this is often a clear sign for the subconscious that mutual sympathy prevails, or that the potential dating partner would be a good match.

The „Triangle Method“ now prescribes a series of certain gestures that must be implemented with this body area. These are primarily non-verbal combinations. If these are successfully implemented, this usually has a very attractive effect on the potential flirting partner, which could result in more from the loose acquaintance.

Origin and meaning of the „Triangle Method“

The „Triangle Method“ originated in 2023 on the social media platform TikTok. Here, self-proclaimed dating coaches and body language experts initially inspired this unique trend. In the process, said groups of users filmed themselves making certain gestures with their mouths and eyes. The original concept of the „Triangle Method“ states, for example, that the counterpart should be looked at confidently (look directly into the eyes). Then the gaze should move back and forth between the eyes of the flirting partner and the mouth. In this way, the impression should be created that one would like a kiss or a closer relationship. Potentially, the „Triangle Method“ then ends in a kiss or at least in a date. The Triangle Method has become a popular way to initiate a relationship.

Use of the „Triangle Method“ in different areas

The following three main areas of use have emerged for the „Triangle Method“ over the past few months:

  • Social media platforms (such as TikTok or Instagram)
  • Dating scene and dating portals
  • (Personality) psychology

In the subsections below, let’s gladly take a deeper look at the main areas of application of the „Triangle Method“ mentioned above.

Social Media

On social media the „Triangle Method“ is currently experiencing a huge hype. It is being promoted by well-known influencers. Short videos on TikTok or Instagram are usually used for this purpose, in which the functionality of the „Triangle Method“ is first explained. The influencers then encourage people to try out the new method for themselves in their everyday lives or when they go out. Through the additional use of the wording „Triangle Method“ in the form of video and image descriptions, in the form of hashtags and in comments, the method spreads virally and gradually spills over into other areas of daily life.

Dating scene

The „Triangle Method“ is just as popular in the dating scene itself. Here it is taught and promoted by leading dating coaches. In addition, the „Triangle Method“ is now also used on dating platforms where new members can be met or dated via video telephony. The „Triangle Method“ turns out to be a new kind of flirting trend that is becoming more and more common.


Psychology has recently recognized the truth of the „Triangle Method“. In fact, it is possible to manipulate the subconscious of the other person (if there is at least basic sympathy) by using the „Triangle Method“. In this way a kiss can be provoked or a further acquaintance can be made possible. The reason for this is that people pay attention primarily to nonverbal signals and process them subconsciously.

Social classification of the „Triangle Method“

Although the „Triangle Method“ is becoming known through all ages and walks of life, it is especially hyped among younger generations, such as Generation Y and Alpha. This is due to the fact that said generations are the main target groups for the social media platforms TikTok and Instagram. In this way, said individuals naturally come into contact with the new method much faster. Therefore, the „Triangle Method“ is usually not understood by older persons.

Critical view of the „Triangle Method“

The „Triangle Method“ is mainly criticized for the fact that these nonverbal signals are cleverly used to manipulate the other person. This could also be used in situations that do not serve flirting or dating at all, but have exploitative backgrounds. Likewise, the „Triangle Method“ seems quite superficial, as little attention would be paid to what the other person is saying. Moreover, in the eyes of critics, the „Triangle Method“ could lead to neglecting authentic communication and genuine connections. The social classification also shows that it is particularly appealing to younger generations, which can be attributed to the strong influences of social media platforms, which is also criticized by critics.

Conclusion on the „Triangle Method“ and similar terminology

In summary, the „Triangle Method“ can be described as a new flirting and dating trend from the USA, in which non-verbal communication is deliberately used to positively influence the other person. In concrete terms, a kiss is to be provoked by moving the gaze back and forth between the eyes and mouth of the other person.

Related to the new „Triangle Method“ are, for example, „Ghosting“ and „Slow Dating“. While „ghosting“ refers to the sudden disappearance of a person without any explanation or communication, „slow dating“ refers to the long-term and in-depth getting to know of a person for the purpose of building a quality relationship. Slow dating“ is thus in direct contrast to „speed dating“.

What is „Goblin-timacy“? Meaning, explanation, definition

Based on mystical, small creatures that live in mysterious dimensions, a new trend has developed in the dating world in recent years, which is also referred to as „Goblin-timacy“. The new trend refers to a previously unexplored phenomenon in which people looking for a partner make themselves look smaller, or more unlovable, than they really are. In this way, the coveted counterpart is supposed to experience a surprise effect and their own chance of a potential partnership is increased.

The „Goblin-timacy“ leans only conceptually on the small creature beings named „Goblins“, means however a psychological method for the purposeful self presentation – and in unusual way. What exactly the new „Goblin-timacy“ is all about, where it comes from, where it can be observed particularly often and by which groups of people it is preferentially used, will be explained in more detail in the following article.

Interpretation of the term „Goblin-timacy“

The term „goblin-timacy“ comes from the English language and is made up of the two words „goblin“ (meaning „small, gnome-like, nasty creature“ or „mythical creature“) and „timacy“ (meaning „intimacy“ or „outward appearance“). Combined, „goblin-timacy“ (which, by the way, is a made-up word) can therefore be roughly translated as „goblin presentation“ or „making oneself small“.

What is meant by this is the way in which an individual presents himself on the dating market, for example. Instead of displaying categorical courtship behavior, „goblin-timacy“ promotes the deliberate display of flawed characteristics. These can be character flaws as well as visual flaws. Instead of concealing these, they are deliberately produced on the outside.

The word „goblin-timacy“ itself is derived from the English „goblin mode“ and was chosen as the Oxford Dictionary’s word of the year in 2022. It describes behavior in which one acts modestly and reservedly, practicing understatement rather than exaggeration.

Origin and meaning of „Goblin-timacy“

The term „goblin-timacy“ probably originated at the same time as the word „goblin fashion“, namely in 2022. From then on, the new trend spread rapidly on social media and eventually also on dating platforms. Largely responsible for this are the operators of the dating app called „Badoo,“ which promotes the newly emerging authenticity of users. The algorithm behind the platform primarily pushes those profiles that score points through authenticity and likeability. This dating trend has also already become strongly established in the mindset of users (not least due to its spread on social media). „Goblin-timacy“ therefore means nothing more than presenting oneself as one really is and practicing likeable modesty in the process. Followers of the trend also strive for dates that are according to one’s own ideas as well as outside of social expectations.

How does „goblin-timacy“ work?

Basically, „Goblin-timacy“ is quite uncomplicated to implement. To do this, you select ordinary snapshots of yourself from various everyday situations. Then you create your own profile on a dating platform of your choice. The profile is then filled with sympathetic and realistic information about yourself. In this way, a modest and authentic image about one’s own person can be transported to the outside world.

Areas of application of „Goblin-timacy“

After the new trend „Goblin-timacy“ became more and more widespread in the past months, it is now encountered in the following areas of life:

  • Dating platforms
  • Social media platform
  • Everyday life

The following subsections should therefore be used to take a closer look at the main areas of use of „Goblin-timacy“ mentioned above.

Dating platforms

On dating platforms, the new „goblin-timacy“ trend is primarily used in the creation of individual dating profiles. Here, natural snapshots from everyday life are used and uploaded to the platform. Subsequently, the user’s own profile is filled with individual information – but in a sympathetic and honest manner. The authentic information then attracts more suitable partners, which can lead to more sustainable and better relationships.

Social media platforms

However, „goblin-timacy“ is now just as popular on social media platforms, such as Instagram. There, influencers are increasingly taking a liking to the new trend, which advocates more authenticity. Accordingly, they are uploading their own videos of everyday situations in which the protagonists appear before the camera without makeup, for example. Furthermore, the trend word „goblin-timacy“ is being spread here in the form of comments and hashtags.

Everyday life

In everyday life, too, people are increasingly taking a liking to portraying themselves as they really are. This doesn’t even have to involve purely visual aspects. Disguising one’s own personality is now considered equally unpopular, which is what „goblin-timacy“ is trying to address.

Social classification of „Goblin-timacy“

Socially, „Goblin-timacy“ can be classified in pretty much all age groups. Although it is primarily known among social media and dating app-savvy individuals, it is also gaining more and more followers in other target groups. Goblin-timacy“ can therefore be understood as an overall social phenomenon that is currently going viral and is likely to spill over into other areas of everyday life in the future.

Critical view of „goblin-timacy“

Nevertheless, „goblin-timacy“ also has some – in some cases sharp – critics. The main criticism is that „Goblin-timacy“ is an „invitation to let oneself go“. Instead of making an effort in the search for a partner and presenting oneself in the best light, things would be left to chance and in places potential would be left by the wayside. Critics also see „goblin-timacy“ as further evidence of the moral decay and general brutalization of society that is taking place. Furthermore, the term „goblin-timacy“ is criticized as such because it would be just another trendy social media term.

Conclusion on the topic of „Goblin-timacy“ and the naming of similar terms

Overall, „Goblin-timacy“ can be understood as a new trend in the dating field, where people present themselves exactly as they really are. This concerns optical, but also character aspects. Goblin-timacy“ therefore promotes more authenticity and sometimes also spills over into the areas of social media and everyday life.

Related to the term „Goblin-timacy“ are, among others, the terms „Furries Romantic“ as well as the „Triangle Method“. In „Furries Romantic,“ followers show their love and affection by attending Furry events together. In contrast, the „Triangle Method“ aims at a psychological trick in which the counterpart is to be animated to a kiss by gestures and facial expressions.

What is „Silent Walking“? Meaning, explanation, definition, effects

The „Silent Walk“ represents a remarkable spiritual practice that has gained increasing popularity, especially in recent years. It is a highly meditative activity that is practiced in many forms around the world and is characterized by its silence and mindfulness. The „Silent Walk“ itself can involve solitary, quiet walks through nature or inspiring landscapes. Optionally, people also take their dog with them on the walk. The „Silent Walk“ can thereby create a connection to nature as well as to oneself and help to achieve a higher, spiritual dimension.

Characteristic for the „Silent Walk“ is the silence – no words are allowed to be spoken. Furthermore, pleasant, relaxing tours through nature are chosen. How the „Silent Walk“ works in detail, where it comes from, with which target groups it is particularly popular and which critics there are on this subject, about this the reader now learns further, interesting information.

Definition of the term „Silent Walk“

„Silent Walk“ refers to quiet, almost meditative walks through nature, in which body and mind can be switched off, or in which one can find oneself. In this way, the hectic everyday life on the smartphone, PC or elsewhere can be escaped. The calming effect of nature and the silence during a walk ensure that the mind relaxes and that inspiring thoughts arise.

A „Silent Walk“ is therefore – roughly summarized – a walk alone through nature, during which there is no talking, but only concentrating on oneself. Silence, calm and nature have a strong meditative character on the body and have an energizing effect.

Where does the „Silent Walk“ come from and what does it mean?

The „Silent Walk“ is a trend from walking yoga, which originated in the USA in recent years. Here, yoga enthusiasts came together and discovered that a quiet walk through nature has nearly the same effects as an extensive yoga workout. The „silent walks“ were quickly integrated into everyday life – they were refreshing and good for the soul. Via social media and Internet forums, the trend around the „Silent Walks“ was then spread and quickly found a multitude of imitators.

Going on a „Silent Walk“ means finding time for oneself and gladly switching off. This time out in nature ensures finding oneself and being satisfied with oneself and nature. Thus, the „Silent Walk“ can also be called a minimalist lifestyle in its approach.

Where is the „Silent Walk“ found everywhere?

Formerly originating in US yoga groups, the „Silent Walk“ has now spread to many different areas of life. For example, it is sometimes found especially frequently in the following areas:

  • Walking Yoga
  • social media
  • „Silent Walks with dogs

The above-mentioned areas of application of the „Silent Walk“ will now be discussed in more detail in the following.


„Silent Walks“ are particularly widely used in Wandering Yoga. Hiking yoga allows people to move their yoga exercises into the great outdoors, where they can take advantage of the healing power of the environment. „Silent walks,“ on the other hand, are meditative walks that focus on silence and mindfulness and often take place in idyllic natural settings. However, both practices are often combined – for example, walks are interrupted by yoga exercises. In this way, the „silent walk“ still benefits from a practical training effect.

Social media

What knowledge there is about silent walks is spread primarily through social media. More and more TikTok, Instagram and YouTube users are promoting the benefits of silent walks. In their own videos and posts, users perform „silent walks“ themselves and film themselves walking through breathtaking landscapes. On the other hand, the „Silent Walks“ are also mentioned in comments as well as hashtags, so that the term spreads virally on the net, not least because of this.

„Silent Walks“ with dogs

Silent walks“ are also particularly popular with four-legged friends. They are often used to walk one’s own dog (or alternatively one’s own cat). Dogs and cats are man’s dearest friends, but on the other hand they can’t talk. In this way, they are a perfect fit for the „Silent Walk“ and benefit just as much from the refreshing environment and healthy exercise.

Social classification of the „Silent Walk“

Socially, the „Silent Walk“ can now be found in almost all age and target groups. However, it tends to be more popular with people aged 20 or 25 and upwards. These are mostly people who are firmly established in life and have a correspondingly hectic (job) routine. Although „silent walks“ are just as popular with younger target groups, they are used much less frequently.

Critical discussion of the „Silent Walk“

While supporters of the „Silent Walk“ love the silence and mindfulness associated with this new trend, critics argue primarily that it is pure esotericism, or an inefficient activity. Some may view the Silent Walk as too passive, as it is primarily focused on meditation and reflection, rather than physical exercise. Moreover, in the eyes of critics, it is the good old „walk“ and not a „silent walk,“ which would be just another trendy Anglo-American term.

Conclusion on the subject of „silent walk“ and similar terms

In summary, it can be said that the „Silent Walk“ is a comparatively new practice, which can be assigned to esotericism. Specifically, it involves relaxing, solitary walks through nature, during which there is no talking. This has a meditative effect and contributes to self-discovery.

Related to the term „Silent Walk“ are, for example, the terms „Tai Chi“ and „Labyrinth Walking“. Tai Chi“ is a Chinese art of movement that combines slow and flowing movements with deep breathing exercises and meditation. Whereas „labyrinth walking“ involves walking along a labyrinthine path (also in meditative silence).

What is the Wrong Shoe Theory? Meaning, explanation, definition

Time and again, social media platforms come up with some strange trends – including the so-called „Wrong Shoe Theory“. This theory, which admittedly sounds quite complex, refers solely to the phenomenon that an individual outfit only seems to be perfect when it is combined with shoes that one would never wear with it. All in all, the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ is a viral trend that was initially launched by prominent users and has since been widely imitated.

Wrong Shoe Theory“ is also a certain fashion trend, according to which outfits are combined with shoe types for which they were not designed. For example, flip-flops with winter coats or high heels with costumes. However, what the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ is all about in detail and where this trend actually comes from, the reader will learn more exciting information about it in the article below. Furthermore, it will be clarified by which target groups the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ has sometimes been internalized the most.

Definition of „Wrong Shoe Theory“

The term „Wrong Shoe Theory“ is a made-up word that originates from the English language. It is composed of the words „wrong“, „shoe“, and „theory“. In combination, the term „Wrong Shoe Theory“ can therefore be roughly translated as „theory of the wrong shoes“.

What is meant by this is the fact that outfits are usually perceived as extraordinary and beautiful when they are combined with (supposedly) inappropriate footwear. So instead of matching the outfit in terms of color and style, the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ states that „wrong shoes“ are clearly better suited to the possible outfit, or rather enhance it better.

The adjective „wrong“ in this context refers to „inappropriate“, „tasteless“ or „unconventional“. This is precisely the essence of the new TikTok trend: outfits only become unique with the appropriate footwear when they are combined with unconventional shoes. Because these then usually immediately catch the eye.

Origin and meaning of the „Wrong Shoe Theory“

The trend around the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ probably first emerged in June/July 2023, when the popular TikTokers named Katie Holmes and Hailey Bieber wore unusual outfit-shoe combinations for the viewer. For example, Bieber put on flip-flops while the latter walked around Los Angeles in a trench coat. Under the coat, this chose a short blue jeans. The outfit immediately attracted the interest of her followers. Soon, a new trend was established on the social media platform TikTok – the birth of „Wrong Shoe Theory.“ Although the outfit could not have been more offbeat, many viewers found this beautiful and stylish. This broke with old conventions that outfits must always have the perfect shoes. Apparently, these seem to look even more appealing when combined with supposedly mismatched shoes.

Use of the „Wrong Shoe Theory“

Meanwhile, the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ has expanded to many areas of life. However, the following areas in which the new trend is encountered particularly frequently are very striking:

  • the social media platform TikTok
  • among prominent people
  • in everyday life

In the subsections that now follow, the most frequent areas of use of the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ trend will be shown even more comprehensively.

Viral TikTok trend

„Wrong Shoe Theory“ is currently spreading furiously on the social media platform TikTok. Users are imitating the outrageous outfits of Hailey Bieber and Katie Holmes by posting their own short videos or commenting on others‘. In indirect challenges, users are then asked to come up with even flashier outfits. This ensures the comprehensive virality of this unusual trend and contributes to its further dissemination (also in other areas of life).


Among the celebrities still most associated with the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ are Hailey Bieber and Katie Holmes, who once (unknowingly) started the trend. Both count as the measure of all things as far as the most nonsensical shoe combinations are concerned. Accordingly, the outfits of that time are often imitated by young people or these are provided with completely new combinations. The „Wrong Shoe Theory“ is now spread by celebrities on social media, in everyday life and on TV and television.

Everyday life

Due to social media and celebrities, the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ is now establishing itself in individual everyday life. Young people in particular are finding fun in dressing according to the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ in everyday life. This trend is currently making its way into schools and universities.

Social classification of the „Wrong Shoe Theory“

Socially, the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ can be largely assigned to younger generations, such as generations Y, Z and Alpha. Thus, the target group for the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ is usually between 15 and 35 years old. These are mostly TikTok users, who are particularly quick to become aware of such trends and then implement or spread them themselves. Older people usually do not understand the „Wrong Shoe Theory“. They also do not consider the sometimes impossible outfit-shoe combinations to be aesthetically pleasing.

Criticisms of the „Wrong Shoe Theory“

The „Wrong Shoe Theory“ trend is in itself quite harmless, but nevertheless calls one or the other critic on the plan. Mostly criticized is the senselessness of this (another) social media trend. Apparently, Hailey Bieber and Katie Holmes wore their outfit-shoe combinations not wantonly, but rather by accident. However, based on their fame, it was immediately turned into a trend. In the eyes of critics, this would only show how easy it is to manipulate our youth. At the same time, the social value of such a trend is strongly doubted – after all, it would not offer any progress worth mentioning and is also otherwise only attributable to a rather niche target group.

Conclusion on „Wrong Shoe Theory“ and similar theories

The bottom line is that the „Wrong Shoe Theory“ is another TikTok trend that says that outfits are only perceived as particularly beautiful when they are combined with the most impossible shoes. The „Wrong Shoe Theory“ was brought to life by celebrities Hailey Bieber and Katie Holmes as they walked around Los Angeles wearing random, quirky outfits.

In addition to the „Wrong Shoe Theory“, there is also the „Burnt Toast Theory“ and the „Body Neutrality“. While the „Burnt Toast Theory“ uses the analogy of burnt toast to encourage people to always make the best of every situation, „Body Neutrality“ promotes a more self-confident and neutral view of one’s own body.

What is the Westminster Declaration? Explanation, meaning

The Westminster Declaration was written in Westminster on October 18, 2023, and speaks out against censorship. It is an open letter published by 137 renowned representatives from institutions and the media, artists, scientists, activists and journalists of all political persuasions. The signatories are of all political persuasions and express with the declaration that they are extremely concerned about the increasing censorship in several areas of life.

What is the Westminster Declaration? Content, Declaration

The authors of the Westminster Declaration see freedom of expression, a human right, in danger, and make various demands in their open letter. They warn urgently that the curtailment of freedom of expression that is evident worldwide is leading to an undermining of democratic norms. In their opinion, the curtailment of freedom of expression is masked and thus trivialized by the inflationary use of terms such as misinformation and disinformation. In their Fall 2023 open letter, they note that critical voices around the world are increasingly suppressed, leaving the population in many countries with only manipulated access to information. The intimidation of critics has serious consequences for human freedom and leads to a threat to democratic societies.

The authors see the increasing restriction of freedom of expression, for example, in the fact that governments, universities, but also non-profit organizations and social platforms increase their activities regarding surveillance and censorship of citizens. This phenomenon (called the censorship industrial complex or industrial censorship complex) can be seen particularly in Turkey, Brazil, Poland, Scotland, Ireland, Australia and the United Kingdom. Subtle methods of censorship are also on the rise. In this context, for example, the suppression of legal representations in social networks, the suppression of search engine results and visibility filters using appropriate technology should be mentioned.

The EU’s plan to abolish end-to-end encryption for the transmission of information on the Internet poses a particular threat. They sharply criticize the EU’s plans because they represent massive cuts in the privacy of each individual citizen and also restrict their freedom. The authors of the Westminster Declaration emphasize that freedom of expression is not a right that citizens have to earn and have approved. Rather, it is a cornerstone of every democracy, the foundation of a self-determined life. The authors of the Declaration want their children to grow up in a world where they do not have to be afraid to speak their minds. They want a future for their children and their children’s children in which they can express and discuss their ideas without fear – a world that the founders of democracy also envisioned.

Because that is precisely why they enshrined the right to freedom of expression in the constitutions of democracies. For example, the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution is a particularly good example of how the right to freedom of speech, press, and conscience can be protected by law. The drafters do not see it as essential to agree on all points, but to recognize these crucial freedoms as vital liberties. They call for citizens of democratic states to denounce violations of basic human rights and to fight for their freedom. They call for promoting freedom of expression, defending it, and standing up against intolerance. For it is only on the basis of freedom of expression that humanity can ultimately develop.

Summary Content: Westminster Declaration

The Westminster Declaration denounces the threat to democratic norms posed by growing international censorship. The signatories of the Declaration join forces to uphold universal human rights and freedom of expression.

The Declaration criticizes the misuse of terms such as „misinformation“ and „disinformation“ that have led to the censorship of citizens, journalists and dissidents worldwide. They point to the growing threat of state actors, social media companies, universities, and non-governmental organizations monitoring citizens and suppressing their opinions.

According to the Declaration, an „industrial censorship complex“ operates through direct government action and more subtle methods such as the manipulation of search engine results and deplatforming. In addition, the Declaration denounces content moderation by technology companies in collusion with governments and non-governmental organizations.

The Declaration calls for compliance with Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which establishes the right to freedom of expression and information. It calls on governments, technology companies and the general public to work to uphold democratic rights and promote a climate of freedom of expression and exchange.

The declaration emphasizes that freedom of expression is fundamental to preventing abuses of power by governments and that censorship undermines democratic foundations. It concludes with the idea that freedom of expression is the foundation for a meaningful life and a flourishing humanity enriched by art, philosophy, stories and debate. The Declaration was written by signatories who, despite political differences, are united in the cause of freedom of expression.

Westminster Declaration: famous and well-known first signatories

Among the signatories are numerous celebrities such as: (excerpt)

  • Edward Snowden (whistleblower)
  • John Cleese (Comedian)
  • Dr. Jordan B. Peterson (psychologist)
  • Julian Assange (founder of Wikileaks and activist)
  • Oliver Stone (filmmaker)
  • Slavoj Žižek (philosopher)
  • Tim Robbins (actor)
  • Yanis Varoufakis (economist and politician)

In total, there were 137 initial signatories to the Westminister Declaration.

Who is Alex (Alexis) Mucci? Life, profile, biography

Alex Mucci is an Italian social media personality, singer, model and aerospace engineer.

Alex (Alexis) Mucci: life, biography, profile

Alex (Alexis) Mucci was born on January 17, 1988 in Pescara, Abruzzo, Italy. She is 35 years old and her zodiac sign is Capricorn. Alex is in a relationship with Italian YouTuber and producer Davide Marra aka Mr. Marra. The two have a daughter together named Asia Andrea, who was born in 2021. Alex Mucci has one sibling. However, apart from that, little is known about their family background.

Alex (Alexis) Mucci: Education, Social Media

Alex Mucci graduated from the Polytechnic University of Turin with a degree in aerospace engineering. Alex is 168 cm tall and weighs about 54 kg.

Alex Mucci was already modeling on the side during her studies. Meanwhile, she earns a steady income with her modeling career and works for several Italian brands and designers.

In addition, since 2017 she has been posting erotically-themed photos on Instagram, where she has 8.2 million followers. She reaches almost a million followers with short videos on TikTok. In addition, Alex Mucci is registered with a profile as an erotic model on the adult web platform OnlyFans.

Alex (Alexis) Mucci: looks, tattoos, singer

With her light blue eyes, black hair, a large bust with a slim figure, sprayed lips and numerous tattoos on her arms, shoulders and abdomen, Alex Mucci can score with an unusual appearance. Because of this, she often refers to herself as a real-life „anime character“. This is a reference to the fact that she has many external features that are similar to female characters from Japanese animated movies.

As a singer, Alex Mucci has come to prominence with the self-released songs „Foto Nuda,“ „Blue Valentine,“ and „F.P.F“ on Spotify, which were produced by her friend Mr. Marra.

Alex (Alexis) Mucci: TikTok, Instagram, X (Twitter)

TikTok: @alexismucci

Instagram: alex_mucci

X (Twitter): IamAlexisMucci

On TikTok, Alex Mucci has around 1 million followers. On Instagram, she has over 8 million followers. On Twitter, she has over 50,000 followers. (All as of October 2023)

Who is Eva Elfie? Life, profile, biography

Eva Elfie is a Russian adult film actress, erotic model and YouTuber.

Eva Elfie: life, biography, profile

Eva Elfie’s real name is Yulia Romanova and she was born on May 27, 2000 in Omsk, Russia. Eva Elfie is 23 years old and her star sign is Gemini. Before her career as an erotic film actress Eva Elfie worked as a manager, waitress and a budding journalist. It was through the latter engagement that she met her current husband and future filming partner Artem aka Adam Ocelot. The couple married in December 2019, and until 2022 they lived in Russia, in March 2022 Eva and Artem moved to California.

Eva Elfie: career as an adult film actress

In 2019, Eva Elfie entered the adult film business. She first published private adult videos with her husband on the internet platform Pornhub. After a short time, the international adult film industry took notice of her. She went on to shoot for well-known studios such as Brazzers, MetArt, Nubiles and Reality Kings, among others. Eva Elfie shoots erotic scenes exclusively alone or with her husband.

Eva Elfie: Awards

In 2020, Eva Elfie received the Female Clip Artist of the Year award for her work at the XBIZ Europa Awards, a film awards event for the European erotic industry. In 2021, Eva Elfie received the „Best New Foreign Starlet“ award at the AVN Awards, the most important film award in the American adult industry. In 2022, Eva won the fan award „Most Popular Female Performer“ on Pornhub.

Eva Elfie: YouTuber, Social Media Star

Through her YouTube channel, Eva Elfie became known to a larger audience outside the adult industry. Since the beginning of 2020, she has been posting videos there in which she talks about her work, interviews other adult film performers or shows her everyday life. Elfie’s YouTube channel has 821,000 subscribers.

Meanwhile, Eva Elfie is also present on TikTok, where she attracts attention with humorous short videos that reach an audience of millions. Eva’s TikTok channel has 6.6 million followers. Eva Elfie’s Instagram channel is followed by more than 4 million users.

Eva Elfie: documentary film

In mid-2023, a Russian documentary about the life of Eva Elfie and Adam Ocelot entitled „Artem & Eva“ was released, premiering in Paris, and she posted a video on her YouTube channel. The film highlights Artem and Eva’s personal lives, their love affair away from their adult film careers, and the public’s perception of adult film actors.

In an April 2023 interview with XBIZ’s web magazine, Eva Elfie said of the film that it had touched her emotionally and that she thought it was good to show that adult film actors are „normal people.“

Eva Elfie: YouTube, TikTok, Instagram

Instagram: theevaelfie

TikTok: @theevaelfie

YouTube: @EvaElfieYT

X (Twitter): evaelfie

On Instagram, Eva Elfie has over 4.2 million followers. On TikTok, she has over 6.6 million followers. Her YouTube channel has over 820,000 people subscribed. On X (Twitter), she has over 1.1 million followers. (All as of October 2023)2023)

What are the „Tehillim“? Meaning, explanation, definition

The books of „Tehillim,“ also known as „Psalms,“ represent a fascinating, central collection of poetic texts within a wide variety of religions, but especially within Judaism. They are a total of five small booklets containing a diverse range of human experience as well as ecstatic praise. In addition to liturgical texts, the „Tehillim“ also contain deeply felt laments and open up an overall view into the human soul.

The „Tehillim“ deal, for example, with gratitude, suffering and hope and provide a deep understanding of cultural and religious realities. They are thus considered important works within Judaism. But what exactly are the „Tehillim“ about, where do they come from and what message do they convey? The following article is intended to provide a comprehensive explanation of this. Furthermore, the meaning of the „Tehillim“ for Judaism and the everyday life of Jewish believers shall be worked out.

Definition of „Tehillim“

The term „Tehillim“ comes from the Hebrew language and means something like „praise songs“ or „songs of praise“. Tehillim“ itself is derived from „tehillah“, which means praise, but also price. This refers to various songs, texts and psalms that are intended to convey a multifaceted literary landscape full of emotion and spirituality. The 150 or so poems and songs contained in each of the five „Tehillim“ are about human relationships, but also about emotions, happiness and unhappiness.

From the sublime praises of creation to the desperate cries for help, the „Tehillim“ offer a unique insight into human traits and thus serve as an important source of inspiration, experience, and and spiritual reflection. The „Tehillim“ are thus altogether very valuable and important books, all of which believing Jews must have read at some point in the course of their lives.

Origin and History of „Tehillim“

The origins of today’s „Tehillim“ go back to ancient Israel. Here it is said: „Moses gave the Israelites the five books of the Torah, and David, on the other hand, gave them the five books of the Psalms (the „Tehillim“)“. – reads a rabbinic commentary in the „Midrash Tehillim“, dated to the 3rd to 9th century AD. According to historians, the „Tehillim“ thus emerged over several centuries. Around this time, David’s extensive wealth of experience was divided among the five books of the „tehillim.“

Combined with local hymns and poems, this created a unique collective that represents the cultural treasure of the Israeli people. Throughout history, the „tehillim“ were then used in a variety of religious contexts, from temple ceremonies to individual prayers. The history of the „Tehillim“ thus reflects the extraordinary development of Jewish spirituality and is still very significant today.

What are the contents of the „Tehillim“? Explanation

The „Tehillim“ have a number of poems, songs, psalms as well as praises, which were collected in the course of the centuries from Jewish deities as well as from the Jewish people. The following subsections will be used to explain the following points in connection with the „Tehillim“:

  • Structure of the books
  • Structure of the Psalms
  • Division into five books

Structure of the books

The structure of the „Tehillim“ books is initially different from what one would expect, since they are quite diverse. Each book has a unique thematic composition. The aim is to cover a wide range of human emotions with the help of the five books – for example, for training or educational purposes. In this way, psalms (i.e., a poetic, religious text), hymns, and poems and songs alternate again and again. This impressive arrangement reflects not only artistic sophistication, but also a deep structuring that provides for a comprehensive representation of the human experience. The „Tehillim“ thus appear to be readable and varied, while at the same time extremely instructive.

Structure of the Psalms

The psalms themselves are also characterized by great variety. Individual psalms, however, vary considerably in their form and content. Thus, among others, the following types of psalms are found in the „Tehillim“:

  • Canticles
  • Prayers
  • laments
  • wisdom teachings
  • emotional stories

Many of the psalms contained in the „Tehillim“ are written in poetic language that not only emphasizes their emotional depth, but also highlights their artistic beauty.

Division into five books

The division into the five books „Tehillim“ has not only a thematic and an organizational relevance – rather, this division also allows an insight into the spiritual development that the Jewish people went through between the 3rd and 9th century AD. Each book reflects the different stages of history. The five books „Tehillim“ are divided into the following:

1. first book (with the Psalms 1 to 41)
2. second book (with the psalms 42 to 72)
3. third book (with the Psalms 73 to 89)
4th Book (with Psalms 90 to 106)
5. fifth book (with psalms 107 to 150)

What are the „Tehillim“ used for?

The „Tehillim“ are of great importance in Jewish everyday life. They serve as the basis for various religious practices, such as prayers, songs of praise, lamentations and expressions of gratitude. Thus the „Tehillim“ represent a central element of the Jewish, religious life. The „Tehillim“ are thus not only prayers, but also a source of spiritual reflection and inspiration that penetrates deeply into the individual and collective soul. Jewish believers therefore carry individual or even all five „Tehillim“ with them in everyday life and use the ride on the train or the short walk in the park for a short reading within them. In this way, mental recreation can take place.

How important are the „Tehillim“ for Judaism?

The bottom line is that the „Tehillim“ serve as a rich source full of religious inspiration and are often read in Judaism in everyday life. They represent a smorgasbord consisting of various psalms, hymns, laments, as well as poems and parables compiled by Jewish clergy as well as the Israeli people over the course of centuries.

Related to the term „Tehillim“ are, among others, the terms „Tefillin“ as well as „Kippa“, which are also Hebrew words. While a „tefillin“ is the typical Jewish prayer strap, an e represents Jewish headgear worn by men in Judaism to express their divine attachment.

„Sticking out the gyat for the rizzler“ – meme, song, lyrics, explanation

„Sticking Out Your Gyat for the Rizzler“ is a song by tiktoker @papaboy020. He published this on his TikTok channel on October 5, 2023.

