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What is Parallel play? Meaning, definition, explanation

Parallel play is a stage of play development in young children that can be observed between the ages of 3 and 4. Parallel play represents an intermediate form between individual and pair play in children’s play development.

What is parallel play? Meaning, definition, explanation

Children have a natural need to learn and discover and understand their environment through play. In the development of children there are very different stages of play and correspondingly many forms of play. In play, the child actively engages with its environment and learns from it.

In the course of his development, his living environment expands more and more, so that his play repertoire also increases. The constant encounter with new things opens up further possibilities for action, because they are not yet trapped in behavior patterns and routines, as we adults are.

The Seven Forms of Play:

Sensorimotor play is significant in the first and second years of life. The child explores his own body and takes great pleasure in repeating the movements. In the second year of life, exploration play begins. Now the child explores objects and likes to break them down into their component parts.

From the second year of life, the phase of construction play also begins. The child assembles something and playfully creates something new – for example, with building blocks or plasticine. Around the same time, the child also begins to play as-if. He reinterprets objects. In his imagination, building blocks are then a train, a ship, or something similar.

The fifth phase of play is parallel play, an intermediate form between individual and social play (see above). Around the age of four, they begin to observe their play partner very closely.

At the age of five, the phase of role play begins, which can last for a very long time. Now father-mother-child games, doctor games or school games are topical. Rule play begins with the transition to elementary school and children now play according to fixed rules. The play partners are very careful to make sure that these are followed. Most of the time, these are competitive games such as hide-and-seek or tag, but board games are also in demand. The children compete with their friends, the performance comparison is very important to them.

Game phase 5: Parallel play

In parallel play, two or more children play side by side with the same material without interfering with each other’s play. The children play, but do not interact with their playing partners. Each child conceives of his or her own game.

While it appears that the children are engaged in parallel play independently of each other, in fact they are playfully connected and influence each other. It is striking that they perform identical actions quite deliberately at the same time. They imitate each other. An example: Two children dance with their group in the room. They take turns setting the beat, swapping roles. At the same stage of life, children also often talk to themselves.

Why is parallel play so important?

Early childhood development specialists appeal to parents to encourage parallel play because it is a giant step in children’s social development. Purposeless play is an important component of social development.

Children play out of an inner need to understand their world through play and to place themselves in it. Without adults intervening, they can thus expand their scope of action. Through parallel play, they learn interaction, thus already preparing themselves for social play.

If parallel play is skipped for any reason, this can lead to developmental disorders. If children have not yet found their way from parallel play to social play by the age of three, this could be a sign of a disorder (e.g. autism). Often, however, it is just because they are shy.

Ideally, parents get involved in this important phase of their child’s play, such as providing toys for sorting. At the age of three, the child is quite intuitively handed over to social, interactive forms of play. Nevertheless, it is not advisable to encourage the child to play with a playmate if he or she prefers to play alone.

Who is Ali Usta? Explanation, life, Profile, Biography

Ali Usta became famous in social media (especially on TikTok) because of his language, energy, voice and serving qualities in his store „Çiğköfteci Ali Usta“.

Here he sells cig köfte (Çiğköfte), among other things. The price of a cig köfte at Dürüm was around 70 cents in January 2023.

Çiğköfteci / Cig Köfte Ali Usta

An order with Ali Usta usually goes as follows:

Spicy? Yes?

Pomegranate? Yes?

Lemon? Yes?

Open the bag, yes! Open the bag!

Thank you. Goodbye!

Ali Usta became famous in the social media because he sometimes serves customers in a very energetic and aggressive (but not angry) way. Especially when customers are too slow, Ali Usta becomes really lively, gets loud and sometimes shouts.

Especially for his sounds „Aha yes“ he has become famous in the social media.

It is said about him on social media that he is the most aggressive Çiğköfte seller.

Çiğköfteci Ali Usta: Location

Ali Usta has his snack bar in Istanbul on the street „Hobyar, Muhzirbaşı Sk. No:6,“.

Ali Usta has become such a phenomenon on social media that some social media participants travel to his store to see him live.

Note: A search engine search also turns up an „Ali Usta“ from Duisburg. This is a different Ali Usta.

Comment on Ali Usta:

Editor’s comment: Why does Ali Usta seem so attractive to some people that they drive all the way to his store hoping to get yelled at? It must live at the liveliness. Especially those who come from cold (and calm) Central Europe, where objectivity and calm are preached, as well as any liveliness is devalued as emotional lack of control, will find this energy attractive.

Çiğköfteci Ali Usta: TikTok, Instagram

Instagram: cigkofteci.ali.usta

TikTok: cigkoftecialiusta

On Instagram, Ali Usta now has over 44,000 followers. On TikTok, he has over 4,000 followers. (Both as of January 2023)

How did Dora the Explorer die? Explanation, TikTok

Since the year 2022, the claim that „Dora the Explorer“ has died has been circulating on TikTok. Is there any truth in it?

The short answer: No! Dora the Explorer is alive, the series is just not produced anymore. Dora’s death is a fiction of fans.

How should Dora the Explorer have died? Explanation, TikTok

There are several theories about how the character Dora the Explorer should have died:

  • Dora was pushed into the river by Swiper the fox and drowned here. or
    Dora is said to have been struck by lightning.
  • Dora is said to have suffered from kidney disease and died from it.
  • Boots is said to have pushed Dora into quicksand and perished here.
  • Dora poisoned herself.
  • Dora suffocated to death.
  • Dora died of thirst.
  • Dora was bitten by a poisonous snake.

Some fans think that Dora the Explorer’s cause of death was not natural.

Why do these theories exist? The series „Dora“ is not produced. On August 9, 2019, the last episode was released. (By the way, the first episode was released on August 14, 2000).

Since the series „Dora“ has ended, some (adult) fans probably think that the character „Dora“ should also have met its end.

But in the series, Dora’s death is not addressed at all. The series simply ends with a living and vibrant Dora.

Editor’s comment: If you consider that the series „Dora“ is aimed at children between the ages of three and seven, a gruesome and brutal death is unthinkable. This would be very disturbing for children. Only (young) adults come up with such ideas and get a kick out of tricking others.

The origin of „how did Dora die?“ is said by fans to be in an unreleased episode of „Dora the Explorer“. This is supposed to be called „Dora No More“. But this episode is just a rumor and it does not exist.

„How did Dora die?“ as a TikTok challenge

On the app TikTok, there is even a challenge to film yourself googling „How did Dora die?“. This is done with the intention that the results will shock.

Here, by the way, it is noticeable that often different results are displayed. So not everyone gets the same cause of death explained.

Some of the Reaction videos contain fake reactions. These are spread to further fuel the rumor mill.

K-Pop and Korean dictionary: Important terms and words explained

K-Pop is a vibrant, endless world of music, dance, fashion, performance and much more. So naturally, there are some key words you need to know when you enter the fan community. If you’re a long-time K-pop fan, you probably already know them, but if you’re a newbie, it’s time to take notes!

K-pop and Korean dictionary: meaning, definition, explanation.

Means super cute. Idols are often asked to show their „aegyo“ on variety and talk shows, and it’s usually funnier when it’s a serious idol softening their image. This can mean anything from singing nursery rhymes to imitating popular dances.


This is when a song takes the top spot on all eight Korean music charts. This is quite hard to achieve as some of these charts are updated every hour. It is a great achievement for any idol group that achieves an All-Kill.

Age Line:

This refers to idols that were born in the same year. For example: Jungkook from BTS and Yugyeom from GOT7 are both 97s.

Leader (Leader):

Almost every idol group has a designated leader. This person is usually responsible for organizing the group and acts as an intermediary between their agency and the group. He or she also usually begins introducing the group to the public and is the first to speak at awards ceremonies. Leaders are not always the most senior members of their group!


Abbreviated to anti, this simply means that someone hates a particular celebrity.


A Korean term for older, married women or grandmothers. Stereotypically, these women wear short, permed hair, moo-moos, or pants like a uniform. This term is an insult to middle-aged women, like calling a middle-aged woman „grandma.“


A polite term for a man who is older than you, especially if you don’t know him well. Literally it means „uncle,“ but is used similarly to the term „sir“ in English.


This Korean word means „no way“ and is used in moments of disbelief, shock, fear, or defiance, especially when reading about the latest scandal or watching a melodrama.


South Korea requires all male citizens to serve two years in the military, including idols, actors, and flower children. This means that these famous young men must disappear from the limelight during this time, and upon their return, they are expected to show off a six-pack and a robust manhood.

Bagel girl:

A girl with a mature figure and a baby face.


Term for Korean side dishes. See: What is Banchan?

Beagle Line:

The members of an idol group who are the most playful and/or loudest, not unlike a real beagle.


„Bias“ is usually the first word a new K-pop fan learns. „Bias“ refers to a fan’s favorite member of a group. „Bias group“ is also often used to describe a fan’s favorite group. „Ult bias“ is short for „ultimate bias“ and is often used to refer to a fan’s favorite idol of all the groups they are a fan of.

You know how you would normally be asked, „Who is your favorite member of XX?“ Well, bias means exactly the same thing. Your bias is your favorite member in a group; your bias group is your favorite group.


ultimate bias – your absolute favorite member of all idol groups;
bias wrecker: a member of a group that makes you switch from your current favorite in that group.

A dance move performed by both male and female idols to drive fans crazy.


A close relationship between two male idols or actors that seems almost romantic, but often platonic.


„Center“ is often used to refer to the „face of the group“ (another common K-pop term), describing the member who is most often the focus of a group’s choreography. The focus is often the group or member that fans are most likely to think of when they think of the band. An example would be Nayeon from TWICE.


A classic character type used in Korean dramas, representing a rich heir to a family business played by male leads.

Cheongmal: An expression of disbelief and annoyance, similar to how the English use the exclamation „Really?!“.


The abbreviation for „commercial film“ featuring popular K-drama and K-pop stars.


Korean food. Chimaek is deep-fried chicken. See: What is Chimaek?


An expression that can also be interpreted as „really?!“ or „are you serious?!“.


Literally an elementary school child, but is often used to refer to someone who acts childishly and uses a lot of aegyo.


When groups release new music, it’s called a comeback. It’s basically the same as any other music group releasing a new album. A comeback is usually a multi-step process involving teaser images and videos, tracklists, and sometimes even advance single releases.
There is also often a concept or theme that the group sticks to throughout the promotional phase.


„Daebak“ is said when something is „cool“ or „good.“ See: What does „daebak“ mean?


A Daesang is the highest award an idol can receive. They are usually awarded in categories such as „Album of the Year“, „Song of the Year“ or „Artist of the Year“ and are based on sales figures.

See: What does „Daesang“ mean?

Debut (Debut)

Although „debut“ is a word used for music genres other than K-pop, in K-pop it is often used to refer to a trainee who has become an idol through the release of his or her first official single (either solo or in a group) or through his or her first public appearance.


Anyone younger than oneself, regardless of gender. This is used among siblings, friends, and even when flirting. Depending on the situation, anyone can be considered the dongsaeng of the group. It is important to identify this person, especially at meals, as they have certain roles and expectations in society.

The Big Three (The big 3):

These are the so-called big three entertainment groups in Korea, although this designation is very open to interpretation.

The „big three“ refers to the three major entertainment corporations that have launched the most successful acts and are said to have had a major influence on K-pop:

  • SM Entertainment (Girls‘ Generation, Super Junior, SHINee),
  • JYP Entertainment (TWICE, Wonder Girls, Miss A) and
  • YG Entertainment (BLACKPINK, 2NE1, Big Bang).

There is a debate on whether the „Big Three“ should be expanded to the „Big Four“ to include Big Hit Entertainment, which manages BTS and TXT, but many fans argue that Big Hit does not belong in the same category as SM, JYP and YG because it is a newer company and did not exist at the same time as the early days of the „Big Three.“

Double Eyelid:

The crease that forms at the base of the brow bone and around the eyeball when you open the eye, and is common in Westerners. In many cultures, this is considered the ideal of beauty. The opposite of a monolid.


A formal term meaning „mother“ and often shortened to the less formal eomma or umma, meaning „mom“ or „mommy.“

Eye smile:

Crescent-shaped eyes created by smiling. This technique is used by Korean celebrities to convey sweetness, affection, flirting, and even a clever way of getting out of trouble.


A portmanteau of the words fan and realm, encompassing all lovers of Korean pop culture.

Fanboy and Fangirl:

These terms can be used as nouns to describe someone who has strong, passionate feelings about K-pop or K-drama, especially in relation to their likes and favorite group. As a verb, fanboying and fangirling are usually manifested by uncontrollable physical and emotional outbursts in response to seeing, hearing, touching, or smelling a preference or favorite group.

Fan Café:

A free option where followers of a particular idol or group can receive official information and updates from entertainment companies, ask questions of officials and other fans, or search for new releases. Followers of these virtual communities can go through an „advancement“ process, different for each café, to read messages from idols and groups or leave their own messages. The big three have discontinued their fan cafes in exchange for publishing content on their official websites.


Words shouted by fans at performances. This usually involves naming all the members of a group during the intro to their song and then repeating certain words or lines throughout the performance.


When idols and actors do something just to please fans, even if it is not necessary or relevant to the progress of the plot or performance. This can range from an on-screen bromance to body rolling on stage to shower scenes in movies.


At the end of each year, we can bask in special stages and performances by idols thanks to three festival shows: KBS Gayo, MBC Gayo and SBS Gayo. It’s a chance to see special collaborations between groups that usually go down in K-pop history.


Means: „close friend.“ See: What does Gganbu mean?


Name of traditional Croatian clothing (traditional costumes). See: What is Hanbok?


Name of the Korean alphabet. See: What is hangul?


„Korean wave.“ See: What is Hallyu?


Youngest member of a band. See: What does hoobae mean?


Sometimes translated as „fighting,“ it is an expression of support, cheering someone on.


„Hyung“ means „older brother“ in Korean. The term „hyung“ is used by boys or men. (See: What does oppa / unni mean?).

But the term is also often used between younger and older members of boy bands. An example is Jungkook of BTS, who often calls RM, who is three years older than him, „RapMon Hyung“.


An idol is a K-pop star. They can be solo artists or part of a group, but generally they are artists who have trained for a certain amount of time before debuting with an entertainment agency.


Korean rice dish. See: What is Kimbap?


The word „line“ is used to group together members of a band who are similar. Rap line is one of the most commonly used lines to describe K-pop idols. The term refers to the rappers in a band, such as RM, Suga, and J-Hope of BTS. Fans have also used the word line to describe personalities that match each other, such as a band’s Introverted Line. For groups with members from different countries, the word Line is also used to group together members with similar backgrounds, such as TWICE’s Japanese Line, which includes Sana, Momo, and Mina.


Like „main,“ the word „lead“ is often used to describe the lead singer, lead rapper, or lead dancer of a group who is second only to the main singer, main rapper, or main dancer.


„Main“ is often used to describe the main singer, main rapper, or main dancer of a group. The word is used to refer to the member who has the best voice, has the best rap technique, or is the best dancer.


Maknae“ is the youngest member of an idol group. Related: Golden Maknae – the youngest member who is an impressive multi-talent despite his young age.

McDonalds BTS Meal:

Special McDonalds menu created in collaboration with BTS.

Music shows:

In these shows, the idols perform their music in front of the audience. Usually, fans get a first look at the choreography of a song here, and depending on the group, they may perform several times in an episode. Among the most popular shows are M! Countdown, Music Bank, Music Core, Show Champion, The Show, and Inkigayo.


Means „love.“ You can learn more about „Saranghae“ here.


Sasaeng“ refers to fans who have crossed the line into being stalkers. These are fans who invade the idols‘ privacy or make them feel uncomfortable or unsafe in some way. An example of a sasaeng is a German man who bought business class seats on the same flight as TWICE and tried to give Nayeon a handful of letters he had written.


Selfie / self-portrait. See: What does „Selca“ mean?

Chocolate abs:

Particularly taut abdominal muscles, usually in a man, resembling the parts of a Hershey’s bar. Also called the „M-line“ in reference to the shape created by muscle definition.

Black Ocean:

What happens when a large group of fans simultaneously turn off their glow sticks during a performance to avoid a group or artist. This is an organized effort carried out by fan club leaders in advance via the Internet that can lead to the ruination of careers.

Killing part:

This is usually the part of a song that fans think is the best part. It can be related to the music or choreography and can be anything from a key change to a bass drop to a specific gesture in the dance.


Experienced Member/Senior. See: What does sunbae mean?


Before idols become idols, they are trainees. Entertainment companies scout for talent and then train their recruits to become perfect pop stars. The programs are rigorous and intense, and some idols train for several years before being accepted into a group. Training includes everything from singing and dancing to learning new languages.


„Unnie“ means „older sister“ in Korean. In K-pop, the term is often used between younger and older members of girl groups, such as when Tzuyu from TWICE calls Nayeon „Nayeon Unnie.“

See: What does „unni“ mean?

Sub unit:

This is a smaller K-pop group within a larger idol group. They give certain members the opportunity to showcase certain talents or try different styles of music. For example, large groups like SEVENTEEN have vocal, performance, and rap units that release their music separately to give each member a chance to shine.


Means „best face“ and means that someone is very good looking. See: What does Ulzzang mean?


All K-pop idols are attractive, but the word „visual“ often refers to the most attractive member of a group, based on Korean beauty standards. The word is controversial among American fans, and there is a lot of debate about who the visuals of certain groups are. But a couple of the most recognized visuals are Jisoo from BLACKPINK or Jin from BTS.

V Live:

If you want to keep up with the idols, V Live is a must. This is a livestream platform where most K-pop idols have an official account. Some upload entire episodes of behind-the-scenes footage, while others use the platform to livestream from their hotels after performances. It’s a great place to engage with many groups!

Weekly Idol:

This television show has recently been revamped, leading to a decline in its popularity, but it used to be considered the ultimate variety program where idols could show off their funny sides. It is a treasure trove of gags, games and challenges, in which almost every idol you can imagine has appeared.

What does Hallyu mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

The term Hallyu comes from Korean and translates as „Korean wave“. This refers to the rapid increase in popularity of Korean entertainment culture outside the country’s borders. This increase began around the mid-1990s and continues to this day. The popularity is not only limited to the film & music industry, the language, culinary, literature and fashion industries are also affected, among others.

What is Hallyu? Meaning, definition, explanation

The Hallyu movement celebrated its beginnings after South Korea and China established diplomatic relations in the mid-1990s, allowing Korean television series and music to penetrate the Chinese market. At the same time, the Chinese market conquest was not purposeful or planned by the Koreans, but rather coincidental.

Facilitating success in China was the shared culture and history of the two countries, as well as the fact that the genre of television series appealed to the tastes of both Korea and China. The Korean music market longed for an opportunity to expand due to limited expansion opportunities at home, and initially found it in China. In 1999, the term hallyu was finally established for the phenomenon that was occurring when journalists from a Beijing newspaper described the atmosphere at music concerts by Korean bands.

In 2003, the Korean wave finally reached Japan when a Japanese television station broadcast a Korean series. Gradually, the popularity spread to other Asian countries such as Taiwan, Hong Kong, Thailand, Indonesia as well as India. Finally, the Hallyu movement reached the Middle East, Africa, and South America before conquering Europe and North America, mainly through the Internet and social media. As the success of the entertainment culture became apparent abroad, the spread of it was specifically promoted and supported by the South Korean Ministry of Culture.