„Sticking Out Your Gyat for the Rizzler“ – meme, song, lyrics, explanation

The song „Sticking Out Your Gyat for the Rizzler“ contains slang expressions of Gen Z and Gen Alpha. It also makes reference to memes of these generations. These are: gyat, rizzler, skibidi, fanum tax, and sigma.

The music video features a Roblox character dancing and running around. The video reached over 3.7 million views by October 10, 2023, receiving over 450,000 likes and over 13,000 comments.

On TikTok, the song went viral. Papaboy’s vocals were used 28,000 times.

Lyrics of „Sticking Out Your Gyat for the Rizzler“: Content, Interpretation, Explanation

Sticking out your gyat for the rizzler,
You’re so skibidi,
You’re so fanum tax,
I just wanna be your sigma

Partly these two lines are still used:

Freaking come here
Give me your ohio

The first line can be decoded as follows: „Sticking out“ means that someone or something stands out by sticking something out. „Gyat“ is an exclamation for when a woman has attractive curves. (Usually meaning the buttocks.) Rizzler means that someone has a lot of charisma and interacts easily with others. „Sticking out your gyat“ could therefore mean that a woman sticks out her butt so that a charismatic man can see it better.

The exact meaning of the other lyrics is not clear. Skibidi refers to a meme that is very popular among Gen Alpha. Fanum Tax“ refers to a US-American streamer. Sigma refers to a man (in the most positive sense) who goes his own way alone.

The line „I just wanna be your sigma“ expresses the desire for success and a partner.

In the context of the first and fourth lines, „You’re so skibidi“ and „You’re so fanum tax“ must be understood as praise. „You’re so skibidi“ may mean that someone is very funny.

But it could also be that the lyrics are meaningless and have no meaning. So, one can sing these words only jokingly.

The editors suspect that a snippet of „Safe and Sound“ from „Capital Cities“ was used as the melody.

About @papaboy020

Nothing is known about the user @papaboy020. Since he plays Roblox and his voice sounds very young, he is believed to be under 16 years old and belongs to Generation Alpha. @papaboy020 has been active on TikTok since January 2023.

His other videos have between 5000 and 10,000 views. Some videos even have a few tens of thousands to even a few hundred thousand views. The games Roblox and Minecraft are often the topic.

What is the Fanum Tax? Memes, Meaning, Definition, Explanation

„Fanum Tax“ goes back to the US content creator and streamer Fanum. Fanum helped himself to other people’s food in his streams. This was and is jokingly called „Fanum Tax“.

What is Fanum Tax? Memes, meaning, definition, explanation

The „Fanum Tax“ is a running gag in Fanum’s streams.

The „Fanum Tax“ is applied, for example, when Fanum fetches food for his friends and demands payment (aka tax) for this service. In the case of food such as chicken nuggets or fries, the „Fanum Tax“ is particularly easy to apply. This is because these are very easy to count.

In general, „Fanum Tax“ means that you can help yourself to other people’s food. Another expression for „Fanum Tax“ is „Food Tax“.

The amount of the tax is based on the hunger of the person taxing the others.

Fanum especially often helped himself to the food of Kai Cenat.

The expression „Fanum Tax“ is especially common among people of Gen Z and Gen Alpha. According to „Know Your Meme“, the expression „Fanum Tax“ is said to have already entered the everyday language of US teenagers. In US schools, the expression is said to be spreading.

Jokingly, these young people steal food from each other while shouting „Fanum Tax“.

Fanum Tax: History

The running gag „Fanum Tax“ probably originated in December 2022, where videos about Fanum Tax first spread. One well-known video is „Fanum steals Kai’s cookies“ from December 23, 2022, which may be the first more popular mention of the „Fanum Tax.“

As early as July 2023, there was an entry about the „Fanum Tax“ in the Urban Dictionary.

In the song „Sticking Out Your Gyat for the Rizzler,“ the phrase „fanum tax“ spread further. Among other things, this song was also called „Fanum Tax Song.“

The hashtag #fanumtax was used over 270 million times on TikTok.

Fanum Tax: what could be behind it?

Well this behavior is a good way to get attention from others and stand out. Maybe Fanum wants more attention?

Of course, in conjunction with social media glorifying such behavior and turning it into memes, this can be harmful. After all, Fanum receives attention and notoriety this way. Thus, he receives positive feedback for his behavior, which leads to the behavior being consolidated.

Helping yourself to others‘ food is rude. Such behavior disturbs others and also builds stress. In fact, if you don’t want to force share, you have to start defending your food. Because, what is a joke for some, is just annoying and disturbing for others.

Well, let’s not take this trend too seriously. It’s probably just a joke. But the times in which you could eat in peace are probably over. (At least until this trend is forgotten).

Minecraft Mob Vote 2023: Crab, Armadillo, Penguin – info, explanation

In Minecraft Mob Wahl 2023, fans get to decide which new creature will be introduced into the game. There are three mobs to choose from and only one can win.

The choices are: Crab, Armadillo and Penguin.

Minecraft Mob Vote 2023: Crab – info, explanation

The crab lives in mangrove swamps. It has two claws.

Crab can be fed with seaweed and bred.

If players capture a crab’s claw, they can use it to place blocks further away.

The Minecraft crab are probably modeled after the fiddler crabs.

Minecraft Mob Vote 2023: Armadillo – info, explanation

The Armadillo lives in the savannah. It can curl up when it is scared.

The Armadillo drops scales. (It does not have to be killed for this.) With these scales an armor for the wolf or dog can be built. This armor is called wolf armor.

Minecraft Mob Vote 2023: Penguin – info, explanation

Penguins live on rocky coasts or stony shores („stony shores biome“).

In the water, the penguin moves very fast. (They swim as fast as dolphins.) On land is rather slow.

Penguins travel in groups.

The penguin makes the boats go faster.

Minecraft Mob Vote 2023: Conclusion

So you have a choice:

  • Better range / more comfortable to build
  • Armor for the dog
  • Faster boating

About the Minecraft Mob Vote 2023

The Minecraft Mob Vote 2023 is organized by Mojang, the company behind Minecraft.

The election will take place between October 13, 1PM EDT and October 15, 1:15PM EDT.

Voting can be done here: Minecraft Server: Bedrock Edition (Event Server), Minecraft.net and via the Minecraft Launcher.

In 2022, Sniffer, Rascal and Tuff Golem were up for election. At that time, Sniffer took first place. He received 55.1 percent of all votes.

The first Mob Voting was held in 2017.

Criticism of the Minecraft Mob Vote

Fans criticize that only one mob can win. Why aren’t all three mobs simply introduced to the game in the next update? Therefore, this vote can be criticized. It „only“ serves to create attention and hype.

While crabs and penguins should be known to everyone, the armadillo is only found in North and South America.

In 2023, new mobs inspired by real animals are coming. In 2022, these were fantasy creatures.


The graphics in the cover image were taken from minecraft.net.

What does Dandere mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

Dandere is a specific character from the Japanese anime or manga world, of which there are countless. The word is used only in a specific community and is not a stock of everyday language. The individual archetypes in the manga universe are classified according to their shown or unexpressed emotions with the suffix „dere“. The derives from the Japanese word deredere, which means nice, dear, or in love.

The term dandere combines the words danmari (=silence) and deredere. Dandere archetypes are not limited to Japan alone; they also appear in Western comics, books, and film productions. A striking example is the character Brenda Quagmire from the US animated series Family Guy. A striking Dandere type also appears in Harry Potter: Harry’s extremely shy classmate Neville Longbottom.

Description of the Dandere Character

Dandere personalities are quiet and not very socially involved. They are predominantly girls. They are considered outsiders and only show their true character when they are alone with someone. Dandere characters appear emotionally cold at first glance. However, this is not the case. Even though they hardly interact with their environment, they are still sweet, cute and behave lovingly.

Since Dandere personalities generally want to avoid unpleasant situations, they have a lot of trouble speaking up. The characterization shy best captures the essence of their nature. Once they are with people they like, they show another facet of themselves, becoming talkative and warm.

Dandere compared to Kuudere

While Kuudere are naturally reserved, Dandere remain shy out of shyness. Kuudere archetypes are easier to relate to as readers or listeners because they are more talkative than Dandere. They are a little more outspoken, but have the same monotone as Dandere. Initially, Kuudere are aloof and come across as emotionally cold, but as the plot progresses they reveal their vulnerability and show themselves to be quite caring. They are rather level-headed, but certainly not callous.

The most famous Danderes in the anime universe

Probably the most famous Dandere character is Hinata Hyuga, a main character of Masashi Kishimoto’s Naruto series. Hinata already appears in the first anime episode (in the manga not until episode 34). She graduated from the ninja academy at the age of 12 and is one of the most powerful ninjas in Konoha village. Although she is supposed to become the next leader of the Hyuga clan after her father, her shy character does not suit this great task. Also typical of her Dandere characteristics is the fact that she has feelings for Naruto during the course of the plot, but does not or cannot show them. Naruto is too naive and inexperienced to realize that there are deeper feelings behind Hinata’s behavior.

Sailor Mercury (alias Ami Mizuno) from Sailor Moon is also one of the oldest and most famous Dandere archetypes. Sailor Moon has been part of pop culture since the 1990s, so several generations have already grown up with this character. Sailor Mercury is the second warrior in the Sailor universe and joins Sailor Moon to fight against evil. She is very smart, but also extremely shy. She has a hard time socializing (at least at the beginning of the series). Since Ami Mizuno studies a lot, she has few friends. In school exams she always scores top marks. Since she prefers to spend her free time reading, she is considered arrogant by those around her, which turns out to be false when she gets to know her better.

What does „flag on the play“ mean in NFL? Meaning, explanation, definition

American football is a game characterized by raw power, strategic sophistication, and nerve-wracking excitement. It is not only a popular sport, but also an epic spectacle on a mathematically well-structured playing field. It is in this fascinating context that the term „flag on the play“ crops up again and again. The unpleasant situation that „flag on the play“ usually triggers is considered game-changing in many places.

But, what exactly does the initially cryptic-looking term „flag on the play“ actually mean? Roughly speaking, a referee has determined during a football game that a player has not followed the rules – thus must receive a penalty. Most of the time this is an offside decision – but other situations are also possible. The following article will therefore take a closer look at the term „flag on the play“ and explain it in detail, as well as take a critical look at it.

Definition of „flag on the play“

The term „flag on the play“ comes from the English language and means something like „flag on the play“. What is meant by this is the referee’s yellow flag, which initially interrupts the ongoing game. The referee himself is forced to use the „flag on the play“ because something did not go according to the rules. This can be any rule violation – by both, competing teams. For this purpose, the game is first stopped and the referee calmly decides how to set the type and extent of the penalty. „Flag on the play“ often has a significant impact on the rest of the game, as it can result in penalty yards or even changes in possession, which is often crucial to the outcome of the game.

Strictly speaking, the „flag on the play“ is not a flag, but a bag to which a flag is attached (this is also called a „penalty marker“). This is simply thrown onto the field of play by the referee in the event of a foul. In addition to the best-known use in American football and in the NFL in general, penalty markers are also used in lacrosse, for example.

Origin and meaning of „flag on the play“

„Flags“ are yellow knots to which cloths are tied. Normally, the „flags“ are thrown by the referee into the exact area where the foul was committed. In addition to the pure „flags on the play“, there are also the so-called „challenge flags“, which in turn are thrown into the field by the coaches of the competing teams, should they disagree with the referee’s decision. Each team receives exactly two of these challenge flags at the start of the game.

The term „flag on the play“ thus originates from American football, which was first played in 1869 at Rutgers University and Princeton University in the United States. In general, the American football game (and therefore „flag on the play“) was first known more on the East Coast of the USA.

How does „flag on the play“ work?

If the referee notices a behavior during the game that does not comply with the rules, he throws the flag into the field of play at the point in question and a „flag on the play“ occurs. In this case, the game is first interrupted and the referee decides on an appropriate penalty, which is then executed. At the same time, both coaches can throw their challenge flags into the field of play to challenge the referee’s decision.

When and how is „flag on the play“ used everywhere?

„Flag on the play is mainly used in American football, but it is also used in flag football and lacrosse. In these sports, the flag on the play signals a violation of the rules that will result in a penalty. The prerequisite for this, however, is that the referee first throws the yellow flag bag into the field of play (ideally at the place where the rule violation was committed). Other sports use different signals and expressions to indicate rule violations, so „flag on the play“ is not common in other disciplines.

The role of the referee in flag on the play

The referee has a crucial role in „flag on the play“. It is always his task to recognize potential rule violations and to punish them accordingly. To do this, the referee must follow the game closely. If a foul occurs, the referee must implement „flag on the play“ and throws the yellow flag bag into the field of play (only then is the game considered interrupted!). The precision and speed of the referee directly influence the course of the game and can significantly affect the outcome of a match. For example, if the „flag on the play“ is initialized too late and the team in violation of the rules was still able to fully exploit its advantage, the fault lies with the referee.

Advantages and disadvantages of „flag on the play“

„Flag on the play“ offers a number of advantages for a fair game, but also has some disadvantages. All advantages and disadvantages will be presented in the following.

Advantages of „flag on the play“

  • Conformity to the rules (it ensures compliance with the rules of the game)
  • Fairness (penalties compensate for illegal actions and ensure equal opportunities)
  • Discipline (players are encouraged to follow the rules)
  • Player protection (injuries caused by rule violations are prevented)

Disadvantages of „flag on the play“

  • Suspension of play (the game is always paused for necessary analysis of the rule violation)
  • subjectivity (referee judgments can be controversial and subjective)
  • negative influence on the pace of the game
  • decision-making power (the power of the referee can cause resentment among the players)

Conclusion on „flag on the play“ and similar NFL expressions

In summary, „flag on the play“ represents an expression from American football, from the NFL in general, and from flag football and lacrosse, which is used when rules are broken. It is initialized by referees throwing a yellow flag bag onto the field of play (where the rule violation occurred), thus interrupting the game. „Flag on the play“ is considered controversial in some places, since it is subjectively decided by the referee and since it slows down the game.

In addition to the „flag on the play“ expression, the terms „touchdown“ and „inception“ also exist in American football. While a „touchdown“ is the best possible way to score points, „inception“ means a successful defensive play by the opposing team before the quarterback’s throw reaches its target.

What is the „Alligator Kick“ meme? Meaning, explanation, definition

A man kicks an alligator – this image is currently spreading virally on social media and the rest of the Internet. This is the so-called „Alligator Kick“ meme, in which a topless black man kicks a full-grown alligator, causing it to run away. The meme itself is not quite real, but created with artificial intelligence, but looks deceptively real. With this meme, the incredible possibilities of artificial intelligence become visible for the first time – which is one of the reasons why the „Alligator Kick“ meme is currently spreading so rapidly.

Funny, breathtaking and somehow a bit cool. That’s certainly the best way to describe the „Alligator Kick“ meme. But what does the meme itself stand for and what exactly is its origin? The following article is intended to provide a comprehensive explanation. It will also provide interesting information on the social classification and criticism of the „alligator meme“.

Interpretation of the term „Alligator Kick“

The term „Alligator Kick“ meme originates from the English language and is composed of the words „alligator“, „kick“ and „meme“. Combined, the „alligator kick“ meme could therefore be translated as „funny alligator kicking picture“.

This admittedly rather strange translation certainly describes the content of the viral meme best. The image, which was created with the help of artificial intelligence, shows a corpulent black man kicking a full-grown alligator with a karate kick – which in itself is impossible or far too dangerous.

The picture itself is accompanied by a corresponding video in which the character simply kicks away other wild animals. This supernatural simulation is also based on artificial intelligence and has an entertaining and fascinating effect on viewers.

Word origin and meaning of „Alligator Kick“

The text and image for the „Alligator Kick“ meme were created by Artificial Intelligence – in this case, by image creation chatbots. The original was created by Uncle Mike’s Photography and illustrates a black, topless man gleefully eating a pizza on the beach. Soon he gets an uninvited visit from several alligators. A short time later, they are not only after his pizza, but also the man himself. In his distress the black man does not know how to help himself and kicks the aggressive alligators several times in front of the head. In this way, he is able to hold his own against the alligators, who then run away – and without his pizza.

The meme, which was created with the help of artificial intelligence, received more than 13,000 reactions in the original post on Instagram. At the same time, other images were created showing the fat black man in the swamp, which also went viral. In the meantime, the meme has become a popular image for situations in which he or she has to face a hopeless fight over trifles. In this respect, the „Alligator Kick“ meme encourages people to face even supposedly superior opponents bravely and resolutely.

Use of the „Alligator Kick“ meme in different contexts

The „Alligator Kick“ meme first originated as an individual AI project and then spread virally in the following areas:

  • on Twitter, Instagram and YouTube
  • on Reddit
  • in everyday life

The above uses of the „Alligator Kick“ meme are further detailed in the subsections below.

Twitter, Instagram and YouTube

The creator first posted the „Alligator Kick“ meme on his personal Instagram profile. From there, it spread virally and was used by many users to create funny memes from then on. In the process, the term „alligator kick“ was also spread. This now appears relatively frequently in video and image descriptions and as a hashtag. Due to its widespread use on social media, the „Alligator Kick“ meme later spilled over into other areas of everyday life.


On Reddit, the „alligator kick“ meme is especially popular in the gaming and investment context. Here, the meme is used as a comment in digital conversations, as a group picture or as a funny interlude. Individual users then use the template to create their own memes tailored to individual situations.

Everyday life

Last but not least, the meme „Alligator Kick“ is sometimes also used relatively frequently in everyday life. In particular, it is spread via instant messaging services such as WhatsApp. Likewise, people like to talk about the meme, which is why it is also the subject of many everyday conversations.

Social classification of the „Alligator Kick“ meme

In the social context, the „Alligator Kick“ meme can be assigned to rather younger generations, such as generations Y, Z and Alpha. These are mostly younger than 35 years old and belong to the main target group of Twitter, Instagram, etc. The meme is understood by these people on the one hand, and is also disseminated by them on the other. Older people often do not understand the meme – this also applies to the hype surrounding the meme itself.

Critical view of the „Alligator Kick“ meme

Since this meme is a meme created with the help of artificial intelligence, it is sometimes strongly criticized by many people. It does not correspond to reality, but still encourages people to copy it, which is of course highly dangerous. Furthermore, the educational added value of the „Alligator Kick“ meme is strongly doubted. The image would show a half-naked man kicking one or more alligators, which in itself is not only unrealistic, but also immoral and reprehensible. Furthermore, the meme is described by critics as pointless and yet another social media trend that you don’t necessarily have to participate in.

Conclusion on the topic of the „Alligator Kick“ meme and similar examples

The bottom line is that the „Alligator Kick“ meme represents another Internet phenomenon that is currently spreading virally on Twitter, Instagram and other platforms. It shows a topless black man kicking several alligators on the beach after they had taken aim at his food (a pizza) or at him. The meme was created with the help of artificial intelligence and is not real. It is also heavily criticized by critics for being unrealistic and anti-animal.

Related to the „Alligator Kick“ meme are the „Black Smurf Cat“ and the „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ memes, among others. While the „Black Smurf Cat“ meme is about a Russian cat with blue-black fur, the „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ meme sarcastically refers to the Reddit CEO Steve „spez“ Huffman.

What are „Kevin James“ memes? Meaning, explanation, definition

The Internet is always good for trends that seemed to be dusty and written off, but which are experiencing a new hype again in the form of „memes“. This is also the case with the popular „Kevin James“ memes, which depict the fictional character Steven „Doug“ Heffernan from the US series „King of Queens“. The character played by US actor Kevin James is depicted on memes with sarcastic, smiling facial expressions – these are then used in a wide variety of contexts.

Although the series „King of Queens“ has not been filmed for quite some time and seems comparatively old, the „Kevin James“ meme is only now experiencing its great hype. The sitcom has been gone for more than 16 years, but the template by Steven „Doug“ Heffernan still serves as a popular basis for funny memes for many digital artists. The following article will explain exactly what the „Kevin James“ meme is all about and its origins.

Definition of „Kevin James“ memes

The „Kevin James“ meme originates from the USA and depicts the US actor Kevin James, who gained fame primarily through the US sitcom „King of Queens“. Although the meme depicts the fictional character Steven „Doug“ Heffernan, Kevin James serves as the eponym for it. The reason for this is that there are not only memes about Steven „Doug“ Heffernan, but also other, varied templates that depict Kevin James. On the meme itself, Steven „Doug“ Heffernan is looking into the camera, grinning slightly (and with a certain sarcasm). He has his hands in his pockets. This is supposed to radiate a certain indifference and powerlessness. Presumably, Heffernan has already tried everything to solve a problem, but he did not succeed, which is why he gave up on the solution in the meantime. The meme is often used for situations in which something did not succeed and the person is also quite indifferent about it.

Origin and meaning of „Kevin James“ memes

The US sitcoim „King of Queens“ was produced between 1998 and 2007 and thematizes a couple living in the New York borough of Queens – the Heffernans. The snapshot of Steven „Doug“ Heffernan, in casual clothes standing in the kitchen, was probably taken in one of the countless episodes of the series. The image is meant to say something like, „I’m just a simple guy, I don’t know either, do I?!“.

In September 2021, the meme was first used in the wake of Twitter’s name change to „X“. Under the meme was the ironic saying „me after 1 double rum and diet“ (in German: „ich nach einem doppelten Rum mit Diätcola“). This was intended to stylize the senselessness of the undertaking (namely the renaming of Twitter to „X“). Although one is concerned about progress (emblematic of healthy eating or low-sugar drinks), one is nevertheless quite indifferent about the actual effects.

Use of „Kevin James“ memes

The „Kevin James“ meme is currently spreading virally and can be found primarily in the following areas:

  • Social media
  • Internet forums
  • Short message services

The above-mentioned contexts in which the „Kevin James“ meme is used particularly frequently will be explained in more detail in the following subsections.

Social media

On social media, the „Kevin James“ meme gained great notoriety because it was used by Senator Fetterman as an official image for his political campaign. Here he referred to his displeasure with the strict dress code in the Senate and chose the „Kevin James“ meme without further ado, in which he looks indifferent in casual clothing. The meme spread rapidly, especially on the TikTok and Instagram platforms, and was used for individual posts, as video or image titles, and as hashtags.

Internet forums

After that, the trend around the „Kevin James“ meme gradually spilled over to Internet forums, such as Reddit. Here, the meme was henceforth used for individual posts, as a comment or group picture. Here, too, it serves to inject a certain indifference and a fair amount of irony into certain conversations. It’s universally applicable and customizable, and that’s one of the reasons it’s so popular.

Short message services

The „Kevin James“ meme is also frequently used in short message services, such as WhatsApp. Here, it serves as a funny comment on messages or as a template for creating individual memes, which are then in turn disseminated on WhatsApp and the like.

Social classification of „Kevin James“ memes

Socially, the „Kevin James“ meme cannot be assigned to any dedicated age group. Although most of the meme’s users are younger people (since they are the main target group of the social media platforms TikTok and Instagram, and the Internet forum Reddit, respectively), the meme itself is also understood by older people. This is largely due to the fact that the series „King of Queens“ ran from the 1990s to the early 2000s. Many people between the ages of 30 and 50 are familiar with it. The meaning of the meme is also relatively easy to put together based on Kevin James‘ facial expression.

Critical view of „Kevin James“ memes

Critics see the „Kevin James“ meme as society drifting further into indifference and convenience. Old virtues, such as making an effort and being ambitious and hardworking, would thus be further undermined. Critics see the fictional character Steven „Doug“ Heffernan as a bad role model for young people, since he practices idleness and comes across as unkempt and indifferent.

Conclusion on „Kevin James“ memes and similar trends

In summary, the „Kevin James“ meme can be described as a funny image that is currently spreading extremely virally on social media and in relevant Internet forums. It depicts Steven „Doug“ Heffernan from the former US series „King of Queens“ looking indifferently into the camera in casual clothes. The meme became popular as part of a US political campaign and also features many critics.

In addition to the „Kevin James“ meme, there are other memes that are currently very popular on social media. Among them are the „4u2pn2“ and the „Blue Smurf Cat“ memes. While the „4u2pn2“ meme is about a funny sticker on the urinal of a US sanitary brand, the „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme is about an iconic Russian cat that has a bluish-black coat and also looks quite unusual in other respects. As with the „Kevin James“ meme, these are typical social media phenomena.

Who is Amaury Guichon? Life, profile, biography

Amaury Guichon is a French pastry chef and chocolatier who has become world famous for his participation in reality shows and his social media presence.

Amaury Guichon: Life, Biography, Profile

Amaury Guichon was born on March 15, 1991, he is 32 years old and his zodiac sign is Pisces. His mother is Swiss and his father is French. Amaury grew up on the Swiss-French border near Geneva.

In 2005, at the age of just 14, he began training as a pastry chef, which consisted of several consecutive two-year courses. He studied at the prestigious Savoy International Hotel School in France, among other places.

He then learned the art of pastry making at the Wolfisberg Bakery in Geneva. He became known for his work at the pastry shop and chocolaterie Hugo & Victor in Paris, where he held a leading position until 2012.

In 2014, Amaury Guichon moved to Las Vegas to work for head pastry chef Jean-Philippe Maury. He operated as a consultant and taught master cooking classes not only in Las Vegas, but in more than 20 different cities from Paris to Chicago to Beijing.

In 2019, Amaury co-founded the Pastry Academy, his own pastry school, in Las Vegas with Belgian chef Michel Ernots. In addition to individual master classes, the school offers a ten-week intensive program that includes lessons on all pastry specialties. Amaury has been married to Canadian photographer Fiona Bergson since 2020.

Amaury Guichon: social media personality, book author, reality show host.

Amaury Guichon became popular through his presence on social media sites. On YouTube, Instagram, and TikTok, he regularly posts his self-created baked goods, sweets, and desserts. Amaury has more than 11 million subscribers on YouTube, 22.5 million users follow him on TikTok, and his Instagram channel has 12.8 million followers.

In December 2018, Amaury published a dessert cookbook titled „The Art of Flavor.“

Amaury also appeared as host of the reality miniseries „School of Chocolate,“ produced and released by Netflix in 2021. In the series, aspiring pastry chefs compete in a competition in which they create chocolate sculptures that are then judged by Amaury Guichon.

In 2023, Amaury Guichon will be featured as a judge on the Australian reality series Dessert Masters.

Amaury Guichon: YouTube, TikTok, Instagram

YouTube: AmauryGuichonChef

TikTok: @amauryguichon

Instagram: amauryguichon

What is Spiritual Bypassing? Meaning, explanation, definition

The term Spiritual Bypassing was first coined in 1984 by psychologist John Welwood. Spiritual bypassing involves various spiritual beliefs and practices to protect oneself from deep wounds or painful feelings. The English term „to bypass“ translates into German as „to bridge“ or „to bypass.“ In Spiritual Bypassing, then, one has internalized a strategy not only to avoid suffering, but also to recognize it as legitimate. This is done in a very obvious way.

Most people, however, don’t use this avoidance strategy too often, or sometimes don’t even know they are using it. How often Spiritual Bypassing is used today, however, can be seen by looking at some phrases related to spiritual teachings. These include phrases such as, „We are all one,“ „You must always think positively,“ „It’s all an illusion,“ „Good vibes only,“ or „Don’t take it personally.“ Accordingly, these sentences or similar ones can have an inspiring effect. However, if you look at them on a deeper level, you realize that these sentences are much too far away from the multifaceted layers of „being human“.

Spirituality becomes an avoidance strategy

Most people among us assume that esoteric people have nothing but love, light and lightness in mind. In the meantime, however, spirituality has become suitable for everyday life and can thus also be used as a tool to withstand the daily roller coasters.

Everyone, however, feels less than great at some point in their lives. This can be caused by either disappointment, pain, or shame. These are all feelings that humans do not like. Therefore, it is easy to understand why one would want to avoid these feelings and thus take refuge in spirituality.

There is no doubt that spirituality in a certain way actually opens up possibilities to avoid such unpleasant moments. That is why psychologist John Welwood gave the name „spiritual bypassing“ to this phenomenon. It means – to put it simply – a spiritual avoidance.

How do you know if you are affected by Spiritual Bypassing?

  • The same issues come up again and again, even though you have solved them many times before.
  • One blindly trusts one’s own role models.
  • Good friends contact you less and less.
  • One is downright addicted to methods or practices to ground oneself or to find one’s inner peace again.
  • One feels clearly superior to those people who, in one’s own opinion, are still at a different stage of development.

How does one live in Spiritual Bypassing?

A situation in which one takes refuge in an ideal world when unpleasant issues arise is certainly familiar to everyone among us. Often, this drift into the spiritual world may actually help. Nevertheless, it should remain only a short-term solution. In Spiritual Bypassing, many people comfort themselves with the thought that it is just the way it is and everything also happens for a good reason. They practically avoid dealing with the unpleasant issues or the negative. People comfort themselves by avoiding the unpleasant and pushing it aside. For some people, the tendency to Spiritual Bypassing is so strong that they elevate their complete negative experiences to the spiritual level, thus becoming happier. But this is exactly the wrong way of thinking. Not „not dealing“ with problems strengthens the inner „I“, but the direct confrontation with the difficulties including the search for solutions. Only those who allow this approach can grow from it.

It can also be observed that many people who drift into Spiritual Bypassing also perform practices such as yoga. While this does not harm people at all, it can be seen as the wrong solution in some circumstances. Yoga is meant to open the spiritual path and strengthen one’s inner „self“ to deal with future problem situations. Those who have realized this can still do a meditation following yoga practices for additional self-awareness strengthening to holistically complete the spiritual journey.

The first step to getting out of Spiritual Bypassing is that of first recognizing that one is trapped in this spiritual „hamster wheel.“ To get out of Spiritual Bypassing, compassion and acceptance of negativity are inevitable. Of course, this is not an easy path, which is why many people seek help on a psychological level.

What does „Yandere“ mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

The origin of the term „Yandere“ is in Japan. There it appeared for the first time in an anime. An anime is used to describe a Japanese animated film. In printed form, they are called manga. The term „anime“ is derived from the English „animation“, which means „animated“. The characters in an anime can be recognized by their oversized eyes.

What does „Yandere“ mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

The portmanteau word yandere is made up of the words „yanderu“ and „dere“. If this were to be translated into German, it could be simplified as „being ill in love“. Usually only female persons are called yandere. If someone possesses this character, he is particularly loving and tender, but at the same time he can develop a dangerous obsession. This is then directed against the person with whom she is in love.

In many stories, the Yandere character shows up at the beginning as the ideal life partner. They appear with countless positive qualities that hardly anyone can resist. That is why, at first, it would be completely absurd for the Yandere character’s beloved not to reciprocate this person’s feelings. After all, he is so idolized and so highly placed that the lover cannot help but like the Yandere character. It is typical for love relationships to change and develop. If the couple or the relationship does not evolve, any rational person would realize that it is better to end the relationship. This realization, however, does not occur with Yandere characters. On the contrary: Yandere characters perceive this misdevelopment as an intervention from the outside. They blame other people for the fact that the relationship is not going as desired. They become formally aggressive.

Early on in 1985, the Yandere character could be found in anime. However, it didn’t really establish itself around the world until the age of the growing Internet in 2000. Thus, it managed to bring the concept to more people. There are even some well-known movies on the market that feature yandere characters. These include movies such as „Misery“ by Stephen King or „A Fatal Affair“.

Is Yandere dangerous?

As mentioned at the beginning, the term is composed of two words: „being sick“ and „being in love“. So, in short, this character would be described as an extremely loving person who would go over dead bodies for their partner. Often this character also develops as very violent during the course of a relationship. They are not able to deal with rejections. However, despite the fact that this term is not assigned to any gender, it is increasingly associated with females. By the way, the opposite of Yandere is Tsundere. A very peaceful character.

In Japan, the first Yandere character was Kotonoha Katsura. This one originates from an anime series. Likewise, since 2017, the term is also known in the gaming scene. The reason for this was the game „Yandere Simulator“. Yandere is now so widespread that it is impossible to imagine the Internet and meme culture without it.

Does Yandere also exist in real life?

There are some people who act similarly to a Yandere character. The reason for this can be unrequited love, for example. People who literally shower their great love with attention and gifts over and over again could be described as Yandere. Going even further, stalkers, for example, could be described as Yandere. They feel a strong affection towards a certain person and would like to permanently monitor that person. They would even become violent for that person. Also coming from real life are the character traits „possessive“ or „jealous“. Here, for example, the jealousy of one partner goes so far that the other is increasingly restricted in his freedoms. In other words, it becomes downright imprisoning. Accordingly, this phenomenon could be called yandere.

It should be noted, then, that there are two different forms of the Yandere character. One form feels so strongly for her crush that she would even act violently or even murder for it. The other form acts increasingly aggressively and would kill her beloved at last, because she cannot bear that her love is not reciprocated. Many of these characters of the second form even commit suicide afterwards, in order to at least be able to be with the beloved on another level.

What does „Himedere“ mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

The anime TV series called „Tokyo Ghoul“ is considered the birthplace of many well-known characters, such as „Himedere“, who gained fame beyond the series. In the case of „Himedere“, it is a female fictional character that stands out due to rather negative character traits. „Himedere“ can be described as a „spoiled rich girl“ who looks down on other people pejoratively and takes advantage of their support. She often travels with at least two other people, whom she considers her henchmen.