For the purpose of temporal delimitation, the Hallyu movement is often divided into two phases. Hallyu1.0 describes the early period of the phenomenon from its inception until around 2007, a term that encompasses the success of the original entertainment culture, such as the music & film industry in particular. The second phase of the movement, Hallyu2.0, begins immediately after the first phase and, in addition to the original pop culture approach, also includes other entertainment branches such as the gaming industry or the entertainment and communications industry, as well as cosmetics or Korean cuisine, for example.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Areas of Hallyu

Due to the great popularity, new genres have even formed within the wave in various disciplines with determined specifics. K-dramas, short for Korean dramas, are considered the initiator of Hallyu and are thematically influenced mainly by Confucian values. They are mainly about charity, family orientation and sincerity.

The treatment of these values also led to their great success in China. In addition, K-dramas also place a lot of emphasis on music. Furthermore, fans participate very much in the events of K-dramas in the form of discussions on the Internet and social media. A special feature of this genre is also that, in contrast to American series in K-dramas, there is usually no continuation in the form of further seasons, which means that many dramas end after one season or are concluded in terms of content. Due to the worldwide popularity of Hallyu, there are now even organized trips that lead to the filming locations of the South Korean settings of the television series.

South Korean film has also experienced a very big boom in recent years. In the process, its own terms have even been formed in imitation of the American film industry. For example, the area of Chungmuro in the capital Seoul describes the former hub of Korean film and can thus be seen as the Korean equivalent of Hollywood. The term Hallyuwood names the popularity of Korean film in the wake of the Korean Wave and was modified from the term Hollywood. K-Horror is the Korean genre of a horror film and uses above all the fear of the strange and the unfamiliar, whereby this often happens on a meta-level and carries socially critical aspects. Webtoons are webcomics that are distributed online and can be seen as a competitor to Japanese manga.

K-pop describes Korean-language pop music, which is largely responsible for the success of Hallyu. Thus, K-pop does not denote the origin of the performer, but is used exclusively for music with Korean lyrics. K-pop artists are popular abroad mainly because of their physical attractiveness and very often perform as boy or girl bands. The members of these bands are often so-called „idols.“ An idol is a South Korean musician who was recruited by an agency as a young adult and is under contract there. The respective agency is responsible for the training and the „shaping“ of the respective artist. The idols are supposed to embody a certain and predefined image in order to be able to market the music or the band in the best possible way. The writing and composing of the songs is mostly done by the agency. The respective Idols are responsible only for the singing as well as the performance and/or marketing. Before the idols start their music career, they are trained as so-called trainees by the music agencies in various disciplines, which include manners and languages in addition to singing and dancing.

Hallyu also encompasses the worldwide spread and popularity of Korean cuisine. The great popularity led to the opening of more Korean restaurants in major metropolitan areas in Europe and North America. Very popular Korean dishes include kimchi, bibimbap and bulgogi. Kimchi describes the preparation of vegetables by fermentation. Popular vegetables are cabbage, cabbage or radish, which are seasoned before the fermentation process. Bibimbap is a rice dish that can be enhanced with various vegetables, meat, tofu, an egg and spices. Bulgogi can be translated as „fire meat“ and forms a Korean dish prepared over an open fire. For this purpose, beef is classically marinated in advance and often prepared directly at the table over an open fire. A speciality is the marinade with gochujang. This is a Korean chili paste made by fermenting rice flour, soybean flour, chili and other ingredients.

What does Daesang mean? Translation, meaning, definition, explanation

„Daesang“ is a now established term in the South Korean music industry. This refers to the highest award to be given (the so-called Grand Prize) at the infamous award shows.

What does „Daesang“ mean? Translation, meaning, definition, explanation

„Daesang“ is a compound term. Namely, this term can be divided into 2 separate words (Dae and Sang). Dae here means something like great or even grand. The word Sang, on the other hand, refers to the prize. Thus, one could speak of a great prize that is awarded to a successful musician in a specific case. Almost every award show in South Korea gives such a big prize to the winners.

Who gets such a „Daesang“ is not decided simply arbitrarily or even at the whim of the jury, but much more according to strict criteria.

Jury votes and sales

Here, each member of a previously determined jury has the right to vote. In this case, of course, subjective aspects can also play a role, since each member of the jury is completely free in his decision and does not have to justify himself.

The number of recordings sold is also taken into account in the evaluation. However, this point is becoming increasingly less important, as music is now also consumed digitally above all.

Much more important in the age of digitalization and ever-advancing technology are, of course, the digital purchases made in relation to an artist’s music. These purchases are therefore another very important decision criterion in relation to the award.

Votes and clicks

During the shows there is very often also the possibility to vote by telephone or PC about a certain talent. The scores achieved there then also have a major influence on the final result to be achieved.

In a digital world, the number of clicks and existing followers also have a very high relevance, as this allows a certain reach to be built up. This aspect is therefore additionally taken into account in many shows when evaluating a star.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Daesang: Various awards possible

Different prizes can be awarded at the many colorful award shows in South Korea. Among the most common awards are: Album of the Year, Artist of the Year and especially Song of the Year.

The so-called „Daesang“, which is awarded at the award shows, is closely related to the South Korean pop scene. This is growing more and more and is becoming increasingly popular, especially among the country’s younger generation.

Many young people try to escape the sometimes very strictly regulated everyday life of this country through pop music. Groups of young people who want to make music together are often formed here. Some of these bands then make it to the top through the award shows available for this purpose.

In addition to the numerous bands, however, more and more individual talents are making a name for themselves. For a real breakthrough it needs an appropriate range. The necessary reach is achieved primarily through the use of social networks. Constant selfies play a particularly prominent role here.

What does unni / oppa mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

What does unni mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

The word unni refers to a form of address. This term, of course, has nothing to do with a university or other educational institution.

Specifically, it refers to a female person. This female person is always referred to as a so-called unni, especially by girls or women, when it is an exceedingly kind person. An unni can be a sister, good friend, but also life partner. The latter is especially the case when it is a form of same-sex relationship. Thus, it should also be clear that this term is also primarily used by women to give a designation to other women.

However, one would never call a female person, with whom one is in the unclean, as unni. A real unni is and remains therefore always a person, whom one also really likes very much and partly also worships very much.

The counterpart to „unni“ is „hyung.“ Boys or men address older brothers or older friends (depending on the closeness of the relationship) as „hyung“.

However, especially in South Korea and in K-pop, the term unni is also used in another context. Thus, a successful singer, a model or actress, or a very attractive model may also be referred to as unni.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

What is an oppa? Meaning, definition, explanation

An oppa, unlike what is perhaps more often assumed, is not a grandpa or a man who is in his senior years. Similar to the term unni, it is again a polite and respectful form of address.

But who can be such an oppa? There are a number of possibilities. The oppa is, for example, the friend or life partner of a young woman. Similar to unni, this form of address is mostly used from the female position.

However, an oppa can also be a brother. Thus, if a sister is particularly fond of her brother, she might refer to him as oppa.

Finally, the oppa, similar to the unni, can also be a successful and popular person from the fields of music, film, art or show business.

The opposite of „oppa“ is „noona“. An older sister or a girlfriend of a younger man is addressed as „Noona“.

In 2012, the song „Gangnam Style“ by PSY led to a strong worldwide spread of the expression „oppa“. In the song, PSY sings „Oppa Gangnam Style.“ A song line that has stuck in the minds of many.

Unni / oppa: people who mean a lot

Unni and oppa are not terms that are simply given lightly and without any concern in South Korea and K-pop. It is actually always about people who are either personally very close to you or whom you really admire a lot. The use of the terms almost always comes from women.

What is already reflected in South Korean society with regard to the individual hierarchies can also be seen in the area of language. Women definitely use different terms here than men. Many things are very strictly regulated in South Korea, and this also affects language to a certain extent.

Terms are more a part of the youth language

Unni and oppa are synonyms that are mainly used by girls and young women in South Korea. The older a woman is, the less often she will also speak of unni or oppa. At least, this can be determined as a tendency.

The youth language is very lively in South Korea and is constantly developing. The country’s pop culture also has a great influence on this process. (This refers to K-pop.) It is simply great for very many young people in South Korea to mouth cool and modern words. Also in the future, unni and oppa will surely be part of everyday language use.

South Korea is known above all for its flourishing economy and its colorful cities. But also in the areas of culture and society, this bursting at the seams tiger state has a lot to offer. Thus, there is a whole series of very exciting terms here. Unni and oppa are just a few of the many examples worth mentioning.

What does „hoobae“ and „sunbae“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

„Hoobae“ and „Sunbae“ unfortunately cannot be translated literally. Nevertheless, in this case one can define quite clearly what is meant here. It is about sibling feelings. Unlike what is sometimes claimed, however, this does not mean brother and sister. Rather, one would speak here of newcomer and professional. As already mentioned, there is no clear translation and therefore some room for interpretation is definitely given.

What does „Hoobae“ and „Sunbae“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

As a so-called „Hoobae“ you are still more or less inexperienced and have to be taken by the hand from time to time. So it could be that a so-called „Hoobae“ is the youngest member of a group, but of course it does not have to be. It is much more about the lack of experience that the „hoobae“ has.

As a „Hoobae“ it is common to show a lot of respect and appreciation to the member called „Sunbae“. This behavior then does not go unrewarded. In the best case, the „Sunbae“ is always there for the „Hoobae“ in all important moments and is also able to teach him a lot of important things that are relevant especially within the group.

As a „Sunbae“ one is experienced and has distinctive qualities

As a so-called „Sunbae“ one is a kind of senior in a group and can not only impart his experiences to other members, but also show leadership qualities. After all, every group and especially a music group needs a clear leader.

If one is chosen as a „sunbae“, or has the feeling of having been designated for this by the group, one can dare to make predictions, carry out planning and, above all, intervene if there is a problem within the group.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

South Korea is a country with clear hierarchies

Many people very often have an image of South Korea, but this is only partially correct. People often think of robots, state-of-the-art technology, endless shopping malls and crowded streets. At first glance, everything seems particularly modern. Of course, this is true at first, because South Korea is indeed a very modern country in terms of digitalization and architecture.

However, if you look at social life, you can still see a lot of old traditions and a lot of conservative thinking. Confucianism, which still affects large parts of the country’s society today, has a very strong influence here. Even Korean pop culture cannot completely detach itself from this tradition. What may seem at first glance to be simply very colorful, open and tolerant, actually follows a strict hierarchy.

People in South Korea are used to strict rules and hierarchies in their everyday lives. Whether at work or in the workplace, one has to be subordinate to a particular degree everywhere. Perhaps this is exactly the legitimation for „Hoobae“ and „Sunbae“.

Origin: Hoobae and Sunbae

Hoobae and sunbae are terms that originate from the Korean language and are particularly widespread in democratic and cosmopolitan South Korea. Here they are used more frequently, especially in connection with the Korean pop scene.

South Korea is a small country with enormous economic potential. Many people, especially in the large metropolises of Seoul and Busan, benefit from this dizzying boom. However, young people in particular want to be able to lead a fulfilling social life in addition to their work. Culture plays a particularly prominent role in this. South Korean pop culture has become very popular here in recent years. This trend is also accompanied by new fashionable words. „Hoobae“ and „Sunbae“ are certainly prominent examples worth mentioning.

What does „Maknae“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

„Maknae“ is the name given to the youngest member of a family in the South Korean language. „Maknae“ is also spelled „magnae.“

The term „maknae“ is also used for groups. Here, „Maknae“ refers to the youngest member of a band or group.

What does „maknae“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

South Korea has a distinct pop music culture. In this culture, music groups also play a particularly prominent role. The youngest member of such a pop group is more often referred to as a „maknae“.

A typical nestling

In English usage, the word nestling is most commonly known. Strictly speaking, „maknae“ means such a person. In contrast to English, however, the term is used much more frequently on the Korean peninsula and also in significantly more areas. In addition to the family, as already mentioned, „maknae“ is also used in reference to groups, especially music groups.

In most cases, the youngest member of a family or group can enjoy a special status and is protected to a special degree. However, this can also have disadvantages, especially in view of the strict hierarchy that prevails in Korean families in particular.

South Korea in particular is still very much dominated by so-called Confucianism. There are only a few families that do not want to maintain such a tradition today. In concrete terms, this means that a younger and thus, to a particular extent, the youngest member of a family is of lesser importance with regard to decisions and also property. Although this family member does not automatically experience less love and recognition, it has to subordinate itself to the other family members in the increased measure.

The so-called Confucianism provides above all also that the inheritance which can be distributed is assigned primarily to the oldest member of a family. Here, it is especially the sons who can benefit greatly from this tradition.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Being a „Maknae“ is not only advantageous

Whether one can actually profit from significant advantages as a so-called „Maknae“ is questionable. Certainly, a lot always depends on the personal views of a family. It quickly becomes clear that family life in South Korea is conservative and strictly organized. Thus, everyone is stuck in his or her role and must fulfill it. Breaking out of a particular role is sometimes virtually impossible and only succeeds with considerable turbulence.

Differences between the genders

In South Korea, men tend to be preferred to women. This is also supposed to mean that as a man, you occupy a higher position in society.

As a „maknae,“ it is thus not entirely irrelevant whether one is born a man or a woman. As a woman one will feel disadvantages in such a position even today. Men, on the other hand, enjoy much more attention. Whether this will change in the next few years or even decades remains to be seen.

The term „maknae“ is a Korean term and is also preferably used only in Korea. Here, the term is very common and can be found not only in everyday language, but also in the network world.

What is Hangul? Meaning, definition, explanation

The term Hangul stands for the Korean alphabet, whose letters are intended for the written realization of the language. Unlike, for example, the Japanese kanji or the Chinese hànzì, the Korean hangul does not function on a logographic level. That is, the Korean alphabet is not built on a complex number of morphological syllables in written form, but is based on letters in the form of consonants and vowels, similar to the Latin alphabet used in the West. This makes the Korean alphabet much easier to learn than the complex Japanese or Chinese script variants. The roots of modern Hangul can be traced back to the 15th century.

History and Origin of Hangul

In fact, people in modern Korea reverted to Chinese characters for a long time. In competition with the Chinese characters, phonetic writing systems such as the Hyanchal or the Gugyeol developed centuries before the establishment of the Hangul. Already the Gugyeol from the 13th century was intended to simplify the complex Chinese writing forms and to increase compatibility with the Korean language.

The roots of modern Hangul lie in the 15th century: King Sejong, for example, sought to simplify the alphabet to facilitate literary and linguistic access for the general public. In fact, the Hangul emerged between 1443 and 1446 and was first recorded in the document Hunminjeongeum (1446). The Hangul thus emancipated itself from the sometimes complex Chinese alphabet and simplified the written language to represent 17 consonants and 11 vowels. Today’s Hangul consists of 24 basic letters: 14 consonants and 10 vowels. There are also some complementary more complex characters. But the basic principle is clear: the Hangul is a comparatively accessible written form. The Korean script, according to Sejong’s plan, should be learnable within a day.

At the time of Japanese rule and occupation, Japanese was declared the official language – and thus an attempt was made to establish the Japanese alphabet. At that time, the Korean language such as Hangul was also banned from public use. With the independence of Korea, the modern Korean script based on Hangul was reintroduced in 1946. From the origin of the language in the 15th century to the present day, Hangul, like many other written languages, has been in a constant state of change.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Special peculiarities of Hangul

Today, Hangul is officially used not only in South Korea, but also in North Korea and China. There are different variants between the North and South Korean spellings of the letters. Basically, the script was oriented like the Chinese alphabet in the writing orientation from top to bottom as well as in columns leading from right to left. Thus, according to European perception, the Hangul was read „in reverse“. However, the modern implementation of the Hangul follows the European writing direction from left to right.

The modern Hangul does not function completely detached from the Chinese script. Thus, isolated characters with Chinese origin are also used in Hangul. These characters are also known as hanja. They are meant to complement the comparably few characters of the alphabet. Even in school, the Chinese hanja characters are typically still taught. However, the basis of the modern Korean language remains the Hangul.

Historically, the Hangul has another peculiarity. While the exact time of origin of almost all alphabets in the world is not known, it is still known when and by whom the Hangul was created. But as much as it was planned: The Hangul was not created in a vacuum, but was consciously modeled on Asian and Chinese phonologies. For King Sejong was an educated linguist who pursued a clear goal with his project: To make the Korean language more accessible.

Summary findings on Korean Hangul

The Korean alphabet Hangul has been established since the 15th century. It was a deliberate attempt by the ruler Sejong to simplify the Korean written language and make it accessible to the general public. Although forbidden in the meantime, the Hangul has been able to assert itself in a modern variant to this day. Chinese characters, the hanja, are still found in the alphabet. But unlike Japanese or Chinese, Korean Hangul with its 14 consonants and 10 vowels can be learned within a few hours.

What is Dalgona Candy / Ppopgi? Sugar figures from Squid Game, meaning, explanation

„Dalgona Candy“ or „Ppopgi“ are a classic South Korean candy.

What is Dalgona Candy / Ppopgi? Sugar figures from Squid Game, meaning, explanation

„Dalgona Candy“ or „Ppopgi“ are made from sugar and baking soda. Usually brown sugar or corn syrup is used.

The baking soda gives the Dalgona Candy a sponge-like appearance (with many small air holes) and it becomes very hard.

A figure is then pressed into the „Dalgona Candy“. Baking molds or cookie cutters are used here, such as those known from cookie baking.

Dalgona Candy: sugar figures

For children, the figure is and was part of the fun. Because they started to play a game. The goal was for them to eat the figure free or expose it through a toothpick. This is not so easy, because if the Dalgona Candy breaks, the sugar figure can be broken with it. (Since the sugar mass is brittle, it does not break easily. But if it does break, greater damage can be done.

Children who managed to uncover the figure sometimes even got a reward from the seller. This, for example, was a small toy.

The „Dalgona Candy“ or „Ppogi“ are also known by the following names: Cinder Toffee, Sponge Toffee or Honeycomb Toffee.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Sugar figures / Dalgona Candy: Squid Game

In the Netflix series „Squid Game“, the participants have as a second task to eat or free the sugar figure in the third episode. It is important here that the sugar figure remains intact. Whoever succeeds in this is one round further. Whoever does not succeed is disqualified.

The participants each get one four figures:

  • Triangle
  • Circle
  • Umbrella
  • Star

One may get the impression that the circle or the triangle are the simplest figures. But this is not necessarily true.  The triangle has quite long edges. Even a small mistake in breaking it can destroy the figure. The circle can also become tricky and degenerate into detail work. After all, the edges of the circle have to be broken off in fine work.

The star has short edges. These are easier to break. However, it has a lot of short edges. The umbrella is the most difficult figure. This is because the handle is thin and has a bend at the end. This makes it very difficult to work.

See also:

Info about the game „Red light, green light“

What does Gganbu mean?

Sugar figures / Dalgona Candy Challenge: TikTok

The sugar figurine challenge on „Squid Game“ sparked a trend on TikTok. Users baked or cooked the figurines and tried their hand at cutting out the figure in the middle.

Since the recipe is very simple, the sugar figurines can be replicated quickly and easily. You need sugar and baking soda and a cookie cutter.

Red light, green light – Squid Game, game rules, meaning, explanation.

The game „Red light, green light“ is an opening game in the series „Squid Game“. In English the game is called „red light, green light“.

Red light, green light – Squid Game, game rules

„Red light, green light“ or „red light, green light“ is a South Korean children’s game. In this game, all players compete together to cross a straight line and reach the finish line. In German-speaking countries, the game is known as „Donner, Wetter, Blitz“.

A central person (in the Squid Game it is a puppet) sings „red light, green light“. (This person is called „Es“ in the original. In the German version it is called „Rufer“ or „Ruferin.“) While she is singing, the participants may run. While the person is singing, she has turned away from the participants and covered her eyes with her hands so that she cannot see the players. When she stops singing, she turns around and checks to see if all the participants have frozen and are standing still. Anyone who does not stand still has lost the game (and must (actually) return to the start).

The game „Red light, green light“ or „red light, green light“ in the „Squid Game“ variant has a time limit. If you don’t make it to the finish line within that time limit, you lose. (In the first season of Squid Game, the game has a time limit of 5 minutes).

In the „Squid Game“ variant of „red light, green light“ or „red light, green light,“ participants who do not stand still, fidget, or move are eliminated.

The target of „red light, green light“ can vary. In „Squid Game“ it is shown that the goal is to get to the finish line. The game can also be played in such a way that the winner is the first person to high-five the caller.

Editor’s note: The colors are very reminiscent of a traffic light. The only difference is that we are allowed to drive when the light is green and have to stop when the light is red. Wouldn’t it therefore make more sense and be more logical to sing „green light, red light“? Because with green light the participants may run and with red light they must stand still. If we take the perspective of the character singing, the order of the song makes a little more sense. While singing „red light“ she sees nothing and has turned away. Then at the green light, she may become active.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

„Red light, green light“: doll

The doll in „Squid Game“ in the „red light, green light“ game is inspired by drawings by Cheolsoo (Chulsoo) and Younghee. These drawings were popular in South Korea in the 1970s and 1980s.

The doll really exists. It is located in Jincheon County, Chungcheongbuk-do Province, South Korea.

See also: What does Gganbu mean?

„Red light, green light“: Original, More Info

The game „red light, green light“ really exists in South Korea. It is called there „mugunghwa kochi pieotsumnida“. It means in German: „The hibiscus flower has bloomed“. (Presumably as an allusion to the time of year from which it can be played).

In the series „Squid Game“, the doll sings in the original Korean:

„Aaja khele green light red light.
Ye khel hai nirala“

In English, this means:

„Red light, green light, 1, 2, 3!“

„Red light, green light“: other / German name

In Germany, „Red light, green light“ is known as „Thunder, weather, lightning“. The singing person here is called „Rufer“ or „Ruferin“. While the ringer is singing, he has turned away from the players. If he stops singing, he turns around and checks who is not standing still.

On TikTok, the game „red light, green light“ caused a little hype. Users had the song playing and moved around. When the song stops, they stand still.

On Roblox, the „red light, green light“ game led to users recreating the game.

Other info: Red Light Green Light

„Red Light Green Light“ is a song by Duke Dumont feat. Shaun Ross. It was released in 2019.

„Red Light Green Light“ is a song by rapper DaBaby. It was released in June 2021.

In the game „Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War“, the phrase „Red Light, Green Light“ also plays a role.

Why is K-Pop so popular? Explanation, reasons

At the latest with the success of the boy band „BTS“, K-Pop has also arrived for many listeners in the Western world. The music from South Korea has enjoyed popularity among fans for a while now as a niche in Europe and the USA. In Asia, however, K-Pop is the dominant music genre and offers a huge spectacle especially in countries like South Korea, Japan, China and Malaysia. But what actually makes K-Pop so popular and what is behind the phenomenon that we are reading more and more about and especially hearing about?

What exactly is K-Pop and where did it suddenly come from?

Especially in Japan and Korea, a lot has changed culturally in the past decades. While for many years there was a strong censorship in the countries, with the liberalization a pop culture of its own has developed. Although this was basically oriented toward the classic pop that was brought to the countries from the U.S., it quickly developed its own identity. Basically, a distinction can be made between J-pop and K-pop as the largest Asian pop schools – although in each case it is the music from the countries of South Korea or Japan.

K-pop is said to have started in the late 19th century. However, its own pop culture developed primarily through the influences of stationed U.S. soldiers and their music, which was carried to Korea. With the liberalization of the market and a reduction in censorship, as well as the appearance of its own social change, people began to develop their own style of music. In doing so, however, one relies on the most diverse idiosyncrasies, which are rarely or not at all to be found in this form in the West. However, it is precisely these peculiarities that ensure that more and more Western listeners are finding their way to this form of pop.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

What are the peculiarities of South Korean pop music (K-pop)?

One of the most important peculiarities of K-pop can already be found in the artists. For example, solo male and female singers are a rarity. Instead, the popularity usually goes back to bands. These include up to 12 different members and are especially known for their intense live performances. In addition, these bands rarely develop from independent artists. Instead, they are the focus of an extensive and billion-dollar marketing machine, behind which stand three large and several small agencies.

The bands are therefore quasi casting bands, although these are very different from formats such as Deutschland sucht den Superstar or Popstars, as they are known in Germany. Instead, the bands are specifically selected and often train for months and years before they are actually allowed on the market. This is accompanied by massive marketing in social networks, appearances on television, in entertainment shows and the building of a fan base that from now on determines the business of these bands.

Another peculiarity is the mixing of the Korean language, the Japanese language, Chinese elements and the English language. Many songs have a clear Korean orientation, but are written in English in the chorus, for example, and therefore also offer an international audience the opportunity to get access to the songs very quickly. In addition, the lyrics are still quite harmless in comparison with Western pop – here the censorship in South Korea still takes effect, which can, for example, ensure that the major stations do not play certain songs or videos.

Why is K-Pop so popular in Europe, Germany and the USA? Explanation, reasons

The reasons for its popularity, especially in comparison with Western pop, are extensive and can be explained, among other things, but not solely, by the peculiarities of the structure behind K-pop:

Idols: The strong fixation on a clear market with rarely more than 20 dominating bands, which are omnipresent in the media for that, makes it easy to find favorite bands.

Community: As a rule, the bands have large followings, where one can become a member without major hurdles and which embody a large community.

Presence: Almost all bands are not only present through films, documentaries and music, but also let fans participate in their everyday life through very high activity in social networks and thus offer supposed closeness.

Exoticism: Asian culture has been of particular interest to many people for a long time. K-pop is just another element of how to immerse oneself in this world.

Lyrics: Last, the lyrics are often characterized by love stories, jealousy, longing or simply harmless fun. The music is diverse and offers exactly what the fans want.

All in all, K-pop is experiencing a new boom in the Western world, mainly due to social networks. The so-called idols – the bands and their members – appear to be approachable and at the same time offer music that, especially for a younger audience, contains exactly the topics that concern them. In addition, the players in this music are usually completely free of scandal – their image is of high importance and, accordingly, politics and other external influences hardly play a role. This distances them from the Western world, where social and political problems have long since become an elementary part of the music.

K-pop is likely to increase in popularity due to the success of bands like Blackpink and BTS. While it is understandable that this music and the bands enjoy great popularity, it should not be forgotten that the structure behind the music has its downsides. Often the bands are the property of their agencies, sexism and questionable beauty ideals still play a major role. Nevertheless, the music offers exactly what many listeners around the world want. Therefore, the development is not surprising.

Why are so many people called „Nguyen“ in Vietnam? Explanation

More than 40% of the Vietnamese population has Nguyen as a surname, which means that every third person in Vietnam has Nguyen as a surname. There are about 38 million people worldwide whose last name is Nguyen.

A Vietnamese full name differs slightly in structure from Korean and Chinese names as it includes three main parts: Last name, middle name, first name in that order, with the most common length being three or four words. Some even have six or seven words in their name. But why is Nguyen the most popular surname in Vietnam? There are a few explanations.

Why are so many people named „Nguyen“ in Vietnam? Explanation

In the years from 420 to 528, China’s reign was at a chaotic peak. In order to survive, a large part of the Nguyen family from Anhui, Guangzhou and Zhejiang moved south and migrated to Vietnam. Their community began to adopt the Vietnamese culture and create the main foundation for the growth of the Nguyen surname. By the end of the first century, the wave of immigration of Nguyen families from China was still strong and since then continued to increase the number of people with Nguyen surnames in Vietnam.

However, the biggest milestone in the development of the Nguyen surname occurred during the Tran government period. After taking over the country from the Ly dynasty, Tran Thu Do made a decision that had a tremendous impact on the entire community of people whose surnames were Ly. He required all members of the Ly royal family who lived in hiding to change their last name to Nguyen. The purpose behind this was to remove Ly as a surname so that no one would know about its existence. But the question of why Tran Thu Do chose Nguyen as a surname to replace Ly is not clear. It was probably just a random choice. All citizens with Ly as their surname had to change it to Nguyen.

Surprisingly, this event of changing surnames has actually existed since ancient times. Whenever the country was taken over by a new empire, it was an unwritten rule that all people who had the surname of the previous royal family must change their name to Nguyen.

History repeated itself when the Ho family defeated the Tran monarchy and took over the country. The royal family wanted to find and kill all members of the Tran family. At the end of the Ho era, members of the Ho family, fearing the revenge of the next reign, changed their surname to Nguyen so that the enemy could not find them.

Similarly, in the 16th century when Mac ruled, all Mac members changed their surname to Nguyen for security reasons. In the early years of the 19th century, the Nguyen government ruled the country. The people of Trinh (the former royal family) also changed their surname to Nguyen to avoid being killed. During Nguyen’s reign, people who had the same surname as the king were more likely to receive more benefits. Many people and prisoners took advantage by changing their last name to Nguyen.

As a result of these many historical events that led to the establishment of Nguyen, the last royal family in the history of Vietnam, the number of Nguyen families throughout the country was greater than ever before.

Modern times and the „Nguyen“ family name

Before talking about what happened in modern times, note that in the Middle Ages, people from the lower class did not have a family name at all. It is an honor that was dedicated only to noble people in the society. In the 19th century, Vietnam was under French leadership. The French conducted a large-scale population survey during that time and faced the great challenge that many Vietnamese people did not have a correct surname. So the French decided to give these people a last name and they chose Nguyen. They chose this name because it was the last monarchy in Vietnam.

Despite the decision of the French, Nguyen was still the most common surname among Vietnamese people. So the number of the name Nguyen continued to increase.Now when you meet a Vietnamese with the family Nguyen, you can not only be sure of the country of origin, but also know about the special history of his surname.

Why are so many people named „Kim“ in Korea? Explanation

There are over 50 million people living in South Korea. Of these 50 million, about 10 million have the last name Kim. In fact, the most popular surnames in South Korea are Kim, Lee, and Park, which make up the surnames of half the population. As a culture or nation, it is quite unusual for such a large portion of the population to focus on a few surnames. Why are there so few surnames in Korea?

Why are so many people named „Kim“ in Korea? Explanation, History

Surnames played a major role in Korean society until the Joseon Dynasty between 1392 and 1910. After that, family names were a function of power and class, attributed to kings and nobility in Korea and known as „Yanban.“ Names such as Kim, Lee, and Park have royal origins. Kim has two roots; one from the royal family of the Silla Dynasty (57 BC – 935 AD) and the other from the royal family of the Gaya Confederacy (42 AD – 562 AD). When the two countries merged, the Kim surname became one of the most populous names.

Lee and Kim, in particular, represent a royal atmosphere. Lower socioeconomic communities such as slaves and laborers did not have surnames at that time. There are exceptions, of course. Wang Geon of the previous Goryeo dynasty (918-1392) gave royal subjects surnames that he felt were more loyal and faithful, regardless of their original social position.

The Korean peninsula had a long period of three kingdoms: Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla. After centuries of conflict, Silla unified the peninsula in 668 until it was overtaken by a new dynasty called Goryeo (918-1392). The Kim families of Silla were absorbed into the monarchy and received noble status from the ruling Wang family.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Korea, Kims and the Role of Slaves

During the Joseon Dynasty, slaves made up 50-60% of the population at its peak. Only nobles had family names, while slaves were not given legal names – meaning that more than half of the country was nameless. The status of slaves shifted drastically in the 17th century after two wars against Japan and China’s Qing Dynasty.

When two successive wars deprived Joseon of tax revenues, the monarchy allowed slaves to buy names and increase their social status. This was to bring in revenue from the sale of royal and noble names and to attract more taxpayers, since slaves could not pay taxes.

Most slaves bought popular and powerful family names to solidify their new status. Names such as Kim, Lee, and Park belonged to either royal or powerful noble families. Some slaves also chose to follow the family name of their former master. Therefore, powerful families that owned many slaves saw an increase in family size.

The Role of Growing Trade

There were more and more merchants in Korea over time who tried to enter the market. However, many previously worked as slaves and few possessed a name. Surnames became a luxury they could literally afford. Successful merchants increasingly adopted a surname as well. They could buy an elite genealogy by physically buying a genealogical book and using a surname. Many took surnames from bankrupt merchants.

In the 18th century, forgery of family names was widespread. It was commonplace to falsify family records to „inscribe“ a non-relative from a dying noble bloodline, and allow citizens to adopt a new shiny noble surname.

In 1894, the Korean class system was abolished, and in 1904, a new census ordinance required all Koreans to register a surname. In fact, to this day it is popular among naturalized South Korean citizens to adopt a Korean surname. Popular options include Kim, Lee, Park and Choi.

Bottom line: why are so many people named „Kim“ in Korea? Explanation

Korea’s unique history allowed for the lack of diversity in surnames. The long history of dynastic successions solidified the status of royal and noble families. Slaves later bought their right to become nobles by acquiring the right to own a popular family name, and Japanese colonial rule concluded the current state of concentration on some popular family names.

What is Kimbap? Meaning, definition, explanation

Kimbap is a Korean specialty based on cooked rice. The rice rolls are held together by purple kelp, which is also described by the Korean term gim. Therefore, it is not surprising that the dish is not only known as kimbap, but rather as gimbap in Korea. Thus, the name is composed of the purpurtang gim as well as the term bap, which refers to the cooked rice. In presentation, gimbap is reminiscent of the Japanese sushi dish norimaki, which historically is also considered the inspiration for kimbap, according to some views. However, kimbap is an independent Korean dish with a long tradition that has its own unique variations.

The origins of Kimbap

Historically, the origins of kimbap are not entirely clear. The most common theory, as mentioned above, is that kimbap evolved from Japanese norimaki. This probably happened during the Japanese occupation of Korea between 1910 and 1945, during which time Korean cuisine opened up to a wide variety of international influences, including Japanese bento and sushi varieties. In this respect, the idea that kimbap emerged from this makes sense. According to this theory, kimbap quickly developed its own identity, embracing Korean culinary characteristics.

Alternatively, there is also the notion that kimbap developed independently from the Korean tradition of rice dishes, bap, and established itself independent of Japanese influences. Thus, the Korean historical dish bokssam is said to have been an influence. Which of the theories is true remains unclear. What is clear, however, is that kimbap is now a completely independent rice dish that is culinarily distinct from Japanese sushi.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Differences to Sushi

Only at first glance, kimbap may seem to some to be a variation of sushi. But kimbap has its own unique tradition – and its own unique variations. While the traditional Norimaki of Japan usually comes along puristically, the Kimbap sets gladly on a colorful variant of ingredients, thereby even the rice can be colored and thus in the coloring be prominent. The rice of a kimbap is also often refined with sesame seeds – and generally well seasoned. This is traditionally considered a no-go in Japanese sushi.

Also, the kimbap is not as elementary on fish as the Japanese sushi. Thus, the ingredients of a kimbap can also be supplemented with vegetable varieties, herbs or meat. Kimbap usually relies on pre-cooked rather than raw ingredients. Kimbap is therefore not a mere variant of Japanese sushi, but a varied alternative with its own unique flavors.

Variants of Kimbap

In keeping with its name, the basic ingredients of kimbap are seaweed leaves (gim) and cooked glutinous rice (bap). Apart from that, a kimbap can contain a wide variety of ingredients – and thus represents a richly varied Asian dish as an alternative to sushi. The variations of the dish can be made according to one’s own taste; typically for Korea, kimchi is also served with kimbap. In such a combination, the dish is also considered comparably healthy. This is not only due to the kimchi, but also to the algae variant gim, which contains less iodine than comparable types of algae – and to ingredients such as sesame seeds and the vegetables usually included.

But what are the special variants of kimbap? There can already be differences in the rice. In addition to the traditional white glutinous rice, dark rice varieties (brown or black rice) can also be used, and the rice can also be colored with special ingredients. Sesame seeds and sesame oil are often used – but they are not obligatory. Kimbap can be distinguished from sushi by unusual ingredients such as cheese, ham, shrimp, spinach or bulgogi. Here, the kimbap relies on a traditional bamboo roller for its production, not unlike Japanese sushi.

As with many popular national dishes, distinct variations of the dish have developed depending on the region of Korea. For example, in the region historically of the same name, Chungmu-gimbap could emerge for its thin rolls with bare rice as the filling and kimchi as a garnish. Alternatively, there is the mayak-gimbap from the Gwangjang market in Seoul, which is best known for its vegetable fillings: usually carrots, yellow radish and spinach can be discovered inside. In South Korea, samgak-gimbap, reminiscent of Japanese onigiri, has evolved. International cuisine has long since discovered kimbap for itself. This is also due to the fact that the dish presents itself as extremely versatile and, at least on this level, is a serious competitor to sushi. According to some theories, the California Roll is also considered a famous variant, which some believe was established by Korean immigrants in Los Angeles.

Summary overview of Kimbap

Whether kimbap developed from Japanese influences or entirely on its own in Korea: What is clear is that it is a distinct Korean dish that emancipated itself from sushi. In Korea itself, the dish is called gimbap, which refers to the ingredients seaweed leaves (gim) and boiled rice (bap). Today, there are many different variations of kimbap, and international cuisine has also adapted the Korean specialty with its own variations.

What is Chimaek? Meaning, definition, explanation

Bulgogi, kimchi, bibimbap and kimbap: Korea has a multifaceted cuisine and one of the dishes known in it is chimaek. The term refers not only to a dish, but to deep-fried chicken served with beer. The name is a compound abbreviation of two terms: while the term chikin (치킨) alludes to fried chicken, the name maekju (맥주) stands for beer. These two words form the term chimaek, which means the special evening meal from Korea.

The Origin of Chimaek

Although there are many similar dishes to Chimaek internationally, the tradition of the Korean dish is long. There is evidence that a similar dish existed in what is now Korea as early as 600 years ago. According to this evidence, variants of deep-fried chicken were known in Korea in the 15th century. This is suggested by traditional cookbooks from Korea, which contain corresponding dishes.

However, the modern form of chimaek is attributed to the late section of the 20th century. Over the decades, the dish underwent an evolution: For example, a comparable roasted chicken was already known in the 1960s, and the now spicy deep-fried chicken from Korea probably fully unfolded as an established dish in the 1970s. As cooking oil gained popularity in Korea in the 1970s, new ways of serving the traditional dishes with chicken thus spread. And the presentation of deep-fried chicken with beer became a classic: chimaek.

How is chimaek different from traditional fried chicken?

Today, chimaek is a cultural phenomenon in Korea. Not only have numerous restaurants focused on the specialty, but there are festivals dedicated to the special dish. Statistics also indicate that there are approximately over 20,000 restaurants in Korea that focus on fried chicken. Chimaek is thus a cultural phenomenon that is much more than traditional fried chicken.