The Japanese anime series „Tokyo Ghoul“ is currently being hyped heavily among young people because the characters it features have a certain style and, in some cases, desirable characteristics. However, in the case of „Himedere“ this is not the case – she is considered one of the less popular characters within the series, although she stands out for her beauty. What exactly constitutes „Himedere“ and how the term could be translated into German, more exciting information will follow in the following article.

Definition of „Himedere“

„Himedere“ is in itself a Japanese name, but within the Japanese language it is composed of the two words „hime“ (meaning „princess“) and „dere“ (meaning „to be in love“). Combined, „Himedere“ could therefore be translated as something like „princess in love with herself“. This name fits perfectly to the fictional character „Himedere“, who is very convinced of herself and likes to make others work for her purposes. She has an attractive exterior coupled with a rather dark character that is quasi strongly antithetical to her appearance. In addition to being used purely as a name within the Japanese anime series „Tokyo Ghoul“, the term „Himedere“ has now also established itself as a common term in such situations – for example, when someone is to be insulted as a „Himedere“. The series itself is comparatively often the birthplace of new such terminology.

Origin and literal meaning of „Himedere“

The name „Himedere“ first appeared within the series „Tokyo Ghoul“ and was artificially created from the terms mentioned above. Since then, it has been mostly used for a rich, arrogant person who stands out due to unattractive character traits. Primarily, it refers to unearned (either inherited or sponsored) wealth that the person takes advantage of to subjugate others. This is also evident in the case of „Himedere“ time and again. She regards her fellow human beings more as employees, or even as her slaves. At the same time, „Himedere“ is surrounded by an aura of grandeur as well as (exaggerated) self-confidence. The expression is comparatively better known in the anime community than outside it.

Where is the term „Himedere“ used?

Although „Himedere“ is a comparatively special name or expression, it is now used in many different areas. Among them are the following:

  • Anime series and manga
  • Social media platforms
  • Everyday language

In the following subsections, the above-mentioned areas of application of „Himedere“ will be examined in more detail.

Anime series & mangas

Within the Japanese anime series „Tokyo Ghul“, „Himedere“ represents the character of the sublime, spoiled and often character-difficult princess. She is considered beautiful, graceful and outwardly very attractive, but does not exhibit this outward beauty in her inner self. Thus, she repeatedly attracts attention due to negative character traits. „Himedere“ has blonde hair, pink eyes and wears mostly white to beige colored costumes. She continues to wear her hair loose or tied up in braids and often combines her outfit with a short black skirt.

Social media platforms

On the social media platforms TikTok and Instagram, both the name „Himedere“ and its associated meaning are currently very popular. For example, the character „Himedere“ is imitated in individual short videos. In addition, „Himedere“ is used in video captions, image titles and in the form of hashtags. This naturally increases awareness of „Himedere“ considerably. Indirectly, this also ensures the growing awareness of the Japanese anime series „Tokyo Ghoul.“

Everyday language

Within the anime community, „Himedere“ has sometimes become a common term used to describe stuck-up, spoiled, and ugly in character (although outwardly attractive) people. Accordingly, „Himedere“ is often used here in spoken everyday language. This usually serves to insult a person. As a name itself (outside the series), on the other hand, „Himedere“ is less popular because it has such strong negative connotations.

Social classification of the expression „Himedere“

The name and expression „Himedere“ can be assigned – mainly due to its specificity – mainly to the anime community. This mostly has followers of younger generations, such as generations Z and Alpha (between 10 and 25 years old). Among older people (between 25 and 40 years old), „Himedere“ is usually only known through social media, if at all. However, those who are not familiar with Japanese anime culture and do not know the series „Tokyo Ghoul“ are often not familiar with „Himedere“ either. Therefore, „Himedere“ is often not understood by these people.

Critical discussion with „Himedere“

Above all, the character „Himedere“ is often sharply opposed by critics. She embodies a person of bad character who draws capital from his favorable preconditions (for example, wealth of parents and/or attractive appearance). At the same time, critics see „Himedere“ as a narcissistic person who is only concerned with his own advantage. People who watch the TV series „Tokyo Ghoul“ should in no way take an example from this character in particular. In addition, the fact that „Himedere“ is a rather exotic term that only members of a die-hard community even understand is criticized.

Conclusion on the term „Himedere“ and similar terms

The bottom line is that „Himedere“ represents a spoiled princess from the popular anime series „Tokyo Ghoul“ who stands out due to negative character traits, such as self-absorption and arrogance. She is considered very attractive on the outside, has blonde hair and usually wears light-colored tops in combination with a black short skirt. In addition to being used as a name, „Himedere“ has now become a common swear word in certain circles. It is made up of „hime“ (meaning „princess“) and „dere“ (meaning „to be in love“).

„Himedere“ is just one of many characters or terms made famous by the Japanese anime series „Tokyo Ghoul“. Among others, besides „Himedere“, this also concerns „Kuudere“ (cool, distant, but still warm-hearted inside) as well as „Yandere“ (affectionate and slightly pushy) and many other characters. The aforementioned alternative terms have also entered regular usage, although they were originally artificially created names (from Japanese terms).

What does „coodere“ mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

„Coodere“ is an anime character from the Japanese series „Tokyo Ghoul“, which is currently experiencing a huge hype on social media and in youth subcultures. Similar to „Kuudere“, „Coodere“ also stands out due to his rather cool, emotionless nature, but unlike „Kuudere“, he cannot experience an emotional outburst from one moment to the next. „Coodere“ is therefore the well-worn variant of „Kuudere“. The former is male and captivates with its anime-like look in terms of its clothing and styling. Furthermore, the latter possesses a calm, level-headed, albeit somewhat anti-social nature.

The series „Tokyo Ghoul“ and the characters in it are currently greatly admired, especially among young people. Many young people long for the character traits of the individual anime characters. However, what „Coodere“ is specifically about, what the name means and where it is used everywhere, the reader can get more information about it in the article below.

Definition of „Coodere“

„Coodere“ is a relatively new name that comes from the Japanese language and is composed of the words „coo“ or „kourudo“ (meaning „cool“ or „cold“) and „dere“ (meaning „in love“). „Coodere“ could therefore be translated roughly as „a cooler with whom one falls in love“. This refers to the characteristically rather distant, rational figure of the „Coodere“, who has an attractive appearance, but a cool nature. „Coodere“ is therefore a born leader and always looks at things rationally and soberly. It is not least these qualities that make „Coodere“ so popular among youth subcultures, who see in him not only a character, but above all an attitude to life. „Coodere“ has therefore already spread far beyond the boundaries of the „Tokyo Ghoul“ series. Outside of Japan, „Coodere“ (which is actually a made-up word there) is known less as an adjective and more as a name (with no direct meaning).

Origin and meaning of „Coodere“

„Coodere“ also comes from the world of Japanese anime and manga, and is a fictional character from the popular series „Tokyo Ghoul“. „Coodere“ is a level-headed and experienced fighter who does not display strong emotions and is highly revered, especially among the female audience. Even in critical and dangerous situations, „Coodere“ keeps a cool head – however, due to „Coodere’s“ emotionless characteristics, he has difficulty making social contacts. Therefore, it is not uncommon for „Coodere“ to find himself in unpleasant situations – especially when he meets admirers within the series. „Coodere“ usually wears a white shirt, a reddish-purple tie and a suit vest, and has purple, shoulder-length hair.

Use of „Coodere“ in various contexts

„Coodere“ is one of many characters in the Japanese anime series „Tokyo Ghoul“. The main usage of the name can also be found there. Overall, however, there are now the following areas in which „Coodere“ is relatively common:

  • Mangas and anime
  • social media
  • spoken everyday language

In order to provide a more comprehensive insight into the use of the term „Coodere“, the above-mentioned areas of usage will be further elaborated upon in the sections that now follow.

Mangas & Anime

„Coodere“ mainly appears in the Japanese anime series called „Tokyo Ghoul“. In addition, there are a variety of mangas that make „Tokyo Ghul“ available in print as well. In addition, there is a wide range of merchandise and fan articles of „Coodere“ and the other characters from „Tokyo Ghul“, which are now sold all over the world. „Coodere“ can be found here on posters, as a stand-up figure as well as a keychain and a pop-up. Coodere“ is popular in Japan itself, as well as in the rest of the world.

Social media

Coodere“ is just as popular on social media. It is used relatively frequently there, especially on TikTok and Instagram. Sometimes individual videos are made in which the users appearing in them, dressed up as „coodere,“ re-enact various scenes. Furthermore, the term „Coodere“ is used in video and image titles and also in the form of hashtags. Through these measures, the figure and the term spread strongly virally on the net.

Spoken everyday language

Although „Coodere“ is strictly speaking just a Japanese name, its meaning is becoming more and more familiar in Western cultures as well. „Coodere“ is therefore now considered a popular saying for „I’m cool and everyone’s into me“ in spoken everyday language. Conversations in which „Coodere“ or other characters from „Tokyo Ghoul“ are discussed are also common in spoken everyday language (at least among die-hard fans).

Social Classification of „Coodere“

„Coodere“ is primarily a phenomenon among younger generations, such as Generations Z or Alpha. These are between 10 and 25 years old and mostly on social media – especially on Instagram or TikTok. Accordingly, they frequently come into contact with the content distributed via „Coodere“. But anime and manga enthusiasts also belong to the target group of „Coodere“ and understand the background to this character, or the meaning of the term. Older target groups usually don’t know „Coodere“ and don’t really understand the hype around this character, respectively the corresponding series.

Critical view of the term „Coodere“

As a classic anime character, „Coodere“ enjoys a certain exotic status in this country, which is sometimes its undoing, especially among critics. As much too aberrant, much too strange and much too antisocial, this is often criticized by critics. He represents a bad role model for society, since he is always concerned only with his own advantage and does little for his fellow man. He also seems to be socially inhibited and embodies the bad change that today’s society is increasingly drifting into. „Coodere“ is also considered the most criticized character from „Tokyo Ghoul“.

Conclusion on „Coodere“ and other concepts

To sum up, „Coodere“ is a coolly detached, rational and at the same time quite popular character from the Japanese anime series „Tokyo Ghoul“ who usually wears a white shirt, a reddish-purple tie and a black suit vest. The character is male and is considered a cool strategist, which is sometimes heavily criticized by critics, not least because of this.

With the character „Coodere“ from „Tokyo Ghoul“, the characters „Kuudere“ and „Yandere“ can also be mentioned, among others. These are also fictional characters from this anime series, which is popular in Japan and other parts of the world.

What is a „Dirty Sprite“? Meaning, explanation, definition

In youth subcultures, scene-typical drugs, or rather drinks, develop again and again, such as the so-called „Dirty Sprite“. Behind this initially harmless-sounding drink name, however, lies a sometimes very dangerous drug cocktail. In rap songs, nightclubs and on social media, the „Dirty Sprite“ is particularly hyped and refers to a cocktail consisting of the soft drink „Sprite“ in combination with cough syrup containing codeine.

The sedating drink is considered an eccentric phenomenon that has repeatedly made headlines (as deaths have occurred) in recent years. From hip-hop lyrics to social media, the „Dirty Sprite“ has become a symbol. But what exactly is really behind this mysterious drink and what deeper levels does it represent in our modern society? About this, the following article is now fully comprehensive to clarify.

Definition of „Dirty Sprite“

The name „Dirty Sprite“ comes from the English language and contains the words „Sprite“ (American soft drink, which tastes like carbonated lemonade) and „dirty“. Combined, „Dirty Sprite“ could therefore be roughly translated as „dirty Sprite“ or „muddled Sprite“ (symbolic of „forbidden Sprite“).

What is meant by this is the fact that „Dirty Sprite“ consists of both a legal ingredient (namely „Sprite“) and an illegal ingredient (at least in this context) (cough syrup containing codeine). The latter ingredient is said to have an intoxicating, highly sedating effect. This is of particular interest in the rap and hip-hop scene because, in addition to increasing creativity, it can also relieve anxiety and soothe the mind.

„Dirty Sprite“ is therefore an excellent fit for the rap and hip-hop scene, as it is capable of influencing the emotional state in a positive way, while at the same time allowing dangers to fade away. Thus, „Dirty Sprite“ has a similar effect to alcohol, but is not quite as intoxicating and has more of a sedative and anxiety-relieving effect.

Origin of „Dirty Sprite“

The scene drink called „Dirty Sprite“ is deeply rooted with the US rap and hip-hop culture. It was first mentioned in the 2011 song „Dirty Sprite“ by US rapper Future. The mixture of lemonade and cough syrup containing codeine is considered elemental to the trap genre, representing the lifestyle and atmosphere of the southern United States. Alternatively known as „Purple Sprite,“ the „Dirty Sprite“ is most notable for its purple color. This is created by the combination of „Sprite“ and the cough syrup. The unique combination is not only an eccentric drink, but also a cultural statement that originated in the southern states of the USA, especially in the Atlanta rap scene. The link between the consumption of this drink and the lifestyle in urban communities thus gives „Dirty Sprite“ a deeper meaning than just a refreshing concoction – it becomes a symbol of authenticity, rebellion and creative expression.

Use of „Dirty Sprite“ in different contexts

„Dirty Sprite“ and „Purple Sprite“ have now established themselves as fixed terms within a wide variety of fields. These will be discussed in more detail in the following subsections:

  • rap and hip-hop songs
  • youth subcultures
  • social media

Rap and hip-hop songs

In rap and hip-hop songs, „Dirty Sprite“ has now almost completely replaced the number one scene drink from the 1990s, namely „8-Ball“ (a liqueur-based beer drink). „Dirty Sprite“ or „Purple Sprite“ is often consumed here during the development of songs in studios. At the same time, it is considered a popular party drink and makes consumers quickly forget their own insecurities and the everyday dangers of the ghetto. It is therefore ideal for use within this scene and, last but not least, has a cool look. In many songs, the „Dirty Sprite“ is therefore glorified, or rather incited to its consumption.

Youth subcultures

Due to the inflationary use of the term „Dirty Sprite“ in various rap and hip-hop songs, the drink has now also established itself in youth subcultures. In this country, prescription cough syrup from the pharmacy is used for this purpose, which is then mixed with „Sprite“ or other lemonade, with lemon flavor. The drink is then consumed within meetings or at parties and has an intoxicating effect that often triggers further, social dynamics.

Social media

„Dirty Sprite“ is also sometimes a familiar term on social media. Many users of various platforms, such as Instagram or YouTube, use „Dirty Sprite“ as a theme for their videos, invite consumption, or at least use the term in video and image titles or as a hashtag.

Social classification of the „Dirty Sprite“

Socially, the „Dirty Sprite“ can be attributed primarily to the rap and hip-hop scene (and to the performers themselves, as well as to the followers and fans of the scene). Therefore, no specific age groups can be identified, although the „Dirty Sprite“ tends to be a phenomenon of younger generations. The „Dirty Sprite“ is also much better known in the USA than, for example, in German-speaking countries. Older people are often unable to identify the „Dirty Sprite“, or very few people have even tried the „Dirty Sprite“ so far.

Critical voices on the „Dirty Sprite“ and its dangers

The „Dirty Sprite“ may be glorified in rap and hip-hop culture, but critical voices are raised against the dangers of this seemingly harmless mixed drink. Overconsumption of cough syrup containing codeine can lead to serious health problems. Among them, for example, these consequences:

  • Dependence (since codeine is an opiate)
  • Respiratory depression (up to and including respiratory arrest)
  • organ damage (for example, kidney and liver damage)
  • severe psychosis

In many places, the glamorized portrayal in the music world downplays the real risks of „dirty sprite“ by presenting a dangerous substance as a lifestyle element. From addictive dangers to life-threatening consequences, „Dirty Sprite“ has repeatedly been at the center of a debate about the responsibility of artists not to recklessly endanger the health of their followers.

Conclusion on the subject of „Dirty Sprite“ as well as similar scene drugs

In summary, „Dirty Sprite“ (which is also known as „Purple Sprite“ because of its purple color) can be described as the number one new scene drink in rap and hip-hop culture. The drink is mixed from „Sprite“ (or another lemonade) in combination with codeine-containing cough syrup, tastes extremely bitter and exhibits a strong intoxicating effect. It is considered dangerous and has a high potential for addiction.

In addition to „Dirty Sprite“, there are other drinks that are typical of the scene, such as „8-Ball“ or „Sizzurp“. 8-Ball“ is a beer drink containing liqueur, and „Sizzurp“ is a variation consisting of cough syrup containing promethazine and alcohol. The latter is considered to be even more dangerous than „Dirty Sprite.

Who is Uyen Ninh? Life, profile, biography, TikTok

Uyen Ninh is a Vietnamese content creator who studied in Germany, where she became known for videos about German cultural idiosyncrasies.

Uyen Ninh: Life, biography, profile, TikTok

Born in Vietnam, Uyen Ninh is 27 years old, and in 2016 she met and fell in love with a German backpacker in her home country. The two had a long-distance relationship between Vietnam and Germany for three years. In 2019, Uyen Ninh moved to Mannheim to join her boyfriend and began studying economics at a Mannheim university.

Uyen Ninh: Sudden social media fame

Out of boredom, Uyen Ninh began posting short videos in 2020 in which she draws attention to German cultural idiosyncrasies. Videos in which she marvels at the fact that in Germany many people pack their groceries according to weight, want to sit in their reserved seats even on empty trains, and tilt-up windows scare her are inspiring an audience of millions as of October 2023. Uyen’s YouTube channel has 1.37 million subscribers and on Instagram, 1.5 million users follow her. Her TikTok account has another 1.1 million followers.

One reason for Uyen’s popularity is that her videos are characterized by humor and a basic understanding of cultural differences. In this way, she appeals to both foreigners living in Germany and Germans who can smile about their own idiosyncrasies.

Due to the large audience and because she uploads several videos a day, companies became aware of the 27-year-old Vietnamese, so that today she can also earn money with her social media status. Among other things, she uses her videos to promote a language learning app and the products of a rice cooker manufacturer.

Uyen Ninh: „German Boyfriend“

Uyen Ninh’s boyfriend appears in many of her videos, though his face is never seen. Uyen also never mentions his name, referring to him only as her „German Boyfriend.“ At the end of 2022, Uyen Ninh announced on TikTok that she and her „German Boyfriend“ are now engaged. Since then, she has been calling him her „German Fiancé.“

Uyen Ninh: Instagram, YouTube, TikTok

Instagram: uyenninh

YouTube: @uyenninh

TikTok: @uyenthininh

What does „Kuudere“ mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

„Kuudere“ is a fascinating archetype that comes from the Japanese anime scene and stands out for its emotionlessness and cynicism. It is a female anime character that appears through an almost unnatural calm, always seeming lost in thought. The ability to suppress one’s own emotions, think rationally and leave a steadfast impression on one’s peers is a valued quality among young people today.

Therefore, the character „Kuudere“ is specifically admired by young people who desire such qualities in themselves as well. „Kuudere“ cleverly combines the aforementioned qualities in combination with an attractive appearance. „Kuudere“ therefore appears aloof and unapproachable, but at the same time attractive and desirable. What exactly the figure „Kuudere“ is about, where it originated and where it is increasingly used, the following article will explain in detail.

Interpretation of the term „Kuudere“

Although „Kuudere“ is the name of a Japanese anime character, the name itself also has a certain meaning. Namely, „Kuudere“ is composed of the Japanese words „kuuru“ (meaning „cool“) and „dere“ (meaning „in love“). Thus, the name „Kuudere“ can be roughly translated as „cool love“. This refers to the anime character, who radiates these qualities, but does not really embody them internally. In this regard, the external and internal characteristics of „Kuudere“ are antithetical to each other. Actually, „Kuudere“ is rather cool, distant and quite emotionless, which makes her rather unsuitable for human interactions, although „Kuudere“ is also a good, because level-headed and rational, leader. In itself, however, „Kuudere“ is perceived only as a name and less as a word with concrete meaning (this is especially true outside Japan).

Word Origin and Meaning of „Kuudere“

The character „Kuudere“ emerged recently in the Japanese anime scene and is currently experiencing a lot of hype on social media. Here, the admirable ability to hide or suppress one’s own emotions is currently highly appreciated. „Kuudere“ also acts confidently in difficult and hopeless situations. Although „Kuudere“ are often female protagonists, isolated male specimens also exist. Despite their emotionless facade, they can fall in love, but emotionally they often lack the means to really show it. Through their blunt statements and behavior, they not infrequently get their fellow men into unpleasant situations. „Kuudere“ is therefore much more than a mere anime character, but is currently also advancing to a desirable attitude towards life for many people.

Usage of the expression „Kuudere“

The expression, name and meaning of „Kuudere“ we encounter today in the most diverse areas. However, the term „Kuudere“ is encountered particularly frequently in the following areas:

  • Anime
  • social media
  • Everyday life

The following subsections will be used to discuss the main areas of usage of „Kuudere“.


The name „Kuudere“ is most commonly used in the anime environment. Here, „Kuudere“ represents a popular character of Japanese anime series, which comes into action through the described characteristics. Furthermore, there are fan posters and other fan merchandise in connection with the character „Kuudere“ – this is mainly the case in Japan, but is now also spilling over into Europe, respectively North America.

Social media

Kuudere“ continues to be popular on social media, especially on the TikTok and Instagram platforms. The cool features of „Kuudere“ are imitated in self-created videos. The same also applies to „Kuudere’s“ unique look, which deviates strongly from the norm. In addition, „Kuudere“ is currently spreading virally in the form of video and image titles and hashtags. With the increased use of „Kuudere“ on social media, the name and idea behind the character continues to spread.

Everyday life

„Kuudere“ has now also arrived in everyday life. Here, the character is considered a popular role model for young people, who imitate both the characteristics and the sayings used by the character in everyday life. Furthermore, young people also interact intensively in everyday life via anime series and manga in which „Kuudere“ makes an appearance.

Social Classification of „Kuudere“

Since „Kuudere“ is mainly a trend on social media and a character of well-known anime series and manga, the target audience is correspondingly young. Mostly, they are followers of generations Z and Alpha, which means they are between 10 and 25 years old at the most. Within this target group, there are many people who at least know the character „Kuudere“, or even its famous features. Older people usually do not understand the trend around „Kuudere“. This is also due to the fact that older people are less likely to be on Instagram or TikTok, or less likely to be involved with exotic anime or manga.

Critical view of the expression „Kuudere“

Although the character „Kuudere“ is purely fictional, it is sometimes sharply opposed by critics. They say she represents the dispassionate and self-centered zeitgeist that seems to be turning society as a whole in a completely wrong direction. „Kuudere“ is „a pretty girl with negative character traits“ who exploits this circumstance to her advantage. She is said to lack selflessness and emotional self-sacrifice. In addition, the great hype about „Kuudere“ is not understood, respectively cannot be empathized with. Most of the critics are members of older generations.

Conclusion on „Kuudere“ and naming of similar terms

In summary, „Kuudere“ can be described as a cool, emotionless, albeit pretty and desirable anime character that is currently experiencing a lot of hype among young people as well as on social media. She captivates with her unique look, her cool and aloof manner and represents a role model for many followers, which they try to imitate. This can be done by wearing similar clothes or using similar or the same sayings. „Kuudere“ is sometimes sharply opposed because of her characteristics (considered negatively by critics).

In addition to the character „Kuudere“, there are also „Yandere“ and „Dendere“. These are similar fictional characters from anime or manga, but with different character traits and appearances. However, they are all part of the same series or manga. The names „Yandere“ and „Dendere“ have correspondingly different meanings and can be translated roughly as „flirting“ and „being sick“. As a result, „Yandere“ and „Dendere“ also embody completely different characteristics, but on balance are far less popular among young people than „Kuudere,“ for example.

What does „Gwenchana“ mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

K-pop (so-called „Korean pop“) has been thrilling people for many years with its rousing music and aesthetic videos, and most recently with its charismatic artists. Korean culture and language are therefore currently experiencing a great deal of hype in the West, which is expressed primarily through the adoption of individual words or entire word groups in Western languages. Foremost among them is the (South) Korean expression „Gwenchana“. This is now understood by many music enthusiasts as well as Korea fans and is currently going viral in this country.

„Gwenchana“ is a rather general expression that is used quite often in Korean everyday life and in a wide variety of situations. Roughly translated, it means that „everything is okay“. However, the following article will provide some interesting information about what the term actually means and why it is currently so strongly hyped in Western cultures.

Interpretation of the term „Gwenchana“

The term „Gwenchana“ originates from the Korean language and means roughly „everything is OK“ or „everything is fine“. The particle „-ana“ indicates a form of politeness, although „Gwenchana“ is used more in informal speech. Clearly more formal is the form „Gwenchanayo,“ which in turn could be translated as „everything is to the best satisfaction.“

The expression is a common term in the (South) Korean language that is gradually finding its way into many Western languages. It is the equivalent of the English „OK“ and is considered melodic and catchy. It is a component of many K-pop songs and is considered an absolute trend term. In contrast to the English „OK“ or the German „Geht in Ordnung“, „Gwenchana“ sounds much more exotic and also more fluent (since in the Korean language, several words are sometimes combined into a single word and particles are added).

Gwenchana: Origin

„Gwenchana“ is a cool and fancy way to say „it’s okay“. The South Korean TikToker „Neky Choe“ is considered the inventor of the saying and the meme that goes with it, coining the phrase in many of his short videos. Within the short videos, the young Korean man repeatedly speaks the said saying into the camera while being in different states of mind. „Gwenchana“ quickly emerges as a central element and has since been considered cool and alternative.

At times, there is an abundance of Korean TikTokers and also English-speaking influencers who have discovered the expression „Gwenchana“ for themselves. However, the expression tends to be used by them in sarcastic situations (in keeping with the motto: „it’s not really okay, but I have to put up with it“). Meanwhile, millions and millions of social media users have also adapted the term into their own language.

In what contexts is „Gwenchana“ used?

The rather fancy term „Gwenchana“ can be found in a wide variety of contexts today. Most notably, however, it is used in the following areas:

  • on social media platforms
  • in everyday school and professional life
  • in spoken everyday language

The above-mentioned areas of use of „Gwenchana“ will now be discussed in more detail in the following subsections.

Social Media

The social media platform TikTok is considered the birthplace of the new trend surrounding the word „Gwenchana.“ Here, the expression has been and is currently used by many users in their short videos, as video or image titles, and in the form of hashtags. In addition, the expression is also often used here in homemade music videos or daily soaps, where it is incorporated into situation comedy. Due to its extensive use on social media, the term „Gwenchana“ is becoming increasingly well-known, especially in the Western world.

Everyday school and work life

In the meantime, „Gwenchana“ can also be heard more and more often in everyday school and professional life. While its use was sometimes limited to (South) Korean youths, „Gwenchana“ is now becoming more common in this country as well. The expression is used by teenagers and young adults in everyday school, university and professional life as an alternative version of „it’s OK“.

Spoken language

Also popular is its use in spoken everyday language. Here, „Gwenchana“ serves as a variation on the more common „it’s OK,“ but has a much more sarcastic flavor. When used in spoken everyday language, there is also an attempt to make the expression sound as Korean as possible, something like „Gwen-chanaaaa“.

Social Classification of the Expression „Gwenchana“

Socially, the term „Gwenchana“ can sometimes be assigned to a plethora of groupings. However, it is particularly popular among the target group of Generations Z and Alpha, who are between 10 and 25 years old and are also among the main user group of the social media platform TikTok. The latter has mostly taken up the term on social media and contributes to its spread. Furthermore, the term „Gwenchana“ is also understood and used by German Koreans as well as followers of the K-pop scene. Older people (unless they are native Koreans) usually do not understand „Gwenchana“.

Critical view of the term „Gwenchana“

Like any trendy term, „Gwenchana“ has one or two critics. Criticism is often levelled at the incomprehensibility of this term, which particularly afflicts social media users who are not die-hards. The Korean language would be very foreign to the German (or generally Western) language, which means that the approximate meaning cannot even be guessed at. Also the educational increase in value of the expression „Gwenchana“ is strongly doubted. Many see it as just another social media expression that would make life unnecessarily more complicated.

Conclusion on the topic of „Gwenchana“ and the naming of similar terms

In summary, „Gwenchana“ is a Korean term that translates into German as „it’s all good“. The term is currently experiencing a lot of hype on the social media platform TikTok and is spreading from there, especially in Western cultures. Gwenchana“ is particularly popular among young people and young adults – as a cool alternative to the otherwise more common „it’s okay.

Related to the term „Gwenchana“ are, for example, the Korean words „Gwenchanayo“ and „Gwenchanahada.“ While „Gwenchanayo“ is considered the more polite version of „Gwenchana“ (and could be translated as „it’s all to the best satisfaction“), „Gwenchanahada“ represents the verb form of „Gwenchana“ and can also be used in other contexts (for example, cooking). However, because of the similarities to the word „Gwenchana,“ these related words are now equally well understood.

What is the TikTok trend „Girl Math“? Meaning, explanation, definition

In the summer of 2023, a new trend emerged on TikTok under the hashtag #Girl Math. Girl Math is not about math, but about bogus calculations that rationalize harmful behaviors and serve as justification. In the process, the tendency to overspend is glossed over and downplayed. People prone to impulse buying feel validated by this trend. What’s dangerous about Girl Math is the fact that young people in particular get the wrong idea about how to handle money.

Especially in the age group between 14 and 20, Girl Math can be dangerous, as this group of people often has no income of its own or has few financial resources. Careless handling of money can quickly accumulate a mountain of debt. Not only is whitewashing counterproductive, it is also harmful because debt accumulated at a young age is difficult to reduce.

What is „Girl Math“? Meaning, explanation, definition

Videos posted under the hashtag Girl Math sometimes feature a bit of irony, but it’s rarely obvious. In fact, they serve as a justification to buy something again despite being „tight on cash“ because you haven’t indulged yourself in a while. This is accompanied by a promise to oneself to do without in the future. There is certainly nothing wrong with occasional spontaneous purchases, but here the aim is to declare a wasteful tendency to be normal. To do this, the women apply little logical calculation methods.

A justification calculation style of Girl Math looks like this, for example: If one has spent €800 on a luxury object like a designer handbag, that’s only €40 per year invested over the course of 20 years. The expenditure is therefore put into perspective. This calculation seems plausible at first glance, but it is unrealistic. It tempts people to make more impulse purchases, because the bottom line is that spending more money than is available has no unpleasant effects. The bill rationalizes an impulsive behavior that contradicts the sensible use of money.

The 2022 Youth in Germany study indicates that Generation Z in particular is prone to debt. The TikTok trend Girl Math gives the impression that getting into debt is cool. The opposite is true. Especially at the beginning of vocational training or studies, it is important to realistically assess one’s financial possibilities. But when important financial topics are trivialized, it encourages young people to make rash purchases and then gloss over them. The likelihood of losing touch with money is high, and the debt trap is pre-programmed.

Girl Math discriminates against women

The Girl Math trend is problematic for yet another reason: it serves age-old clichés according to which women are not good with money because of their gender and tend to make impulse purchases. In contrast, women who are very good at math and successful in financial professions are discredited by the term alone. In the 21st century, it is hard to understand why women have to justify their spending. They should be able to spend money they have earned themselves as they see fit (if they do not harm themselves or others by doing so).

Psychology: Why is the trend so popular?

The trend sends messages that confirm one’s desires and needs (in this case, for purchases). Subliminally, it conveys that we are allowed to reward ourselves at any time. „Real“ life usually looks different, where doing without is often a necessary and usually the more sensible option. The desire for a reality beyond restrictive financial obligations is human and is massively supported by the Girl Math trend. Especially in today’s world, we have the opportunity to satisfy our needs immediately. Through clever advertising, we are manipulated into believing that we only belong to a social group and are cool with a certain product.

Is there a positive side to Girl Math?

The temptation to buy is lurking everywhere and it’s hard to resist. This makes it all the more important to teach young people the right way to handle money as early as possible. For years, numerous scientists have been calling for financial topics to be dealt with more intensively in schools, because far too little is said about them in parents‘ homes. The Girl Math trend may well stimulate discussion about money and thus be a way to make better financial decisions. It is also possible that it can reduce feelings of guilt about one’s own consumer behavior.

What is „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“? Meaning, explanation, definition

Again and again, new discoveries are made in psychology, such as the „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“. In this, the oldest children or siblings usually feel overwhelmed with responsibilities. This is because they usually have to grow up faster than their younger siblings, for example. All too often, the oldest siblings already have demanding responsibilities, such as taking care of their younger siblings, that overwhelm them. They carry this overload with them into later life.

The „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ is thus described as a moderately severe developmental disorder, from which those affected sometimes no longer recover. In adult life, smaller or larger problems or conflicts with people in the immediate environment occur again and again. However, what exactly the „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ is and what triggers it, respectively how we encounter it in everyday life, is explained in the following article.

Definition of „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“

The term „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ comes from the English language and can be roughly translated as „eldest daughter syndrome“ or „older sibling syndrome“. This refers to first-born siblings who, while growing up, have to take on some of their parents‘ responsibilities prematurely – for example, as substitutes for working parents. These responsibilities, which are perceived as excessive in the form of babysitting, checking homework or running the household, can lead to serious developmental disorders if they are perceived as an overload.

The „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ is a relatively new psychological phenomenon, which has been increasingly observed in adults whose childhood followed the above-mentioned pattern. These people often feel overloaded and unbalanced in everyday life. The reasons for this may be the limitations of childhood and the poorer developmental conditions.

Word origin and meaning of „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“

The word „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ originated in the USA in recent years and was discovered by leading psychotherapists who noticed similar patterns in their patients. Namely, they often dealt with stressed or chronically exhausted adults who often experienced extensive responsibilities in the household, in raising their siblings, as well as emotional stress during their childhood. In adulthood, this often degenerated into an excessive sense of duty and overwork, which led to depression and anxiety disorders in some patients.

So the meaning of „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ is that it refers to individuals who exhibit this psychological phenomenon. Often these are individuals who had a stressful, very dutiful, and not very loving childhood. These individuals are sometimes (sustainably) less resilient in their continuing adult lives.

Use of „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ in different contexts.

„Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ was only recently discovered by leading experts in the field of psychology and is currently going viral, especially on social media. Overall, the following main uses of this term can be identified:

  • Social media platforms (such as TikTok or Instagram)
  • Psychology
  • Everyday life

The aforementioned areas in which „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ primarily occurs will be elaborated on more fully in the subsections below.

Social Media

On social media, it is currently mainly influencers who have diagnosed themselves with „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ or who have been diagnosed with it who draw attention to this psychological problem. The main aim is to sharpen society’s view of this impairment, which often accompanies those affected throughout their lives. For this purpose, short videos and pictures on the topic of „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ are made or the term is used in titles or hashtags and thus spread accordingly on social media.


In psychology, the topic area of „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ and other, social dynamics in interaction with growing up among siblings are just beginning to be explored. It is believed that there are other, psychological phenomena besides „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“, such as those involving the youngest siblings.

Everyday Life

The term „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ is also increasingly used in everyday life. Here it mainly concerns young families who have just been informed about the existence of such a phenomenon and who now do not want to make the possible mistakes with their own children in the same way.

Social classification of the „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“

Socially, the term „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ can be assigned to almost all strata of the population. It is not just a trendy term, but a new, psychological phenomenon that is only just being researched. Accordingly, there is still no knowledge about the term in large parts of the population. However, due to its uncomplicated titling, the term can be well understood by everyone – especially in the English-speaking world. In German-speaking countries, too, the term requires little explanation, so that it is relatively well understood by all age and target groups.

Critical view of the „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“

The phenomenon of the „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“, which is still quite new and not fully researched, sometimes attracts many critics. They often criticize that the „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ is just another phenomenon that is harmless in itself. Furthermore, the connections between a dutiful upbringing and constant overwork in later adult life are strongly doubted. Often, it is also the affected persons themselves who try to relativize their own deficits (through the experienced „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“) or to work through them. Furthermore, the „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ is sometimes not taken seriously by critics, because there are no comprehensive studies about it.

Conclusion on the topic of „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ and similar phenomena

In summary, the „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ can be defined as a new discovery in behavioral psychology, which mainly affects first-born siblings. In the course of their childhood, these siblings often suffered from a multitude of responsibilities and duties that were often assigned to them by their parents due to their age. Psychologists then noticed a permanent exhaustion or overload in the adult life of those affected, from which they suffered continuously. The „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“ can therefore be categorized as a moderately severe developmental disorder in behavioral psychology.

Related to Eldest Daughter Syndrome are Othering and Guilt Tripping, among others. While „Othering“ deliberately alienates persons or social groups, „Guilt Tripping“ creates unwarranted feelings of guilt in the persons affected. Both phenomena are, as it were, anomalies of social behavioral psychology and have only recently been discovered. The „Eldest Daughter Syndrome“, on the other hand, tends to address the early childhood to pubertal stage of development.

What is the „I am Sure“ method? Meaning, explanation, definition

It is not always easy to „manifest“ one’s own wishes or needs. In addition to self-fulfilling prophecies and the law of attraction, there is now also the so-called „I am Sure“ method, in which one’s own happiness and success can be virtually conjured up. By autosuggestion and firm faith the desired results are to be already anchored in the subconscious, before these can be converted then as by itself in the material life.

The „I am Sure“-method therefore mainly works on the level of the subconscious and is supposed to unleash new self-confidence in one’s own powers, respectively for one’s own imagination. How the „I am Sure“ method works in detail, where it comes from and where it is preferably applied, the reader will learn more interesting details in this article.

Derivation of the term „I am Sure“ method

The „I am Sure“ method is an English-language term, which can be translated approximately with „I am sure (of the thing)“. It refers to a planned intention or goal that is to be anchored in the subconscious through positive autosuggestion. Through the positive thoughts (which always represent the first step towards achieving the goal), the neural pathways in the brain are to be connected, thus enabling new impulses to generate solution paths. The „I am Sure“ method thus first tells the brain that something is possible before it can actually be realized as a result. It is important that the „I am Sure“ method is implemented autosuggestively, i.e. by everyone themselves. It makes little sense to be persuaded externally, because then this information does not reach one’s own subconscious.

Origin and meaning of the „I am Sure“ method

The concept behind the „I am Sure“ method is not new in itself, but is only now experiencing a lot of hype, driven primarily by social media. The „I am Sure“ practice was invented by the TikToker woman named „@hothighpriestess“, who preaches it in regular short videos on her TikTok channel. On this channel, the influencer reveals her own goals and desires, which she then repeats autosuggestively (i.e. using the „I am Sure“ method) in a mantra-like manner and thus talks herself into the subconscious. On the other hand, the influencer also tries to encourage her viewers to use this method.

The bottom line is that the „I am Sure“ method is an autosuggestive practice that is realized from positive coaxing (by oneself) and firm belief. In addition, individual visual imagination can be used to further visualize one’s desires and goals. The goal is a manifestation in the subconscious.

How does the „I am Sure“ method work?

In order to make use of the powerful „I am Sure“ method, the following steps must be completed:

1. determination of desires, goals and life concepts.
2. visualization in the mind (creating a pictorial image)
3. daily repetition of visualization + autosuggestion (that everything is achievable and doable)
4. daily practice of autosuggestion aloud in front of the mirror (mantra-like, until self-conviction occurs)
5. maintain confidence in one’s own strengths
6. in between regular relaxation exercises
7. record successes in your own journal (so that these can be „stored“ for the subconscious)

If you actually implement the above steps, your body and mind will find ways to make your individual desires, goals or life concepts come true.

Using the „I am Sure“ method

The „I am Sure“ method is still quite young as such, but we already encounter it in many areas of daily life. Among them are mainly the following areas:

  • Social Media
  • Esotericism
  • Personality development

The following subsections will therefore be used to take a closer look at the main areas of application of the „I am Sure“ method.

Social Media

On social media (and especially on the platform TikTok), the „I am Sure“ method is currently going viral. This is used by many influencers to send positive vibes to their communities. At the same time, influencers are also encouraging their followers to do the same themselves. As a result, the „I am Sure“ method is enjoying more and more acceptance and is also becoming more well-known.


Almost at the same time, the „I am Sure“ method also established itself in esotericism, where it has been used (in a modified form) for some time. Here, however, it was previously known under the names „self-fulfilling prophecy“ and „law of attraction“. Nevertheless, the „I am Sure“ method is recommended, respectively practiced by leading esotericists.

Personality development

In personality development, the „I am Sure“ method has become an important tool for achieving individual goals, respectively for the further development of one’s own personality. This is usually only possible with great difficulty, because beliefs and our self-confidence often keep us away from our true goals. With the „I am Sure“ method, however, there is now a practical method for overcoming the limitations of one’s own character.

Social classification of the „I am Sure“ method

Socially, the „I am Sure“ method can be attributed primarily to younger generations, such as Generations Y and Z. These are between 20 and 35 years old. These are between 20 and 35 years old and are in the middle of their education/studies, at the beginning of their careers, or in their individual family planning. Positive encouragement from themselves is essential for achieving goals in the aforementioned area, which is why the „I am Sure“ method is correspondingly popular here.

Critical view of the „I am Sure“ method

Although the „I am Sure“ method has been proven to achieve positive results and is highly appreciated by many people, there are numerous critics who have a negative view of it. Critical voices often complain that it is a freely invented, esoteric method that is implemented solely through positive coaxing and self-talk and does not follow any real logic. In addition, the meaningfulness is strongly doubted, since no (real) changes could be brought about by positive faith.

Conclusion on the „I am Sure“ method and similar examples

In summary, the „I am Sure“ method represents a practice for self-motivation, strengthening one’s self-confidence and overcoming spiritual blockages, which was developed by a TikToker woman named „@hothighpriestess“. The „I am Sure“ method follows the principle of autosuggestion and the law of attraction and has a number of critics.

Closely related to the „I am Sure“ method are, among others, the „3-2-8 Method“ and the „Burnt Toast Theory“. Both methods are also new trends on social media that originated on the TikTok platform.

What is the girlfriend effect? Meaning, explanation, definition

The girlfriend effect is a new TikTok trend (September 2023) in which girls or women report that their boyfriend or partner has changed positively as a result of their relationship. On a purely external level, men are said to benefit from a happy relationship by becoming more attractive themselves. The visual change refers to fashion, makeup and hairstyle – in other words, the entire styling. As evidence, the women and girls on TikTok juxtapose before-and-after pictures that are supposed to document the change. The girlfriend effect is not a scientifically based effect. It is based solely on the assumption of the women involved that this process takes place within a relationship.

Girlfriend Effect – the positive influence of the female partner

The Girlfriend Effect is said to make freshly in love men more beautiful. In many societies, it can be observed that men have a different relationship to cosmetics and fashion than women, who are encouraged from an early age to impress with their beauty. Accordingly, if the men were previously single, the relationship with a woman promotes their fashion consciousness and brings out other aesthetic aspects. The partner influences them in their choice of cosmetics, clothing and even appearance.

Girlfriend effect – a new trend or normal behavior?

In a new relationship, the desire to fall to his partner is completely natural. It is easy to understand that men now also have a stronger need for cosmetics & Co. when the partner deals with these issues. In principle, there is nothing new about this behavior pattern, on the contrary, whoever attaches importance to a functioning and happy partnership will strive to fulfill many wishes of his partner (of course, this also applies vice versa). Especially in the weeks of the first infatuation this need is strongly pronounced. Many women have a pronounced fashion consciousness and influence their partners when they are inspired by them. But you can’t basically say that men are less interested in fashion than women. That would be a sexist judgment is no longer appropriate in today’s world. In fact, it can be stated that more and more men are very trend-conscious and extremely open-minded about styling and cosmetics.

Criticism of the girlfriend effect

In the videos on TikTok, women rate the appearance of their men or partners. This solidifies prejudices and various images of masculinity are restricted or prevented altogether. This one-sided view is in stark contrast to the plurality of our society. Thus, many people who advocate equal rights for all genders see the girlfriend effect as a phenomenon of arrogance. After all, it is not a law of nature that women have better taste and a particularly pronounced sense of aesthetics. Even if they should be more concerned with the issues of beauty and beauty attributes than their male contemporaries, this does not mean that their assessment of what can be considered beautiful is universally valid. Everyone has a different aesthetic sensibility and does not necessarily rate what friends, neighbors or family members consider beautiful in the same way. As before, beauty is in the eye of the beholder.

Optical alignment in long-term partnerships

The fact that couples align themselves purely optically with one another is to be observed mainly in partnerships of many years. Both partners not only appear in the same style of clothing, often even their facial expressions are similar. This phenomenon can be explained by the fact that couples who are very familiar with each other usually laugh about the same topics or get angry about similar things, so that the same facial muscles are regularly used.

What does „Simulacrum“ mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

The word „simulacrum“ is in itself a rather ancient term from the field of philosophy and religions, which represents an image or a related connection between persons or things. In this context, „simulacrum“ usually refers to a copy or similar representation whose effect can hardly be distinguished from reality. The extremely accurate imitation then creates a reality of its own, which is perceived as the real thing. The term therefore raises questions about how we understand reality and how images, symbols or representations influence our perceptions. At the same time, it is about how things can be represented in such a way that they can create their own „reality“ that exists independently of the original reality.

The concept behind „simulacrum“ is in itself quite multifaceted and not too easy to understand, which is why the article that follows should provide a good overview of the definition, word origin, meaning as well as usage of the term „simulacrum“.

Word definition of „Simulacrum“

The word „simulacrum“ originates from the Latin language and is also written synonymously as „simulacrum“. It refers to an existing or imagined subject or object that is very similar or at least related to another subject or object. The term is derived from the Latin word „simulo“ (in German: „Abbild“ or „Spiegelbild“). While „simul“ (in German: „gleich“) refers to sameness, „acrum“ (in German: „Gegenstand“ or „Konstrukt“) describes a subject or object that is very similar to the original.

The term „simulacrum“ can have both positive and negative connotations. However, it is often equated with the deceptive appearance of originality, which it does not really represent. However, „simulacrum“ is also considered a concept of productive fantasy, in which artificial things or beings can be created in so-called „simulations.“ According to the opinions of many scientists, the concept of „simulacrum“ is considered a crucial tool of our civilization to make use of the knowledge and diversity of nature and evolution.

Origin and meaning of „Simulacrum“

The concept of „Simulacrum“ dates back to ancient times. In this it originated in philosophical considerations. The term was later coined by Jean Baudrillard, who further developed „simulacrum“ as the subtle transformation of reality into symbolic representation and the resulting shift in our perception. In today’s context, a „simulacrum“ simply represents an image, imitation, or inspiration of a person or object.

Use of the Term „Simulacrum“

The term „simulacrum“ is used in various contexts today. Nevertheless, it is a rather rare, high-level term that is slightly archaic in nature and tends to be used less in spoken everyday language. Among the most significant areas in which „simulacrum“ is used are the following:

  • religious context
  • art & culture
  • philosophy

The following subsections are intended to give the reader a sense of the extent to which and why the term „simulacrum“ is used in the above contexts.

Religious Context

In the religious context, „simulacrum“ is often used as a synonym for „sacred images,“ „idols,“ or „mirages.“ Here, the idea of icons or rituals as symbolic representations that are meant to connect to the spiritual world becomes relevant, even though they are only material representations. A „simulacrum“ is therefore considered negative and in some religions even forbidden, or rather they are outlawed. Although the term „Simulacrum“ is used here rather synonymously and thus more rarely, as for example „idols“.

Art & Culture

In the field of art and culture, „simulacrum“ refers primarily to works of art, in the form of busts, paintings or plastic forms that are very close to reality. Here, therefore, „simulacrum“ again represents a positive term. For works of art can serve as creative simulations that convey meanings and emotions while abstracting from reality. In art and culture in particular, after all, this process is desired and appreciated accordingly.


In a philosophical context, the term „simulacrum“ refers primarily to the work of Baudrillard, who sees in „simulacrum“ an increasing shift from an authentic reality to a world in which simulations gain the upper hand. Today, the media, advertising, and modern technologies in particular are seen as creators of simulated realities that influence perception (often negatively) and create a new level of „hyperreality.“

Social classification of „simulacrum“

Socially, the term „Simulacrum“ can rather be assigned to (and is mostly understood by) the educated bourgeoisie. „Simulacrum“ represents here a synonymous term in a rather special field (religion, art and culture as well as philosophy), with which only a few people really come into deep contact. Thus, „Simulacrum“ is also rather not understood by most people. If at all, the term is also known to older people who have picked it up by chance somewhere in the course of their lives.

Criticisms of „Simulacrum“

Critics see in „Simulacrum“ above all an outdated concept, or rather a pessimistic view of society. Allegedly, reality would be increasingly replaced by artificial simulations, which discredits the performance of the creator. Such a criticism is also brought forth by Baudrillard, who fears that „simulacrum“ would neglect the complexity of human experience and degrade the power of individual perception. Further, „Simulacrum“ is criticized for being very superficial and not engaging with the depth of human interactions and meanings. In addition to „simulacrum,“ originality, above all, should be encouraged and valued more, they say.

Conclusion on „simulacrum“ and naming of similar terms

The bottom line is that „simulacrum“ is a representation of reality in terms of subjects or objects. However, these are so close to reality that they are indistinguishable from the original. Critics accuse the „Simulacrum“ of a low quality as well as a lack of ingenuity. In religion, therefore, „simulacrum“ tends to be regarded as something negative – in art and culture, as well as in philosophy, opinions tend to be more neutral, or rather more positive. In itself, however, the term is rather less familiar to most people.

Similar terms are for example „hyperreality“ as well as „simulation“. While „hyperreality“ describes a reality that exceeds reality and is therefore pure fiction, „simulation“ is only an image of the original reality. We encounter „hyperreality“ in computer games, for example, as well as in scientific abstractions. The „simulation“ on the other hand in flight simulators.

What is Cozy Cardio? Meaning, explanation, definition

Cozy Cardio is basically the opposite of a real endurance workout. It’s not about breaking any records or pushing yourself to your limits. It’s more about the feel-good ritual and the vibe. At least, that’s how TikToker Hope, who started the TikTok trend, describes it. Namely, she starts her day on her walking pad in either her pajamas or her cozy slippers. Here, she first selects a calm speed on the walking pad and later varies with the intensity. In this way, she can enjoy her Cozy Cardio without feeling exhausted. Because that’s exactly how Cozy Cardio is supposed to be. It’s supposed to make you feel good about exercising without getting you out of breath. Cozy Cardio is therefore a relaxed endurance workout that feels comfortable at your own discretion.

What is Cozy Cardio? Meaning, explanation, definition

For some sports scientists, it is no surprise that the trend of Cozy Cardio has been on the social networks for some time. Cozy cardio is exactly the opposite of what has been trendy in recent years. In particular, it’s all about the keyword „high intensity.“ The sweat-inducing HIIT workouts are all about going all out with an exercise for 45 seconds, for example, and then taking a 15-second break. This interval then always takes place in alternation. Because of the high intensity, this is not so easy to do for everyone. Cozy Cardio, on the other hand, is different.

Is Cozy Cardio sufficient as the only sporting activity in the week?

Many are now wondering if Cozy Cardio is enough to get fitter during the week. Unfortunately, the answer to this is „no“. Cozy Cardio cannot help you lose weight or build muscle. In order for one to achieve more endurance, strength and athleticism, much more effort must be put in. Therefore, an effective workout must move and load the muscles. To achieve this effect, it is necessary to feel „uncomfortable“ during the workout.

Therefore, in addition to Cozy Cardio, which is a leisurely endurance workout, more intense workouts should be done two or three times a week. This way, you get a balanced training plan that improves fitness and health in the long term. However, Cozy Cardio can be a good start to get more active in everyday life and to make friends with sports.

It’s easy to get motivated for Cozy Cardio

The question remains whether Cozy Cardio is beneficial for general fitness at all. Sports trainers answer in the affirmative. This is because Cozy Cardio can facilitate a gentle introduction to integrating more exercise into everyday life.

What’s more, low-intensity physical activity really „lubricates“ the joints, which also gives the cardiovascular system a bit of a boost. Consequently, the musculature is also activated in a gentle way. Those who take the time to do Cozy Cardio can prevent stress and associated illnesses.

However, if someone still wants to improve their endurance training, Cozy Cardio alone is not the solution. At least, that’s how some fitness experts assess it. That’s why Cozy Cardio sessions should be combined with more intense workouts.

What is Hot Girl Walk? Meaning, explanation, definition

The Hot Girl Walk is a TikTok trend that developed in the summer of 2022. Here, walking is taken to a new level. The point of the Hot Girl Walk is to feel good and reflect on the positive aspects of life. In addition, one enjoys the beauty of nature and relaxes body and mind. Thus, the Hot Girl Walk becomes part of your well-being.

What is the „Hot Girl Walk“? Meaning, explanation, definition

Already during the lockdown in the Corona pandemic, the new trend appeared. Like some other people, several female influencers on TikTok or other social media set out for walks to get out from home for once. Meanwhile, this phenomenon has become a real self-care movement. After all, it’s not just about a simple walk, but about following certain rules during the Hot Girl Walk.

During the Hot Girl Walk, you should consciously take time to reflect on everything positive about yourself. For example, you can be grateful for everything you have achieved in life so far. Also, one’s body ideals can be celebrated, whether or not one is a regular fitness participant. The Hot Girl Walk is not about any running techniques, speed or other physical goals, such as losing weight. Hotel Walk is all about training a healthy mind and body attitude.

The Hot Girl Walk also has various critics. These accuse the Hot Girl Walk of toxic optimism, among other things. The Hot Girl Walk would allegedly have a negative impact on mental health. However, this is not the case as long as one performs the Hot Girl Walk to strengthen one’s mind and body, thus giving oneself a mental break from the stressful day. Thus, the Hot Girl Walk can be an ideal addition to your daily life.

Rules of the Hot Girl Walk

For the Hot Girl Walk there are even certain rules that should be followed. At best, the walk should take place every day and involve about 4,000 to 8,000 steps. Depending on how fast someone is, this takes about an hour. A pedometer can help people keep better track of the workload. Under no circumstances should people put pressure on themselves to get the best possible performance out of it. In fact, it’s just as important to strengthen the mental part as well, not just the physical part. During the Hot Girl Walk, you can either listen to encouraging music or even uplifting podcasts. In addition, there are also various playlists on the Internet that can be listened to during a Hot Girl Walk. Up to this point, the Hot Girl Walk is still not really different from a conventional walk. Therefore, below come the rules that you should follow during the walk. Only three things should be remembered:

  1. One should think about his goals and how to achieve them.
  2. One thinks about the things for which one is grateful. There should be at least three.
  3. One thinks about how „hot“ one is. In the process, you should give yourself at least one compliment.

Hot Girl Walk: To lose weight? Is it also about losing weight?

Compared to other sports activities, the Hot Girl Walk is not primarily about achieving physical goals. The focus here is on strengthening your own motivation and self-confidence. In fact, most people think that Hot Girl Walk is about losing weight. However, that’s not what this is about, because the biggest changes start inside a body.

Nevertheless, on TikTok you can see some influencers with before and after pictures who have actually achieved weight loss with the Hot Girl Walk. In the process, other users are also encouraged to share their progress.

Hot Girl Walk: effect, consequences

Even if you listen to beautiful music during the Hot Girl Walk, however, you should focus more on positive thoughts. These should be properly celebrated during the walk. The focus is not on physical fitness, but on mental health. Ideally, you keep this positive feeling even after the walk and can take it with you into the day. That way, you’re happy and confident all around.

If you lack the motivation to do a Hot Girl Walk, you can also set yourself a fixed goal. This can be, for example, a café in the neighboring town. Here you can then reward yourself with a coffee after arrival, for example.

With the Hot Girl Walk should always be kept in mind the fun of it. It is not about achieving weight loss or getting a better body. Rather, it is about inner balance. In fact, if you practice the Hot Girl Walk regularly, it actually has a positive effect on your mental state.

What is „Seed Cycling“? Meaning, explanation, definition

„Seed cycling“ (or also called „seed rotation“) is a new food trend that is especially popular among women. Basically, it involves eating a rotating selection of seed fruits depending on the menstrual cycle. This is said to be beneficial for health and fertility. Seeds are overall in line with a healthy and wholesome diet as they contain a variety of essential micronutrients. Especially in the still very young stage of a plant, the need for antioxidant and protective ingredients is particularly important. Seed cycling“ takes advantage of this positive circumstance.

Seed cycling can therefore be regarded as an ideal food supplement to the regular diet. For this purpose, a selection of high-quality seeds and sprouts is consumed, which have positive properties and supply the body with important nutrients. However, in the following article, the reader will learn more interesting details about how this works exactly and where the new „seed cycling“ trend comes from.

Definition of „Seed Cycling“

The word „seed cycling“ is an artificial word from the English language and is composed of the two terms „seed“ and „cycling“. Combined, „seed cycling“ could therefore be translated as „rotating seed consumption“. This refers to seeds of plants, such as pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds or linseed, which are consumed alternately (and depending on the state of the female menstrual cycle). The second word „cycling“ refers both to the rotating principle and to the female menstrual cycle. Seeds are embryonic plants that are surrounded by a protective cover. They contain all the information for later plant growth and serve as a means of transmission for the genetic diversity of plant species. Moreover, the seeds are endowed with an above-average abundance of important micronutrients that can have a positive effect on health – and thus also on fertility in women.

Where does the term „seed cycling“ come from?

Seed cycling“ is a classic internet trend that is currently taking forums, social media and themed websites by storm. It is therefore not possible to trace the exact place of origin of this trend. Rather, it developed continuously on various forums on the internet before it appeared as an independent trend on news and nutrition portals. Seed cycling“ is recommended by leading nutritionists. Due to the name, the origin is assumed to be in the Anglo-American region. After the trend was first established there, it gradually spilled over into other parts of the world, including German-speaking countries, in recent months.

What is „seed cycling“ for?

Seed cycling“ is a special dietary method that aims to harmonise the female menstrual cycle by alleviating hormonal complaints. For this purpose, flax seeds and pumpkin seeds are taken in the first half of the cycle (in the so-called follicular phase), while in the second half (in the so-called luteal phase) sunflower seeds and sesame seeds are taken. In this way, the woman’s oestrogen level can be balanced. At the same time, zinc, vitamin E and other micronutrients strengthen the body’s own hormone production. „Seed Cycling“ is practiced with the hope that eating seeds regularly at certain stages of the menstrual cycle can prevent various ailments, such as menstrual cramps, acne, premenstrual syndrome, irregular menstruation, endometriosis and menopausal symptoms.

How is „seed cycling“ implemented in concrete terms?

„Seed Cycling“ relies on the following ingredients in the selection (or supplementation) of its foods:

  • Seeds and seeds of plants
  • Legumes
  • Sprouts

The above foods are mainly rich in omega-3 fatty acids as well as zinc, vitamins and other micronutrients and trace elements. These are thought to increase the level of oestrogen in the blood. In the second half of the cycle, the diet switches to sunflower seeds and sesame seeds, which again contain a higher amount of omega-6 fatty acids and vitamin E to promote progesterone production.

For the first 14 days, flaxseed and pumpkin seeds are eaten (for example as a snack between meals), and in the second 14 days, sunflower seeds and sesame seeds are eaten. The idea behind this is based on the approach that certain seeds can support hormone production in the female body, or positively influence it. The seeds, kernels and sprouts can be eaten either raw, fried or ground into a flour.

Social classification of seed cycling

Seed cycling“ is currently mainly a trend that enjoys great popularity in the esoteric scene. However, it is not possible to determine an exact age at which this trend is particularly popular. Socially, however, „seed cycling“ can be attributed primarily to the target group of women. Here especially women who are still before their menopause and are thus often younger than 40 to 50 years old. Seed cycling is also popular with women and couples who want to have children. Other target groups are often not aware of seed cycling or do not practise it.

Advantages and disadvantages of seed cycling

„Seed cycling is a new nutrition trend that offers advantages and disadvantages. These will be clearly presented in the following:


  • hormonal support can regulate the female hormonal balance
  • Natural nutrients are particularly gentle (for example zinc, vitamin E and omega fatty acids)
  • „Seed cycling“ is quite uncomplicated to implement
  • Holistic approach without any use of medication


  • lack of scientific evidence
  • Individual reactions to seeds, kernels and sprouts possible (for example allergic reactions)
  • the complexity of the female cycle often requires regular replacement of active ingredients

Conclusion on „seed cycling“ and similar terms

The bottom line is that „seed cycling“ is a new nutrition trend that probably originated in the Anglo-American world. This trend focuses increasingly on seeds, kernels and sprouts as food supplements, which are supposed to have positive effects on the female menstrual cycle. At the same time, these foods are supposed to increase a woman’s fertility. For this purpose, various plant-based foods are consumed in the sprouting stage – but every 14 days the selection of seeds, kernels and sprouts is changed.

The food trends called „intuitive eating“ and „flexitarianism“, for example, are related to „seed cycling“. While „intuitive eating“ relies more on intuitive eating for trusting the body’s natural signals instead of strict diets, „flexitarianism“ emphasises plant-oriented nutrition combined with only occasional meat consumption. This can also have a positive influence on women’s hormone levels.

What is the 3-2-8 method? Meaning, explanation, definition

Time and again, the social media platform TikTok is seen as a hotbed for new food and fitness trends. This is also the case with the so-called „3-2-8 method“, which is supposed to melt body fat. However, weight training, cardio or exercise alone are not enough in most cases. Therefore, the combination of all three types of workout has now proven to be effective. We are talking about weight training in combination with cardio and yoga as well as exercise in a very specific ratio.

In this way, body fat can be reduced (almost effortlessly) and one’s own fitness and resistance can be increased. Regular strength training as well as cardio training and yoga (for flexibility and blood flow) and a lot of exercise are important for this. However, the following article will explain in detail how the new „3-2-8 method“ works and what is hidden behind the individual numbers.

Interpretation of the term „3-2-8 method“

The term „3-2-8 method“ is composed of three numbers and the word „method“. This refers to a certain system that is put together to form a feasible method. The „3“ stands for three cardio units per week, which can be completed, for example, in the form of an ergometer, stepper or swimming. The „2“ stands for two high-intensity strength units per week, which can be done in the gym, for example. Finally, „8“ stands for at least 8,000 steps per day, which must be taken by those who would like to implement this method. The „3-2-8 Method“ therefore relies on a mix of different activities to boost the body’s metabolism and thus burn body fat. For the sake of clarity, the method is simply summarised with the three numbers, namely „3-2-8“, which is very catchy.

Origin and meaning of the „3-2-8 Method“

The „3-2-8 method“ was invented by a US TikToker named „Natalie Rose“. She initially used her own short videos in which she described her everyday life and referred to her varied (fitness) activities. The resourceful influencer quickly developed her own system, which she marketed from then on under the name „3-2-8 method“. By using it as a picture title, video title and hashtag on other social media platforms, such as Instagram or Facebook, the „3-2-8 method“ quickly became famous and went viral accordingly. Today, this trend is considered a popular fitness method that is promoted on forums, platforms and in fitness magazines.

How the „3-2-8 Method“ works and its effect

The way the new „3-2-8 method“ works is basically quite uncomplicated:

  • At least 2 strength training sessions per week must be completed (a whole-body workout is suitable here, which includes main exercises such as squats, deadlifts and bench presses).
  • At least 3 cardio/yoga sessions per week (Pilates or yoga can be used, as well as ergometer, stepper or swimming).
  • walk at least 8,000 steps per day (this is aimed at increasing the amount of movement in everyday life and thus increasing calorie consumption or boosting the metabolism).

If the above-mentioned requirements are implemented regularly, the „3-2-8 method“ promises rapid weight loss as well as an increase in physical fitness (and not least, therefore, an improvement in the general state of health).

Practical examples of the 3-2-8 Method

Today, we encounter the „3-2-8 Method“ in many different areas of life. First and foremost, however, are the following main uses:

  • Diets
  • Healthier lifestyle

The above main uses of the 3-2-8 Method are discussed in more detail in the following sub-sections.


The 3-2-8 Method is a popular support for dieting and planned weight loss. These can, for example, aim to lose body fat, body weight as such or both. Here, the „3-2-8 method“ helps in a miraculous way, as it increases the calorie turnover on the one hand and boosts the metabolism on the other, which improves the body’s own fat burning. In combination with a slight calorie deficit and a protein-rich diet, the effectiveness of the „3-2-8 Method“ can therefore be increased enormously.

Healthier lifestyle

The „3-2-8 method“ is not only used in diets, but also by people who want a healthier and happier lifestyle. For this purpose, the necessary components are integrated into the individual’s daily routine in the best possible way – this can be, for example, a midday walk, regular swimming training as well as going to the gym, which is integrated into the individual’s daily routine from now on.

Social classification of the „3-2-8 Method“

Socially, the „3-2-8 method“ can be assigned primarily to younger generations, such as generations Y, Z and Alpha. These are the main target group of social media platforms. Accordingly, this target group also increasingly comes into contact with the disseminators of this method. But the „3-2-8 method“ has also become very popular with older people because it preaches a holistic concept that does not appear commercial or opportunistic in any way.

Criticisms of the „3-2-8 Method“

Although the „3-2-8 method“ is in itself a sustainable and easy-to-implement concept, it is criticised from many sides. It is often criticised that the method is difficult to integrate into individual daily life, especially for many working people. The implementation requires several hours a week, which have to be spent on this alone. However, the „workouts“ mentioned in the „3-2-8 method“ can be integrated naturally into everyday life. Opponents of this method also criticise that it requires an enormous amount of willpower, as it consists of a large number of workouts that have to be completed continuously. They also doubt that it makes sense – after all, the lifestyle has to be continued in order to maintain the physical progress.

Conclusion on the „3-2-8 Method“ and similar approaches

In summary, the „3-2-8 Method“ is a holistic concept in terms of individual everyday life and sports design, which preaches strength training in combination with cardio and yoga training as well as plenty of exercise in everyday life. The method was invented by a US TikToker named „Natalie Rose“ and soon spread virally on social media. Over time, the trend gradually spilled over into Europe, where it is now promoted by leading fitness magazines.

Related to the „3-2-8 Method“ are, among others, „Seed Cycling“ and „Granola Girl“. Both alternatives are also social media trends. Seed cycling“ focuses on beneficial seeds, kernels and sprouts in the diet, which are supposed to have a beneficial effect on female hormone levels. „Granola Girls“, on the other hand, focus on a conscious, natural diet (preferably plant-based), which is also supposed to have positive effects on one’s health and fitness.

What does „Scholzing“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

The term „Scholzing“ is a new neologism that goes back to Timothy Garton Ash, a British historian. The term first became widespread on Twitter. Here, the term „Scholzing“ refers to the communication of the German Chancellor Olaf Scholz. Especially with regard to the war in Ukraine, the term „Scholzing“ is used again and again. Accordingly, the term can be explained as follows:

What does „Scholzing“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

The British historian first brought the new word into circulation after a speech by Olaf Scholz at the World Economic Forum in Davos. Timothy Garton Ash criticises the fact that although many new words were used by the Chancellor at this congress, the weight of content was rather low.