Chimaek was further cultivated in 2002 during the World Cup in Japan and Korea. By the early 2010s, the phenomenon had fully arrived in nearly every corner of Korean society. Today, chimaek stands for a kind of lifestyle: stopping in after work in the evening and enjoying a hearty chicken with beer – to celebrate the end of the day. This combination of chicken and beer is the essence of Chimaek, which differs from other similar fried chicken. And, of course, by the special Korean seasonings – whether with spicy or sweet sauce – that sets it apart from similar specialties on the Western market.

There are several varieties of Korean fried chicken that appeal to different culinary affinities. Traditionally known in Korea, for example, is the roasted chicken tongdank, which is considered an early form of the dish. A purist form of fried chicken is Huraideu-chikin, also abbreviated to Huraideu, the simple deep-fried chicken. The variants differ mainly in the different marinations: For example, the deep-fried yangnyeom chicken is known for its sweet and spicy marinade, the ganjang-chikin for its garlic flavor, and the padak for its addition of scallions. If you’re into honey and soy sauce, you can order the honey chikin. In addition, there are also filleted and half-seasoned and half-traditional deep-fried chicken. Korean chikin – also in the form of chimaek – has thus developed into a multi-faceted dish.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Has chimaek spread internationally?

Chimaek has become a Korean answer to American fried chicken in recent years. The special spicy dish with chicken and beer has thus attracted attention not only in the Asian culinary market, but also in parts of the Western culinary market. Chimaek is now a common phenomenon in China, for example. But Korean chicken has also been able to generate increased buzz in the Anglo-American market as an exotic alternative to fried chicken.

A summary overview of Chimaek

Chimaek is a form of fried chicken from Korea. As such, the dish benefits not only from special Korean flavors – whether with honey soy sauce or sweet and spicy marinade – but also from its combination with beer, which is usually served along with it. The dish is especially popular as an evening specialty – to wind down after work. Today, chimaek is a culinary phenomenon that reaches far beyond the Korean market.

What does aegyo mean? Translation, meaning, definition, explanation

The term aegyo comes from Korean and cannot be translated literally into English. In English, there is simply no word that could accurately describe the phenomenon of Korean aegyo. This is because aegyo involves the description of outward appearances combined with certain behaviors. The closest words to aegyo are English words such as cute, sweet or adorable.

In Korea, however, there is always an aspect that can be described as innocent. Thus, aegyo is not used to describe old people, even if they could also be called charming. Furthermore, aegyo is preferably used to refer to girls or young women, boys or men only in isolated cases. The Korean word aegyo is composed of two words. Namely from ae, which can be translated with the English word Love, and the word gyo, to which the English term „beautiful“ corresponds.

What does aegyo mean? Meaning, definition, explanation, translation

The behavior described by aegyo is all around considered to be sugary sweet. Considered are gestures as well as facial expressions and the voice of the people who are classified as aegyo. The goal of aegyo is to appear as innocent and childlike as possible, which is why typical childlike behavior is copied. Those who want to be aegyo therefore speak with as high a voice as possible. Under certain circumstances, the vocabulary is also adapted and a kind of baby language is used.

The background behind aegyo is that Koreans believe that the cuter you appear to others, the more you are liked. To appear aegyo for as long as possible, some women in Korea even have surgery. In cosmetic surgery, even referred to as aegyo surgery, they have their facial features belittled. Their goal is to look similarly pleasing to the heroines of Asian comic books.

Does aegyo exist only in Korea?

The phenomenon of aegyo is not limited to Korea alone. Similar tendencies can also be noticed in neighboring countries. This is due to the fact that the culture of the East Asian countries is closely intertwined. Television series, films and even music groups are often popular not only in their home countries, but also in other East Asian states.

Through the music, film and television industries, aegyo has thus been exported from Korea to countries such as Japan and the Philippines. For example, in Korea, there is a television show called aegyo Battle, which can also be received in other East Asian countries. For the show aegyo Battle, stars who are considered aegyo are invited. In the television show, they demonstrate how strong aegyo they are, for example, in singing performances. At the end of the show, a winner of the evening is chosen. The young female TV viewers then like to use their behavior as a model. However, it is frowned upon to act as artificial aegyo. The best aegyo behavior is that which appears as natural as possible. For Westerners, this request is difficult to understand, because in Western culture, aegyo basically seems artificial and exaggerated.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Where the origin of aegyo lies

The origin of aegyo can be traced back to the Korean relationship between parents and their children. In Korea, young children are taught to acquire the love of their parents. They can do this through behaviors such as giving kisses or performing small tricks. So if a Korean toddler sings a little song or makes a cute facial expression and forms a little heart with his hands in front of his parents or other relatives, he is sure to receive applause from the adults. The child is praised and embraced. Thus it understands that it is loved and recognized for aegyo behavior. If the children become teenagers, they transform this behavior a little and apply it now to the initiation of love relations. In this process, only the girls are still to be aegyo.

By behaving in a similar way to what they learned in childhood, they succeed in attracting young men to them. This increases after the relationship has been initiated in the sense that aegyo is also often used purposefully. For example, if the woman wants to get her way on something the partners disagree on, she often uses aegyo. She then performs an aegyo dance, for example, and uses it to change her partner’s mind. Even in situations other than love relationships, the use of aegyo is not too uncommon. It is often used in a professional context. Female employees use it to assert themselves against their male colleagues.

The downside of aegyo

Although aegyo is very common in Korea, it is also considered unpleasant by critics. There are both men and women who would like to abolish aegyo. If they are critical women, the argumentation is usually that they do not want to produce themselves as submissive dolls who get their way through appearances and childish behavior. They want to be recognized for achievements, such as education or good work. Critical men resist being manipulated by women who use aegyo. If a woman uses aegyo and a man does not play along, this can lead to unpleasant comments from society. This shows how firmly anchored aegyo is in Korean culture. Last but not least, there are Korean and also international voices that fear that the aegyo cult could permanently damage the image of women. The fact that women who use aegyo behave like little girls could create an image that makes men believe that it is okay to desire not only childlike women, but also girls.

What does Ulzzang mean? Translation, meaning, definition, explanation

„Ulzzang“ is a term which originates from South Korea. Literally translated, it means something like „best face“ or „handsome“. The term thus describes the appearance of a person, which is considered desirable.
Other spellings are: „eoljjang, uljjang, uhljjang.“ The original spelling 얼짱 is translated as „eoljjang“ and „best face“ according to Google translator.

What does „uhljjang“ mean? Translation, meaning, definition, explanation

Under growing popularity of K-pop, this term has become established not only in the Asian region, but all over the world. It is used to describe people. If someone has reached the status of „Ulzzang“, he is considered to be especially beautiful. As the literal translation describes, it is mainly about the face of the person. Characteristics for this are the typical round and large eyes, a pointed nose, small mouth as well as a small, round, childlike face with a V-line. In addition, other beauty features such as straight, white teeth, even skin, etc..

The term is used unisex. This means that both men and women can be described in this way. Ulzzang has become a trend in countries like Singapore, Vietnam, Japan, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. As a trend, it has generally spread in the K-pop scene and is used there – for example, as a hashtag – to find people with this look in particular. Since this is a Korean term, only people with the typical Korean and perfect face apply to it. The Asian look is a component of the criteria.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Contests for Ulzzang

On social media, there are always competitions that award the title „Ulzzang“. For this purpose, pictures are sent to the organizers showing the face, figure and clothing style. These three categories are evaluated by the jury and in the end a winner is chosen.

Whoever is awarded the title by winning can expect an increase in fans as an influencer or model. Thus, winning such a contest brings followers and the winner or the winner becomes better known.

„Ulzzang“ Idols

Mina from AOA has become famous as a K-pop idol. Her innocent face, as well as her big eyes, gave her the title of an Ulzzang even before she became famous.

As a unisex usable term, a male singer has also won the title. Jaehyo of Block B was a popular Ulzzang before his career as a musician. He won his title by placing first on Mnet Pretty Boys.

The term is desirable as a title worldwide because some celebrities were able to win it before their careers. Thus, those who have it can not only be sure of their beauty, but also reach the top more easily.

Other celebrities who have this title include Yoon Ara, Kim Shin Yeong, Park Hwan Hui, Song Ah Ri, Kim Seuk Hye, Ban Nam Gyu, etc.

Becoming Ulzzang

If a person has the right condition by nature, he can do a few things to perfect his appearance. This is not about the increasing cosmetic surgeries in South Korea. There are certain diets that can be used in combination with a workout to achieve the „Ulzzang figure“. This involves, for example, drinking a lot and eating healthy. In order to become Ulzzang, make-up is also used. Eyes emphasized by eyeliner look bigger, red lips more perfect and eye shadow gives the eyes more depth.

Conclusion: What does Ulzzang mean?

In the K-pop scene, „Ulzzang“ is now a widely used term. Often, „Ulzzang“ are more successful with their career because of their beauty, as it brings some advantages. Titled with the „best face“, Ulzzang are often models.

What is Banchan? Meaning, definition, explanation

The term banchan comes from Korean. It is used to describe Korean side dishes. This is also the literal translation of the term banchan into English. Banchan are usually served together with cooked rice. Originally, banchan were exclusively vegetarian. In the meantime, however, banchan based on meat or fish have also become very popular.

How banchan originated

Banchan have an extremely long tradition and are believed to have been eaten in Korea for centuries. It is believed that the first banchan were eaten between 100 and 500 B.C. in what is now Korea. At that time, this area belonged to Buddhist kingdoms.

Among Buddhists, foods containing meat were frowned upon, which is why banchan are often vegetarian even today. In order to provide culinary satisfaction to the royal families, and to be able to offer them ever new and exciting varieties of food, their personal chefs developed a huge number of banchan, some of which were prepared at great expense. The common people also enjoyed banchan. However, these were usually simpler and made with less expensive ingredients. Then, between 1231 and 1270, what is now Korea was occupied by the Mongols, who made meat eating popular in Korea. Since then, there have also been banchan containing meat.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

How banchan are served

Banchan always come to the table in small bowls. Not every member of the family, or every guest, receives his or her own bowl of banchan. The banchan are served to all the guests and are placed in the center of the table so that everyone can help themselves.

In addition to the banchan, a complete Korean meal also consists of a meat-based main course or stew. In addition, each guest at the table receives their own bowl of rice and their own bowl of soup. The number of banchan is not specified. However, either three, five, seven, nine or twelve banchan should be served. The more banchan there are, the more wealth and generosity is symbolized by them. In the old Korean food tradition, as it was lived in the royal courts, it was customary to serve twelve banchan per meal.

These vegetarian banchan are among the standard banchan.

Koreans really eat at least one variety of kimchi at every meal. Kimchi are a subspecies of banchan. Kimchi is fermented vegetables that are enriched with chili and salt. There are Koreans who claim not to have eaten a full meal without kimchi. There are different varieties of kimchi, depending on which vegetable forms the basis for the kimchi.

The most popular is Chinese cabbage. However, there is also kimchi based on spring onions, cucumbers or radishes. In addition, kimchi variants are listed as banchan, made from different vegetables mixed together. Other popular banchan are fried vegetables, usually dressed with garlic, chopped scallions and soy sauce. Again, there are no limits when it comes to vegetable choices. Other options for tasty banchan include vegetables marinated in sesame oil, vinegar and salt. These varieties of banchan are collectively called namul.

Meat and fish banchan

Banchan containing meat and fish are known as bokkeum. They are fried and served with sauce. Again, there are countless different varieties. Bokkeum made of fish or meat mixed with kimchi are especially popular. Often squid and pork are used in the preparation.

Other variations of banchan

Banchan can also be cooked in broth or steamed. The variants cooked in broth are called jorim. The broth here usually consists of stretched or undiluted soy sauce, which may or may not be enriched with sesame oil. Meat or tofu are most commonly prepared as jorim. Steamed banchan are commonly known as jjim. Anything from vegetables to fish, meat and egg-based dishes can be served here. Pancake-based banchan are referred to as jeon. They can resemble crepes, quiche or even potato pancakes. Depending on what ingredients are used to make them.

In addition, banchan come in the form of various salads.

What does Saranghae mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

Saranghae is one of the essential terms to express „love“ in Korean. In Korean writing, saranghae corresponds to the Korean spelling [사랑해]. While the English concept of love can be contextualized differently, Koreans also have the ability to express the concept of love differently – depending on the context.

What does „saranghae“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

In Japanese, there are also formal and informal ways of speaking and expressing. When we look specifically at the expression saranghae, it’s worth taking a little grammatical excursion into Japanese:

Saranghae namely goes back to the word sarang. Sarang describes the interpersonal love from person to person. A person who wants to express his love and affection to another person chooses the term saranghae. The Korean „hae“ – or [해] in Korean spelling – is a conjugated verb form of the Korean verb ha-da, which is written [하다] in Korean. The verb can be translated as „to do“ in English.

Literally, saranghae or [사랑해] therefore means „I do love“ accordingly. But be careful: the term is used in Japanese to express affection. Thus, the term cannot be translated as „making love“ but means „I like you a lot“ or „I love you“ in the always non-intimate context.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Synonyms alternative for the word Saranghae

Like Western languages, the Korean and Japanese languages are riddled with numerous synonymous uses of different words and terms.

This is also true of the word saranghae: the latter is also used by the Japanese in informal speech when expressing affection or interpersonal, non-partner love in peer groups or among siblings. It is important to emphasize here that these are also forms of affection and love that are not characterized by intimacy.

Other variants of the term Saranghae

As described earlier, the word saranghae is an informal word that is used especially among the younger generation. The more formal version of the term, on the other hand, is used by people of the older generation and is SarangHaeYo and is written in Korean transliteration [사랑 해요].

Again, it is important to note that the type of love or affection expressed via this term is friendly or interfamilial affection that does not have an underlying sexual or intimate component.

A final arguably more formal version of the term, reserved especially for the educational language context, is SarangHapnida or in Korean transliteration [사랑 합니다].

Sarang as distinguished from Yeanjeong

If saranghae or sarangHaeYo refers to the non-intimate form of affection in particular, the question arises as to what is meant by passionate love in the differentiation of the terms and how Koreans verbalize it.

Passion in Korean means yeonjeon and is spelled [연정] in Korean. The probably more affectionate expressions are Ejeong and Echak or in Korean spelling [애정] and [애착]. All three terms can be literally translated as „attachment“ in English.

The mere feeling of a classical liking of the other person can be expressed by the term nee-ga jo-ah. This is a formal expression that, depending on the situation, can be both romantic in character but also used informally in everyday life.

What does Gganbu mean? Squid Game, meaning, definition, explanation

The term „Gganbu“ is a term made famous from the Netflix series „Squid Game“. In the series, it refers to a kind of friendship between children who live in the same neighborhood. However, a gganbu is also understood as a kind of play partner.

Origin of Gganbu

The word „gganbu“ is spelled „kkanbu“ in Korean and can be translated as „partner“ or „very close friend.“ However, there are also some people who are more of the opinion that a word was used in the series that sounds similar but was from Chinese and was introduced into Korean usage. The word is then pronounced „Gan Bu“ and means something more like „expert“ or „superior.“ However, the word can also refer to some kind of elite group.

If one translates the Chinese „Gan Bu“ into English, it is translated „cadre“. Members of such a „cadre“ are specially trained and have the task of stabilizing social structures such as a company, an army or a state. At the same time, the members are to pursue and eliminate all factors that could lead to a weakening of the system. In English, one would speak of „Cadre,“ although this term is nowadays more commonly used for sporting fields.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Squid Game: Gganbu

In „Squid Game“ 456 participants fight their way through six different games to win a prize of 45.6 billion won at the end (which is equivalent to about 33 million euros). All of the contestants have gotten into financial trouble in one way or another and hope to use the money to build a new life without debt and worry. However, they quickly discover that they are playing for their own lives. Any player who is eliminated in a game is killed and thus eliminated.

In episode 6 of the first season, titled „Gganbu,“ the remaining players choose a fellow player to pair up with. The main character, Seong Gi-hun, takes pity on the player 001 to play with him. His teammate is very old and increasingly suffering from dementia. In the game, the players are to try to score 22 marbles. When the old man mentions that he had a „gganbu“ in his childhood with whom he shared all the marbles in such games, Seong Gi-hun and 001 make a „gganbu“ pact and want to win the marbles together.

However, they learn that they are not allowed to play against random players, but must play against the partner with whom they pair up. So Seong Gi-hun has to compete against the old man and play for all the marbles if he doesn’t want to die.

Meaning of Gganbu

Even though „Gganbu“ is supposed to embody the central conflict of players having to compete against their own partner, another meaning can also be derived. If we assume that the word could come from the Chinese „Gan Bu“, which means „elite“ or „squad“, another interpretation emerges. In this case, „Gganbu“ would mean that someone wants to filter out or eliminate weak elements in the games in order to strengthen someone else. Since in „Squid Game“ only one player can collect the winnings in the end, 455 players are thus „sorted out“ in the games in order to strengthen one person. We can even go so far as to say that the games are intended to „purge“ Korean society of people who are weak and have become a burden on the state because of their financial or social problems.

What does „sasaeng“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

The term „sasaeng“ comes from the Korean language and refers to an overly affectionate fan. Such a fan can be not only very intrusive, but in extreme cases, quite dangerous.

What does „sasaeng“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

The term „sasaeng“ can appear in very different areas, but its concrete use is almost always in the field of pop music in South Korea. Here, this term has been able to assert itself over the years to a particular extent. In this context, it actually always refers to a particularly unpleasant fan.

A so-called „sasaeng“ displays a very irrational and particularly exuberant behavior. Such a person pursues a regular strategy, which not infrequently can also be characterized by clear transgressions of the rules. (See also: Stan)

But why does a „sasaeng“ ultimately behave so impossibly? Not infrequently, this extreme behavior is accompanied by the desire to be really very close to his idol. It is thereby no means too impassable and also no way too far.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

For the star this situation can become a horror

The main sufferer of this situation is the star, who is harassed and bothered. It is very difficult for him to escape this problem, because especially through the many social networks, harassment no longer knows any boundaries.

If the problems get out of hand, the affected celebrity can only defend himself through increased personal protection. In addition, it should be examined whether legal and police measures need to be applied. If the celebrity forgoes these measures, it can quickly lead to a massive intrusion into his or her personal life. Even dangers for life and limb are here likewise then no longer to be excluded.

A „sasaeng“ often has psychological problems

That one admires a human being very much and would like to see this as often as possible and have close with itself, is up to a certain point surely completely normal and not further precarious. However, if one begins to pursue his idol and to neglect certain duties for it, a countersteering is certainly necessary. As a „sasaeng“, you can often become so obsessed that you can’t get out of this situation without professional help.


Stalking is a particularly popular method of a „sasaeng“. The respective form of this behavior can be very complex. It often starts with a flood of messages on social networks, exaggerated fan mail or even telephone terror. To carry out the latter, you don’t need a phone number from your idol today, because many social networks already offer their users the option of calling each other.

Invasion of privacy

Some „sasaeng“ also manage to penetrate the very personal environment of their star. In doing so, he may visit the star in question at home or even try to follow him after concerts or certain events.


It may be hard to believe, but some „sasaeng“ even go as far as this step and try to kidnap a beloved star. Here it is a question of being finally so really close to the adored person.

Community action

As a „sasaeng“, however, you don’t always have to act as a lone wolf. It happens again and again that smaller groups of fans join together to follow a star. Together, they often feel much stronger and can also encourage each other.