In addition, some critics think that Olaf Scholz is more of a flag in the wind and only makes firm decisions when other countries have already made the first move.

In particular, the term means outwardly showing good deeds or intentions, but afterwards finding all the reasons not to do these good deeds.

In the international press, Olaf Scholz was criticised for a long time because he hesitated to send battle tanks to Ukraine.

Since Chancellor Olaf Scholz will remain Chancellor for some time in the crisis period and is also likely to act rather cautiously in the future, the term „Scholzing“ will be heard even more frequently. In the German language, „scholzen“ could then become part of the vernacular, just like the term „lindnern“.

Incidentally, the verb „Scholzing“ has long been found in Ukrainian memes.

What was the trigger for „scholzing“? Origin, history

The reason for this new term was the long hesitation over deliveries of battle tanks to Ukraine. At the beginning of 2023, Olaf Scholz came under increasing criticism. The background was the opposition to the delivery of modern Leopard battle tanks. Even before the meeting in Ramstein, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Selensky had appealed urgently to the German government to finally support Ukraine with German Leopard battle tanks. Last but not least, several NATO and EU countries as well as Poland have declared their willingness to send German-made Leopard tanks to Ukraine.

Nevertheless, Olaf Scholz did not let himself be carried away by a hasty decision. In addition, Defence Minister Boris Pistorius (SPD) made a statement in Ramstein that the German government would first have to check how many of the Leopard 2 tanks were actually available in order to then decide what quantity could be delivered to Ukraine.

„Scholzing“ in Ukraine

When the British historian first floated the term „Scholzing“, he had noticed after some time on his Twitter account that this post had been viewed millions of times. Even the media feasted on his post. Ash immediately clarified that he was not the originator of the term or the definition. However, no one was really interested in this clarification, which is why the opinion remains that Ash is the author. However, the historian cannot make any statement about the actual author of this definition. What is certain, however, is that the term „scholzen“ has been used in Ukraine for a long time; at least since the summer of 2022.

Olaf Scholz consoles himself with a trip to Paris

To avoid all the hullabaloo, Olaf Scholz decided to travel to France for political maintenance. There he met with President Emmanuel Macron, who invited him to the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the Élysée Treaty. This treaty was signed on 22 January 1963 between the then French President Charles de Gaulle and the German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer. It was agreed that Germany and France should be brought closer together than ever before. This was to happen not only economically, but also in security, foreign and cultural policy.

Who is Daddy Long Neck? Life, Profile, Biography

Daddy Long Neck is an American social media personality and rapper who has become known for his unusually long neck.

Daddy Long Neck: Life, biography, profile

Daddy Long Neck was born on September 15, 1999 in the city of Flint in the American state of Michigan. His real name is David Samuelson Jr, he is 24 years old and his zodiac sign is Virgo.

Daddy Long Neck has been suffering from the genetic disorder Marfan syndrome since his birth. The disease leads to a disturbed function of the connective tissue. As a result, Daddy Long Neck is unable to put on much weight. He is 1.55 m tall and weighs just over 40 kg.

Daddy Long Neck: fame, rapper

In July 2018, Daddy Long Neck became known through accounts on Instagram and Twitter. His unusual appearance and humorous personality quickly earned him many fans. Daddy Long Neck has several tattoos, the most noticeable being the words „Lick Here“ on his chest, above which an arrow points directly to his neck.

In 2019, Daddy Long Neck gained greater notoriety in the wake of a collaboration with rapper Charles McDowell aka Wide Neck, who has a particularly short wide neck. Together, they released the rap songs „Neckst Up“ and „Neckst Big Thing,“ both of which went viral.

In addition, Daddy Long Neck is known for videos on TikTok in which various women can be seen briefly licking his neck with their tongues. His TikTok account is extremely popular, he has 5 million followers there. His Instagram account is followed by 1.4 million users.

Daddy Long Neck: Violence against own son by ex’s partner

In December 2021, Daddy Long Neck’s son was born. His name is David. A few months later, his girlfriend and mother of David separated from him and moved to another state. In September 2022, the American press became aware of Daddy Long Neck when his son was hospitalized with serious injuries allegedly inflicted on him by his ex’s new boyfriend.

The man is under investigation for child abuse. After the incident, his son stayed with Daddy Long Neck for a while before being placed in foster care. Currently, Daddy Long Neck is having legal options looked into for him to be awarded custody.

Daddy Long Neck: TikTok, Instagram, Twitter

TikTok: @longneck

Instagram: longneckk

X (Twitter): damnlongneck1

Who is Kwebbelkop? Life, profile, biography

Who is Kwebbelkop? Life, profile, biography

Kwebbelkop is a Dutch YouTuber known for his entertaining English-language gaming videos.

Kwebbelkop: life, biography, profile

Kwebbelkop’s real name is Jordi Maxim van den Bussche. Jordi was born on June 1, 1995 in the Netherlands, he is 28 years old and his star sign is Gemini. His parents divorced when Jordi was still a child. His father passed away in February 2017.

As early as 2008, Jordi registered on YouTube as Kwebbelkop, but initially did not publish any videos as a result. It wasn’t until 2011 that he started uploading gaming videos. He often plays Grand Theft Auto, first-person shooters like Call of Duty, and racing games.

Since 2013, Kwebbelkop has been a full-time YouTuber. He posts videos almost every day, so there are now more than 5,000 videos on his YouTube channel. Kwebbelkop has 15.1 million subscribers on YouTube. His TikTok account also has numerous followers, totaling 3.2 million. On Instagram, another 1.1 million users follow him. Kwebbelkop calls his fans KOPS.

Kwebbelkop has become particularly known for his friendship with Dutch YouTuber Jelly and English YouTuber Slogo, aka Josh. As a team, they released gaming videos together under the group name Robust from 2014 to 2019.

Kwebbelkop: Controversy around AI

In August 2023, Kwebbelkop caused a stir when he no longer appeared himself in his videos, but had himself replaced by an AI program and a virtual avatar. He now referred to himself as „Kwebbelkop AI.“ All of the videos that were then published were written and spoken by an AI program. The reason Kwebbelkop gave was that he felt completely burned out and no longer wanted to make his own videos every day.

Many fans of Kwebbelkop reacted with incomprehension to the use of the AI program. As a result, Kwebbelkop released a video titled „The End of Kwebbelkop AI“ on September 23, 2023. The video features Kwebbelkop and intentionally makes it appear that he wants to stop using AI programs because of the criticism. Instead, however, it is revealed at the end of the video that it was not Kwebbelkop himself that was seen, but a new AI program that digitally recreated his appearance.

Kwebbelkop plans to work on improving the program with the support of the company he founded, „JVDB Studios,“ which developed the „Kwebbelkop AI.“

Kwebbelkop: YouTube, TikTok, Instagram, X (formerly Twitter)

YouTube: @kwebbelkop

TikTok: @kwebbelkop

Instagram: kwebbelkop

X (vormals Twitter): Kwebbelkop

Secret Number Codes / Break-up Codes: List, Meaning, Explanation TikTok Codes

The following secret number codes are used:

Secret Number Codes 0 – 3: Explanation, Meaning

  • 0019 – You’re as cold as ice
  • 0045 – Heard you like me
  • 0087 – Let me love you
  • 0097 – That hurts, watch your words
  • 0121 – I hate you for loving me
  • 0227 – I wanna rest
  • 0473 – Hug me, please
  • 0489 – Holy my hand
  • 0563 – Please, don’t leave me
  • 0840 – Wanna Play Date?
  • 0931 – I’m losing my feelings
  • 0931 – I’m just here
  • 0945 – Put your head on my shoulder
  • 1007 – Feel my love
  • 1038 – Can’t stop loving you
  • 107 – come back
  • 1087 – I miss the old us
  • 11 – You’re perfect
  • 1213 – I have a headache
  • 1234 – Only you can give me this feeling
  • 124 – I miss you
  • 1243 – I do love you
  • 143 – I love you
  • 1443 – I don’t love you
  • 1460 – Love me instead
  • 1502 – Happ you exist
  • 1543 – I still love you
  • 1730 – you made another pain
  • 2091 – Late night call?
  • 2201 – stay happy love
  • 244 – my baby
  • 2789 – I wish I could have a better life
  • 2790 – Stop pretending!
  • 280 – Be mine
  • 2814 – I like you a lot
  • 3104 – I love you but I can’t say it, so feel it
  • 3256 – You’re so attractive
  • 3333 – ‘Til my last day, I’ll be loving you
  • 3446 – Make a move dude
  • 3639 – You changed

Secret Number Codes 4- 9: Explanation, Meaning

  • 4017 – Did I make you day?
  • 4202 – Let’s end this
  • 4284 – Our story will never end, for now
  • 4300 – Lets hangout
  • 4411 – I feel numb
  • 4721 – I miss you
  • 4800 – Meeting you was a nice accident
  • 5280 – Be mine
  • 5291 – I will risk my life for you
  • 5386 – Damn, how I miss you hurts
  • 5391 – So, we’re strangers again?
  • 5555 – I miss your voice
  • 5690 – You left me with the memories
  • 5801 – I’m sorry for loving you
  • 584520 – I swear I love you
  • 5998 – You are my world
  • 6027 – Help I’m falling for you
  • 6090 – You are hard to love
  • 6124 – You are so annoying
  • 6302 – I’m starting to like you
  • 6372 – You are my happiness
  • 6483 – Are you messy?
  • 6499 – Please, help me go through this pain
  • 6620 – I need your love
  • 6789 – Hi love
  • 6929 – thank you, goodbye
  • 7000 – I just want attention
  • 7098 – Please, notice me!
  • 73010 – I’m letting you go, because I love you
  • 831 – I love you
  • 8373 – Do I have a chance?
  • 8750 – I hate everyone
  • 8900 – Smile for me please?
  • 9080 – I want you with me
  • 910 – Sorry, I hurt you
  • 9443 – I need comfort
  • 9446 – Talk to me
  • 9487 – It is ok to not be ok
  • 9870 – It’s been a while love

Secret TikTok Number Codes: Explanation, Meaning

These secret codes are used in social media when talking about heartbreak, for example.

They are language efficient and allow to express feelings and moods very quickly.

The codes make it easier to talk about feelings, especially when it is hard to talk about feelings. The codes lower the hurdle. You don’t have to search for the right words, but simply use a predefined code.

A good reason for these codes could be the algorithms of social media platforms. Because the algorithms suppress certain topics. Anyone who wants to circumvent this can use codes.

Secret TikTok Number Codes: Logic

The logic according to which the codes are structured is not always unambiguous.

Example: 831 for „I love you“ is unique. 8 characters, 3 words and one (1) meaning.

Since around 2022, these codes have been spreading on social media, led by TikTok.

But the idea of communicating in this way is much older.

What does 14643 mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

The number 14643 is the abbreviation for the words „I will always love you“.

What does 14643 mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

The number 14643 is composed of the characters used in each word.

The word „I“ has one character, which is 1.

The word „will“ has four characters, so 4.

The word „always“ has six characters, so 6.

The word „love“ has four characters, so 4.

The word „you“ has three characters, so 3.

About 14643

14643 is language efficient. That means you only need to type five characters instead of 18 characters. This saves 13 characters.

14643 is also clearer and more concise. Because, whoever understands the number, understands it and therefore also knows what is meant by it.

With the number 14643 an emotional message can be published, transported or communicated very simply. For example, someone who does not know how to express himself or herself can access the number and communicate his or her feelings using just five digits. This makes communication easier and lowers barriers.

At the same time, 14643 also has an exclusionary function. Anyone who doesn’t understand the number doesn’t know what is meant and is thus left out of the communication. Young people use it to code their language, for example, and create distance from their parents and previous generations.

Usage: 14643

The number 14643 is used in chats, text messages and social media. It is used to express friendly affection, love and appreciation. So, you use 14643 to express that you like, appreciate and love someone very much. Besides the friendly context, 14643 can also be used in a romantic context.

14643 is part of the digital youth culture. Creative abbreviations play an important role here, as they make communication much easier.

On TikTok, the hashtag #14643 was used over 19 million times. On Instagram, it occurred just under 200 times. (This shows a clear focus on usage among Gen Z. Gen Z has a very strong presence on TikTok).

„14643“ is a song by Sxdtune.

What does 5201314 mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

The number 5201314 is short for the phrase „I love you for a lifetime“.

What does 5201314 mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

When the number „520“ is pronounced in Chinese, it sounds similar to the Chinese phrase for I love you.

520 is: 五二零 – Wǔ èr Líng

I love you is: 我愛你 – Wǒ ài nǐ

There is some similarity between „Wǔ èr Líng“ and „Wǒ ài nǐ“.

Meaning of 1314:

When the number „1314“ is said in Chinese, it sounds similar to the Chinese language characters for „One Life, One World“. One life, one world means: for the rest of my life or forever.

1314 in Chinese is: 一生一世 (yī shēng yī shì).

This explains: 5201314:

520 = I love you

1314 = for the rest of my life

About 5201314

In Chinese culture, great importance is attached to such numbers, symbols and to numerology. This also happens in our culture. For example, 13 is the famous unlucky number.

The 5201314 is language efficient. You can sparingly say here in seven characters that you love someone very much and very much, instead of typing a long sentence with 15, 20 or more characters.

Furthermore, 5201314 is unique. Whoever receives this number usually knows what is meant and can react accordingly. This uniqueness ensures that the character is understood by many, which makes communication much easier.

Use of 5201314

In China, the 520 led to May 20 becoming another Valentine’s Day on social media. (The 5 is the month. So, May. The 20 is the day. So, May 20.)

May 20 is now called Chinese Internet Valentine’s Day. (This gives China three Valentine’s Days: February 14, Qixi Festival, and Internet Valentine’s Day).

In social media, text messages and chats, 5201314 is used to express friendly affection, love and appreciation. But 5201314 is also used to communicate romantic feelings.

Most notably, 5201314 is used by Chinese social media participants.

On TikTok, the hashtag #5201314 has been used over 10 million times. On Instagram, the hashtag has been used over 35,000 times.

What is the „dix neuf“ meme? 19 in french, explanation, meaning, definition

„Dix neuf“ is French and means „19“, so dix-neuf is the French word for the number 19.

But „Dix neuf“ also sounds like „deez nuts“. „Deez nuts“ is a well-known internet word joke. Via „19 in French“ it has found its way back into chats, text messages and conversations on the Internet.

See also: What is Ligma?

What is the „dix neuf“ meme? 19 in french, explanation, meaning, definition.

Since 2009, the word joke has been registered in the Urban Dictionary.

Already in 2016, the word joke became popular again on the Internet. (At that time on YouTube.) In September 2023, it became popular again. This time on X (formerly Twitter).

The special thing about „19 in french“ or „dix neuf“ is that the Google Translator has to be involved. If you ask the Google Translator what 19 means in French. It says the Translator the number. Who wants now just hears „Deez nuts“.

The joke „19 in french“ or „dix neuf“ also takes place in another way. You ask someone what the number 19 means in French. If the person answers „dix-neuf“, you can hear „deez nuts“.

Psychology of „19 in french“ or „dix neuf“: Meaning

The special thing about „19 in french“ or „dix neuf“ is that it is actually a harmless word, but with the punch line something indecent, taboo or obscene is pronounced. Because with „nuts“ the testicles are meant.

What happens here can also be called coprolalia. One has in the joke the possibility to say indecent words because they take place in the context of the joke and not because one wants to address them directly. Otherwise, one would not say this taboo word because, for example, authorities do not approve of it or it is forbidden.

This coprolalia points to a prudish and repressive morality where narrow-mindedness, uptightness and fear are at the center. „19 in french“ is a way to linguistically leave this morality behind.

Note: Coprolalia is a medical term. In coprolalia in the narrow sense, people uncontrollably say obscene or vulgar words, or make obscene or vulgar sounds.

What is the „4u2pn2“ meme? Meaning, explanation, definition

The „4u2pn2“ has become one of the most popular memes on the Internet platform Reddit within the past few months, but is now also spreading virally on social networks. The „4u2pn2“ originates from the classic everyday comedy, in which this in itself unfunny serial number of a urinal, however, results in a funny abbreviation in the English language. After this was recognized by a Reddit user, he unceremoniously posted his insight and packaged it into an entertaining superhero meme. Since then, the meme has been used in a wide variety of sub-contexts.

„4u2pn2“ is still comparatively unknown in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, but it is conquering social media accounts and forums alike in this country. But what exactly is the meme all about and what does the abbreviation „4u2pn2“ actually mean? The following article will provide some interesting information about this. At the same time, the meme will be socially classified and critically examined.

Definition of the „4u2pn2“ meme

The „4u2pn2“ meme is basically the serial number of an „American Standard“ brand urinal, which is affixed to it. The number is „4u2pn2“. If you pronounce the abbreviation in English, you get the wording: „For U Two Pee N Two“, which sounds very similar to „For you to pee into“. This makes the serial number, which is located on a urinal of all things, which, as we all know, has the purpose of peeing in it, really funny. Because the abbreviation „4u2pn2“ indirectly fulfills two purposes: On the one hand, it serves as an actual serial number, on the other hand, it is an invitation to use the urinal for peeing. This results in a very effective communication for the viewer, even if this was probably not the intention of the urinal manufacturer.

Where does the „4u2pn2“ meme come from and what is its significance?

The „4u2pn2“ meme has been around since 2017, when a Reddit user named „/u/London_Atlas“ posted a meme on August 4, 2017, which included the image and a funny saying. It quickly received around 50,000 likes and over 700 comments, which was unusually high considering the user’s reach at the time. The meme quickly went viral, as other users decided to use it for their own posts. Now the meme is already widespread and is often used in situations where the person actually knows what to do, but still comes across overly cautious descriptions or recommendations for action. The meme therefore joins a whole series of everyday comical discoveries and is so popular not least because of this.

Where is the „4u2pn2“ meme used everywhere?

The „4u2pn2“ meme is now used on various platforms as well as in different everyday situations. However, the following areas have particularly stood out:

  • the internet platform Reddit
  • in-game chats in online games
  • Spoken everyday language

In the further course of this section, the main areas of use of the „4u2pn2“ meme will be discussed in more detail.


On Reddit, the „4u2pn2“ meme is used in a wide variety of conversations and often serves as a funny interjection in discussions or heated chats. It provides many laughs due to its good understanding and generally lightens the mood. For this purpose, it is inserted into forum chats or serves as a group picture for conversation groups. Individual users customize the meme and add their own sayings.

Online gaming

The use of the „4u2pn2“ meme has become just as popular in online gaming. Here, the meme serves as a popular interlude in in-game chats, where it is posted especially when obvious situations occur in the game that do not require further explanation. In addition, the meme is often used here to make fun of other players or the game itself. Individual variants of the meme are also posted here, which only add to the general virality of „4u2pn2“.

Everyday language

Although the „4u2pn2“ meme is a rather figurative joke, the abbreviation „4u2pn2“ also made its way into spoken everyday language. This is mainly used in strange everyday situations as an expression of astonishment or amazement. At the same time, the expression is also used to make fun of other people’s misfortunes.

Who uses the „4u2pn2“ meme most often?

The main target group of the „4u2pn2“ meme, or the abbreviation itself, largely coincides with the Reddit target group as such. This group typically consists of people between 10 and 25 years old and can thus be assigned to the Z and Alpha generations. Among gamers and users of TikTok and Instagram, however, „4u2pn2“ is now just as well known, which is why the number of people who understand this meme and the abbreviation behind it is constantly growing. It can therefore be assumed that this abbreviation is currently understood by many people who are younger than 30. Older individuals often do not understand this or find no real access to the humor of the meme.

Critical examination of the „4u2n2“ meme

The joke behind the „4u2pn2“ meme is harmless in itself, but it is strongly opposed by many sides in places. Critics accuse this trend meme of being tasteless and not really educational. The youth would be animated with it to the stultification. In addition, it is just another trend that is often not understood by older and uninitiated people. Younger people who used the exclamation „4u2pn2“ in everyday life would sometimes be called weirdos by them.

Conclusion on the topic of „4u2pn2“ memes and similar memes

In summary, the „4u2pn2“ meme is a Reddit phenomenon that originated from a urinal of the US manufacturer „American Standard“. There, this was pictured as a serial number. The expression transliterates roughly as „you can pee in here“ and refers to the situational comedy. The meme was posted in the form of a homemade photo by a Reddit user and has since spread virally on Reddit itself as well as other platforms.

Related to the „4u2pn2“ meme are, among others, the popular Reddit memes „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ and „Blue Smurf Cat.“ These also refer to situational comedy, as is ubiquitous on the Reddit internet platform. In contrast to these memes, however, the humor of „4u2pn2“ is much cruder, or rather more primitive.

What is „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“? Memes, Meaning, Explanation, Definition

„Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ is a buzzword from the Reddit world that has gone viral since early 2023 and refers to the CEO and admin of the internet platform Reddit. The expression can now often be found on said platform, where it is used in forum titles, posts and comments. It is rather sarcastic in nature and serves to take aim at Reddit CEO Steve „spez“ Huffman. The associated meme was invented by users of the Reddit platform in the wake of unwelcome updates in order to protest massively against Reddit’s new regulations.

The „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ meme is thus a rather tasteless form of sarcasm and is always used when people cannot make their own opinions and feelings known (presumably for fear of countermeasures). However, what the „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ meme is all about and what detailed background it has, the following article will provide some interesting facts.

Definition of Praise Spez / Heil Spez

Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ is a neologism composed of the English verb „praise“, the nickname „Spez“ (from Steve „spez“ Huffman) and the German expression „heil“ (for pardon, success and salvation). This refers to a sarcastic form of praise by Reddit CEO Steve Huffman, who has made himself quite unpopular with Reddit users in the wake of the change in the platform’s terms of use. While „Praise Spez“ would still suggest a religious context, „Heil Spez!“ can almost be linked to the era of German National Socialism. „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ can therefore be indirectly assigned to black humor, as certain boundaries of good taste are clearly crossed here.

Origin and meaning of „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“

In mid-June 2023, Reddit CEO Steve Huffman decided to make some, profound differences regarding the platform’s terms of use. Namely, an API policy was agreed upon, according to which various subreddits were no longer accessible to users from now on, as they went private. To defend themselves against the unwelcome changes, the sworn Reddit community invented the corresponding meme, which depicts sarcastic to sad-looking people and the headline „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“. In many places, there are also moving animations in GIF format that are shared among the platform’s users. Reddit itself sometimes did not take any countermeasures against these comparatively tasteless memes. Therefore, at the latest since June 16, 2023, the meme has gone viral, sometimes expanding its sphere of influence beyond the platform’s boundaries.

Use of the expression „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“

Although the „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ meme is purely a Reddit phenomenon, the meme is now also encountered in many areas outside the platform. However, the most common uses of „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ still include:

  • the Reddit forum platform
  • social networks
  • the spoken language of everyday life

The following sections will therefore be used to show the use of the „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ meme in more detail.


On Reddit, the „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ meme is mainly used in conjunction with self-created graphics or images, which are provided with individual text and the phrase „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“. These are then uploaded to various forums on the platform so that they can be shared and thus further disseminated. In this way, potential restrictions in the interaction with new updates are to be referred to, for which the disgraced CEO of Reddit named Steve Huffman is summarily held responsible. However, the latter is not allowed to be criticized directly, which is why the expression „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ is ironically used.

Social Media

The „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ meme is now also going viral on social media. It is becoming increasingly popular on the TikTok and Instagram platforms. The meme is also spreading on the YouTube video platform, where YouTubers and Reddit users are making short videos about it.

Spoken everyday language

Especially among Reddit users and gaming enthusiasts, „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ is sometimes used in everyday language. Here, the expression serves as a funny interlude in embarrassing or even malicious situations in which another person is to be held responsible. However, the use of the „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ expression outside the digital world is still comparatively minor in nature.

Social classification of the „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ meme

Socially, the „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ expression and the associated meme can be assigned primarily to very young target groups, such as members of Generations Z as well as Alpha. These are under 25 years old and belong to the main group that uses Reddit as a platform for exchange. Older people and target groups are not likely to be able to relate to the „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ meme because the expression is too specific and the target group is too limited to the Reddit platform.

Critical discussion of „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“

The „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ meme is once again being called just another pointless trend by critics, but this time it doesn’t originate on social media. They also criticize the tastelessness of the meme, which equates the Reddit CEO with Hitler by using old Nazi exclamations such as „Heil“. Users of the meme are often not even aware of the terrible contexts in which the expression was used in the past. They also complain that the expression „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ is too specific and is only understood by a sworn community.

Conclusion on „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ and similar terms

„Praise Spez / Heil Spez“, in summary, represents a new Reddit phenomenon and originated on the internet platform Reddit in June 2023. It serves as a sarcastic interlude directed at the CEO of Reddit, named Steve Huffman and his unwelcome updates and blocking of groups. The phrase is often used in conjunction with images of famous people who are just upset about a difficult situation or negative surprise.

Related to „Praise Spez / Heil Spez“ are the „Wojak“ and the „Christian Bale“ memes, among others. Both memes are typical Reddit memes that address various everyday situations in a humorous way.

What is the „Emoji Kitchen“? Meaning, explanation, definition

What we know today as „emoji“, behind them are small pictograms, logograms or smileys that are used in electronic text messages or on websites. They provide the reader or viewer with emotional cues and otherwise serve to entertain. While these „emojis“ were previously designed by graphic artists and artists, artificial intelligence is now also making inroads in this area – we are talking about the so-called „Emoji Kitchen“, the place where new „emojis“ are created.

Although the selection of „emojis“ is already huge, there are still situations from time to time in which you can’t seem to find the right „emoji“. Especially for these cases, there is now the „Emoji Kitchen“, with which users can conjure up individual „emojis“ with the help of AI. This can be done, for example, by combining existing „emojis“ or by creating entirely new smileys. The following article will therefore provide the reader with some exciting information about this useful new tool.

Interpretation of the term „Emoji Kitchen“

The term „Emoji Kitchen“ is composed of the Japanese noun „Emoji“ (meaning „picture“ and „character“) and the English noun „kitchen“ (meaning „kitchen“). Together, the expression „Emoji Kitchen“ can therefore be translated roughly as „kitchen for new picture and character characters“. This, of course, refers to the ever-popular „emojis“, for which special generators are now available, so that they can now be created completely by the user without any programming knowledge.

The term „kitchen“ was chosen because, as a rule, food is prepared from various ingredients in a kitchen. This is also the idea behind the „Emoji Kitchen“ – different „emojis“ are to be „mixed“ and used to create completely new „emojis“. For this purpose, the user of the „Emoji Kitchen“ enters one, two or more „emojis“ into the generators and then lets them create suggestions for new „emojis“.

In this way, a creative tool is created, which is currently very popular and brings high traffic to websites that are equipped with it. The „emojis“ created in this way are license-free and can be used for individual purposes in the further course.

Where does the expression „Emoji Kitchen“ come from?

The „Emoji Kitchen“ came into being back in February 2022 and was developed by the US company Google. At the time of its launch, users of this tool were able to create their own dog emojis. In the meantime, however, well over 14,000 constellations are possible and the selection of „emojis“ that can be created grows almost daily. The use of the „Emoji Kitchen“ is completely free and represents a special service offer from Google. Such tools are currently being developed in heaps by the world’s most famous search engine provider in order to provide users with a special user experience and to stand out from competing search engines without such an offer.

Where is „Emoji Kitchen“ used everywhere?

Although „Emoji Kitchen“ is still a comparatively young tool, it is already the talk of the town and has attracted imitators. Today, the main uses of „Emoji Kitchen“ can therefore be found in the following areas:

  • Google
  • social networks
  • Internet forums

The following three subsections will be used to explain the above-mentioned main uses of the „Emoji Kitchen“ in more detail.


You can access Google’s „Emoji Kitchen“ by entering the search term „Emoji Kitchen“ in the search bar of the search engine. The tool then appears as the first search result. Below this – depending on the language version of Google – a large, blue button called „cooking“ attached. Via this one gets access to the tool and can create his own „emojis“. In addition to Google’s dedicated tool, however, there are also a number of different, imitated tools that can also be found via the search term „Emoji Kitchen“. The use of such tools is usually completely free.

Social networks

Emoji kitchens“ are now also well-known on social networks. Here, however, it is mainly the „Emojis“ generated in them that are used. For this, these are created beforehand in an „Emoji Kitchen“ before they are subsequently used for individual posts or comments on TikTok, Twitter or Instagram. In this way, the message is given a more individual touch. Potentially, readers will then like their own „emoji“ and want to add it to their own repertoire as well.

Internet forums

The new „emojis“ from the „Emoji Kitchen“ are also used in Internet forums, such as Reddit. Here, they serve as a way of adding more individuality and emotionality to one’s own messages and posts. The same applies to online games, where the „emojis“ are used in in-game chats.

How can the expression „Emoji Kitchen“ be classified socially?

Despite the fact that Google’s „Emoji Kitchen“ tool (or imitative providers) can be used by anyone for free, it is still relatively unknown at times. If at all, this has so far been used by a very young target group – primarily members of Generations Z and Alpha. Therefore, only very young people often know what to do with the term „Emoji Kitchen“. Older people are often unfamiliar with the tool or doubt its usefulness.

Critical view of the term „Emoji Kitchen“

The „Emoji Kitchen“, which is in itself quite practical for generating new types of individual „emojis“, has a number of sharp criticisms. Namely, the usefulness of this tool for generating superfluous „emojis“ is criticized. After all, there is already an abundance of „emojis“, the selection of which ends up looking bloated and superfluous by adding even more „emojis“. Furthermore, the „Emoji Kitchen“ appears to be a „pointless gimmick“ in the eyes of critics, which brings no real benefit to society.

Conclusion on the „Emoji Kitchen“ and citation of similar examples

So, the bottom line is that the „Emoji Kitchen“ represents a new type of tool from Google, which has been around since the beginning of 2022 and can be used to create individual „emojis“ based on the combination of existing „emojis“. The tool is available to users free of charge and now features an abundance of imitators. However, it is more familiar to younger users and is often strongly opposed by older people.

Related to the „Emoji Kitchen“ are, among others, the Google tools called „Google Photos“ and „Google Duo“, which are also free of charge. These services also offer Google users a unique user experience and can be used via any common browser by calling up the Google search engine.

What is a „Boo Basket“? Meaning, explanation, definition

Every year at the end of October, Halloween is just around the corner and spooks us with all kinds of ghosts, bloody mass murderers and other horror tricks. Many people use this mini-celebration to decorate their own homes. Until now, this was almost exclusively done with carved pumpkins, candles and spooky utensils. With the „Boo Basket“, however, there is now another decoration idea with which the individual home can quickly be transformed into a place of horror – even if only for a few days!

Because „Boo Baskets“ are the scary counterparts to Easter baskets, which are filled with all kinds of sweets, but from the outside just styled horror. Typical colors are orange, black and of course blood red. The following article will explain in detail what the „Boo Baskets“ are all about and why they are currently becoming a trend on TikTok. Furthermore, it will be mentioned who belongs to the target group of the „Boo Basket“ trend and whether there are also critics of this trend,

Definition of the term „Boo Basket“

The term „Boo Basket“ is a neologism that originates from the English language and is composed of the expression „boo“ (boo: „to scare someone and shout loudly „BOOO!“) and the noun „basket“. Thus, „Boo Basket“ means something like „scare basket“.

What is meant here is the creepy counterpart to the otherwise rather lamb-like Christmas or Easter basket, which in this case, however, is decorated for the Halloween celebration. In American there is the transliterated term „trick or treat!“. Accordingly, the „Boo Baskets“ are lovingly filled with sweets and decorated with typical elements from the world of Halloween – for example, with small ghost dolls or printed cups.

„Boo Baskets“ are small works of art that are elaborately styled and can be handed as gifts. The point behind them, however, is not so much to give them away during the bell ringing pranks that are common on Halloween, but rather as gifts to one’s loved ones or as decorations for the entryway.

Where did the „Boo Basket“ trend come from?

On the social media platform TikTok, „Boo Baskets“ became all the rage this year. Here, they are shown in individual posts (and also made themselves) and then given away to loved ones. Such posts sometimes reap views of more than 50 million. Furthermore, the „Boo Baskets“ are also very popular in the dating sector. Thus, since the trend emerged, these have been considered popular dating gifts on Halloween. So instead of just dressing up, the pretty and lovingly decorated „Boo Baskets“ are used. Special emphasis is placed on „DIY“ (or „Do-it-yourself“). The baskets must therefore not simply be bought by the customer, but must be put together and decorated by the customer.

How does the „Boo Basket“ trend work?

The „Boo Basket“ trend is basically quite simple to implement. For this, the following things must first be procured:

  • A basket (plastic, a metal bucket or a brushwood basket).
  • Decorative material of your choice
  • goodies
  • spooky highlights

Then, all the utensils are individually assembled into a spooky basket, which is then either positioned in your own entryway, given as a gift to other family members, or handed over while dating. However, all of this must be done around the time of the Halloween holiday, no later than October 31.

In what context is the „Boo Basket“ trend used?

We now encounter the „Boo Basket“ trend in a wide variety of contexts. However, the „Boo Baskets“ are particularly prominent in the following places:

  • on the social media platform TikTok
  • In everyday life (at home, on dates, etc.).

The subsections below will go into more detail about each of the main uses of „Boo Baskets“.


On the social media platform TikTok, short videos in which the subject is the production of a „Boo Basket“ or its presentation to a loved one are currently particularly popular. The production process is shown in fast-forward – the lovingly decorated „Boo Baskets“ are then put to their intended use. Equally popular and viral are TikTok videos in which the „Boo Baskets“ are presented while dating on a park bench or elsewhere.

Everyday life

In everyday life, „Boo Baskets“ are especially popular around Halloween time. For this, they are made to their own liking and then used at home as a decorative item. Since this type of decoration is not yet widespread in Germany, many people also use the opportunity to earn money with DIY „Boo Baskets“ by making them themselves and then selling them on the Internet.

Who is a follower of the „Boo Basket“ trend?

Among the biggest followers of the „Boo Basket“ trend are undoubtedly TikTok’s main target group, who are between 15 and 25 years old and can therefore almost exclusively be classified as belonging to the Z and Alpha generations. However, since this is a relatively creative trend, it also finds favor with older people. These are mainly creative 20- to 40-year-olds who live in their own apartment or house and would like to decorate it. Of course, the said target group is also particularly active in dating and therefore uses the trendy „Boo Baskets“ especially as an unusual gift for dates.

Critics of the „Boo Basket“ trend

Critics accuse the „Boo Basket“ trend of further Americanizing German culture, or rather holidays. In essence, the critics argue that Halloween has never been part of German culture and that it has increasingly spilled over into Germany in recent years, presumably for commercial reasons. On the other hand, traditional holidays such as All Saints‘ Day or Corpus Christi are increasingly being forgotten because they are not being „hyped“.

Conclusion on the „Boo Basket“ and similar TikTok trends

A „Boo Basket“ is a customized basket that is used in the course of the Halloween celebration on October 31. It is usually filled with candy and scary decorative items and positioned in the entrance area. Alternatively, this serves as a gift for his loved ones or as a fancy souvenir for his data partner. „Boo Baskets“ became known primarily in the course of a TikTok trend.

Related to the „Boo Baskets“ are, among others, the „Burnt Toast Theory“ and the „Grimace Shake“. The „Burnt Toast Theory“ turns a supposedly burnt piece of toast into a small work of art, and the „Grimace Shake“ is a creepy special edition of a milkshake at the McDonalds fast food restaurant.

What is the „Okay Let’s Go“ meme? Meaning, explanation, definition

The „Okay Let’s Go“ meme is a viral video of a Dutch amusement park enthusiast who is recorded speaking into a microphone and repeating the words over and over again. The whole situation seems funny and kind of weird, since it’s a miniature version of an amusement park that he’s blasting with his motivational phrases. The video shows a boy and an older man, who is probably the boy’s father.

The two Turbo Polyp fans (that’s the name of the fairground attraction the two are blasting) and the funny, sometimes nonsensical choruses they give into a microphone as self-proclaimed animators went viral on social media in the last two years. No one can really explain this hype. What exactly this meme is about and what background it has, the following article should provide a few interesting facts. A social classification as well as a critical view will also be given.

Definition of the title „Okay Let’s Go“

The title „Okay Let’s Go“ comes from English, even though both main actors in the short video are from the Netherlands, and translates roughly as „Okay, let’s go!“ What is meant by this is that the little boy is a presenter, who is sounding the „Turbo Polyp“ fairground attraction with his clever sayings and sound effects. By shouting „Okay Let’s Go“ into the microphone, the Turbo Polyp starts moving with the passengers. This doesn’t really happen, though, as it’s a miniature version of an amusement park.

The words „Okay Let’s Go“ are also accompanied by various sound effects and sound quite weird, or rather whimsical. This is one of the reasons why the video went viral on social media. It combines a relatively crude but funny content with a catchy title.

Origin and meaning of the „Okay Let’s Go“ short video

The „Okay Let’s Go“ meme originated back in 2014 after the two fairground enthusiasts became part of a Dutch TV show and were supposed to comment on the Turbo Polyp attraction in a segment. However, the segment turned out to be extremely trashy and made many viewers laugh. „Okay Let’s Go“ remained in the memory, which is repeated again and again in the video. More Dutch expressions, some of them incomprehensible, follow, making the ride on the Turbo Polyp altogether memorable. In the mid-2020s to early-2023s, the video was then gegreenscreent as a meme and went viral first on the social media platform TikTok before doing so on Instagram and Facebook as well as YouTube.

Uses of „Okay Let’s Go“

The meme is now often brought into use in random places where the start of something new is to be initiated. This can occur in a wide variety of situations in everyday life. It is particularly popular to use it in the following areas:

  • on social media
  • in special internet forums
  • in spoken everyday language

The subsections that follow now are intended to provide even more exciting details about the use of the „Okay Let’s Go“ meme in the areas mentioned above.

As a meme on social media

On social media, the „Okay Let’s Go“ meme is mainly used to produce individual short videos. For example, Stories, Reels or YouTube video thematize individual situations in which „Okay Let’s Go“ is added as a tonal background. On the one hand, this is meant to be funny, on the other hand, it takes away a certain seriousness from the situation. It is noticeable that the „Okay Let’s Go“ meme is rarely used as a complete video, but only its sound. Sometimes, however, short excerpts of the „Okay Let’s Go“ meme are inserted as cutscenes. In addition, the phrase „Okay Let’s Go“ is also used in the form of hashtags or image as well as video captions.

Internet forums

The expression „Okay Let’s Go“ is now also firmly integrated in various Internet forums. Here, it serves as slang for situations in which a group of forum members starts a new project or wants to comment on a conversation in a funny way. The use of „Okay Let’s Go“ is particularly popular in gaming forums and on Reddit.

Spoken everyday language

In addition to the purely digital use of „Okay Let’s Go,“ the use of the meme in spoken everyday language has also become established in recent years. Here, the wording serves as a witty remark in individual everyday conversations and softens serious or unpleasant-seeming situations. Attempts are made to perfectly imitate the voice pitch of the original, which is achieved by using broken English with a slight Dutch accent.

Social classification of the „Okay Let’s Go“ meme

Socially, the „Okay Let’s Go“ meme can now be classified to all ages and demographics, although this tends to be understood by younger people. Although the meme originated back in 2014, it has only really experienced hype since 2020. However, popular target groups are members of generations Y, Z and Alpha, who are also the main users of the social media platforms TikTok, Instagram as well as YouTube. Older people can classify the clip in many places, but on the whole it does not correspond to their sense of humor, as it is either too crude or too gleeful.

Critical view of the „Okay Let’s Go“ meme

The „Okay Let’s Go“ meme is viewed extremely critically by many people, as it shows a young boy and an older man and makes fun of them afterwards. This shows little respect and conveys the message that it is okay and desirable to judge other people in this way. At the same time, the educational value and purpose of the meme is highly questioned.

Conclusion on „Okay Let’s Go“ and similar contexts

In summary, the „Okay Let’s Go“ meme represents a now highly viral short video on social media that depicts a young boy and an older man who would like to be fairground presenters. They use expressions such as „Okay Let’s Go“ to soundtrack a miniature fair, which comes across as partly weird, but in any case funny and entertaining.

Related to the „Okay Let’s Go“ meme are the „Ashley Look at Me“ meme and the „Canon Event,“ among others. Both memes are viral social media trends, but they address different situations.

What is the Blue Smurf Cat meme? Meaning, explanation, definition

The social media platform TikTok is always the birthplace of funny and viral memes, as is the case with so-called „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme. The funny short video is about a young, blue cat, which served as a trigger for a whole trend. Namely, the creators of the meme wondered what the Smurfs would look like if they were real. Here, young cats still came closest to the idea, which is why the „Blue Smurf Cat“, born in 2014, serves as a model here without further ado. This is a Russian, quite idiosyncratic cat, which has a slightly bluish fur.

The short video was later accompanied by a song by Alan Walker called „The Spectre“ and from then on served as a viral meme as well as a popular sequence in Internet forums and online games. But what exactly the meme is about and why it is so popular, or by which people this is preferably used or understood, the following article will provide a few interesting details.

Definition and interpretation of „Blue Smurf Cat“

The title „Blue Smurf Cat“ is composed of the English adjective „blue“, the English noun „smurf“ and the English noun „cat“.

Combined, „Blue Smurf Cat“ can thus be roughly translated as „blue Smurf cat“. What is meant by the „Blue Smurf Cat“ is a fictional character that is based on a Russian, bluish cat from 2014. The figure is a mix of this cat, a smurf and a mushroom and runs whistling in the said short video while the song by Alan Walker is played.

The whole situation seems funny and can be understood as a kind of elevator music, or it is supposed to serve as a funny intermission filler for loading times of games or videos. However, the „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme is often used in the most nonsensical, or unlovely situations, where it is then said, „I hope that it’s not gonna be the Blue Smurf Cat?!“

Origin of the meme and its meaning: Blue Smurf Cat

The „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme was created in 2020 by Nate Hallinan, who first wondered what Smurfs would look like if they were real. Especially for this, he took a Russian cat from 2014 as a model, which are already titled as „Blue Smurf Cat“ (because this had a bluish fur). From this, he created a fictional character and animated it running along a path and whistling to itself. Afterwards, Nate Hallinan added the song by Alan Walker to the short video and used the meme in internet forums and online games before it went viral on social media. The meme itself serves as an intermission filler, but always drives some connoisseurs up the wall, as it is played in the most inappropriate situations.

Where is the „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme used everywhere?

The „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme is used today in a wide variety of areas, but is rather known to connoisseurs. The meme can be found especially often in the following areas:

  • on social media, in internet forums as well as on WhatsApp
  • in the online game Minecraft
  • as part of spoken everyday language

The above-mentioned areas of use will now be explained in more detail.

Social media, internet forums as well as WhatsApp

The meme can be used either as a short video or as an image and is accordingly widespread on the social media platforms TikTok, Instagram as well as YouTube. Here, this is utilized to create individual articles, pictures as well as posts. Equally popular, however, is the use of the „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme to create hashtags or captions. Based on the versatile use of the meme, the „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme went viral in recent years.


The „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme also represents a popular internet phenomenon that serves as a humorous representation for quirky and unexpected events (in-game or out) in the Minecraft community. The familiar cat combined with an amusing situation thus represents an integral part of the rather creative humor found in the Minecraft world.

Spoken everyday language

In addition, the „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme is now also often quoted in spoken everyday language. Especially common is the expression „I hope it’s not gonna be a Blue Smurf Cat?!“ (in German: „I hope it’s not going to be a Blue Smurf Cat?!“). This serves as a statement for an absurd and unexpected situation in everyday life and is derived from the aforementioned use in the online game called Minecraft.

By which target groups is the meme used and understood?

The main target groups of the „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme are primarily members of generations Y as well as Z and Alpha, who are between 15 and 30 years old. They use the social media platforms TikTok, Instagram and YouTube particularly frequently and with pleasure and therefore usually understand the meaning of this meme. The meme is equally popular with online gamers, who also tend to be younger. The „Blue Smurf Cat“ internet phenomenon is usually not understood by older individuals.

Critical examination of the „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme

The „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme, which seems quite harmless and funny in itself, nevertheless attracts some critics who devalue it as pointless and humorless. They also often criticize the fact that the meme doesn’t seem to have any real meaning and that the song seems to have been added randomly. Also, the meme offers no educational added value and is not understood by many people otherwise.

Conclusion about the „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme and similar short videos

The bottom line is that the „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme represents a currently popular Internet clip that is used on social media as well as in Minecraft and in spoken everyday language. It embodies the idea of what a Smurf might look like in real life and mixes this idea with the look of a bluish-colored Russian cat from 2014. The meme is often used in combination with unexpected everyday events or in games.

For example, the „Okay Let’s Go“ and „Friesenjung“ memes are related to the „Blue Smurf Cat“ meme. Both memes are viral clips that originated on social media platforms and can be used as background music for various everyday situations.

What is „othering“? Meaning, definition, explanation

Social dynamics are omnipresent in our everyday lives. Again and again, however, new kinds of phenomena occur in our social lives that arise due to different circumstances. So-called „othering“ is one such case, in which those affected are unceremoniously made strangers. This is to enable a more precise demarcation to a person or group. Through this deliberately enforced demarcation, the non-indigenous person or group is to be categorized as different or alien and thus indirectly devalued.

The comparatively new phenomenon of „othering“ is now encountered in many places in everyday life. But „othering“ has also been used in science for centuries – often even completely unintentionally. Now that this stigmatization has been discovered by leading behavioral scientists, it can be dealt with more consciously. For those who are not yet familiar with „othering“ and would like to learn more about it, the following article will provide some helpful information.

Definition of „Othering“

The term „othering“ comes from the English language and is an idiom or neologism. It is closely related to the adjective „other“ and the noun „otherness“. Thus, „othering“ could be translated as „making different“ or „making foreign“.

What is meant by this is an arbitrary demarcation between individual persons, groups of persons or cultures in order to categorize them as different. In this way, the other person, group or culture deviates from the self-induced norm and is thus excluded. This exclusion can be perceived as painful as well as insulting or disrespectful by those affected.

Othering“ thus represents an anomaly in everyday psychology that has only recently been discovered by behavioral psychology, which must be combated and which could permanently change the views and ways of speaking in modern societies.

Word origin and meaning of the term „othering“

The concept behind „othering“ was developed by various philosophers. Among them, for example, Hegel and Simone de Beauvoir. Another significant writer who dealt with this issue was the U.S. theorist Edward Said. Moreover, the German anthropologist named Johannes Fabian is still considered as a co-founder of the „othering“ theory. Despite the fact that „othering“ was already discussed theoretically hundreds of years ago, it only experienced a renaissance a few years ago and is only now coming back into the focus of behavioral researchers and ethicists.

„Othering“ means nothing more than being aware that the exclusion (even if only indirect) of individuals, groups, or cultures from a larger context or self-chosen norm can cause harm.

Which individuals are affected by „othering“?

„Othering“ has affected individuals, groups, or entire cultures throughout history. For example, the word „Orient“ can be mentioned in the context of „Othering.“ This is because it encompasses a range of countries, people, and cultures that are distinct from the „Occident“ (i.e., today’s „West“). Nationalities, racial affiliations, or genders also fall equally under „othering“ because these put people into categories. Pretty much everyone has been affected by „othering“ at some point in their lives – either as a victim or as a perpetrator.

In which areas is „othering“ used?

We encounter „othering“ in almost all of our daily lives. The following subsections, however, are intended to show the most common situations in which we encounter „Othering“ and to explain them in more depth:

  • in word examples
  • on social media
  • in social everyday life

Word examples

Prominent examples of „othering“ include the following:

  • a person’s origin
  • the gender of a person
  • the age of a person
  • the socio-economic background of a person
  • the affiliation of a person to certain cultural groups
  • the skills of a person
  • the skin color of a person

When the above things are asked, the impression of „othering“ is often created indirectly. It can also be a case of „othering“ when some things are described as the norm, but different things are excluded from it.

Social Media

Social media offers a gigantic stage for „othering“ or indirectly excludes users. This happens when social media only shows exceptional beauty, wealth or success and pushes this through likes. This can lead to the actual normality being perceived as boring or not worth striving for. For the user, this creates the impression that he or she no longer „belongs“ and therefore feels like a victim of „othering“.

Social everyday life

We also often encounter „othering“ in everyday social life. Whether in the news, in everyday conversations, or at school as well as university, in many places the norm is established, which can indirectly exclude individuals, groups, or entire cultures. In occidental cultures, for example, the absence of mosques can be characterized as „othering,“ even though in many places this is not done arbitrarily.

Social classification of „othering“

„Othering“ is practiced by almost all age groups and personalities – often quite unconsciously. Any behavior and thought patterns are seldom questioned in everyday life, which is why correspondingly many people are subject to „Othering“. Among young people, however, „othering“ is still comparatively less pronounced, as they are often more open and sensitive to differences, or do not insist so strongly on their own views. With age, however, the ability to perceive unintentional „othering“ decreases. The individual capacity for tolerance also decreases.

Criticisms of the topic of „othering“

Although „Othering“ is still at the beginning of behavioral research, there are already a number of critics who oppose it negatively. Criticism of „Othering“ is often that it is pure theory, which further complicates the already complex social dynamics of everyday life. Individuals, groups, or cultures that conform specifically to the norm or deviate little from it are often also not sensitive enough to recognize „othering“ as such. It is therefore condemned by many people as a meaningless theory that seems to have no real use.

Conclusion on the topic of „Othering“ as well as similar terminology

The bottom line is that „othering“ represents a social phenomenon that involuntarily or arbitrarily demarcates or classifies people, groups, or entire cultures as different. It affects social dynamics in ways that are harmful because they are painful and hurtful. Although „othering“ is considered meaningless by critics, it sometimes has serious diversity implications.

For example, the terms „marginalization“ and „exclusion“ can be associated with the term „othering.“ In the case of „marginalization“, social exclusion also occurs; in the case of „exclusion“, there is even deliberate disadvantage and harm to different social groups.

What is the „Polar Bear 2026“ meme? Explanation, meaning, origin

„Polar Bear 2026“ is a (presumably) AI generated image of a polar bear. The image and meme is said to come from the year 2026. (So it’s from the future).

Polar Bear 2026: Origin, origin, explanation, meaning

The originator of the image is probably the Russian TikToker @gmd_arahis. He published the image on his TikTok channel on March 27, 2023. The image said, „It’s a November 2026 meme, but you won’t recognize it yet. The background music was: „After Dark“ by Mr. Kitty, a dark synthwave, synthpop, new wave song.

Link to the video: here

The video has received over 10,000 comments and 370,000 likes to date, as well as over three million views.

As of September 2023, the image spread on TikTok. Here it was published again. However, a different song was used. The song „Cumbia Masonica“ by Ø+yn & GMC was used. A strange song that can give you goosebumps.

The picture of „Polar Bear 2026“ is counted to the creepypasta. So it has a creepy, spooky and eerie vibe. This is also due to the gloomy colors and the unusual appearance of the polar bear. This image leaves you with uneasy feelings.

What is unusual about „Polar Bear 2026“ are the ears or eyes of the bear. These appear abnormal. Also strange is that the bear is looking at the camera in the middle of the night, well lit, while being photographed.

Polar Bear 2026: Theories

One theory is that the picture is supposed to be part of the Willow Project. The Willow Project is a project that involves oil drilling in Alaska. President Biden launched this project in March 2023.

Another theory is that the polar bear is a skinwalker. That is, a human that can change its external appearance.

Another theory says that the image is supposed to stand for the future of polar bears.

Finally, „Polar Bear 2026“ simply stands for people’s imagination. You can interpret what you want into the image, but you can also just as easily leave it alone and tell yourself that it’s simply an AI-generated image with a strange-looking polar bear – but we humans like to creep ourselves out far too much for that.

More about Polar Bear 2026

Note: Used image at the beginning was created with Dall-E by Bing.

The editors tested the image generator Leonardo and entered „Polar Bear 2026“. The tool did not output the image of „Polar Bear 2026“, but it did output images of polar bears in snowsuits.

What is the Rainbow Bridge? Meaning, explanation, definition

The Rainbow Bridge is a bridge that consists of many colors. Over it animals go their last way when they close their eyes forever. At the end of this rainbow is a land of lush green meadows, smooth hills and lots of sunshine. Domestic animals always have food to eat here and there is permanent, beautiful spring weather. Also, it is said that old or sick animals can get well here and spend a nice time with the other animals.

This is the Rainbow Bridge

Many different versions and stories exist around the Rainbow Bridge. These are either in a novel or poem form. However, the content of these many different versions is always the same. Namely, it is about the soul of a dead animal arriving at a place called Rainbow Bridge after dying. There is food and water without end and also the weather is always nice without being too hot. There are also many other animals there to play with.

Also old or sick animals get completely healthy again at this place. Even injuries or severed limbs will heal here. In this place, the animals remain until their own keepers die. People then come to their animals after their own deaths, so that they can cross this bridge together. It is said that animals and humans are reunited at the Rainbow Bridge after a long time, but they were never spiritually separated.

The legend about the Rainbow Bridge

According to the legend, a rainbow bridge begins in the sky here and now. It shines in all colors. The beloved pet enters this territory after its death and arrives at a beautiful place – the paradise for pets. There the pet will find everything it needs as well as the optimal environment, be it meadows, valleys, fields or forests. Here they can frolic carefree with all the other animals. There is plenty of sunshine and food for all. This is where man’s best friends feel safe. All the animals that left the earth sick or maimed become healthy and strong again here.

Just the way people remember the best days with their friends. There is only one little thing that the animals miss – their beloved humans, whom they had to leave behind on Earth. The legend says that all the animals are playing together, until suddenly one of them just stops and pauses. Its gaze goes into the distance. The animal’s body begins to shake violently and its eyes also become shiny. Suddenly the animal takes off and floats over the grasses to its long-lost human, whom it then meets again. Man and animal are then reunited and nothing and no one can separate the two again. Together they then go over the so-called Rainbow Bridge.

History / Origin of the Rainbow Bridge

The fuss about the Rainbow Bridge arose some time ago. Some sources indicate that the origin is in 1980 in the United States. However, since then, several people have proclaimed themselves as the author of this story. However, authors such as William N. Britton, Paul C. Dahm or Wallae Sife are considered to be the originators of these poems or novels. In German, the version of Norbert van Tiggelen is known.

However in February 2023 the actual author of the rainbow bridge could be made out. This was reported by the magazine „National Geographic“. According to it the history was written down by a Scottish woman with the name Edna Clyne-Rekhy in the year 1959, when this was 19 years old. The occasion was the death of her beloved dog, a Labrador retriever. The Scotswoman was discovered when an art historian named Paul Koudounaris set out to track down the author. Paul Koudounaris has long been involved in cultural anthropological stories. He also published some manuscripts and photographs that clearly prove that the Scotswoman had put this story on paper.

Scot kept her story to herself for a long time. Many of her peers had tried to encourage her to publish this story. However, she vehemently refused to do so. She merely distributed a few copies to her friends. The story of the Rainbow Bridge spread so widely in the United States in the 1990s that the story suddenly became a legend. Hundreds of millions of readers enjoyed this beautifully written text. However, no one knew the author. Therefore, it was not surprising that many pet morticians or various grief counselors put themselves in the light as the originators of this story.

What makes the Rainbow Bridge so popular?

For many years, people pondered how the concept of a rainbow bridge became so successful. A meaningful rationale may have originated in the Christian tradition. In this theology, animals do not have souls and therefore cannot go to heaven. This could explain why these animals continue to exist in the afterlife at the Rainbow Bridge. In the United States, which is particularly Christian, many people believe this.

Other assertions again refer to a Nordic mythology. Here the rainbow bridge is also called „Bifröst“. It is said to connect nine worlds. Another derivation could also come from the Bible and refer to the ark and Noah. According to this story, the rainbow could then mean the end of the Flood and all the animals could then leave the Ark.

Paul Koudounaris had interviewed the author himself. She states that she did not grow up very spiritually. When her dog died, it was not her first experience with death. She had already lost her father four years earlier. She first felt anger at that time and then later realized that one actually has a good position on earth while alive. And she was overcome by this very feeling again when she wrote this famous story about pets. At least once it can be stated that the thought of the deceased, beloved animal staying in a well-protected place until you see it again is a very comforting idea for pet owners.

What is vaccine shedding? Meaning, explanation, definition

A number of abstruse theories about the Corona pandemic have been spawned on many social networks. The latest conspiracy theory is called vaccine shedding. This term first spread on Telegram channels among anti-vaccination activists. Here, namely, unvaccinated people fear that vaccinated people who have been vaccinated against the coronavirus with a spike protein can pass on this spike protein by coughing or physical contact. In some forums, unvaccinated people have reported that they have been afflicted with various symptoms after contact with vaccinated people. This now fear of meeting vaccinated people is being actively discussed.

Vaccine shedding is hotly debated on numerous forums. Basically it is about the fact that vaccinated persons can excrete the spike proteins again, for example by skin contact or by coughing. Thus they would „infect“ unvaccinated people. If one believes the discussion, women in particular can suffer miscarriages after being „infected“, or they can also suffer period bleeding that occurs irregularly. In addition, headaches and nausea after shedding cannot be ruled out.

However, a virologist at Med-Uni Vienna has said that this is complete humbug. The spike protein is in fact injected into a muscle. It cannot be excreted from there in individual components. If one were to assume that the spike proteins penetrate into the saliva, as claimed by the critics, this would be the end of the line for the proteins. The saliva would break down the proteins.

How vaccine shedding occurs

Some Telegram groups report that unvaccinated people who have met, hugged or even had sexual contact with vaccinated people have experienced symptoms of illness afterwards. They refer to this phenomenon as shedding. However, the shedding feared by the unvaccinated does not exist in this way. If one were to believe the false claims, freshly vaccinated people would form viral spike proteins after a few weeks, which they can then pass on via skin contact or exhalation. At least that is how it is explained on the Telegram channels. The author of the post refers to reports from test subjects. He also explicitly emphasizes that these observations are not set in stone, but rather based on medical and scientific articles. Furthermore, he states that the vaccine from various manufacturers would lead to shedding.

Those who fear shedding are not generally afraid of contracting corona, but rather fear other consequences. For example, women might become infertile. However, there is no evidence that women could become infertile after receiving a Corona vaccine.

There are some false claims mixed in the various Telegram channels. For example, there is also discussion that vaccinated people emit electromagnetic radiation. The claims surrounding vaccine shedding tend to be classified as conspiracy theories.

Is vaccine shedding really possible?

The all-clear can be given here – mere contact with vaccinated people cannot cause symptoms of disease. The vaccines approved here do not contain live Covid-19 virus, nor does it contain the feared spike protein. Only the blueprint for the immune system is assembled via the mRNA vaccine.

It is also completely absurd that people who are vaccinated against Covid-19 will contract the virus as a result. The vaccine only activates the immune system to fight the virus in case of infection. Of course, after vaccination, people may experience fatigue or fever later. However, this is a normal protective mechanism of the body, which means that now a protection against the virus is built. However, these symptoms such as fatigue or fever cannot be transferred to unvaccinated people. In general, vaccinated people do not excrete anything that could infect other people and thus cause symptoms of disease.

Pathogens capable of multiplying are only found in live vaccines. However, these are not yet on the market against Covid-19. But even in these substances, the virus is so attenuated that the disease cannot be triggered by it. These vaccinations with live vaccines include, for example, vaccinations against rubella, measles or mumps. However, the possibility of various vaccination reactions cannot be ruled out here either.

What is Ghostlighting? Meaning, explanation, definition

Ghostlighting describes a negative, harmful behavior in the field of dating and is frequently discussed in social networks. It is a portmanteau of gaslighting and ghosting. People have always behaved in this way when it came to initiating relationships, but the phenomenon has spread almost like a virus through the Internet, so that very many people affected report their negative experiences. Ghostlighting is one of the most unpleasant behaviors in dating.

Ghosting and Gaslighting – Very Toxic Dating Behavior

Ghostlighting is the combination of two harmful behaviors. Ghosting means that a person you were dating before suddenly disappears from your life without breaking up with you first. They have blocked you on all communication channels and are no longer tangible – they have effectively become a ghost. For the person who is ghosted, the behavior leaves more than a bland aftertaste.

Because she never receives answers to her question about why. Unless she has a strong sense of self, she inevitably begins to doubt herself. Gaslighting is a similar phenomenon, but it is accompanied by strong manipulation. This dating behavior can also be observed increasingly for several years. The term refers to the 1938 play „Gaslight,“ in which the perpetrator manipulates his victim by spreading untruths to such an extent that he doubts his own perception.

How does ghostlighting work?

The perpetrators use different tactics for this purpose. At the beginning, the Ghostlighter distances himself from his acquaintance or breaks off contact completely. This behavior hurts and unsettles, but most people can put such an experience behind them over time. But this is not the end of the dating relationship. For all of a sudden, the Ghostlighter reappears and makes untrue claims about the other person. The victim is primarily blamed for the failure of the relationship. The perpetrator uses intensive manipulation for this purpose and tries to make the victim accept his view as correct and doubt his own perception. The victim not only has to cope with gaslighting, but also with the manipulation.

How do you recognize Ghostlighting? How? Properties

As with all manipulations, it is not easy to identify the behaviors. Often it is even very appealing when the former date gets in touch again and one has the hope to be able to continue the relationship after all. One deals intensely with the idea of reunion, because ghostlighters are very adept at using compliments to give the impression of genuine affection. At this stage, the manipulation has long since begun, but in the sign of newly kindled hope, the victim can hardly perceive it.

The perpetrator tries to make the victim feel guilty, blames him or her for the failure of the relationship, and exerts control in many ways. As soon as you sense that the ex or exes have only come back to blame you for the breakup, you should distance yourself as soon as possible and end the relationship. Because manipulative behavior is the opposite of open communication, which should be the basis of any good relationship.

Characteristics: Ghostlighting

Ghostlighters are avoidant people who have a problem communicating openly. They do not take responsibility for the relationship. It is not uncommon for them to have narcissistic traits and low self-esteem. Some are inveterate liars, wholly uninterested in the feelings of their victims. Those who are with a Ghostlighter may never get honest answers to their questions. So you should carefully consider whether you really want to spend time with someone who behaves in such a questionable way.

What is the Burnt Toast Theory? Meaning, explanation, definition

Time and again, social media platforms are the birthplace of trending terms, such as the „Burnt Toast Theory,“ which is supposed to provide more optimism and inventiveness in relation to individual everyday problems. Using a small mishap – namely a burnt slice of toast for the morning breakfast – the idea is to prove that you can still make something beautiful out of it. And so the literally burnt toast is elaborately styled and provided with pretty patterns so that it can potentially still be eaten or at least viewed as a small work of art.

In this way, the „Burnt Toast Theory“ is supposed to teach people to make the best of even bad situations and not let small mishaps ruin their day. But, what it has to do with the so-called „Burnt Toast Theory“ now in particular and where the term comes from, and/or where this is to be found in the everyday life everywhere, over it the reader in the now following article more detailed information is supplied.

Definition of the term „Burnt Toast Theory“

„Burnt Toast Theory“ is a three-part term composed of the adjective „burnt“, and the nouns „toast“ and „theory“. If you combine these three words and translate them into German, the result would be something like „the theory of the burnt slice of toast“. This refers to the morning slice of toast that stayed in the toaster too long and therefore burned. Toast is a popular ingredient for preparing breakfast. For this purpose, toast is placed in a toaster, toasted and then topped with cheese, sausage or other ingredients. However, if the toast burns in the toaster, it is considered an annoying mishap, as the slice of toast can now (and should!) no longer be eaten. However, if you scrape away the burnt bits or shape them into little works of art with the tip of a knife, the mishap turns into a joyful situation.

Origin and meaning of the „Burnt Toast Theory“

The „Burnt Toast Theory“ is a classic social media trend that probably originated on the TikTok platform in early 2023. Here, a user had a mishap in which his or her slice of toast burned in the toaster. Instead of getting angry and throwing the slice of toast in the trash, the user took his knife and carved little emojis into the toast. In this way, the user turned the burnt toast into a small work of art. On top of that, the user removed the burnt parts and was finally able to eat the toast.

At the core of the „Burnt Toast Theory“ is the idea that everyday difficulties and failures should be met with serenity and creativity. The idea behind this is that life is „part of a bigger plan“ and that one should instead be more accepting, or rather accepting of things.

Use of the phrase „Burnt Toast Theory“

After its emergence in early 2023, the term „Burnt Toast Theory“ went viral and since then we have encountered it in many, different areas of life. The following areas have particularly stood out:

  • Social Media
  • Esoterica
  • Everyday language

The subsections below will therefore look again specifically at the use of the phrase „Burnt Toast Theory“ in these three areas.

Social media platform TikTok

On social media, the „Burnt Toast Theory“ is currently a popular challenge on the platform TikTok. There, users encourage each other to post short videos or pictures of their little works of art – namely, burnt slices of toast. To do this, the toast slices are often deliberately placed in the toaster for too long and then embellished with knife tips or other kitchen utensils. Especially popular are patterns of animals or emojis, which are inserted into the burnt toast slices.


The „Burnt Toast Theory“ has sometimes also arrived in esotericism and meets with plenty of approval there. After all, it is a wisdom to make the best of his life. For this, the external circumstances should be taken as they come. Because the „Burnt Toast Theory“ stands above all for optimism, inventiveness and, not least, positive emotions. Therefore the „Burnt Toast Theory“ develops increasingly also to a wisdom preached in the esotericism, and/or to a popular life concept.

Spoken everyday language

After the „Burnt Toast Theory“ spread virally on social media, it naturally also found its way into spoken everyday language. Thus, the expression is now frequently used in conversations among young people as well as users of social media platforms. Meanwhile, science and behavioral research are also interested in this term and the concept behind it, which is why the use of „Burnt Toast Theory“ will increase significantly in the coming months and years.

Social Classification of „Burnt Toast Theory“

In social terms, the term „Burnt Toast Theory“ can currently still be used primarily for younger target groups, such as Generations Y, Z and Alpha. These are the preferred users of the social media platform TikTok. However, the term is now also understood by older people as well as esotericists and scientists. What is particularly interesting here is that the curve of the comprehensibility of the term is increasing more and more.

Critical view of the „Burnt Toast Theory“

Although the „Burnt Toast Theory“ is an everyday phenomenon that was discovered purely by chance, there are many critics who strongly doubt the meaningfulness of the concept behind it. The criticism is that a succinct slice of toast should never be emblematic of one’s entire life. Many critics also see the „Burnt Toast Theory“ as nothing more than a broad, clumsy TikTok trend.