Affection can turn to hate

It quickly becomes apparent that a person referred to as a „sasaeng“ is pushy and unpleasant. In many cases, this behavior also results from too little recognition from one’s own personal environment. It is now tried to get recognition by a star and in addition one is also constantly in thoughts only with this person.

In the special measure it becomes however problematic, if the „Sasaeng“ does not get this acknowledgment and in addition also still the feeling gets with all actions not to be successful. A former idol can now even become an object of hatred. Such hatred results from the experienced frustration and can be suppressed only with difficulty.

Hate in this context is not only very problematic, but most certainly dangerous. A frustrated „sasaeng“ will now try to harm his former idol. In addition to stalking, this can also result in attempts to use violence against this person.

What does „Selca“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

The term „Selca“ is very popular on the Korean peninsula (especially in South Korea) and enjoys particularly great popularity there. Strictly speaking, however, „Selca“ is not actually an independent word in the Korean language, but merely stands for an abbreviation here. Specifically, this abbreviation stands for „Self Camera“.

What does „Selca“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

In principle, „Selca“ always refers to a self-portrait, similar to the selfie. Here, especially pictures with particularly good resolution are very popular.

However, when taking such a self-portrait, only a few examples with individuals can be found. Very often, smaller, but sometimes also larger groups take pictures of themselves in order to attract attention.

„Selca“ has become relevant especially in recent decades due to ever-increasing digitalization and constantly improving technology. Many young people in South Korea in particular love self-expression and the use of cutting-edge technology.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Selca: filters and blemishes

In the early days, these self-portraits were less sophisticated, and many a picture actually looked more bad than good. With regard to the representation of one’s own person, however, there are now many more very exciting possibilities. Here, it is primarily high-quality filters that now make a picture shine in a completely new light. One looks on a filtered picture then simply also around a multiple better.

As already indicated, these selfies do not always convey the full truth. The numerous filters can also be used to cover up pimples and other impurities in the skin area. In this way, you more often get more clicks and above all likes, which can then polish up your own ego properly.

It is therefore easy to assume and actually also immediately recognize that with regard to „Selca“ it is not a matter of photographic recordings for one’s own purpose. It is even more about photos that are of particular relevance for the use of social networks.

In South Korea in particular, it is social services such as Twitter that are used specifically by young people and then populated with photos of this kind.

Selca: A sense of belonging

Through „Selca“, a real feeling of togetherness can also develop very quickly. Here, self-portraits are then also uploaded more frequently by groups of friends on the net (especially on social networks).

You then feel like an important part of a group and want to express this feeling to the outside world. Others are supposed to be amazed at one’s own expensive clothes or enormously large circle of friends, for example.

Selca as a trend

„Selca“ is certainly not a trend for the brief moment. In the future, self-portrayal on the net will continue to be of particularly great importance. In the net one can represent oneself besides often better than one is in reality and besides can cover own problems completely purposefully. This then strengthens above all one’s own self-confidence.

„Selca“ may never completely disappear again. Rather, this trend will continue to grow and change its face. In the trend, the static images could then increasingly become moving images. Additional background music with sound could also become much more important.

What is Hanbok? Meaning, definition, explanation

When talking about Hanbok, everything revolves around a special Korean clothing, which originated many centuries ago. Today, this special type of clothing has almost completely disappeared from everyday life.

What is Hanbok? Meaning, definition, explanation

However, the people in Korea, especially in the democratic South Korea, love to maintain certain traditions and so clothes and costumes, which can be assigned to the area of hanbok, are often still used for very specific celebrations. Here, the annual harvest festival, traditional weddings, the Korean New Year, and in some cases even funerals are of particular importance.

Although hanbok plays an increasingly subordinate role in the everyday life of the Korean population, there are now some areas where traditional clothing, such as hanbok is increasingly used again.

Among other things, many people use this traditional clothing for visits to ancient palaces and temples. These rituals can be seen increasingly in China as well as Korea.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Hanbok Day

To further fuel and maintain the tradition surrounding hanbok, an official Hanbok Day was introduced in 1996. On such a day, more traditional costumes of this kind should be worn. On this day it is thus recommended to visit certain relevant temples or palaces. Some Koreans also meet with their costumes then in the big cities (especially Seoul) to spend a nice day.

Even though hanbok is an important tradition and it is a special day, it cannot be compared with the New Year’s Day, Buddha’s birthday or the day of the founding of the state. The so-called hanbok day is not a public holiday in the sense of a work stoppage, and yet it is celebrated intensively, especially increasingly by young people.

The composition of the costume

Looking at the composition of the clothing, despite quite different colors, patterns and cuts, many similarities can be seen in the structure:

hanbok woman:

Skirt (referred to as chima), jacket/top (jeogori), in addition, this costume includes a petticoat.

hanbok man:

Jacket/top (jeogori), pants (baji), sometimes this costume is complemented by a robe (butt).

Especially for the man, trousers and top are cut quite wide. Thus, there should be enough freedom of movement and a pleasant wearing comfort. If men wear a robe, however, it is often tighter and emphasizes the figure, because it is reinforced with a band around the waist and thus emphasizes the figure.

To the classic costume with the above-mentioned components and features, men and also women can resort to alternatives,or sensibly complement the existing set. Here there is a special vest (Jokki), which is especially popular in winter, because it protects against the cold to a special extent.

Hanbok: Make your own clothes using instructions from the net

Sometimes people in Korea want to make their own hanbok. However, this is not so easy. However, if you don’t know how to help yourself, you can refer to a suitable instruction from the Internet. Here, the procedure is explained step by step. Not infrequently, 10 to 15, or even up to 20 different steps are necessary until the costume is finally ready and can be worn. The material used here is, among other things, square paper. This can be colorful and also more or less strongly patterned, so that in the end, for example, a beautiful, colorful skirt for women can be created.

However, without prior knowledge, this clothing is often not easy to make. For the folding of the paper is sometimes required any amount of manual talent. If you are not very talented here, it is better to resort to ready-made clothes, which is offered in many places.

Additional headgear makes the outfit perfect

Hanbok is often supplemented in Korea. Here are especially headgear to mention. For men, some headgear can almost look like a crown. For women, there are also a number of attractive headpieces. However, especially on Hanbok Day, women wear special upswept hairstyles that can be fixed with sticks made of simple wood or bamboo. In addition, women, as well as men in relation to hanbok often not infrequently wear additional headbands.

Disappeared from everyday life but still extremely significant

Korea (here especially South Korea) is a country with many traditions that are maintained over generations and do not simply lose their importance. With a view to hanbok, however, very interesting tendencies and developments of its own can be discerned here.

As a style of dress, hanbok has almost completely disappeared from everyday life, and this has been the case for many decades. The situation is completely different with regard to a number of ceremonial occasions. Hardly any Korean wedding or harvest festival can do without these attractive traditional costumes. Here, it is mainly young people who are particularly fond of this tradition. Hanbok is not old-fashioned and dusty, but is considered very attractive and exciting.

What does daebak mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

„Daebak“ (대박) is a Korean slang expression used mainly by teenagers and young adults to express when something happens that is good, cool, funny, etc.

What does daebak mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

Originally it meant „jackpot“ or „unexpected big thing“, so the meaning of today’s slang term is essentially a happy shout when you feel you got lucky or something went well.

Originally it meant „jackpot“ or „big success,“ but today it is also used as an exclamation when you are surprised or shocked. It can also be used in a sarcastic way.

If you’re with a close friend and they tell you a story and say something you think is really great, you can also just say „Daebak!“.

You can also use it with hot things. If you’re shopping and you find something that you know is really good but so cheap, you might say „Daebak!“

It’s a word used when something is very exciting. It is used to say „대박“ and „대박이다“. Of course, it is also used when you are strongly pressed by irony or when your work is strongly distorted.

In short, „daebak“ is used like an exclamation word that expresses the speaker’s massive feelings, as well as the speaker’s surprise, which suggests that the speaker did not know the content before it was reported.

In summary, „daebak“ is a slang expression in the Korean language used when something good or cool happens.

See: K-Pop / Korean dictionary

Slang Words in K-Pop and Korean

Slang is a very informal language or special words used by a certain group of people. Typically, slang is heard more often spoken than written, although emails and texts often contain many colloquial slang words.

Korean culture works the same way. Koreans use slang to distinguish standard Korean, which is often in written form, from Korean used in everyday conversations. In the case of widespread slang, in-group is used by most Korean natives in conversation.

Here we will tell you more about Korean slang words, the meaning of the word Daebak, its use in daily conversation, the use of Korean slang words in daily life, and a little about other Korean slang words.

Daebak’s Use in Daily Conversation

The use of exclamations by young people is varied. This is a cultural conversation among young Koreans. Since it is a word that is used a lot in modern Korean, especially by young people, it often appears in dramas and is generally described as admiration of high school girls.

Origin from 흥부전Bg.

Bigourd = 대 박

Heungbu heals the swallow’s legs and gets the seeds of a big gourd from the swallow.
A big gourd grows and many gold and silver treasures come out of it. The opposite is an impurity meaning small gourds (e.g. 쪽박).

They also use this word when they are surprised. Not only does it have a positive meaning, but you can also use it to express shock. So you can just understand that it is an expression for surprise.

Examples with daebak: meaning, definition, explanation

1.A: 그 남자애가 나 좋아한데
(Geu namjaaega na joahande)
Apparently, he likes me.

B: 대박, 진짜?
( Daebak, jinjja?
No way, seriously?

2. A: 나 지갑 잃어 버렸어
(Na jigab iro boryeosseo)
I have lost my wallet

B: 헐, 대박! 가방 다시 잘 찾아봐!
(Heol, daebak! Kabang dasi jal chajabwa!)
What the… Look in your pocket again!

3. A: 이거 대박이다 완전 신기해.
(Igeo daebakida wanjeon singihae).
Wow, this is so cool, it’s amazing.

B: 그치?
I know, right?

Sometimes you see words that you wouldn’t easily understand. It’s because of a cultural difference. Don’t try to force it to understand, but try to see as many examples as possible to know when you can use it.

What is Mewing? Instruction, explanation, meaning, definition

Translated, mewing means the meowing of a cat. This beauty trend is currently spreading via TikTok and is supposed to provide a firmer chin area. The hashtag has already reached more than two billion views and users are happy to have finally discovered a way to a tighter chin. But this does not require constant meowing – as might be assumed. Rather, certain movement techniques are used here that can define the jawline and chin area.

Where does Mewing come from? Origin, History

The term Mewing can be modified from the inventor of this technique. This movement technique was invented by an orthodontist named Dr. John Mew. However, the technique became famous only through his son Dr. Mike Mew. In fact, he first let videos about this technique go viral in 2012 to reach the public.

If you look around on the young orthodontist’s You Tube channel, you will find quite a few such videos. And videos are posted not only about Mewing, but also about many other orthodontic treatments. Often, his father also plays a major role in the videos. Then in 2018, Dr. Mike Mew claimed on his video channel to have been expelled from the British Orthodontic Society. The reason for this, he said, was his presence on social media channels. Inquiries to the orthodontic society as to whether this was true were not answered by the society. One refers here in particular also to the data protection guidelines. However, an official spokesperson for the society pointed out that the society is entitled to expel a member if he or she is not acting in the general interest.

How does Mewing work? Instructions

The new beauty trend is a technique that involves pressing the tongue against the bottom of the mouth as many times as possible. The result of this is said to be that the teeth realign, giving better definition to the jawline.

Here’s how Mewing works:

  • First, the mouth is kept completely relaxed.
  • Then, the tongue is pressed very slightly upward against the wall and held flat against the roof of the mouth.
  • Care should be taken to ensure that the tongue is loose, flat against the palate and not pressing against the teeth.
  • Now a slight pressure should be felt all over the jaw.
  • This posture should be maintained as often as possible.

Advocates of the mewing trend claim that it takes a lot of practice to consistently maintain this tongue position in everyday life. Over time, however, the mouth will adapt to this position and remember to place the tongue in the mewing position quite unconsciously.

Advocates of the mewing trend even recommend maintaining the meow position permanently for optimal results, even when hydrated.

Does mewing really work?

Whether the mewing trend is a reputable technique to tighten the chin area remains doubtful. There is no evidence of effectiveness so far. Of course, one can find numerous positive testimonials from laymen on the Internet.

However, the effectiveness of Mewing has not yet been scientifically proven. In addition, possible consequences of Mewing, such as jaw tension, should not be disregarded. These, too, have not yet been thoroughly researched. However, the biggest concern about this technique is that the inventor of Mewing has been excluded by the relevant dental health authority.

Conclusion on Mewing

The new beauty trend of Mewing is not necessarily a questionable or dangerous technique, yet this technique has not yet been properly researched to substantiate the claims. Mewing and other adult orthotropics have seen a huge online surge in recent years. Whether all these products are a guarantee of a defined chin area remains questionable.

For those who want to try the Mewing, don’t let it stop you. However, complete posture is part of a healthy well-being. This is probably how you achieve higher health benefits rather than simply defeating your vanity.

However, anyone who has concerns regarding speech, jaw line or other symptoms should first see a doctor to discuss this technique of mewing. Also, if pain in the jawline or cosmetic changes occur during the mewing technique, these should be discussed with the doctor.

What is Loud quitting? Explanation, meaning, definition

„Loud Quitting“ is the counterpart to the current trend of „Quiet Quitting“. Loud Quitting“ involves letting superiors and colleagues know what is bothering you in your current job. The goal here is not to quit immediately, but rather to demand the things you need to be happy again. If the requests are not met by the employer, one draws the appropriate consequence and quits.

What is the difference between „Loud Quitting“ and „Quiet Quitting“?

With „quiet quitting“, employees do not directly express their displeasure about the current working conditions. Instead, they perform only the absolute minimum amount of work in their day-to-day work that is specified in their contract. So it’s often a silent form of protest against the voluntary extra work that employers often expect employees to do. Many people also use „Quiet Quitting“ as a form of self-protection, for example, when they have already internally quit and are looking for new employment, but have not yet officially submitted their resignation.

Does „Loud Quitting“ work?

In many cases, „Loud Quitting“ can definitely achieve the desired changes. In any case, it is important to communicate openly with your employer or superiors if you are dissatisfied with something. This is the only way to work out solutions together. It can become difficult if one uses the termination almost as a form of blackmail or threat to enforce wishes or needs. Here it can happen that the plan does not work out and one is simply asked to resign and look for another job.

So you shouldn’t count on „Loud Quitting“ to get what you want. In the worst case scenario, you threaten to quit, which you don’t end up following through with, and you risk bad vibes at work. Doing so would only exacerbate what was already a less than ideal situation and risk further psychological distress.

Some people also go into negotiations claiming to already have an offer that meets all the conditions they are currently demanding from their employer. In the best case, this is true and works out and you keep your current job on the same terms you would have negotiated in your next job.

In the worst case, there is no offer and the current employer does not acquiesce to the negotiation requests. Here, you must then either call the bluff – which is extremely unpleasant – or go through with the plan, quit, and hope you find a new job quickly enough.

How should you approach „Loud Quitting“?

To be as successful as possible in getting your job needs met or improving your current conditions, you shouldn’t just rush out and make demands. It’s better to take a close look beforehand at how things are communicated within the company and whether supervisors or employers are even open to such conversations. If this is not the case, you can usually save yourself the mental work and may be better off with „quiet quitting.“

It is also advisable not to talk about the plans in front of work colleagues or to vent your displeasure too often. It can always happen that colleagues talk to superiors about their own plans. This greatly reduces the chances of success of the „quiet quitting“ strategy.

Open communication with superiors is in most cases the right way to make a decision for or against quitting. This is because even if the superiors are not open to a discussion, one has received a clear answer.

Birth control pill: advantages and disadvantages explained

The birth control pill, colloquially known as the „pill,“ is a hormonal contraceptive method that first came onto the market in the USA in 1960. A year later, it was also available in Germany. When used correctly, the pill prevents pregnancy with a very high probability. The pill gave women unprecedented freedom and self-determination over their bodies. As a result, it has had a significant impact on society in industrialized countries. Today, around 200 million women worldwide use the contraceptive pill. In Germany, the pill is just as popular (34%) as the condom (38%).

Advantages of the contraceptive pill

(Disadvantages of the birth control pill follow below)

– Birth control with the pill is convenient and easy. It is also considered very safe, significantly safer than natural contraceptive methods, for example.

– Taking the birth control pill allows for optimal cycle control. The woman knows exactly when she will get her period and can postpone it for a few days if necessary. (Competitive athletes like to make use of this).

– The pill has no effect on fertility. After discontinuing the pill, most women become pregnant after one cycle, regardless of how long they have been taking the preparations beforehand.

– Taking the pill reduces the duration and strength of menstruation, which is usually associated with less pain. Taking the pill can significantly reduce the symptoms of endometriosis.

– Some preparations can reduce acne, so they are preferably prescribed to young women with skin problems. The positive effects on the skin result from the fact that taking the pill reduces the concentration of male sex hormones in the blood. However, the effect against acne is not an approved medical indication of the pill.

– Furthermore, it has been proven that combined preparations reduce the risk of developing ovarian cancer and cancer of the uterine corpus. This is the case up to 30 years after stopping the pill. With regard to other cancers, there are positive study data, but these are not yet confirmed.

– The mini-pill contains a mixture of active ingredients with extremely little estrogen. It is suitable for women who cannot tolerate hormone treatment with estrogen.

The birth control pill and its side effects: Disadvantages

Today, the market offers more than 50 different hormonal contraceptives. Although they are convenient, they are not free of side effects. In particular, the long-term effects have caused the pill to lose some of its popularity. Sometimes, however, the symptoms can diminish with prolonged use. Whether micropill, minipill or „normal“ birth control pill, all preparations influence the hormone balance of the woman.

Since every woman reacts differently to hormones, the side effects can vary greatly. If the pill is discontinued, it can take several months before the normal cycle is restored. Likewise, it is possible for a woman to become pregnant after a very short time. Minipills in particular have the disadvantage of causing irregular cycles and intermittent bleeding. These preparations can also be taken during breastfeeding, as they do not affect milk formation or milk quality. Breastfeeding women who are still concerned about their baby absorbing hormones with breast milk must choose another method of contraception.

The most common side effects are:

  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Water retention
  • mood swings
  • depressive moods
  • weight gain
  • decrease in libido
  • Blood clots, thromboses and embolisms

Cancer risk from the pill – yes or no?

The pill must always be taken after an individual risk-benefit assessment. If the pill is taken for a long time (25 to 35 years), doctors assume a marginally increased risk (0.1%) of cervical cancer and breast cancer. However, women who take the pill have a lower risk of ovarian cancer.

The pill increases the risk of thrombosis

One of the most important and also most serious complications is thrombosis. Women with other risk factors are especially at risk. These risk factors are smoking, obesity, diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure and family history. An increased risk of thrombosis can be detected by a blood test.

Poorer body image

It is undisputed that the pill strongly interferes with hormone balance. Many women would like to be more natural and perceive their bodies better. They feel that their perception is dampened by the pill.

Weaker libido

The pill can weaken the libido, which is rarely desired and can lead to conflicts in the partnership.

Fixed dosing times

The mini-pill must be taken consistently at the same time every day. It is therefore only suitable for women who are well structured. It tolerates only minor deviations in the time of taking the pill.