Conclusion on the „Burnt Toast Theory“ and other terms from this context

In summary, the „Burnt Toast Theory“ can be described as a new TikTok trend that is currently spreading virally and has meanwhile also arrived in esotericism as well as science. A mishap in everyday life is used to show that life can be made much easier with optimism and creativity. In addition, the „Burnt Toast Theory“ is strongly directed against waste. The „Burnt Toast Theory“ can therefore also be seen as a live hack for individual mental health.

Moreover, the expression „Burnt Toast Theory“ shows parallels to the concepts „improvisation“ and „serendipity“. „Improvisation“ is an ability to resolve an unexpected situation. Serendipity, on the other hand, refers to the ability to recognize positive opportunities and events and to take the best possible advantage of them.

What does „Career Cushioning“ mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

Career cushioning“ is a new trendy term that refers to the proverbial „Plan B“ for one’s career. In times when large companies are laying off thousands of employees, many employees are no longer so sure of their own position in the company. Gone, furthermore, are the days when an employee spends his or her entire working life with just one employer. „Career Cushioning“ serves here as a proactive approach to literally cushion the potential case in the event of a layoff.

In addition to the aforementioned approach, the term „career cushioning“ has become a viral trending term on social media as well as in spoken everyday language in recent months and years. Nevertheless, „Career Cushioning“ is far from being understood by everyone. The following article aims to change this and clarify the definition, meaning and types of „Career Cushioning“.

Definition of the term „Career Cushioning“

The term „Career Cushioning“ comes from the English language and is composed of the noun „career“ and the noun „cushioning“. Therefore, „career cushioning“ could be roughly translated as „career padding“.

This refers to the deliberate safeguarding of one’s own career through alternative career paths or occupations that secure one’s income. This does not necessarily have to be an employment relationship, but can also be self-employment, entrepreneurial activity or investment.

„Career cushioning“ has become an extremely popular approach among employees to provide the best possible protection against the vagaries of modern working life.

Origin and interpretation of „Career Cushioning“

The exact origin of the term „career cushioning“ is not known, but the expression probably emerged in 2022 or 2023 on social media platforms, such as YouTube, Instagram or TikTok. Larger companies in particular, such as Amazon or Twitter, experienced major waves of layoffs in early 2023. The tragic individual fates of the laid-off employees encouraged many employees of other companies to secure their individual careers through suitable alternatives.

In the case of „career cushioning,“ however, one’s own career is initially only „cushioned,“ but not yet directly changed. Interesting alternatives are opened up, but these do not necessarily have to be taken up, as long as there is no danger of a potential job loss. „Career cushioning“ can also be pursued by the self-employed or entrepreneurs. Basically, this only refers to a „Plan B for one’s career“.

Use of the term „Career Cushioning“

The term „Career Cushioning“ is used in a wide variety of contexts today. Particularly popular uses include on social media and in spoken everyday language. Unofficially, „Career Cushioning“ is mainly used by employees – by them, the expression is mainly used in conversations with colleagues.

Types of Career Cushioning

„Career cushioning“ can be implemented in a variety of ways. Among the most widely used are the following:

  • Reorientation to other jobs
  • Establishing part-time self-employment
  • Entrepreneurship

In the further course of this article, the various forms of „Career Cushioning“ will be discussed in detail.

Application to other jobs

The most widespread form of „career cushioning“ is when employees apply for other jobs in addition to their actual job. This involves sending out countless applications for interesting jobs, some of which are then not accepted. It can also be a case of accepting a side job that primarily secures one’s own income or makes it easier to build up financial reserves that give more room for maneuver if the main job is no longer available.

Part-time self-employment

Career cushioning“ also often involves employees setting up a part-time self-employed business. This usually serves to provide financial security, but can also be used as a stepping stone to full-time self-employment. With self-employment, one is not dependent on a single employer, but can spread the individual risk over many clients.


Last but not least, when „career cushioning,“ many employees craft their own business on the side. This can be done in a sustainable manner so that one’s own company can eventually replace one’s own job, or that job can be terminated. In this way, too, a „double bottom“ can be created with regard to one’s own career.

Social classification of „Career Cushioning“

In social terms, „career cushioning“ can be assigned to almost all age and population groups. The only important thing is that the people involved must be gainfully employed. This includes employees, the self-employed, as well as entrepreneurs or investors, who at the same time keep a wide range of options open with regard to their individual career planning. „Career cushioning“ is also used by users of various social media platforms and has gone viral, not least because of this. However, the term is often only understood by younger people, or by people who deal with behavioral research on the labor market. The term „career cushioning“ is generally less often understood by older target groups as well as retirees or pensioners.

Critical view of „Career Cushioning“

„Career cushioning“ is viewed in a decidedly negative light, especially by employers. After all, it is indirectly a matter of disloyalty to one’s own employer, who at the same time is looking for alternative job offers or sources of income. In the worst case, this can result in the employee in question changing jobs and no longer being available to the company. In addition, this can also mean that the employee in question is not devoting his or her entire working capacity to the current job, but has inwardly already quit and is no longer giving the job his or her full attention. The constant „maintaining of alternative options“ is considered a phenomenon of today’s society, which also extends to other areas of life (for example, partner search). Overall, „Career Cushioning“ is therefore a negative trend for the employer, but rather a positive, liberating trend for the employee.

Conclusion on „Career Cushioning“ and other terminology

The bottom line is that „career cushioning“ is a new trend in the labor market, where employees consciously keep several options open with regard to their own career. These may include alternative job opportunities, part-time self-employment, or entrepreneurship. „Career cushioning“ thus serves to secure an individual’s income or career options.

The terms „Silent Resignation“ and „Bore-out“ are very similar to the term „Career Cushioning“. Silent resignation“ refers to an internal resignation in which the employee no longer has any desire for the existing employment relationship, but does not terminate it. Bore-out, on the other hand, is exhaustion due to boredom in the existing job. All three terms come from the field of workplace research.

What is greedflation? Meaning, explanation, definition

Greedflation is a colloquial term for profit-price spiral. The word combines the two terms inflation and greed. Inflation has already caused prices to rise sharply. Not only energy prices, but especially food prices seem to know only one way: upwards. Greedflation denounces the approach of manufacturers to pass on unjustified price increases to customers.

In June 2023, the inflation rate was 6.1%. Although it fell a little from the previous month, food prices continued to rise significantly – by almost 15%. Currently, food costs 22% more than in the same period last year. Initially, crises due to the Corona pandemic, high energy costs and the Ukraine war triggered inflation. But it is now becoming increasingly obvious that companies are also driving up prices without need. This process is called greedflation. Now it is no longer cost pressure that is the trigger, but greed. The high costs are no longer comprehensible to most consumers. They no longer see the enormous price increases justified by energy costs. Consumers are not the only ones to accuse the manufacturers of pure greed behind this.

Monetary authorities have no real means of combating greedflation

Even the head of the ECB, Christina Lagarde, noted pronounced greedflation among companies in June 2023. She criticised the economy unusually harshly and argued that it was artificially driving up the inflation rate. For the high prices are not only an annoyance for consumers, the ECB also has a problem with them. But in the end it lacks the possibility to influence companies and stop their greed for profit. Because greed cannot be curbed with monetary policy.

The phenomenon of greedflation is not only criticised by the ECB; large insurance companies also see an increasing profit-taking on the part of manufacturers, which is supported by a lack of competition. They say this is particularly noticeable among producers of dairy products and seasonal fruit and vegetables. Prices have also risen disproportionately in tourism. For example, airline tickets sometimes cost twice as much as in the previous year, but paraffin prices have fallen sharply.

Just as for end consumers, the huge price increases are neither comprehensible nor justified for consumer advocates. In the meantime, the Federal Cartel Office has received several customer complaints about unfair price increases in the food sector. When asked by consumer advocates, the authority stated that it was monitoring the situation, but so far it has not intervened.

German government takes a stand on greedflation

For the German government, the main reason for the inflationary rise in food prices is the Russian war of aggression on Ukraine. This has had a considerable impact on agricultural markets, which have suffered enormous cost increases due to rising energy prices, a lack of raw materials and interrupted supply chains.

When asked about unjustified price increases in the food sector, the federal government wrote that it was hardly possible to make any statements about the factors driving inflation in relation to company profits. When asked to what extent it intended to intervene here, it replied that an amendment to the law had been drafted which would allow the Federal Cartel Office in future to order measures to promote competition. The Cartel Office may have to take action.

How often do men think of the Roman Empire? Explanation memes, meaning, origin

„How often do men think of the Roman Empire“ is a TikTok trend that became popular in September 2023.

The meme works as follows: A partner, brother, father, or mainly a man is filmed reacting to the question of how often he thinks of the Roman Empire. Here – so the videos give the impression – men think of the Roman Empire quite often. But why?

How often do men think of the Roman Empire? Explanation memes, meaning, origin

The portrayal of the Roman Empire in the media and especially in movies is quite positive. Everyone probably knows the movie Gladiator. Everyone has also heard of „Ben Hur“ and the Asterix movies should also be known.

In 4X computer games / video games, the Roman Empire is often a theme when it comes to military, expansion and battle. These are, for example, the following games: Total War, Civilization, Cesar III, The Settlers, Age of Empires and Emperor.

The Roman Empire was considered advanced, expansive and successful. The Romans are known for impressive buildings such as the Colosseum, the Forum, equaducts and temples. They are known (and infamous) for their military, their legionaries, and their formations (most notably the turtle formation). When you think of the Roman Empire, you think of Ceasar, Nero, Hannibal, Pontius Pilate and gladiator fights.

Men recreate the Colosseum in Minecraft.

Origin of How often do men think of the Roman Empire?

The „how often do men think of the Roman Empire“ trend may have been started by TikTok user gaiusflavius. He a Swedish content creator who thematizes the Roman Empire in his videos. He answers questions about the Roman Empire, he does reenactment and also publishes skit videos about the Roman Empire. Yes, he even creates memes to and about the Roman Empire.

On August 19, 2023, gaiusflavius published a post on his Instagram account in which he commented on how most women have no idea how often men think about the Roman Empire. He urged his female readers to ask their partner, friend, father or brother because the answer will surprise them. (The Instagram post has received over 55,000 likes as of September 22).

On TikTok, he published the same post on September 13, 2023.

TikTok: gaiusflavius

Instagram: gaiusflavius

But, why do men think of the Roman Empire now? Explanation, reasons

There are several reasons why men think about the Roman Empire more often.

Interest in history: they are interested in history. They are interested in empires, past empires and societies. After all, the influence of the Romans can still be felt today.

Interest in military strategy: The military was a central part of the Roman Empire. Legionaries are familiar to everyone and some battles everyone can name. (E.g. the Varus battle has special meaning the Germans and the history of the Teutons).

Interest in culture: Think of as the statues and art objects created by the people of this empire.

Interest in architecture: Some buildings of the Romans already survive 2,000 years. That’s impressive. The Romans had a cement that in some cases lasts better and longer than the modern cement used in 20th/21st century construction.

Popular culture: The Roman Empire is the subject of many books and films. The movies Gladiator, Ben Hur and the Life of Brian all deal with the Roman Empire.

Projection: for some men, the Roman Empire represents masculinity, power, aggression, struggle, and defense. (Think gladiators and the Roman Army.) An interest in the Roman Empire may indicate that they lack these qualities in their own lives or society.

Self-Perception / Image of Masculinity: Also, an increased interest in the Roman Empire may represent a desire to be more masculine, trained, and aggressive.

Escapism: The present is full of problems and impending catastrophes. A look into the past can distract from this. Because things were supposedly different back then.

However, the Roman Empire is seen in a very positive light and idealized. But the Romans could also be very brutal. In the punitive measure of decimation, one of ten soldiers was chosen by lot to be killed by the other nine. Who, please, kills his comrade!?

In families in the Roman Empire, the head of the family decided whether a newborn was kept and cared for or abandoned. That must have been horrible for the mothers.

Comment: Now that the meme has become more popular, men will probably still say as a joke that they think of the Roman Empire quite often.

More on How often do men think of the Roman Empire?

The hashtag #romanempire has been used over a billion times on TikTok.

Who is GX Aura? Life, profile, biography

GX Aura is an English VTuber and Twitch streamer who became known as the mascot of the Opera GX gaming browser.

GX Aura: Life, biography, profile

GX Aura appears exclusively as an animated young woman with long black and red hair with a pink swirl. The swirl is shaped so that it ends in a round shape above her head, reminiscent of the Opera browser icon.

It is not known who exactly is behind the avatar GX Aura. GX Aura’s voice is female and has an English accent. She sometimes uses Japanese expressions, but basically speaks English.

GX Aura made her Twitch debut in August 2023, and Opera had previously held a casting call in April 2023 for people with at least one social media account and 18 years of age or older to apply. GX Aura has had an account on X (formerly Twitter) as Aura since October 2022. After debuting, her account on X (formerly Twitter) was renamed GXAuraOfficial.

GX Aura has quickly become known as the mascot of Opera GX as the browser has become increasingly popular with gamers. Opera GX offers streamers built-in functionality with streaming platforms like Twitch, making it easier for them to stream video games due to higher processing power.

GX Aura: songs, avatar, controversy over number of views

In addition to gaming content, GX Aura’s accounts on TikTok and YouTube regularly feature videos of her singing short song covers.

By exclusively using an avatar, GX Aura belongs to the so-called VTubers, which stands for Virtual YouTubers. This refers to all YouTubers who take on the role of an animated character throughout their performances.

Both Opera GX and GX Aura came under fire in August 2023 when it turned out that GS Aura’s Twitch stream had been integrated into Opera GX’s homepage. This may have artificially increased the account’s viewership, according to the criticism. Opera GX countered that views for the account only count when the video is actually clicked on, not when the start page is called up.

GX Aura: Twitch, Twitter, YouTube, TikTok

Twitch: gx_aura

Twitter: GXAuraOfficial

TikTok: @gxaura

YouTube: @GXAuraOfficial

Who is Sam Sulek? Life, profile, biography

Sam Sulek is an American bodybuilder, TikToker and YouTuber who has gained several million followers on various social media platforms with fitness videos.

Sam Sulek: life, biography, profile

Sam Sulek was born on February 7, 2002 in the city of Delaware, in the American state of Ohio. He is 180 cm tall, weighs 108 kg and is 21 years old. Sam’s zodiac sign is Aquarius and he has an older sister and a younger brother.

After graduating from Delaware Hayes High School, Sam transferred to Miami University in Ohio to study mechanical engineering. At the same time, he participated in diving and gymnastics competitions.

In parallel, Sam opened accounts on TikTok and YouTube in July 2022. On TikTok, he first attracted attention with short fitness videos. On YouTube, he shared longer videos of his workouts.

Sam Sulek quickly became known for his extremely muscular upper body. Add to that a calm, personable personality, and his videos became viral hits. As of September 2023, Sam has 1.13 million subscribers on YouTube, 1.3 million followers on TikTok and 1.1 million followers on Instagram.

Sam Sulek: training, diet, accusations

Sam Sulek pays special attention to training his upper body, back and arms. He trains these areas of the body individually and with great intensity, which, according to him, is how his upper body has become so muscular.

He consumes more than 5,000 calories per day. In addition to meat and protein shakes, this includes foods that are unusual for bodybuilders, such as milk, chocolate drinks, cornflakes and donuts.

Although he has built up so much muscle mass despite his unhealthy diet, many bodybuilding observers assume that Sam Sulek takes anabolic steroids. Especially because he suffers from acne and shortness of breath, both side effects of steroid use. However, these are exclusively speculations that are not proven.

Sam Sulek: TikTok, YouTube, Instagram

TikTok: @sam_sulek

YouTube: @sam_sulek

Instagram: sam_sulek

On TikTok, Sam Sulek has over 1.3 million followers. On Instagram, he has over 1.2 million followers.

What is Tipflation? Meaning, explanation, definition

The way tips are handled varies from country to country. While in Germany, 10 to 15% of the bill is recommended as a tip and the guest gives it voluntarily if he or she was satisfied, in the USA, for example, it is customary to put the tip directly on the bill and add it to the cost of the meal.

In Germany, guests have the freedom to skimp on the tip or refuse it altogether if they were not satisfied with the service or the food. Here, there is no right to tip, though it is granted in most cases. In the U.S., on the other hand, innkeepers or service personnel take tips for granted. Here, they are considered part of the income, because wages in the restaurant business are so low that it is almost impossible to make a living from them.

Tipflation is the inflation of tips

Now a new trend has emerged in the U.S.: tipflation, a neologism made up of inflation and tip, describes the condition in which tips have risen excessively, almost as a matter of course. Employees in the catering trade put the tip from the outset as a fixed amount on the bill – this can be 20% and more, because less is basically regarded as a bad tip.

In relation to the service provided, the tips are less and less justified, as this increasingly leaves a lot to be desired. Even during the Corona pandemic, tips in the USA rose sharply. Now (2023), pubs and restaurant staff are tightening their demands even more. They believe they are entitled to high tips and complain massively if they think the tips are too low.

Since service employees in the USA regard their tips not as a reward for good service but as part of their salary, they believe they can always demand more. This behavior is particularly pronounced with credit card payments. Guests are not even asked whether they are willing to pay a tip; instead, they are given a fixed sum. Guests are coerced into paying a tip. More and more feel they are being taken advantage of and find the high demands simply outrageous.

Tipflation: The tipping culture in the USA is becoming a nuisance

Tips are a significant part of the income of employees in the service sector in the USA. According to surveys, tips increased 17% from October to December 2022 (compared to the same period last year). This applies not only to restaurants, but also to snack chains, which by design offer less service and quality.

Meanwhile, restaurant chains are even adding tips to the bill for self-service diners. Even at supermarket checkouts, where customers scan the goods themselves, tips have recently been added to the bill. Tip inflation is so rampant that even hotels are demanding flat rates for tips. These can be as high as 30 U.S. dollars per night.

Conclusion: Tipflation

In the USA, a compulsion to tip has meanwhile developed, leading to more and more resentment among the clientele. There is still no agreement on when and, above all, how much to tip. As a result of the Corona pandemic and the Ukrainian war, more and more employees in the service industry are having to reckon with a drop in pay. Thus, the call for higher tips is becoming louder and louder in Europe as well. But imposing an indirect obligation on customers is deeply dubious.

What does Body Neutrality mean? Meaning, properties, explanation, definition

Self-confidence and well-being can only be achieved if our individual body perception is also positive. Today, however, we increasingly live in a world where social pressure and beauty standards are omnipresent. Social and media influences also ensure that self-acceptance is increasingly relegated to the background. The term „Body Neutrality“ pursues a revolutionary approach here, in which one’s own body is viewed in a completely neutral way and is evaluated neither extremely positively nor negatively.

But what exactly does „Body Neutrality“ actually mean and what is the concept behind it? The following article should give the reader an interesting insight into the inspiring world of „Body Neutrality“ and provide practical insights into this new trend. In addition, all the advantages and disadvantages of „Body Neutrality“ will be shown.

Definition of „Body Neutrality“

The word „Body Neutrality“ comes from the English language and is composed of the two terms „body“ and „neutrality“. Combined, „body neutrality“ can therefore be roughly translated as „neutrality towards one’s own body“.

Behind „Body Neutrality“ stands an ideology that promotes individual self-acceptance. The initial aim is to create a positive self-image. Instead of concentrating purely on outward appearances, the focus is instead directed to inner values. A neutral and less judgmental attitude towards one’s own and other bodies thus serves as an instrument to strengthen psychological well-being and not to view the body and life exclusively as an aesthetic object.

„Body Neutrality“ therefore indirectly stands for self-love, acceptance, and less superficiality, as less importance is attached to a person’s outward appearance.

Origin and meaning of „Body Neutrality“

The exact origin of the expression „Body Neutrality“ is not exactly known. Presumably, however, „Body Neutrality“ is a further development of the „Body Positivity“ trend that has emerged within the past few years in the social media. What is striking is the fact that this trend is also composed of two nouns and basically consists of the word „body“ and another noun. This creates a certain recognition value, as „body positivity“ is already widely known and „body neutrality“ sounds quite similar. Nevertheless, the latter term developed independently in the online as well as self-help community and can be traced back to the desire to cultivate a healthier and more unbiased relationship with one’s own and other bodies.

Use of „Body Neutrality“

Today, we encounter the term „Body Neutrality“ in many different aspects of life. It has long since established itself in normal linguistic usage, although some areas are particularly predestined for the use of „Body Neutrality“:

  • Esotericism
  • social media
  • Everyday life

The following paragraphs therefore once again provide more comprehensive information on the most common areas of use of the trendy term „Body Neutrality“.


„Body Neutrality“ has increasingly become a trending term in the esoteric community as it promotes the principles of self-acceptance and inner peace. Thus, „Body Neutrality“ promotes a holistic view of one’s own body and directs the focus away from purely physical aspects. Especially in esotericism, turning towards spirituality and away from earthly things are of enormous importance. The body is said to be a temple of the soul. Esoteric practices, such as self-love and yoga, support this – „body neutrality“ appears to be the perfect attitude for achieving this.

On social media platforms

Contrary to the previous approach on social media à la „Higher, faster, further!“, „Body Neutrality“ is becoming increasingly popular among many users. As a result, many users are now posting pictures of themselves in which they appear unflattering or unstaged. Neutral pictures and postures as well as a lower focus on optics make this trend so appealing. At the same time, the word „body neutrality“ is being spread virally on social media in the form of hashtags.

In everyday language

The term „body neutrality“ has also become part of everyday language, where it is used and understood by young people and adults alike. Body neutrality“ is used here in both spoken and written everyday language, such as on WhatsApp.

All advantages and disadvantages of „Body Neutrality“ at a glance

„Body Neutrality“ offers both advantages and disadvantages. The advantages include:

  • more neutral and less judgmental approach to one’s own body
  • reduced social pressure
  • healthier self-image and better mental health
  • more focus on the functionality and health of one’s own body

In turn, the disadvantages of „Body Neutrality“ include:

  • not suitable for everyone
  • no one-size-fits-all solution in terms of individual (health) challenges
  • individual needs and preferences are equally important
  • Critical view of „Body Neutrality“.

While „Body Neutrality“ is an overall positive achievement, it is also sometimes strongly challenged from many quarters. In the eyes of critics, the idea of neutrality with regard to one’s own body gives the impression that people are indifferent to their external appearance, or to their health. Furthermore, a lack of aesthetics and effort in relation to the outer appearance is criticized. Furthermore, it is questioned whether „body neutrality“ can be adequately implemented in a society characterized by external beauty ideals. Critical self-reflection and a certain degree of „body neutrality“ should also be maintained. Critics also see „Body Neutrality“ as another abstruse trendy term that differs little from the already familiar „Body Positivity“ and thus does not „reinvent the wheel“.

Conclusion on the topic of „Body Neutrality“ as well as similar terms

In summary, „Body Neutrality“ represents a slight variation of „Body Positivity“, which preaches positivity in relation to one’s own body. In „Body Neutrality“, on the other hand, a certain neutrality, or indifference, is desired. Here, too, the focus is turned away from outward appearance. The goal is to promote mental health. Both „Body Neutrality“ and „Body Positivity“ represent trend movements of the esoteric and the self-help scene. The practice of „Body Neutrality“ does not follow any particular scheme and can be freely decided by each individual. Only the embodied values are important.

Related to the term „Body Neutrality“ are, among others, the words „self-acceptance“ and „self-love“. While „self-acceptance“ only aims at the mere acceptance of one’s own body, „self-love“ expresses an unconditional love towards one’s own body.

What are jellyfish parents? Meaning, explanation, definition

Since the 2020s, new names characterizing educational goals have been appearing on the web time and again. Ultimately, they are all variations on long-known parenting styles that are gaining a lot of popularity through social media platforms.

The term jellyfish parenting is modeled on the anatomy of jellyfish: the animals are flabby, soft, translucent and barely tangible. This is exactly how jellyfish parents behave toward their children. Like invertebrates, they adapt to any situation. This has advantages, but also many disadvantages for the development of the children.

The jellyfish parenting style is as squishy, flabby, and virtually intangible as the jellyfish themselves. Jellyfish parents are flexible in every way. They are anti-authoritarian, but also imprecise, devoid of principles and clear lines. The parenting type is the opposite of the authoritarian tiger parent type, who makes very high demands on their children, expects discipline and top performance.

Jellyfish parents: advantages of the parenting style

Jellyfish parents take a very casual view of parenting. They do not have clear educational principles and are anything but strict. They are also usually very lenient themselves. (So you can’t necessarily expect them to keep deadlines exactly).

Jellyfish parents listen carefully to what their child wants and always try to fulfill their wishes. They adapt to their child, not the other way around. The child decides what to do, in all matters. However, because they are very flexible, jellyfish parents can be very spontaneous in meeting the needs of their offspring. This makes them more relaxed in stressful situations, which are common in everyday life with children. This also eliminates the possibility of stress being transferred to the child.

Children of jellyfish parents are usually more relaxed than others. They often have good self-esteem because they were allowed to act autonomously and independently at an early age. As a result, they feel safe and protected. Jellyfish parents give children the space to face challenges and encourage their adaptability. These qualities will serve the children well later in life. Since children raised by jellyfish parents have usually experienced setbacks, they know that mistakes are part of life. This is another important life skill

Jellyfish parents: Disadvantages of the parenting style

While jellyfish parents give their children a lot of freedom to make decisions, they also quickly overwhelm them. This is because children enjoy these freedoms at an age when they are not yet able to make good decisions for themselves. Since they are not given clear boundaries, they can cause very big problems for their fellow human beings later on. This is because wherever clear rules are essential (kindergarten, school, university and the workplace), conflicts will arise with fellow parents and superiors.

Jellyfish parents do not see themselves as authority figures, but in the role of their child’s best friend. But in doing so, they completely misunderstand their educational role. A child is in need of protection and is dependent on its parents. Therefore, parents must provide clear rules and set limits, otherwise you would be imposing too much responsibility on your child. Children need a strong hand or the feeling that their parents protect them, that they can lean on a strong shoulder. However, this feeling can only be conveyed if the parents also have enough backbone. This is especially important during adolescence. Also, if parents regularly put their children on the adult level, there is a risk of emotional abuse.

Conclusion: Jellyfish parents

As in many other situations, moderation is the best solution in parenting issues. It favors the healthy development of children. Rashes in extreme directions – whether waxy or very strict – are harmful and can cause psychological problems.

Of course, a relaxed, needs-oriented upbringing full of spontaneity is desirable and dealing with one’s child at eye level is often appropriate. But sometimes parents have to set clear rules and also say no once in a while without justification. Ideally, they should strike a balance between rules that their children can follow and freedom that gives their children enough room to develop. Then nothing stands in the way of their developing into self-confident, empathetic and strong people.

What does „Bharat“ mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

Rumor has it that the Indian state is planning to change its name from „India“ to „Bharat“. The latter term is not chosen at random, but has a profound significance for India and its cultural history. For this embodies the country’s spiritual heritage like no other term and is very prominent in Indian society. Those who are not familiar with the Indian (or other, South and Southeast Asian) languages, might have difficulties to assign the word „Bharat“, respectively to understand it at all. The following article should therefore give the reader a good overview of the topic of changing the name from India to „Bharat“ and provide a comprehensive explanation of the term and political classification.

Origin and meaning of the term „Bharat“ (also in other languages)

The origin of the word „Bharat“ can be traced back to Sanskrit writings several thousand years old, in which modern India is described as an ancient kingdom on the subcontinent of the same name. Presumably, the term originated from the name „Bharata,“ which must have been a mythical founder of this kingdom.

Literally translated from Sanskrit, „Bharat“ is composed of the words „bha“ (meaning „light“) and „rata“ (meaning „to love“) and can therefore be translated as „loving the light“. In Arabic, on the other hand, „Bharat“ can be translated as „spices“ – an indication that today’s India was known in ancient times primarily as a source of various spices. Again, in Indonesian, „Bharat“ means something like „westward direction,“ which is an indication that India is located west of Indonesia.

History of the term „India“

The current name „India“ is closely rooted in the colonial influences on the subcontinent that prevailed here in the mid-20th century. Thus, „India“ derives from the Indus River, which historically held a significant, geographic role. During the heyday of British colonialism in India (around the 19th century), the name „India“ was first used to describe an area on the subcontinent that was then under British rule. The idea behind this was to unite a multitude of different peoples and regions as well as languages and cultures under a single name. In addition, two other terms were created, which will be explained in more detail in the following subsections:

  • Hindustan
  • Bharat

Differentiation from Hindustan

Over the centuries, „Hindustan“ has also become a common term to describe the Indian subcontinent, especially within India. However, it refers to the religious orientation of the country, which is primarily inhabited by Hindus. In detail, however, it has always meant the northern part of the country, which has a stronger cultural connotation of Hindu religion. Therefore, „Hindustan“ is used today primarily in literary, poetic, or traditional contexts. Thus, the terms „India“ as well as „Hindustan“ differ in their usage, as well as in their meaning.

Differentiation from Bharat

While „India“ is used in international contexts, „Bharat“ sometimes appears primarily in domestic contexts. „Bharat“ emphasizes the spiritual as well as historical dimension of the country and is often used in religious and philosophical discourses. If „India“ stands more for modern, political views, „Bharat“ embodies more spirituality and national consciousness.

Political Classification of „Bharat“

The term „Bharat“ is used today, among other things, in the Constitution of the Republic of India and serves to officially name the country (domestic). The passage in question is found in Article 1 of the Constitution of India and attests to the widespread recognition of this term. „Bharat“ as an official political classification thus reflects the deep connection between the modern Indian republic and its cultural heritage. The term „Bharat“ can therefore be compared roughly with the German „Germanien,“ which is an archaic (and often used in a right-wing conservative context) designation for Germany. This is similar to the term „Bharat“ for „India“.

Use of the term „Bharat“

„Bharat“ has come back into focus with increasing frequency, especially in recent years. The reason for this is the change of India’s name sought by Indian nationalists. Therefore, „Bharat“ is used today mainly in the following contexts:

  • by Hindu nationalists
  • on social media
  • in everyday life

In the subsections below, this will also be discussed once in more detail.

Hindu nationalists

Hindu nationalists often use „Bharat“ in an ideological context to emphasize their vision of a Hindu India. „Bharat“ thus symbolizes the country’s political unity and its cultural and religious identity. The use of „Bharat“ instead of „India“ is therefore considered controversial and is attributed to the conservative camp. At the same time, „Bharat“ is seen as a countermovement to India’s pluralistic culture, regularly leads to tensions in ethnic groupings. The political use of „Bharat,“ which has increased sharply in recent months and years, thus underscores the continuous efforts of Hindu nationalists to create a more Indian identity.

Social Media

The term „Bharat“ is also increasingly used on social media. Here, it is used in politically motivated postings by right-wing conservative Indian politicians. Popular is the use in the form of so-called hashtags on Instagram as well as on Facebook and also on other social media platforms.

Everyday life

As the term becomes more common in politics and on social media, it has also become part of everyday life in India. „Bharat“ is therefore used primarily by the conservative in everyday speech, which naturally increases the momentum around the use of the term considerably.

Criticisms of the term „Bharat“ and the planned name change

The use of the term „Bharat“ and the change of India’s name sought by Indian nationalists repeatedly causes criticism as well as controversial discussions. The main criticism is that the use of „Bharat“ would be at the expense of diversity and the secular principle of India. In addition, „Bharat“ is causing division in the country and is highly controversial, especially politically. To date, there is no firm evidence that India will actually be renamed „Bharat.“

Conclusion on the topic „Bharat“ and naming of similar terms

The term „Bharat“ has a deep cultural meaning in India and can be interpreted in many ways, or translated from other languages. While it reflects the identity and diversity of India as a country, it can also be politically charged and is highly controversial, not least for this reason. Rumors of a potential change of India’s name to „Bharat“ are spread primarily by Hindu nationalists.

The words „Hindustan“ and „Aryavarta“ can also be associated with the term „Bharat.“ While „Hindustan“ is an archaic name for India (also used by nationalists), „Aryavarta“ in Sanskrit mythology refers to the land of the Aryas in part of present-day India.

What is Trauma Dumping? Meaning, explanation, definition

Trauma dumping is a trend in social networks, especially on TikTok. It is about more and more people sharing very stressful information with others, even if they are not interested in it at all.

People who are exposed to trauma dumping are confronted with a wealth of information they didn’t want to hear at the worst possible moments. The negative information is virtually forced upon them. They are forced to deal with issues that have nothing to do with them, but which they cannot simply dismiss. In most cases, the listeners do not have a suitable strategy for dealing adequately with the negative information. The abundance, in particular, can lead to strain and psychological stress.

What is Trauma Dumping? Meaning, explanation, definition

The person who practices trauma dumping is performing a kind of mental abuse – but without knowing it. He unloads all his soul ballast on a stranger, relieves himself and leaves the other person overwhelmed with it.

A few decades ago, there were still clear rules about what topics one spoke about openly or on certain occasions (for example, at lunch at the table). In the meantime, these rules have been completely softened. More and more people are confronting others with whatever is on their minds. This behavior is encouraged by the Internet, since people can be reached virtually anytime, anywhere, and by anyone. The medium of the Internet massively favors the harmful form of one-sided communication.

As soon as one enters the playground of social media platforms, one can be confronted with trauma dumping. The phenomenon is particularly pronounced among people with very large audiences (for example, streamers) who specifically want to involve their audience and thus build up a supposed closeness. Preferably, fake communication takes place in small groups between people who have no real social relationship. These relationships are called parasocial relationships.

Although the interaction with the other person creates the impression of a close relationship, this is actually not the case. So the popular people with large fan bases suggest a connection that doesn’t exist. They ask their fans about how they are feeling, so that they feel prompted to reveal intimate details. They turn their innermost feelings inside out.