Interfering factors for the effectiveness of the pill

The contraceptive protection of the mini-pill is no longer guaranteed if the intake is delayed by more than 12 hours or if it is forgotten more than once. Diarrhea and vomiting also affect its contraceptive effect. Antibiotics, but also herbal medicines such as dietary supplements with St. John’s wort, affect the safety of the contraceptive pill. Time differences must be taken into account when traveling. In the case of time differences up to a maximum of 12 h (usually all travel destinations within Germany), women can take the pill as usual at the vacation destination. In the case of flights in a westerly direction, the interval between doses is increased. Information in the package insert and gynecologists provide precise details.

Brief history of the development of the contraceptive pill

The idea of using hormones for contraception was pursued by doctors as early as 1919. Margaret Sanger and Katharine McCormick, both women’s rights activists and active in the medical field, provided the decisive impetus for this.

Margaret Sanger, a nurse, saw women every day in her work environment who suffered from the consequences of unwanted pregnancies and died after amateurishly performed abortions. Both women were committed women’s rights activists and strove for large-scale education about contraception. In 1921, they founded the „American League for Birth Control.“

In 1951, Sander met endocrinologist Gregory Pincus and asked him how much money he would need to develop a hormonal contraceptive. He estimated far less than was ultimately needed, but received it from the wealthy Katharine McCormick, a friend of Sander’s. She supported the project with a total of $2 million.

Together with other scientists, Pincus succeeded in artificially producing the hormones progesterone and estrogen. Their successes are inconceivable without the work of the German chemist Adolf Butenandt. He succeeded in isolating hormones after years of experimentation. He thus created the chemical basis for the production of the birth control pill. In 1939, Butenandt was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his research into sex hormones.

When the pill became available in Germany in 1961, there was considerable opposition from the churches. They feared a decline in morals. Initially, the pill was not intended for contraception, but as a medicine for menstrual cramps. Doctors prescribed it only to married women with children. The manufacturer Schering mentioned the contraceptive effect only as a side effect in the package insert, but it was tantamount to a revolution.

A new era dawns: the sexual revolution

It was the Pill that made the sexual revolution of the 1960s possible, but the innovative contraceptive did not catch on right from the start. This was not only because the Catholic Church protested against it; women themselves (50%) were also skeptical about the pill. This was shown by surveys conducted by the Allesbach Institute in 1963, which even called for the pill to be banned in Germany. More than 60% of those surveyed agreed with the churches‘ view that the pill had a negative influence on morals. Although Pope Paul VI even banned the pill in his encyclical, he was ultimately unable to make much of a difference. Women’s joy at finally being freed from the fear of an unwanted pregnancy was too great. From now on, fertility and sexuality were separate spheres of life.

How does the birth control pill work? How it works

The hormones estrogen and progestin contained in the pill suppress the maturation of the female egg in the ovary, thus preventing ovulation. The hormones also affect the mucous membrane of the cervix, because throughout the cycle the cervix remains closed with a plug of mucus. This prevents sperm from entering the uterus. The hormones also significantly weaken the build-up of the uterine lining. If, contrary to expectations, ovulation were to occur, a fertilized egg would not be able to implant here.

How is the contraceptive pill taken?

The individual instructions for taking the pill vary from preparation to preparation. Women take the tablets continuously, based on a 28-day cycle. The first tablet is taken on the first day of menstruation for all preparations. After 21 days, there is a seven-day break. During this time, the hormone levels drop and a weak menstrual period begins. On day eight, a new pack is started again. There are also preparations that provide for continuous tablet use. In this case, the tablets taken during the period do not contain any active ingredients.

What is Sober Curiosity? Explanation, Meaning, Definition

Sober Curiosity“ is an Anglicism. In English, „Sober“ and „Curiosity“ stand for „sobriety“ and „curiosity“. The underlying principle is that it is possible to have fun without alcohol. Often, it is people who are mindful and aware of a lifestyle that is not exclusively limited to abstaining from alcohol. The purpose of abstaining from alcohol is to improve quality of life and health. Ultimately, it is not about people who have come into contact with alcoholism. It is much more about a conscious lifestyle. It is about a freely chosen abstinence to make an important statement.

Development and background of „Sober Curiosity“

There are diverse backgrounds and lifestyles behind the „Sober Curiosity“ movement. In the recent past, it was the author Ruby Warrington who was the face of the movement. She described herself as a „cocktail girl.“ Alcohol consumption left negative consequences, so she decided to take the path of abstinence. She published her book „Sober Curiosity.“ It stands in German for „sober curious“ and the ability to experience exciting things without alcohol. Panic attacks as well as sleep problems have reinforced her decision to give up alcohol. In her work, she advocates the consistent abstention from alcohol consumption. Moderate or severely restricted consumption is also out of the question.

In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of young people who have made a conscious decision not to consume alcohol. The reasons for this lie in the social paradigm shift. In addition to sustainability, one’s own health also plays a substantial role these days. Whether work-life balance or a balanced diet, new priorities have become established that characterize life. Along with this, inner balance and physical fitness have become important everyday companions. Contrary to this, alcohol consumption represents a hurdle when it comes to a healthy lifestyle.

In recent centuries, alcohol was a social stimulant that was recognized or tolerated across cultures. Nevertheless, it is a powerful drug that is both mentally and physically addictive. Consequently, there have been many deaths attributable to alcohol consumption. Tolerance for alcohol has recently declined – even among younger groups of people. The „Sober Curiosity“ movement is just one side effect that is an expression of today’s zeitgeist.

„Sober Curiosity“ in everyday life

People and followers of „Sober Curiosity“ usually focus on complete abstinence. This is because moderate alcohol consumption is difficult to define. It is up to the discretion of the individual to decide what consumption can be classified as moderate. Therefore, from the point of view of the supporters, alcohol consumption poses a danger – even with moderate consumption. This is because moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages can ultimately lead to alcohol addiction. Consumption can increase over time without those affected noticing.

That is why followers of „Sober Curiosity“ abstain from consumption in all areas of life. Along with this, alternative recreational events have become established, initiated under the motto „no alcohol.“ In the USA, there are an increasing number of bars and pubs that offer alcohol-free events. There is a growing target group in this area. Numerous people are consciously looking for parties where no alcohol is sold.

At the same time, other movements have developed that have similarities to „Sober Curiosity.“ In this regard, there is the „Mindful Drinking“ movement. This is about people who merely limit their consumption. Mindful Drinking is ultimately about responsible consumption of alcoholic beverages. The primary goal is to integrate consumption into everyday life without exposing oneself to danger.

Distinction from Alcoholics Anonymous

There are parallels between Sober Curiosity and Alcoholics Anonymous. The latter group has been around since 1935, and both groups have made abstinence their goal. However, there are significant differences between the members of Alcoholics Anonymous and the followers of Sober Curiosity.

Alcoholism is a serious disease that can lead to death if left untreated. To overcome the disease, it is inevitable to live abstinent. Thus, abstinence in Alcoholics Anonymous is based on voluntary action only to a limited extent. Abstinence is an important step in making one’s way out of alcohol addiction. In this regard, there is no lifelong cure for alcoholism. Even small amounts of alcohol can cause one to relapse – even after decades of abstinence.

Contrary to this, for followers of Sober Curiosity, there is no urgent need to live abstinently. The decision is made freely and is not related to an alcohol disorder. This is precisely the essential difference. Here, a healthy lifestyle is the focus of the decision. In addition to abstaining from alcohol, a balanced diet or exercise is the focus of the movement.

Dangers of alcohol – a drug with fatal consequences

At the beginning of the 20th century, increased alcohol consumption was sometimes associated with weakness of character. There was no awareness that it was a dangerous drug or disease. It was not until 1952 that alcoholism was officially declared a disease, by the World Health Organization (WHO). As a result, new treatments were developed to treat it as a disease.

Alcohol has been shown to be even more dangerous than heroin or crack cocaine. A study in the journal Lancet has revealed that alcoholism has worse consequences for health and society than crack or heroin. British researchers have thus classified alcohol as extremely dangerous. In the long term, alcohol consumption leads to considerable limitations, even if the consequences are not obvious at first. The studies are rekindling old debates. The question is why other drugs are legally punished while the consumption of alcohol is legal.

Conclusion on the subject of „Sober Curiosity“

„Sober Curiosity“ helps raise society’s awareness of the dangers of alcohol. Even though alcoholism has been recognized as a disease for decades, there are still a high number of people who fall victim to the disease today. With the help of the sobriety movement, important preventive work is being done. Young people in particular underestimate the dangers associated with alcohol consumption. With proactive involvement, the negative consequences of alcohol consumption can be mitigated. Whether abstinence or reducing consumption, it is important to find the right way to deal with alcohol – this is the principle of „Sober Curiosity“.

What is hypervigilance? What can be done about it? Explanation, meaning, definition

Hypervigilance means increased alertness or attention. Hypervigilance is a term used in psychology. Hypervigilance is one of the most common symptoms of psychiatric diagnoses such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or complex PTSD. People with hypervigilance are often very jumpy and tense, constantly on guard or struggling with anxiety.

What are the symptoms of hypervigilance?

Symptoms of hypervigilance are varied and often depend on the underlying disorder. However, they are often very similar from underlying disorder to underlying disorder. Below are the most common symptoms of hypervigilance:

Affected individuals tend to continuously keep a close eye on those around them and their environment, constantly questioning whether a threat might be hiding somewhere. To this end, affected individuals intensively analyze, for example, the body language, voice tone, or facial expressions of the people with whom they interact.

Affected individuals often harbor unusually great distrust of other people or they fear that other people might abuse their trust. This can even extend to paranoid states.

Affected individuals expect danger everywhere, even when they are actually aware that there can be no danger.

They are often excessively jumpy in relation to sudden noises or movements and often flinch when other people barely react.

Affected individuals often worry excessively about what other people think about them, how they will be seen, and whether they will be judged.

They often experience constant inner turmoil or permanently elevated anxiety levels.

Affected people are often more easily irritable than others and more prone to aggressive behavior. This is a protective mechanism against perceived threats.

The perception of affected individuals is often distorted. They believe that other people do not like them, that they are being bullied, or that conspiracies are afoot against them.

Physical symptoms are also included: these may include trembling, profuse sweating, an increased heartbeat, or rapid breathing.

Affected individuals feel a constant sense of anxiety or experience panic attacks, even when there is actually no rational reason for them.

Many hypervigilant people suffer from sleep problems. For example, they wake up frequently or have nightmares. This, in combination with the constantly high stress level, often leads to chronic exhaustion in the affected people.

Another symptom is so-called catastrophizing: Here, affected people perceive even minor setbacks as major personal failures and often react accordingly dramatically.

Affected individuals also often develop a social phobia or withdraw to such an extent that they are almost completely socially isolated.

What is the cause of hypervigilance?

In many cases, hypervigilance is the result of trauma. Hypervigilance is particularly common in people who have experienced a traumatic childhood. As a result of these experiences, individuals develop a belief that the world is a dangerous place and that every person they encounter potentially wants to harm them. This is a protective mechanism to prevent further psychological or physical injury or trauma.

What can be done about hypervigilance?

To calm hypervigilance, a basic sense of inner security must be created in the sufferer. In most cases, this requires therapy to work through the underlying trauma or traumas and understand that the past is no longer a threat. Breathing training, meditation and exercise can also help to calm and regulate the nervous system and to perceive reality as such.

Why and when were chainsaws invented? Explanation, meaning, definition

The chainsaw was invented in the 18th century by two Scottish doctors – John Aitken and James Jeffray – to saw through the pelvic bones of birthing women to help the child into the world. This was necessary if, for example, a child was too large for the birth canal or was not properly positioned for delivery. At that time, the saw was used to saw through or remove the pelvic bone (the symphysis) – called a symphysiotomy – to make more room for the baby in the birth canal.

What did the first chainsaw look like?

John Aitken and James Jeffray’s chainsaw was only roughly reminiscent of what we know today as a chainsaw. Originally developed as a bone saw, the chainsaw consisted of two handles with a chain passing between them. This chain consisted of movable, toothed links. By pulling this chain back and forth with the handles, bones could be cut.

What were the consequences of using such a chain saw during childbirth?

Since medical developments in the 18th century were not nearly as good as they are today, the use of a chainsaw and the sawing up of pelvic bones was indeed a valid emergency measure during childbirth. Because of the lack of knowledge about hygiene and sterility, a cesarean section at that time was much riskier than symphysiotomy and almost always ended in the death of the mother from bleeding to death or infection. At that time, a cesarean section had a mortality rate for the mother of almost 100%.

However, the use of the chainsaw also meant months of pain for the mother and carried a high risk of infection. The procedure was also highly risky for the child, who could be injured.

The alternative, however, was to do nothing, which in the case of a stagnant birth would almost certainly result in death for both mother and child.

How did today’s rotating-chain chainsaw come to be?

Aitkins and Jeffray’s first chainsaw was a chain that could be moved back and forth using two handles. So, except for the toothed chain links, there was little resemblance to today’s chainsaw with a rotating blade and motor. But this modern version of the chainsaw is also an invention of medicine.

In 1830, instrument maker and orthopedist Bernhard Heine presented his latest invention: the osteotome. The term comes from ancient Greek. „Osteo“ means bone and „Tomia“ means cut.

At the time, Bernhard Heine had developed a bone saw for opening skulls, which he hoped would produce a much more precise cut than was possible at the time. At that time, skull openings were made with a hammer and chisel or a drill. With this osteotome, Bernhard Heine had developed the basic principle that still underlies modern chainsaws with motors.

How long has today’s chainsaw existed?

Although the principle for the rotating chainsaw had already been born in 1830, it took until the middle of the 19th century for the first electric chainsaw to appear on the market. Prior to that, there had been attempts at steam-powered or mechanical chainsaws with rotating saw blades, but they had not caught on due to awkwardness or susceptibility to failure. A year after the electric chainsaw, the gasoline-powered chainsaw also came on the market. These saws initially had to be operated by two people because they were very heavy.

What does „Flapjack“ mean? Explanation, meaning, definition

A flapjack is a sweet, flat pastry that is about the size of a sandwich, bar or small cake. It is usually prepared in a square or rectangular shape, or baked in such shapes and then cut into manageable pieces.

Flapjacks are rather unknown in this country, but are becoming more and more popular as a tasty and healthy snack for in between meals. The term flapjack is not protected and can therefore be made up of many different ingredients. However, a flapjack is usually a snack made from oatmeal and other ingredients.

It is not intended as a main meal, but as a snack or meal replacement and is eaten by a wide variety of target groups – for example, by professionals, athletes or during leisure activities. As a meal replacement, flapjacks are particularly popular at breakfast. This makes the flapjack itself comparable to the more common muesli bar in this country, which is, however, made from other cereal products rather than oats. Also, granola bars are usually much smaller and not as filling as flapjacks.

What does the term „flapjack“ mean? explanation

The term „flapjack“ is made up of the two English words „to flap“ and „to jack“. While „to flap“ in this context can be translated as „to turn something“, „to jack“ in this context stands for „to wind something up“ or „to thicken something“. A flapjack is therefore a food that is quite thick and is turned over. This refers to its preparation in a frying pan. In the past, a flapjack was prepared in a frying pan and flipped – similar to a pancake – in order to fry it on both sides.

In the United States of America, pancakes are therefore still called flapjacks, even though they have a different meaning in this country. Translated, the term „flapjack“ therefore means something like „hot oat cake prepared in a pan“. However, the actual preparation often differs greatly from the idea of „oatcake rolled in a pan,“ as flapjacks are now often prepared on a baking sheet that is heated in the oven. The individual flapjacks are then simply cut to size and are ready to eat from that point on.

Where does the term „flapjack“ come from? Word origin, origin

The term „flapjack“ originates from the Anglo-Saxon language area and can be traced back to 19th century England. This was the age of the British industrial revolution, in which industrial workers had to prepare simple but high-energy meals for themselves at home on a manageable budget. Potential ingredients for this were eggs and oatmeal or oatmeal, which were available everywhere and cheaply at the time. From these, workers prepared simple and wholesome breakfast meals or snacks by flipping small oat cakes in cast-iron pans.

Flapjack quickly spread to the rest of the English-speaking world, such as the United States of America. Even today, the flapjack is therefore still known primarily in Great Britain, the USA and Canada. In the other English-speaking regions of the world, such as Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, the flapjack is also known, but is much less common. Presumably, oats as a useful plant were never really in focus in the latter regions.

A definitive answer to the origin of flapjack cannot be given, however, as it originated among the people and the term was also formed rather colloquially. Therefore, the real meaning of the term flapjack is also unclear to this day.

What ingredients are needed for a „flapjack“?

Flapjacks can be prepared in many different ways. As a rule, however, oatmeal or oat flour, eggs and butter are the basic ingredients of this dish. In addition to the basic ingredients, flapjacks are often mixed with various flavorings such as peanut butter, protein powder, coconut oil or nuts.

Furthermore, dried fruit, sugar, marzipan or other ingredients can also be used to prepare flapjacks. The flavors of flapjacks can also be influenced individually with the help of honey, vanilla extract, cinnamon or other spices. In fact, there is no set recipe for the preparation of flapjacks. What is important are primarily the basic ingredients plus the additional, flavor-bringing ingredients, which can be supplemented or exchanged as desired.

How is a „flapjack“ prepared?

To prepare a flapjack, you first need all the basic ingredients plus the individual additional ingredients. These are oatmeal, butter, sugar and nuts and fruits of individual choice. For the preparation, the oven must first be preheated to 180 degrees Celsius. At the same time, a rectangular or square baking dish (about 20 by 30 centimeters in size) can be greased. This is done because the flapjacks should not stick to the baking tray later. After greasing, then generously lay out baking paper on the baking sheet.

The next step is to prepare the dough for the flapjack. To do this, first heat the butter and some sugar over medium heat in a saucepan or deep pan and mix well. This should be done until the butter has melted and the sugar has dissolved.

After everything is heated and mixed well, other ingredients such as nuts or fruit can be added and stirred in as well. The dough is then ready and can be put on the baking pan prepared in the first step. It must then be smoothed out (preferably with a moistened cake spatula).

Now bake the baking tray with the flapjack dough for about 20 to 25 minutes at 180 degrees Celsius top and bottom heat on the middle rack until it reaches a golden brown color. After that, the baking tray can be removed from the oven and now only needs to cool down a bit. Once the baking sheet with the flapjack has cooled, it can be cut into equal-sized pieces with a sharp knife.

The finished flapjacks can then either be eaten directly or used as a snack between meals. As a serving suggestion, more fruit, maple syrup or peanut butter can be added, with which the flapjacks are eaten together.

Why are „flapjacks“ eaten at all?

Flapjacks are eaten overall for a variety of reasons. The main reasons are that flapjacks are very nutritious and inexpensive and are also ideal as a healthy snack between meals. This makes flapjacks especially suitable for people who are under a lot of time pressure. Furthermore, flapjacks include relatively simple ingredients that everyone usually has at home, or they are an excellent way to use leftovers.

Flapjacks are also rich in fiber as well as complex carbohydrates and proteins and are therefore perfect for athletes to replenish their energy stores on the one hand and to provide proteins for muscle building on the other. Finally, flapjacks are suitable for all age groups and for many applications and can be used either as breakfast, snack or dessert. Depending on personal preference, a flapjack can also be prepared in very different ways in terms of taste.

Conclusion on the subject of „flapjacks“ and similar terms

In summary, a flapjack is a very healthy, inexpensive and uncomplicated small meal. This comes from the English-speaking world, but is also becoming increasingly popular in this country and is roughly equivalent to the muesli bar, which is more widespread in Germany.