Trauma dumping creates triggers

Trauma dumping is more than just rude behavior; it represents a boundary crossing and can be hurtful and upsetting. Even if it is the case that the celebrity wants to share genuine concern, it is still the wrong environment and opportunity to address health issues such as trauma. The question arises as to what the listener or viewer is supposed to do with this information. He is not a psychotherapist and can’t really help. But that is actually not what is most concerning about this behavior. In fact, he shouldn’t be embarrassed to take on this role at all. There is a big difference between saying that you are not doing too well right now and describing bad experiences from the past in detail. For in doing so, you leave your counterpart more or less perplexed. It can happen that the listener is triggered, that the negative reports bring up old, long since processed things from the subconscious and awaken very unpleasant feelings.

Conclusion: Trauma dumping

We all need to be able to let go of our worries from time to time and vent to someone we trust. This is fine if it doesn’t get out of hand. In most cases, the person involved is able to compartmentalize well. However, when he or she is confronted with real trauma on a regular and frequent basis, it is simply too much. Those who feel the urge to reveal all the details of their emotional situation should rather do so in writing – preferably with a diary entry. This relieves your own soul, but does not burden anyone else. The telephone counselling service is also a good place to start. The people on the other end of the line have been specially trained to listen to the concerns of others. Anyone who is suffering extreme distress should definitely see their doctor and seek psychotherapy.

What does „I choose violence“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

When someone chooses violence, it means that the person chooses to tell the truth and/or say something that could upset others and cause strong negative reactions.

What does „I choose violence“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

The phrase „I choose violence“ has other connotations. In further connotations, „I choose violence“ means that someone is brutally honest or intentionally says or writes hurtful words.

„I choose violence“ can also be understood to mean that someone is looking for a fight, deliberately provoking or deliberately verbally messing with others. This can then lead to beef.

In the context of K-pop, „I choose violence“ means that a K-pop star behaves in a (sexually) provocative manner.

In yet another connotation, „I choose violence“ can be understood literally. Someone here really chooses violence as a way to solve problems or remove obstacles.

Origin / History of „I choose violence“

In the eighth episode of the sixth season Game of Thrones (released in 2016), Cercei Lannister is subpoenaed to the Sept by the sect „the Sparrows“. Cercei does not comply with this summons. So the sparrows come to her in the red keep. Here the sparrows emphasize that the summons was an order and Cercei’s guard should step aside so they can take her away. The sparrows threaten Cercei to comply or there will be violence. Cercei responds: I choose violence.

This scene from Game of Thrones led to the phrase „I choose violence“ becoming widespread.

In 2019, the phrase got another connotation.
Twitter user @mtheadnothought wrote about Azelia Banks that she wakes up every morning and chooses violence. He further wrote: tbh the dedication is outstanding.

In 2020, „wake up and choose violence“ became more popular on social media.

More meaning of „I choose violence“

„Today I Choose Violence“ is a song by Christin Nichols.

„I chose Violence“ is a song by Jake Hill. (It was released in 2021.)

What does IJBOL mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

IJBOL is the abbreviation for „I just burst out laughing“. I just burst out laughing“ means „I just had to laugh“ or „I just started laughing“.

IJBOL is comparable to LOL and LMAO. But there is more behind IJBOL.

What does IJBOL mean? Meaning, explanation, definition

IJBOL means a loud laugh that just bursts out of you. It is a laugh that comes over someone just so suddenly. This can be inappropriate or even embarrassing for others. When you write IJBOL, you mean that something was very funny and you laughed out loud.

IJBOL is pronounced „eej-bowl.“

IJBOL is supposed to be more precise than LOL. Because let’s face it, people who write LOL are usually not sitting in front of their smartphones or computers laughing out loud.

IJBOL is widespread among Generation Z. Here it even serves as a replacement for LOL, ROFL and LMAO, as well as for the laughing smiley with tears. (As a replacement for the laughing smiley with tears 😂 the generation uses the skull 💀. This is used in the sense of, I’m laughing my head off.)

In addition, IJBOL has the function delimiting between the generations. Who uses IJBOL (and also feels), which gives to understand that he or she is not a Millenial.

Who writes IJBOL in text messages, gives others to understand that something was very funny and you had to laugh out loud. But IJBOL is also written simply as a reaction in chat or in the comments column. Here, too, you indicate that you are very amused by what you have just read or seen.

IJBOL can also be understood that one has finally found something funny while scrolling.

History / Origin: IJBOL

Since the years 2020 and 2021 the abbreviation IJBOL is spreading. At that time, the expression first spread among K-Pop fans. Meanwhile, many people know IJBOL and among K-pop fans the expression is still very popular.

See also:

What does IYKYK mean?

What does „anticlimactic“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

There is no semantic connection between anticlimactic and climate, even though the wording is similar. There are several words for the term that are used synonymously: diminishing, disappointing, and declining. In English usage, these are more common than the term anticlimactic.

Anticlimactic derives from anticlimax, meaning the opposite of a climax. Anticlimactic is the adjective to anticlimax, but is hardly established in the English vocabulary and is therefore rarely used. Anticlimax means „disappointment“ or „decline“ and in the vast majority of cases refers to the curve of tension in a literary work. Anticlimax describes the opposite of a traditional suspense curve. In terms of a novel, it means that the tension decreases toward the middle, but increases again toward the end.

Climax and anticlimax in the novel

The tension curve of a classic drama or narrative is called a suspense curve. Whether it’s Schiller’s „Mary Stuart“ or Shakespeare’s „Macbeth,“ if you were to depict it figuratively, you would have to draw a semicircle.

Tension increases slowly until it reaches its peak (climax) about halfway through the narrative and then drops off again until the finale. Tension can be created in the first sentence of a novel, but it should be kept at a certain level until the end so that readers do not lose interest. Whether it’s a mystery novel or a portrayal of a historical figure, a novel is boring without an arc of suspense. The suspense can be structured in different ways. This progression is more or less the basic structure of the novel.

In classical drama, a suspense arc has five stages: The plot begins with exposition and builds up to the first exciting moment. Thereupon the plot becomes more complex, there are more cures and more disturbing elements, until finally the climax of tension is reached. The drama is not yet resolved, there is still a delay that maintains the tension until the dramatic end of the story – usually a catastrophe. This structure corresponds to a drama in five acts. Authors do not always meticulously adhere to predetermined plot models. Often a well-known scheme is varied. Thus, the greatest possible individuality is achieved, shows the author:in their personal style.

Examples of an anticlimax: descending climax in linguistics

Climax is a step-like increase of expressions and a frequent stylistic device in rhetoric. The term comes from ancient Greek and means ladder or staircase. The climax clearly reinforces the overall statement. Example from the fairy tale „Rumpelstiltskin“ by the Brothers Grimm: „Today I bake, tomorrow I brew, the day after tomorrow I fetch the queen her child“. However, anticlimax is also repeatedly used as a stylistic device in linguistics. For example, a speech may be characterized by the descending order of precedence from the important to the less important. An example of a descending increment would be the enumeration „great-grandmother, grandmother, mother, and child.“

The báthos: widespread variant of the anticlimax

The báthos (ancient Greek = depth) is a humorous form of anticlimax and also a popular stylistic device. We encounter it in very different texts, mainly in expressionist poems. It describes the effect that occurs when inappropriately or misguidedly pathetic speech is used.

The term figuratively symbolizes „being sunk“ and „standing low.“ In doing so, one contrasts a higher value (the sublime) with a lower one (the ridiculous). By juxtaposing two values that are very far apart, comedy, but also drasticness, can be expressed.

Often such formulations seem unintentionally funny. An example that illustrates the juxtaposition of two very contrary values very well: „The flood cost 11 people their lives. I’ve had a damp basement ever since.“ The statement seems nonsensical, even partly immoral, because two events (one strong and one weak) are juxtaposed that cannot actually be compared.

What is „Wo Xing Shi“? TikTok, meaning, definition, explanation

„Wo xing shi“ became a dance trend on TikTok in August and September 2023.

What is „Wo xing shi“? TikTok, meaning, definition, explanation.

„Wo Xing Shi“ is a song by Chinese musician Guxi. In the original, the song is called „我姓石“ and it means „My name is Shi“. „Wo xing shi“ is the romanization of the Chinese characters „我姓石“ and accordingly means „My name is Shi“.

In the dance trend „Wo xing shi“ you usually see two people. One stands in front of the camera and sings. The other person stands in the background and dances. While the person in front of the camera sings, the person in the background changes sides. Sometimes she dances on the left, sometimes on the right. The person dancing in the background sways her hips to the melody while she has her hands to her head.

The Chinese musician released the song „我姓石 (My Name Is Shi)“ on YouTube back on June 23, 2022.

On August 1, 2023, the TikToker @zzq12037nf6 released a video in which he used Guxi’s song and showed pictures of babies in the video.

In mid-August 2023, the „Wo Xing Shi“ dance trend started in Russia. First users showed how they danced to the song.

„Wo Xing Shi“: Guxi: lyrics, translation

My name is Shi
Whenever I meet you, I’m worth it.

My name is Shi
Writing with pen and paper is like a horse in a Mercedes Benz.

My name is Shi
My name is Shi, and I care about the value of the pen.

My name is Shi.
High-ranking, far-sighted people like their names are shameless.

I am not afraid of the wind and the sand.
All people praise you.

The stars watch over you.
You are the best of the best.

All the way forward again.
Destined to win in life.

All storms will be peaceful.
Sail to glory again.

Editor’s note: Yes, the lyrics are meaningless. It can only be guessed what Guxi was thinking. The beat and the melody of the song are catchy.

Who is Bianca Censori? Kanye Ye West Partner, Life, Profile, Biography, Instagram

Bianca Censori is an Australian woman. She became famous for her relationship with Kanye Ye West.

Bianca Censori? Life, profile, biography

Bianca Censori is 28 years old. She was born on January 5, 1995 in Melbourne, Australia. She now lives partly in Los Angeles, USA.

Bianca Censori studied architecture at the University of Melbourne. In 2020 she received her master’s degree.

Bianca Censori work(s) as Architectural Designer for Kanye Ye West’s fashion label „Yeezy“ since November 2020. According to her own information (on Instagram), she is Head of Architecture. For this job she moved to Los Angeles, USA.

Previously, she worked as a student at DP Toscano Architects from 2017 to 2020 . Before that, she was a design consultant at Kelektiv. Between 2013 and 2017 she was self-employed with her own jewelry brand „Nylons“.

Bianca Censori: wife Kanye Ye West, marriage, wedding

In January 2023, it was reported that Kanye Ye West married Bianca Censori in a private ceremony. The marriage has not been officially confirmed to this day.

However, there was an expensive honeymoon. This took place at Amangiri in Canyon Point, Utah, USA. Here, a suite costs on average around 5,000 US dollars.

In December 2022, Kanye Ye West released the song „Censori Overload.“ This song is considered to be an ode to Bianca Censori. The song contains lines that suggest that the two got married. In the song, Kanye West sings, „And The Bible said, I can’t have sex anymore, „till marriage“.

When and how Bianca Censori and Kanye Ye West met is unknown. One rumor is that he wrote her a DM on Instagram.

In public, Bianca Censori repeatedly attracts attention for her bizarre and revealing clothing choices.

Bianca Censori: Instagram

Instagram: bianca.censori_official

The Instagram profile biancasensori is currently empty. There are no posts there. However, she has 20,000 followers. (As of September 2023)

There are posts on Bianca Censori’s official Instagram profile and she has over 37,000 followers.

Who is Alla Bruletova? Bentley Girl, Life, Profile, Biography, Instagram

Alla Bruletova is a Russian model, content creator and influencer.

Alla Bruletova: life, profile, biography, Instagram

Alla Bruletova was born on September 15, 1999. She lives in Moscow, Russia.

Alla Bruletova is 1,58 centimeters tall.

Alla Bruletova is the co-owner of the fashion label _LOOK_FOREVER_.

In 2022 Alla Bruletova was criticized for animal cruelty. She published several videos with a captured and tortured brown bear. In the videos, she interacted with the bear.

On social media, Alla Bruletova writes about herself that she is a musician. The editors could not locate a song of hers to prove this.

The videos that Alla Bruletova, posts on social media are mostly vlogs and lip-sync videos.

Alla Bruletova: Bentley Girl

In the summer of 2023, Alla Bruletova became internationally known as the „Bentley Girl.“ In an ASMR-like promotional video, she showed how sensual a Bentley can be. To do this, she touched the car at various points and repeatedly breathed the word „Bentley“ into the microphone.

The promotional video went viral and many parodied it. Many imitated the scenes with their (mostly older and not so new) cars.

Alla Bruletova is given the name Bentley Girl.

Although the promotional video was released as early as July 6, 2023, it went viral only in August 2023. The original video has „only“ 1.5 million video views.

Alla Bruletova seems to know about the success of the Bentley video. On August 10, 2023, she published a video in which she showed a parody of an Indian man about his Tata.

On August 20, 2023, she published a video in which she presented a black Mercedes. On August 30, 2023, she published a video in which she presented a pink Mercedes. Here, she imitated the scenes from the Bentley promotional video.

Alla Bruletova: Instagram, TikTok

Instagram: bruletova_

TikTok: @bruletova_

On Instagram, Alla Bruletova has over 1.8 million followers. On TikTok, she has over 2.7 million followers. (All as of September 2023)

What does 4D Chess mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

If it is said about someone that he or she plays 4D chess, it is meant that the person behaves irrationally, incompetently and partly self-damagingly. The person displays behavior that is no longer comprehensible or explainable to others. The statement that someone plays 4D chess is used here to make fun of the person.

In another connotation, „playing 4D chess“ means that someone makes complicated and thought-out decisions that are simply not comprehensible to outsiders. In a positive sense, someone in 4D Chess is acting unorthodoxly, unusually, and very idiosyncratically. (However, the opposite is usually true. Someone thinks they are making good and rational decisions, but acts irrationally and incompetently).

What does (playing) 4D chess mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

Chess is a game in which thinking ahead is an essential part. You think about your moves and try to anticipate what moves your opponent will play and how he / she will react. Based on these assumptions you create your own strategy and adapt it.

In „4D Chess“ it now happens that for others it is no longer recognizable and transparent why someone makes certain decisions, what he or she intends to do with them and what goals this behavior serves.

About 2D, 3D and 4D Chess

Chess is a 2D game. It is played on a board with two axes. You can move a piece left, right, forward and backward.

3D is a variant of chess where you play on several horizontally stacked boards. There are three axes. Here you can move a piece to the left, right, forward, backward, as well as up and down.

3D chess is a much more complicated variant of normal chess. It is assumed that only majority of people with high intelligence can (and want to) play this game.

In 4D chess, the time component should be added. 4D-chess does not exist as a real game, but a 4D-chess could consist of several 3D-chess games. How this would look physically, however, is not known to the editors.

Since 3D Chess is already a game for the very intelligent, 3D Chess is a game for those whose intelligence is extremely high.

Further meaning of 4D Chess

In the US English colloquial language it is said that politicians or conspiracy theorists play 4D Chess when they make incomprehensible decisions. Here, 4D chess means that some decisions seem incompetent and wrong to outsiders, but actually serve a grand secret plan and are therefore ingenious.

What is „Planet of the bass“ by DJ Crazy Times? Memes, meaning, explanation, definition

„Planet of the bass“ is a song by US comedian Kyle Gordon that originated in August 2023 and quickly went viral on social media and television. The song parodies European dance music by taking typical stylistic elements of European dance music and using them in a humorous and not entirely serious way. Besides songwriter Kyle Gordon, the song features DJ Crazy Times and fictional singer Biljana Electronica. The song features comparatively flat lyrics brimming with grammatical errors.

„Planet of the bass“ thus takes aim at the European dance music scene, which has already been known in the past for sometimes meaningless, yet cheerful-sounding, rhythmic dance music. However, the song and its performers come from the USA and have become famous almost overnight with this kind of Eurodance parody. In the following article you will find more detailed information about what the song is about and how it was created.

Definition of „Planet of the bass“

The name „Planet of the bass“ comes from English and can be translated roughly as „Planet of the bass“. This meaningless song title refers to the performers‘ wish for the world to become one party where bass dominates and peace reigns. The lyrics repeatedly use inappropriate verses that seem thematically unrelated or don’t quite match the facial expressions and gestures emitted by the performers. This is to parody the fact that Eurodance performers often use the English language for their songs without understanding the meaning behind the lyrics and the language used in detail. This is meant to ridicule the European music scene to some extent, as it doesn’t seem to have its own music culture. In addition, the song is meant to make people laugh and dance, as the style of bass and melody is strongly oriented towards works from the 1990s, which are currently very much in vogue again – this also applies, by the way, to the garish visuals of the video clip for the song „Planet of the bass“.

Origin and meaning of „Planet of the bass“

The song „Planet of the bass“ was published on the video platform YouTube on August 22, 2023 and has since spread virally. It was written by Kyle Gordon, a well-known US comedian. It represents the first release of an album in the works called „Kyle Gordon is Great“. „Planet of the bass“ thematizes the shrill world of 90s Eurodance, which was characterized by colorful clothing, dyed hair, crunchy bass as well as drugs and euphoria. The comparatively meaningless and easily memorable song lyrics indicate that this music genre is not a milestone of lyricism in itself. Furthermore, incoherent verses and strange scenes in the music video ensure that a relaxed mood, or rather a certain joke, arises in the viewer overall.

Use of „Planet of the bass“ in different contexts

Since the song „Planet of the bass“ was published on YouTube, it has been used in a wide variety of contexts and is currently spreading particularly strongly, not least because of this. The main uses of „Planet of the bass“ include:

  • Eurodance parody
  • social media
  • TV and radio

In the following, the main areas of use for the song „Planet of the bass“ will be presented in more detail for the reader.

Eurodance parody

As a Eurodance parody, „Planet of the bass“ is currently used particularly in comedy performances as well as on billboards and in video clips. Certain aspects of this music genre are ridiculed, which is particularly funny to viewers from English-speaking countries.

Social media

On social media, „Planet of the bass“ can currently be found primarily on YouTube, Instagram as well as TikTok. On TikTok, there are sometimes even challenges in which people have to dance to this music. At the end of the video, other users are asked to do the same. Thus, „Planet of the bass“ spreads virally and several million users have already watched this funny Eurodance parody because of it.

TV and radio

Planet of the bass“ can also be found on TV and radio. Here, the song serves as a funny interlude or is even played in its entirety. Especially national radio stations as well as music TV stations broadcast „Planet of the bass“ quite often, because the song is very well received by viewers and listeners.

Social classification of „Planet of the bass“

The song „Planet of the bass“ is especially popular among younger target groups, such as Generation Y, Generation Z and Generation Alpha. While Generation Y still grew up in the era of 1990s Eurodance and therefore understands this parody best, the song seems more entertaining and funny to younger target groups. For older people, however, the song is less well received, or rather, it is either taken too seriously or not understood as a parody.

Criticism of „Planet of the bass“

Although „Planet of the bass“ is quite a funny but harmless parody of the Eurodance scene, there are still a lot of people who criticize the song and the current trend around it. The condemnation is that it is a typically American, snooty parody, which can only be explained by a certain envy (since such songs simply did not exist in the USA in the 1990s). Furthermore, the meaningless lyrics and the message of the song are criticized – this offers no real added value in the eyes of the critics and is therefore often dismissed as nonsense or a waste of time. By the way, most of the critics come from the European dance scene.

Conclusion about „Planet of the bass“

So, „Planet of the bass“ is a humorous parody of European dance music composed by the US comedian named Kyle Gordon. The song takes the typical elements of Eurodance songs and ridicules them in an entertaining way – which is how the song went viral.

Related to the song „Planet of the bass“ are, for example, the Eurodance songs „What Is Love“ by Haddaway and „Rhythm Is A Dancer“ by SNAP! Both songs have been used very frequently on social media for parodies or memes in recent years.

What does Fit check mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

A „fit check“ is when someone posts or sends a photo or video of themselves with the intention of getting feedback for the outfit they have chosen.

The expression „Fit Check“ is intended to draw attention to the outfit, i.e. the clothing choice, in a public post on social media. For this purpose, the expression „Fit Check“ is used either in the description and/or as hashtag #FitCheck.

What does fit check mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

A public Fit Check usually takes place in social media. Here, someone posts a video or picture of themselves with the description „Fit check“. The person usually does not want to have critical feedback, but to be praised for his outfit choice.- Thus, the public Fit Check only serves the self-promotion and means translated „Look at me and praise me“.

A private fit check as it takes place e.g. between friends via text messages, aims at the fact that one wants to present one’s outfit and wants to get a reaction from the recipient of the message. Here, one can aim for praise or criticism.

In another context, the expression „fit check“ means that someone wants to draw the attention of others to a person’s choice of clothing. This is done with praising intent. Example: If someone particularly likes a person’s shoes and wants to praise that person for their shoe choice, they say „fitcheck“.

„Fit“ is short for „outfit.“ „Outfit“ refers to the clothes one wears.

„Check“ is short for „check out.“ „Fit Check“ therefore means „Check out my outfit“.

Other meaning of Fit Check

In another context, „Fit“ is short for „fitness“, meaning physical condition and health. So, spelled out, „fit check“ would mean „fitness check.“

A Fit Check in this context means that the physical performance, physical health and physical condition should be analyzed. So it should be determined how strong, how healthy and how fit a person is. For this purpose, e.g. the body fat percentage is determined and the load capacity of the muscles is checked. This is all done with the aim of providing optimal training recommendations.

Did Glen Kryger (from Painkiller) really exist? Was he a real / real person? Netflix, explanation

The story of Glen Kryger in the Netflix series „Painkiller“ is tragic. Because it should have ended differently! But, did Glen Kryger really exist?

Did Glen Kryger (from Painkiller) really exist? Was he a real / real person? Netflix, Explanation

„Glen Kryger is a fictional character. He is not based on any real person. „Glen Kryger“ is played by Taylor Kitsch. „Glen Kryger“ is not based on any real person, but he is a symbol. He is representative of how drug addiction can ruin a family’s life and a person’s life. He is representative of the hard-working, middle-class Americans whose lives have been destroyed by pills.

The story of „Glen Kryger“ is tragic. Without knowing it, he is given addictive painkillers. Small doses are enough at first, and soon he needs more and more.

But „Glen Kryger“ in his own perception is not a drug addict, but a person who is in pain and who needs help. So Glen Kryger slips deeper and deeper into addiction. He loses his family, sells his wedding ring, and gets mugged. He hits rock bottom and now wants to get clean.

One wishes for him to get off the pills and get clean. But the makers of the series do not concede this to the viewers. They show the reality. A reality like it ended for many US-Americans. Because the pills are stronger than willpower.

Glen Kryger (Painkiller): More facts, info

The character of „Glen Kryger“ puts a face on the opioid crisis. He becomes addicted to painkillers and involuntarily slips into drug addiction. This is what happened to many US Americans who actually just wanted to be freed from their pain and whose lives were destroyed.

The series „Painkiller“ is based on the book „Pain Killer: An Empire of Deceit and the Origin of America’s Opioid Epidemic“ by Barry Meier.

Did Shannon Schaeffer (from Painkiller) really exist? Was she a real / real person? Netflix, explanation

In the series „Painkiller“ (Netflix 2023) Shannon Schaeffer was a sales representative at Purdue Pharma. Did she really exist?

Did Shannon Schaeffer (from Painkiller) really exist? Was she a real / real person? Netflix, explanation

No, Shannon Schaeffer is a fictional character. She did not really exist. Shannon Schaeffer’s character’s job is to show viewers how Purdue went about and how salespeople worked. Shannon Schaeffer puts a face to the sales team. She is representative of all the greedy and morally weak salespeople. Money is their only motivation.

In the series „Painkiller“ it is shown how the saleswomen ensnare the doctors and drive them to prescribe more pills and in higher doses. Concerns of the doctors should also be downplayed. For this, the lie of the less than 1 percent who become addicted was told. Recruitment practices for new saleswomen are also addressed in the series.

Interestingly, Shannon Schaeffer is shown several times having doubts about OxyContin and its methods. She is never one hundred percent convinced. However, the money and statements such as that it is people’s own fault if they abuse the pills corrupt her.

Shannon Schaeffer struggles with herself and the moral dilemma. She makes a lot of money from her job. But the company she works for is harming society and people. (Editor’s note: The writers have resolved this dilemma in favor of the audience. Because Shannon Schaeffer gives in to her conscience and supports the prosecution.

Shannon Schaeffer (Painkiller): More facts, info

Whether there has ever been a Purdue Pharma sales employee or sales representative who has shared internal information with prosecutors is not known to the editors. With so many employees, however, it is a distinct possibility.

Shannon Schaeffer is played by West Duchovny. West Duchovny is the daughter of David Duchovny and Téa Leoni. (Yes, the David Duchovny from Stock X and Californication.)

The Netflix series „Painkiller“ is a movie adaptation of the book „Pain Killer: An Empire of Deceit and the Origin of America’s Opioid Epidemic“ by Barry Meier.

Did Edie Flowers (from Painkiller) really exist? Was she a real / real person? Netflix, explanation

„Edie Flowers“ is played by Uzo Aduba in the 2023 Netflix series „Painkiller.“ This raises a question:

Did Edie Flowers really exist? Who is Edie Flowers based on? Painkiller, Netflix 2023

Edie Flowers is a fictional person. She is not a real person. Her character is based on several investigators from the prosecutor’s office, journalists and government employees.

In the series „Painkiller,“ „Edie Flowers“ is a lawyer at the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Roanoke, Virginia.

In the story of the series „Painkiller“ Edie Flowers plays a central role. She is motivated by the drug deaths of her mother and her brother, who was imprisoned for drugs, to take action against OxyContin and Purdue Pharma.

Edie Flowers grew up during the crack epidemic in the U.S. (1980s to early 1990s) and has seen what drugs do to people and communities. She is not on a vendetta, however, but rather is seeking justice.

In the beginning, Edie Flowers feels like the audience. She doesn’t really know what’s going on. In a pharmacy, she is confronted with the reality of drug addiction for the first time. This experience leaves a mark on her and ensures that she continues to look into the matter.

Edie Flowers (Painkiller): More facts, info

Screenwriter, Noah Harpster, expressed that it is easier to invent a fictional person than to film the actions of a real person. Because with a real person, you always have to make sure that you stick to the truth and only show what really happened. But that’s not so easy. Because the past of a real person would have to be meticulously reconstructed in order to correspond to the truth.

The (new) boss of Edie Flowers, John Brownlee, is based on the eponymous person John L. Brownlee. He was the United States Attorney for the Western District of Virginia from 2001 to 2008.

Uzo Aduba also has a personal connection to the opioid crisis in the United States. The child of a close friend died from opioids.

The series „Painkiller“ is a film adaptation of the book „Pain Killer: An Empire of Deceit and the Origin of America’s Opioid Epidemic“ by Barry Meier.

What is a 0.5 Sefie? Meaning, explanation, definition

There are always some strange trends in the world of social media. Currently, everyone is talking about the so-called „0.5 selfie“. This is a classic selfie that seems to have somehow gone wrong technically. However, the alternative angle and the different camera angle in the „0.5 Selfie“ are quite intentional, so that these quite incomparable and oblique images are created. These are then uploaded to social media and go viral.

The trend relates primarily to self-images (so-called „selfies“) that are uploaded to various social media platforms, such as Instagram or TikTok. These are taken in a very specific format and can depict either one or several people.

However, what exactly a „0.5 selfie“ is and how it works, or what its history is, will be fully explained in the following article. Further a social classification is to be made and criticisms to this topic are called.

Definition of the term „0.5 Selfie

The term „0.5 Selfie“ comes from the English language and is composed of the decimal number „0.5“ (also „half“) and the English noun „Selfie“. This refers to a classic selfie that was either only half successful or was literally shot with a 0.5 camera angle.

This clearly distinguishes the „0.5 selfie“ from a regular „selfie“, the purpose of which is to take a clearly visible photo of one or more people (which was taken by the person or persons themselves). The decimal number „0.5“ is an alternative expression for the fact that this intention was only half achieved, and thus of inferior quality. In the course of the new trend, however, this is even intentional and leads to breathtaking and strange shots in places.

Origin and meaning of the „0.5 Selfie“

The trend around the „0.5 Selfies“ was probably initiated in early July 2023 by a US Instagram user named Ms. Herzog. She was obsessed with alternative image formats and kept posting selfies with a funny wide angle, showing herself as well as her friends. The different wide angles provided a previously unattained quality for selfies, which were completely different from the conventional format. The alternative „0.5 selfies“ soon went viral on Instagram, and more and more users took them for their own profiles. At the same time, a hashtag culture developed around the term „0.5 selfie,“ which also caused the trend to roll more and more. In the meantime, „0.5 Selfies“ are also being implemented on other platforms, such as Facebook or TikTok.

Characteristics of a „0.5 Selfie“

The typical characteristics of a „0.5 Selfie“ are listed in this section:

  • With a „0.5 Selfie“, the camera is often significantly further away from the person.
  • the „0,5 Selfie“ shows partly only half of the person
  • it seems to be far away and sometimes focuses more on the surroundings than on the person
  • it can be taken from below or above (with a view of the person)
  • it can also be an involuntary shot

Occurrence and use of „0.5 Selfie“

The „0.5 Selfie“ can now be found in many different areas of life. Namely, it is in the following areas of use:

  • Social Media
  • Internet
  • Everyday language

In the subsections below, the main areas of use of the „0.5 selfie“ mentioned above will be explained in more detail.

Social Media

On social media, „0.5 selfies“ are particularly common on the Instagram platform, which is where they originated. Here, a „0.5 selfie“ is often used by private users, but also by public users, to post individual content. At the same time, the „0.5 Selfies“ also serve as a popular basis for so-called „Challenges“. In these challenges, Instagram users are regularly asked to post their own content in a certain format on their own profile and then encourage other users to do the same. The posts are then often commented on with hashtags, such as „#0,5Selfie“.


The Internet is of course another place where the currently very popular „0.5 selfies“ can be found. Forums, such as Reddit, or the video platform YouTube are the main places where „0.5 selfies“ are used. Basically, a „0.5 selfie“ is a digital screen format that can be found either on social media, on the Internet or on mobile devices.

Everyday language

In addition to the purely digital form of „0.5 selfies,“ the term has now also crept into the everyday language of youth subcultures. Here, the expression „0.5 selfie“ often serves as a mocking term for an (involuntarily) failed endeavor.

Social classification of the „0.5 Selfie“

Socially, the „0.5 Selfie“ can be assigned primarily to younger generations, such as the „Z“ and „Alpha“ generations. This target group consists of people who are younger than 25 years old and thus belong to the main target group of Instagram. Older people also understand the trend around the quirky „0.5 selfies“ quite well. However, the majority of „0.5 selfies“ are taken by younger people and posted on social media or the Internet.

Criticism of the „0.5 Selfie“

Although the „0.5 selfie“ is a fairly harmless trend, it does attract one or two critics. They often complain that this is just another social media trend that is only understood by a sworn community. Furthermore, the artistic added value and the meaning behind the „0.5 Selfie“ concept are not fully understood, or at least not empathized with.

Conclusion on the „0.5 Selfie“ concept

So, in summary, the „0.5 Selfie“ is a relatively new social media trend where pictures are intentionally taken in a failed format. Often, only half of the person in question can be recognized or it is an involuntary shot.

The terms „duckface“ and „filter“, for example, are related to the term „0.5 selfie“. While a „duckface“ is a popular format on social media in which the user shoots a self-portrait with a pointed mouth and then posts it on social media, a filter is a tool for editing images afterwards.

What does RCTA mean on TikTok? Meaning, explanation, definition

A strange phenomenon is currently spreading on TikTok. It is the acronym RCTA. This term describes a gathering of people who watch videos in the belief that they could thereby change their ethnicity. The acronym RCTA stands for „race change to another.“ Translated into German, this is another term for „transracial.“ This term is meant to express that a person can change to another race or culture. In addition, in connection with this phenomenon, another term appears, which is called ECTA, which in German means something like „change of ethnicity to another“.

What does RCTA mean on TikTok? Meaning, explanation, definition

As the most famous example of transracial people stands a British influencer named Oli London. He claimed that he was a Korean. To pursue this belief, he underwent quite a few plastic surgeries to look like Jimin from the South Korean boy group BTS.

The RCTA community is not ostensibly concerned with changing their appearance so that they can be classified as a different race, but rather they believe that they can subliminally solidify their desired identity. Most people in this community focus on transitioning to East Asian ethnicities. This is often due to a preference for K-dramas, anime culture, and K-pop.

On TikTok, for example, RCTA-identified people are often criticized. In addition, they are also often portrayed as ignorant. The biggest criticism of this community is that they are accused of not being able to properly classify what it means to be an ethnic minority. They are also said to underestimate racism and the accompanying prejudices associated with a particular race.

The principle of RCTA

Behind the new trend is the need of various people to transition from one culture to another cultural identity. Most RCTA adherents achieve this transition through appropriations of various stereotypical and external characteristics of a culture as well as its background.

At the same time, however, the term ECTA usually goes hand in hand with RCTA. For the people who identify with ECTA, it is more a matter of their firm belief that they were born into a false culture. Therefore, they want to change their appearance to visually adopt the desired identity. It is not uncommon for them to shy away from cosmetic surgery.

It can be observed, however, that RCTA supporters are clearly differentiated from the ECTA community. The RCTA community proves this by the fact that they are much more deeply involved with a culture than just approaching a culture externally and focusing on cosmetic repairs.