Flapjacks can be prepared individually and, above all, quickly in the oven at home with just a few simple steps and using manageable ingredients. They are therefore suitable for working people, athletes or, in principle, for people with little time or a limited budget. Foods similar to flapjacks include oatmeal cookies, granola bars, oatmeal pancakes, and oatmeal muffins, all of which are prepared in a similar way or taste the same. All of these foods use oatmeal or oat flour as the basic ingredient. Definition

What is „Parallel Dating“? Explanation, meaning, definition

„Parallel dating“ is a phenomenon that has primarily gained importance in the age of online dating. Due to the numerous contact opportunities on the Internet, single people are increasingly focusing on getting to know several people. Thus, one speaks of „parallel dating“ when single people do not focus on one person. Different people are met before a decision is made. In this way, it is possible to get to know a larger circle of people. Based on this, single people can weigh up which person is suitable for partnership.

What is „Parallel Dating“? Explanation, meaning, definition

Basically, „parallel dating“ is not a new phenomenon from the digital age. Even decades ago, it was socially tolerated to date multiple people. Only the frequency has intensified in recent years, and that since the online boom in the dating world. While it was common back then to find a partner through work or friends and acquaintances, things look different in the digital age. Surveys have shown that partnerships are increasingly being formed via the Internet. There is no break in the trend in sight, because the world is becoming increasingly digitally networked. This also has consequences for our own lives and love lives.

In the course of this, disadvantages have also arisen. As a result of the high information overload, it is much more difficult to make a decision. Hundreds of people are looking for their fortune on the Internet. That is why „parallel dating“ has become established in online dating. In this way, single people have the chance to meet different people.

Another reason for „parallel dating“ is the higher demands that have resulted from digital dating. On the Internet, profile details, pictures, hobbies or professional aspects can be compared with each other. As a result, single people select according to stricter criteria. Finally, in a few clicks, one can customize the search and choose from hundreds of people who are potential partners.

Procedure in „Parallel Dating“

In „Parallel Dating“ there are basically no fixed rules. This is because it is primarily about meeting several people. The meetings can be arranged or planned flexibly. Singles can date several people over a period of weeks. Contrarily, it is possible to meet several singles in one day. Nevertheless, some behaviors have proven to be efficient to increase success in „parallel dating“. After all, misunderstandings and disappointments can occur.

Among other things, it is significant to formulate one’s own needs and desires in concrete terms. Otherwise, the focus shifts to quantity, not quality. In order to meet adequate people, it is helpful to have clear ideas. These should also be communicated to the outside world. Whether it’s eloquence, shared values, empathy skills or success, there are different focal points that can be set.

The right measure is also crucial. If a relationship of trust develops with a person, it is important to noticeably limit or break off contact with others. Otherwise, the risk of misunderstandings increases. This is because „parallel dating“ can also be perceived in a negative context. This can damage trust and lead to accusations.

Ultimately, openness and honesty play a central role. Singles who address the topic directly and openly ensure a secure basis of trust. This gives the other person the opportunity to decide to what extent he or she wants further contact. This can prevent conflicts in advance, which in turn saves time in the search for a partner.

Differentiation from other relationship forms and terms

„Parallel dating“ is not to be confused with an open relationship or other forms of relationship management. Due to the many neologisms as well as anglicisms, it can happen that terms are used synonymously with each other. In this regard, terms such as „yologamy“ or „benching“ have become widespread. Explanations follow in order to avoid misinterpretations.

The youth word „yologamy“ is an alternative term for an open relationship. Thus, it is not a dating style, but a certain relationship management. The word „Yolo“ is an acronym that stands for „you only live once“. It translates as „you only live once“. It is a casual attitude towards partnerships. Values, such as fidelity or loyalty, have a subordinate role. In an open relationship, it is open to both partners to have another partner on the side. In this regard, there are also open marriages that do not conform to conventional ideas of marriage management. Nevertheless, the focus remains with one partner. Often the contact to other persons is reduced on the gender level.

Contrary to this, there are polyamorous forms of relationships, which are different from the open relationship. It is the opposite of monogamy. Polyamory is a love relationship with several people. In this case, all love partners have a meaning. In some cultures this form of love is tolerated. In this regard, in some countries it is possible to marry several love partners. In such cases, one speaks of polygamy. The word stands for „polygamy.“ The acceptance and tolerance is ultimately dependent on the cultural circle and the social development.

Furthermore, the Anglicism „benching“ has become widespread in recent years. Singles who „bench“ someone make for unclear relationships. The intention behind it is to have a person as a reserve. Often, the search for another partner continues while the „reserve person“ continues to be contacted. Especially in the digital world, the phenomenon has gained momentum. It is a manipulative form of dating, as is „ghosting.“ „Benching“ ultimately has nothing to do with „parallel dating.“ This is because there is no intention to get to know the other person seriously.

Conclusion on „Parallel Dating

Basically, „Parallel Dating“ is an ideal way to improve your own partner search. Hereby singles can collect many impulses before it comes to a final decision. Nevertheless, it is of elementary importance to keep „Parallel Dating“ apart from other terms, such as „Benching“. Along with this, dating should be transparent, honest and fair.

In this way, complications can be prevented. At the same time, the chances of finding the right partner with the help of „parallel dating“ increase. Thus, it is an accepted form of dating, which meets today’s demands. In view of the high flood of information on the Internet, it is much more difficult to select nowadays. The „Parallel Dating“ creates remedy in the digital dating world and offers new chances to improve the partner search.

What is celery juice? Effect for health, explanation

The origin of celery is in the Mediterranean region. Usually, the celery juice is made from celery and not from the celeriac. Celery juice is particularly suitable for a balanced diet, which is not least due to the many healthy ingredients. In addition, 100 g of celery contain just 18 kilocalories. In addition, celery is rich in many vitamins and minerals, such as:

  • Antioxidants
  • vitamin C
  • Potassium
  • Sodium
  • Magnesium
  • Vitamin B1
  • Vitamin K
  • Vitamin B2
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B6
  • Calcium

Things to know about celery juice

The best thing about celery juice is that it is obtained from raw celery. Due to this fact, all the healthy ingredients are fully preserved, which means that they can be absorbed by the body almost entirely.

Eating celery raw has several advantages. For example, celery has a mild dehydrating effect, which helps to get rid of unwanted fluid retention. Due to the so-called terpenes (oils), celery is even said to have an antibacterial effect. For people who would like to lose some weight, the celery juice can supportively help. The reason for this is the low fat and calorie content of celery. In addition, it fills the stomach and prevents cravings. The contained bitter substances as well as oils can support the digestion and relieve besides easy stomach complaints.

But in some cases, caution is also called for: Not everyone tolerates celery juice equally well. In particular, people with kidney problems should seek medical advice beforehand. The same applies to pregnant women.

Effect of celery juice

As mentioned above, raw celery contains some minerals, trace elements as well as vitamins. Celery juice is said to have numerous healthy effects. Among other things, the medicine guru Anthony William is said to have found out some positive effects on celery.

Those who drink celery juice can promote their intestinal and stomach health. Chronic conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhea, heartburn, leaky gut or constipation can be alleviated with the help of celery juice. In addition, celery juice has a blood purifying and blood pressure lowering effect. The reason for this could be the combination of magnesium and potassium, as both minerals have a relaxing effect on blood vessels.

The relatively high vitamin K content strengthens the bones as well as the heart. The vitamin C found in celery is good for anti-inflammation. Various diseases such as joint pain, eczema, rheumatic diseases, acne and even autoimmune diseases can be alleviated with the help of celery juice.

B vitamins are necessary for energy metabolism. Vitamin A strengthens the eyes, which is previously converted from beta-carotene by the body. Not to mention all the other numerous minerals.

Celery juice – low in calories, nutrient-rich and detoxifying

To ensure that the nutrients already mentioned can be taken in sufficiently concentrated form, it is recommended that celery be consumed in the form of juice. Fresh and cold-pressed it tastes best. Even a 300 ml jar filled with celery juice contains a complete bunch of ten stalks. Even real celery lovers would not manage to eat that much celery every day – in the form of juice this is more possible.

Due to its 90% water content, celery is one of the vegetables with the lowest calorie content of all. Especially because of the high water content, raw celery juice is also highly recommended for detoxification or to reduce disturbing water retention. Celery juice should not be missing from juice cures.

How is celery juice made? Instructions, recipe

There are two ways to make celery juice. Either you use a slow juicer or a centrifugal juicer.

The easiest way to make celery juice is to use a slow juicer. In principle, slow juicers are juicers that apply a lot of force, but can still squeeze the vegetables or fruits with gentle revolutions that are rich in nutrients. Spinach, wheatgrass, root vegetables and celery pose no problem for the slow juicer. Cold pressing prevents too many enzymes or vitamins from being lost due to heat. In addition, you are guaranteed to get the greatest juice yield and the best taste.

First, the celery should be chopped up a bit before it is put into the feed chute. The rest is taken care of by the device. First, the vegetable is chopped into small pieces and then pressed against a sieve with small twists. The result is 100% celery juice without any fibers, as these are retained in a special collection container. It can be noted that approximately one celery yields between 350 and 500 ml of juice, depending on the slow juicer model.

But with the help of a centrifugal juicer is also possible to produce celery. However, this is not quite as gentle on nutrients as production with the slow juicer. A centrifugal juicer juices with very high rotary movements. A full 15,000 revolutions per minute are possible. Due to this strong rotation, an enormous amount of oxygen can get into the celery juice. Oxidation can occur.

In addition, the strong rotary motion can also generate heat, which can damage the sensitive vitamins and enzymes. When celery juice is made with a centrifugal juicer, the celery not only loses valuable nutrients, but also loses in flavor. If the celery juice is oxidized, this can also be recognized by its slightly yellowish-brown color. To produce the same amount of celery juice as with a slow juicer, one third more celery is needed.

What are the 5 phases of a relationship? Explanation, meaning, definition

A partnership (relationship) always goes through five phases. These five phases consist of:

  1. Falling in love and butterflies in the stomach
  2. Return to reality
  3. Disillusionment
  4. Firmness
  5. Arrival

All couples who have already gone through these five phases can no longer be divided so quickly. They have already been to various low points in their relationship and have been able to overcome them successfully together. Every low point that is fought together allows the couple to weld together. Positive side effect: The highs appear even more beautiful. Only those who understand these phases and who know at which point of the relationship they are currently standing can deal with the challenges much more easily.

However, it can be noted that although these phases run through every partnership, they vary in length. This means that your partner may still be in a completely different phase than you are. Therefore, it can happen that one still wears the rose-colored glasses, whereas the other has long since taken them off.

How long a person is in a phase depends entirely on oneself. Sometimes couples don’t even make it through all the stages because they realize in between that they don’t fit together at all. Since every partnership is different and unique, it is impossible to say exactly how long each phase of a relationship will last.

First phase of a relationship: Infatuation

Every relationship starts with the infatuation phase. Here, both partners wear rose-colored glasses, float on cloud nine and have butterflies in their stomachs. The partner seems almost ideal during this phase and nothing bad can be found in him. Not least, this is where the saying comes from: „One is blinded by love“. People can hardly wait to see their partner again and keep gifting him or her with small attentions.

But the first phase is also the most decisive phase for how stable the later partnership will be. The couple really grows together during the infatuation phase. This phase lasts about three to 18 months and unfortunately many relationships do not survive this phase. Many people get out of the relationship at this point without knowing what benefits would have resulted from this longer relationship.

Of course, everyone is unsettled at first, as soon as the butterflies have disappeared from the stomach again. Nevertheless, one should not give up immediately at this point, because in the end a deep and connected love partnership can still develop.

The second phase of a relationship: the return to reality

Once you have successfully gone through the first phase and the butterflies in your stomach gradually decrease, you find yourself in the second phase. The high phase of feelings is over and can seem frightening at first. Many people throw in the towel at this point and give up on the relationship. However, you should not act hastily, because this phase is also part of the development process of a stable relationship.

Suddenly you notice the worse sides or negative qualities in your partner and the first conflicts can arise. However, if it is true love, the partnership also passes this hurdle. Solutions and compromises are sought together, which ultimately strengthens the relationship.

Third phase of a relationship: disillusionment

During this phase, many people ask themselves whether they are really in a relationship with the other person. You’ve gotten to know the other person’s rough edges and may realize that it was nice alone, too, and that you’d like to have more free time again. It is precisely in this phase that it becomes clear who really fits together well.

If you find compromises and can accept them, you have a good basis for a well-functioning partnership. For some people, of course, this doesn’t sound like romance at all. However, this phase is essential, because it is now that the decision is made as to whether the initial infatuation can develop into a deep bond.

In the third phase, the first arguments often occur. Here, in particular, care should be taken to remain constructive and to respect the other person’s opinion. It should be practiced to communicate one’s own needs calmly and level-headedly.

Fourth phase of a relationship: acceptance and consolidation

In this phase, one has accepted that the partner cannot be fundamentally changed, and more and more the question of how to proceed now comes to the fore. Either there is the possibility of accepting the other person as he or she is, or the relationship drifts apart. There is no longer any access to each other and thoughts of what it would be like with someone else become more and more present. Especially in this penultimate phase, many people think about other men and women. Last but not least, cheating is most common during this phase.

Couples who have come to terms with each other’s quirks and flaws know that everyone is unique and don’t immediately let the love of their lives go because of small conflicts. Up to this stage, a long journey has already been made by the couple and many hurdles have been overcome together. Now you have to realize whether you want to give all this up or move on. You have to be willing to keep investing in the relationship so that it can continue to grow. A relationship also means work and is based on mutual give and take.

Fifth phase of a relationship: Arrival

It can be clearly stated that the fifth phase is the best of all. It has been recognized that the partner is important to one’s life and that one is equally important to the other. Up to this point, some couples have already gone through smaller and larger crises and have always found their way back to each other. This welds them together. While in phase 4 you are busy with yourself a lot, in the last relationship phase you get closer again.

In the course of their relationship, they have learned that they can trust their partner and also give him or her freedom. After all, they both worked for that, with a lot of talking and perhaps conflict.

Having arrived at this stage, their life together can now be united amicably and harmoniously. Because of the previous conflict resolution and clarification of one’s own needs, no one has to feel neglected. So there are no more false expectations of the partner. The time of masquerades is over. Since both have recognized this, they love each other as they are. So they have „arrived“ in their relationship. A long road lies behind the couple and the relationship has been through a lot up to this point. Those who have reached this last phase can consider themselves lucky.

Conclusion: The 5 phases of a relationship

What is certain is that none of these five phases of a partnership can be skipped or shortened. It can be helpful for some couples to know at which point of the relationship they are currently in. After all, not only do you go through these phases yourself, but so does your partner. Everyone who gets involved in a partnership and love goes through them.

It helps to keep in mind that every phase that is overcome is another step towards true love. Most people just don’t always realize that they might be in a not-so-nice phase of the relationship right now, but think they can’t get out of this insurmountable crisis.

At the same time, every partnership goes through almost similar types of crises. Each of these crises also has its meaning and fulfills a certain purpose. Only who overcomes these crises, strengthens the partnership and is thus the way to the great love again a piece closer. Strictly speaking, crises are actually essential for a partnership, because only in this way can relationships grow. Partnerships without crises do not exist.

Some crises are familiar to many people and they may have already been experienced in other previous relationships. As a rule, however, the former partners do not know each other and have not been able to talk to each other about the various crises. If identical or similar crises occur again and again in the relationships, then one possibly carries something in oneself that seeks and produces exactly such crises. So you should consider that many crises also have to do with yourself and not always with your partner.

It has often been observed that partners are chosen according to such crisis potentials. There should be someone at the side with whom exactly this problem can be lived out. Those who are more aware of their crises and know why such problems always repeat themselves could deal with them much easier and better in the future. Thus, it could even happen that some crises are completely omitted.

What is the „Airpod shaped Body“? Explanation, meaning, definition

On TikTok (since the end of 2022), young women with a large bust, flat stomach and flat buttocks describe their body shape as an „airpod shaped body“. By this they mean that their body is shaped like an airpod. So, a lot on top, a little in the middle and a little on the bottom. Or oval on top, on a long stem.

What is the „Airpod shaped Body“? Explanation, meaning, definition

The opposite of the „Airpod shaped Body“ is the „Dollar shaped Body“. Here you have to imagine a dollar sign ($). On the top left is a lot of bust, on the bottom right is a lot of butt. In the middle is the narrow waist. Again, the curves of the dollar sign are meant to remind you of a woman’s body shape.

So we have to say that young women with an „Airpod Body“ mean that they look like a body earpiece of the US technology company Apple.

Criticism: Using an Airpod as a comparison for the body shape is partly an oblique comparison. Because an Airpod has a flat round back, while this is not true for these young women, if they stand straight!

Other terms for the body shapes of women are

The „Airpod shaped Body“ is actually a variation of the „inverted triangle“ body. Only that young women now use a new term for it.

Other body shapes include:

„Hourglass body – large bust, narrow waist and round buttocks.

„Inverted triangle“ – here you have a large bust, narrow waist and narrow buttocks (The tip of the triangle points downwards.)




Airpod Body: why do young women do it?

Saying about yourself whether you have either an „Airpod shaped“ or „$ shaped“ body serves to categorize yourself. It serves to differentiate oneself from other body shapes. At the same time, it also serves to describe oneself, for example, when one wants to give information about one’s body or body shape on social media or in a chat on a dating app without showing a photo.

With the expression „Airpod shaped“, however, young women admit that they use it to distinguish themselves from older people.

Other meaning of Airpod Body

On TikTok, the hashtag #airpodbody has been used over ten million times. (as of January 2023)

Why do people smoke? Explanation, reasons, causes

The substance that smokers are always tempted to smoke with is called nicotine. This is contained in tobacco. People smoke even though they know it is unhealthy. But what is behind the craving to smoke one over and over again? In fact, the addiction of smoking is one of the hardest habits to break.

Why do people smoke? Explanation, reasons, causes

There are many different reasons for people to start smoking. Apart from that, the harder it is to stop smoking. Nicotine acts very strongly as an addictive substance and quickly takes control in a person’s life. Although many smokers want to quit smoking, often only less than 10% succeed in doing so.

There is now mounting evidence that in the brain, the so-called endogenous opioid system is linked to addiction to nicotine. Various studies have shown that the consumption of nicotine even releases endorphins in the brain. These endorphins, in turn, release positive feelings in the endogenous opioid system, causing a pleasurable effect in most smokers.

One can imagine that the endogenous opioid system functions like an information network. All information is then passed on via various messenger substances – such as endorphins. These messenger substances then stick to special receptors. If one consumes a large amount of drugs, the amount of messenger substances also increases and can thus confuse the entire information network in the brain.

Reasons for smoking

Many smokers are afraid to stop smoking because they might gain weight. This is not entirely unfounded, as nicotine has been shown to inhibit appetite. People who have stopped smoking then eat more instead of smoking. In addition, nicotine boosts the metabolism and consequently a smoker also consumes more calories. Nevertheless, this is the completely wrong reason to start smoking, because very few people started smoking because of weight problems.

Those who want to stop smoking should pay more attention not to look for substitutes in food, because then there is a good chance to remain a slim non-smoker. Additional, sufficient exercise can support this process.

Other smokers report that a cigarette makes them more relaxed. Especially when stressed and nervous, people most often reach for a cigarette. They hope it will have a calming effect. It does not take long for the inhaled smoke to reach the brain and satisfy the craving. However, it is the other way around: it is not the nicotine that calms the smoker, but the absence of nicotine that triggers tension. In principle, this is nothing other than a kind of withdrawal symptom that occurs when the supply of nicotine is absent for a longer period of time. Since many smokers are given the impression that smoking could have a relaxing effect, they often reach for the cigarette, which creates a true vicious circle.

If smokers are asked why they actually consume cigarettes, the most common reason given is sociability. As a smoker one finds fast connection – so the train of thought. Nevertheless, one has nothing whatsoever to do with the other. After all, there are just as many non-smokers who enjoy the company of other people and like to talk to them. Who would like simply once before the door, in order to snatch fresh air or with other humans to stand together, does not have to light itself for it equal a cigarette. If you think that smoking unites people, you might as well say that not smoking unites people. The advantage with non-smokers, moreover, is that a social gathering doesn’t have to focus solely on a segregated smoking area.

Why is it difficult to quit smoking? Explanation

Basically, two components are responsible for this: the habit as well as nicotine. It occurs naturally in the tobacco plant and is considered a highly addictive substance. When nicotine is consumed, it releases the reward hormone dopamine in the brain.

Furthermore, smokers find it difficult to stop smoking because they associate certain rituals, i.e. habits, with the cigarette. This can be either the cigarette after a good meal or the cigarette with coffee. Actually, whenever a person wants to relax. Breaking these habits requires some discipline and is not always easy. Just as challenging, of course, is the physical dependence.

Conclusion: Why do people smoke? Explanation, reasons, causes

Globally, the popularity of smoking has declined in recent years. Not least, health concerns have played a large part in this. Nevertheless, there are still many people who smoke regularly. Simply put, it’s not worth it to start smoking in the first place. For those who are already heavy smokers, quitting smoking may be an option.

Smokers who have decided to stop smoking usually first try a cold turkey withdrawal, which can, however, also bring some dangers with it. As a smoker, you should realize that you are not alone and it is not impossible to quit smoking. In this day and age, there are many methods to finally become smoke-free. These include practices such as hypnosis, an injection in the ear or even nicotine replacement therapy.

What is Childism? Explanation, Meaning, Definition

The term „Childism“ is used both negatively and positively.

Childism can refer either to the movement that wants to grant children more rights and wants to empower and support them. Here, the term is used similarly to feminism, for example, to describe a positive movement.

On the other hand, childism can also be used to describe prejudice, disadvantage, or discrimination against children because of their age or limited cognitive and physiological abilities. The negative meaning, however, is less common – here, terms such as „ageism“, „adultism“ or simply „the patriarchy“ or „patriarchal structures“ are used more often.

Where does the term „Childism“ come from? Word Origin

The term „childism“ comes from the English language. „Child“ means „child“ and the suffix „-ism“ is used to describe a collective behavior, usually based on beliefs. The German suffix for „-ism“ is „-ismus“ (such as feminism).

There is currently no translation for Childism in German. The term was first used in 1975 and originally came from the field of child psychology research.

Positive meaning of Childism explained: explanation, meaning, definition.

In a positive sense, Childism is the radical belief that children are complete human beings who should be treated and respected as such. In this regard, according to its proponents, physical or cognitive disadvantages in children should not play a role compared to adults.

Childism advocates seeing children as full parts of society with the same seriousness and level of respect as is done with adults. It is thus a movement that demands more or better rights for children.

This way of thinking is also reflected in the parenting style that advocates of Childism practice with their own children. They treat their children as full human beings whose emotional and physical needs have the same priority as those of adults.

Children’s opinions and desires are given the same consideration as those of adults. Children are not seen as inferior parts of the family, but as equals to everyone else. Parents usually see their role as less about teaching children to be obedient.

For the most part, Childist mothers and fathers see their role more as accompanying the children on their journey and helping them develop into happy, successful adults. This is therefore done through mutual respect and a sense of connection rather than through the threat or implementation of punishment. The best-known parenting styles of the Chidism movement are „Gentle Parenting“ or „Responsive Parenting“ – known primarily in German as „bedürfnisorientierte Elternschaft.“

Negative meaning of Childism explained: explanation, meaning, definition

In contrast to this is the negative meaning of Childism. Here, the term childism is used to describe prejudice against children or discrimination against children. It was used by researcher and author Elizabeth Young-Bruehl to describe this behavior.

In her work, the researcher discussed that children who are raised out of fear and under the threat of punishment are more likely to engage in problematic behaviors and are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD or bipolar disorder.

The concept can be well described in a phrase that characterized the parenting style of the day, especially in the 1950s: „Children should be seen, not heard.“ – „Children should be seen, not heard.“. This phrase means that it was assumed at the time (and in many cases still is) that children could not have an opinion worth hearing and, at best, should always look neat and clean without making any noise.

This style of education sought to train children to behave like adults as quickly as possible. Only in this way would they be able to succeed later on. This belief is still deeply rooted in many people today and is reflected in large parts of society. However, many representatives of positive childism prefer to call this phenomenon „adultism“ or a by-product of patriarchal social structures.

What is „Buccal Fat Removal“? Explanation, Meaning, Definition

In a „buccal fat removal“ – medically called bichectomy – fat deposits between the outer and inner chewing muscles in the cheeks – the so-called „buccal fat pads“ – are suctioned or removed via tiny incisions inside the mouth.

Patients hope to achieve more defined facial features, more prominent cheekbones or a narrower face as a result of „Buccal Fat Removal“.

„Buccal Fat Removal“ is a minimally invasive procedure in cosmetic surgery, often referred to as cosmetic surgery.

Does „Buccal Fat Removal“ achieve a permanent result?

Yes, the result of a „Buccal Fat Removal“ is permanent. During a „Buccal Fat Removal“, fat cells or fatty tissue are removed from the face. Once fat tissue and fat cells are removed, they cannot grow back.

Is a „Buccal Fat Removal“ painful and will there be any scars left behind?

No and no. A „Buccal Fat Removal“ is performed under local anesthesia. An anesthetic is injected directly into the tissue that will be worked on later. This means that the nerves in the area can no longer transmit pain stimuli and the procedure is completely painless – apart from a small prick when the anesthetic is injected.

Also, there are no externally visible scars during a „Buccal Fat Removal“ because the tiny incisions used to remove the fatty tissue and fat cells are made inside the mouth, where they are not visible. They are closed again with self-dissolving sutures. In addition, because of the special nature of the oral mucosa, it almost always heals without scarring.

Buccal Fat Removal: How long does the procedure take and what does it cost? Duration, costs

A „Buccal Fat Removal“ is an outpatient procedure. This means that patients can go home immediately after the procedure. A „Buccal Fat Removal“ usually takes no longer than 30-60 minutes. Patients are immediately mobile again afterwards.

However, it is recommended to take it easy for a few days.
Depending on the treating practice and region and on the doctor, the costs incurred for a „Buccal Fat Removal“ can vary. In most cases, patients can expect costs ranging from €2000 to €4500.

For whom is a „Buccal Fat Removal“ suitable?

For people who already have naturally narrow facial features with prominent or defined cheekbones, the trend is rather unsuitable. The expected effect would tend to be so small in these individuals that it is not worth the risks of the procedure or the cost.

However, for individuals who are unhappy with the curves of their cheeks or are uncomfortable because they do not have highly visible cheekbones, „Buccal Fat Removal“ might be worth considering.
Alternatively, however, these people may consider whether they really want to undergo expensive surgery because of a trend on social media and a temporary ideal of beauty that may be just the opposite in 10 years.

Is a „Buccal Fat Removal“ dangerous?

A „Buccal Fat Removal“ is one of the less risky procedures in cosmetic surgery. Nevertheless, every operation carries risks such as infections or post-operative bleeding, which is why patients are informed and advised in detail by their doctor before the procedure.

Where does „Buccal Fat Removal“ come from? TikTok, Origin

„Buccal Fat Removal“ is a current trend that is all the rage right now on social media sites like TikTok and Instagram. Various super models have already undergone this procedure to get particularly striking and defined facial features.

How, where, when, from what did Napoleon die? Explanation, history

The French emperor and general Napoleon Bonaparte died on May 5, 1821 on the island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic. The Battle of Waterloo in 1815 was Napoleon’s last major battle. Since the English emerged victorious, they sent Napoleon into exile on the island of St. Helena. Here he spent the last six years of his life. Napoleon’s body was buried in the Invalides Cathedral in Paris.

How, where, when, from what did Napoleon die? Explanation, history

That Napoleon died as a result of stomach carcinoma was diagnosed by his last personal physician Francesco Antommarchi. He performed an autopsy on the French emperor and found a series of cancerous tumors on the stomach wall.

Eight doctors were present at the autopsy, but from the beginning there were inconsistencies. Antommarchi saw the carcinomas and a fatty heart, but ruled that the cause of death was the climate on St. Helena. Thereupon a violent quarrel arose among the doctors present. (Source: the standard work „Saint Helena. The Death of the Emperor“ by Octave Aubry).

The historian has studied in detail eyewitness accounts of the autopsy. To establish a connection between the climate on St. Helena and the death of Napoleon was forbidden by the island governor under penalty. He feared that the English would be held responsible.

Although Antommarchi had not signed the English autopsy report, most researchers at that time were already against the cause of death cancer from. It was also very probable because of the familial frequency. Two sisters of Napoleon and his father had also died of stomach cancer. Nevertheless, there have been doubts about Napoleon’s death from cancer in the past.

Opponents argue that stomach carcinomas are usually accompanied by severe emaciation. However, there was little evidence of this in Napoleon’s case. In the last years of his life, he had gained a lot of weight, so that he can be described as obese. Contemporary witnesses spoke of a simultaneous feminization. This suggests an endocrine disorder (hormonal and metabolic disorders). It was not until 2021 (see below) that the stomach cancer diagnosis was substantiated and it was proven that Napoleon lost more than 10 kg of weight within a few months.

Napoleon’s death

People love dramatic stories, so the poison murder theory persisted. If the poison (presumably arsenic) was administered to him insidiously, then this theory fits his obesity.

In addition, Napoleon is said to have complained of photosensitivity and hearing loss in the last years of his life. Poisoning is often accompanied by a weakening of the sensory organs. Only a few years ago, Napoleon’s hair was examined again and the result supports the arsenic theory. Traces of the poison were found not only on the hair surface, but also inside the hair.

If this is true, Napoleon can only have been poisoned by his guards. Against the theory speaks the fact that diseases 200 years ago were often treated with toxic substances. People were not aware of the toxic effects of these substances. An example of this is calomel, which contains highly toxic mercury.

Napoleon is known to have taken this remedy regularly for a wide variety of ailments. An overdose could have fatal consequences. The Swiss physician Théodor Turquet de Mayerne included calomel in the general pharmacopoeia in the 17th century. From then on, calomel belonged in every doctor’s kit.

Napoleon: Did he die because of his wallpaper?

The wallpaper theory follows a similar approach. Here, too, the assumed cause of death was gradual poisoning. 200 years ago, poisons were ubiquitous in everyday life. Even the green wallpaper (Schweinfurt green) in Napoleon’s exile contained arsenic.

Due to the high humidity, there were most likely many mold spores in the room air, which reacted chemically with the arsenic. Accordingly, Napoleon must have constantly inhaled poisons. The theory is contradicted by the fact that there should have been significantly more deaths due to the popularity of Schweinfurt green. It is known, however, that at that time many people complained of nausea, dizziness and headaches, but no connection to environmental poisons could be established because their toxic effects were not known.

Napoleon specialist Lugli substantiates cancer as cause of death

It was not until 2021 that pathologist Alessandro Lugli, who owns more than 1,000 books on Napoleon and has studied the subject intensively, was able to confirm stomach cancer as the cause of death. Since then, his expertise has been in demand internationally.

Although Napoleon’s personal physician Antommarchi had submitted an official autopsy report, the poisoning theory persisted until 2008. Although most scientists assumed cancer as the cause of death from the beginning, the right evidence was lacking.

Lugli doubted the poisoning theory mainly because Napoleon was extremely cautious and careful to avoid poisoning scenarios. If he had been poisoned, it would have been acute, not gradual. Secondly, it was common at that time to preserve hair in arsenic to keep as a souvenir (for example, in an amulet). It was therefore more than likely that arsenic could also be detected in Napoleon’s hair.

Using BMI measurements (Body Mass Index) and comparisons with Napoleon’s pants, Lugli was able to prove that Napoleon must have lost 10-14 kg of weight in the last six months of his life. He was no longer overweight. This in turn confirms the autopsy findings of the personal physician: Napoleon must have died of stomach cancer.

What does factfulness mean? Explanation, meaning, definition

Factfulness is a neologism that describes a fact-based worldview. Put another way: Factfulness means basing one’s opinion on strong and unambiguous facts.

The term achieved notoriety through Hans Rosling’s 2018 book of the same name, in which Rosling speaks of a distorted representation of the world by the media, opinion leaders, and politicians. He notes that media reports often do not match the actual facts and appeals to us not to take all information from the media unchecked.

What does „factfulness“ mean? Explanation, meaning, definition

Dividing the world into two halves is simple, but it is also enormously important for the mental health of human beings. East and West, rich countries and developing countries, Islam and Christianity – pigeonholes make the complicated world a little simpler. (See: What is black and white thinking?).

For Rosling, this is not done with bad intentions or because of poor research. It a typical human phenomenon to deny facts. The human brain tends to divide the world into two poles, educated and uneducated, male and female, poor and rich, etc. When average differences are found, the media like to blow them up into a big deal. If you look at the facts more closely, it turns out that there is a very large overlap between the two groups, so the differences between the averages are meaningless to most people.

Yet the human brain fixates preferentially on the differences. We have a tendency to focus on scare scenarios. For us, the information that 8% of young people in Germany do not have a high school diploma is much more exciting than the fact that 92% have one. In the same way, an unemployment rate of 6% is perceived as much more exciting than a rate of 94% employed – although the employment figure should actually be convincing. After all, a society is not characterized by the number of unemployed, but by the predominant number of employees who contribute to the gross national product.

The situation is similar with figures on education and social background. For a long time, politicians and the media have been proclaiming that social origin determines educational success. According to statistics, however, only between 10 and 20 % of the differences in educational success can be attributed to social origin. Intelligence is also a significant factor, but seems to be less interesting because it cannot generate scandal.

Factfulness: Scandalizing Trivia in the Media

Humans are fascinated by scandals and tend to make snap judgments without considering the facts. The media take advantage of this, which is also evident in news broadcasts. In favor of the scandal, their editors often leave essential facts unmentioned. For example, when reporting on terrorist attacks, they show the victims. The fact that the number of terror victims in Germany has been declining for years is concealed. People often cling to beliefs and images that were valid decades ago but are now outdated.

Rosling claims in his book that one cannot expect a fact-based worldview from the free media. Nor, he says, are they the right sources to learn about disruptive cultural changes.

In order to continue to serve old stereotypes, Western media often used outdated sources. In this way, they do not really contribute to a realistic picture of other countries. He cites numerous examples of this, including Iran: „In this country, the number of children per woman has been declining at the fastest rate in the world since statistics on this have been available. (Today, statistically, there are 1.6 children; in 1984, there were still over 6 children).

Although Iran was a frequent topic in the free media, this fact was never reported. Instead, people made a speculative connection between the number of children and religion. However, income and infant mortality are decisive for the changed birth rate in Iran. Facts were concealed and the report was formulated in such a way that people inevitably drew the wrong conclusions from it.

Factfulness: Fact-based journalism must not stir up fears

Rosling’s book can be seen as an appeal to move people toward more factfulness. He wants to encourage us not to panic immediately, even in the face of reports that initially appear very dramatic.

Instead, we as media consumers should gather facts and data and inform ourselves precisely about the facts. After all, most of the problems presented in the media cannot be solved in a hurry. As the Corona pandemic showed, even in an epidemic, it is better to first collect data and then make decisions based on facts. This is especially important with the current and future challenges of climate change.

The old fears only ensure that we remain stuck in doing nothing.
Rosling advises a policy of small steps. History shows that many of the so-called Third World countries have already climbed out of the worst poverty and up a notch. It is the people, not the politicians, who are fighting for better education, better health and clean drinking water. Just 150 years ago, Germany was also a poor country full of famine and epidemics. So it is important to see the population in the southern parts of the world not as anonymous poor people, but as people whose lives are very similar to ours. We all strive for a healthier and happier life.

Rosling’s book aims to show us that the world is richer and more colorful than the media would have us believe. He appeals to our intellect and emphasizes again and again that it is worthwhile not to accept every lurid piece of information unchecked, but to always question it.

What is the „Clear Cup Scam“? Explanation, meaning, definition

In the „Clear Cup Scam“, a begging or homeless person intentionally places a clear plastic cup on the sidewalk in the path of passersby. The begging person’s goal is for passersby to (unintentionally) kick the cup over, feel sorry, and give the beggar money.

What is the „Clear Cup Scam“? Explanation, Meaning, Definition

In the „Clear Cup Scam“, the cup is barely or hard to see on the sidewalk, so passersby would kick it over if they were not paying attention. The cup usually contains a few coins.

The person who placed the transparent cup on the sidewalk in the way is usually sitting a few feet away from it.

That passers-by kick over the transparent cup is the goal of the begging person. Because after the cup has been kicked over, the beggars make a scene, get loud, beg aggressively and demand compensation.

Partly, the transparent cups are also placed near manhole covers. If a passerby now kicks over this cup, it can happen that some coins fall into the manhole.

The „Clear Cup Scam“ is also carried out near narrow passages. Because here the chance that the cup will be kicked over is higher due to the narrowness.

What is the goal of the „Clear Cup Scam“?

The beggars bet on the fact that the passers-by are sorry that they kicked the cup over and from the feeling of pity and guilt they hope for a gift and some money.

Clear Cup Scam Situation: How Should You React?

The person who kicks over the clear cup should just keep walking. The begging or homeless person will shout something. You should ignore that and just keep walking. Once you get involved in a conversation or interaction, it will be hard to get away from the person.

Is the Clear Cup Scam really a scam?

What does the word „scam“ even mean? In a scam, a person is deceived and cheated by a scammer. The scamming person fakes something to get money from the victim.

Let’s assume that the beggars who perform the „Clear Cup Scam“ are real beggars. Then it would not be a scam, but rather a trap. This is because the cup is intentionally placed in the way.

If the beggars are not real beggars, it would be a scam, because they pretend to be in need of help and homeless.

Further explanation: In Europe (and also India), there is an organized begging mafia that places fake beggars and homeless people in busy places and streets. Here, these people are supposed to beg for money. The begging mafia is organized in such a way that it defends its terror territory and, as in a „normal“ working day, drops off its „employees“ in the morning and collects them again in the evening and brings them back to their shelters. – This text is not intended to criminalize beggars and the homeless, but to raise awareness of the fact that some people take advantage of the goodwill and charity of others in order to make a profit.

However, whoever kicks against the cup can still decide for themselves whether or not to give money to the beggar.

However, the offense of coercion could be met if the beggars aggressively demand a donation. (If this happens, the police should be informed immediately).

Where has the „Clear Cup Scam“ been seen?

There are reports on the Internet that the Clear Cup Scam has been observed in Brussels, Athens and Paris, among other places.

What is Goblin Mode? Meaning, definition, explanation

The English expression „Goblin Mode“ has several meanings. In this article you will learn them.

What is Goblin Mode? Meaning, definition, explanation

The term „Goblin Mode“ has three core meanings. Firstly, „Goblin Mode“ is used to describe a position during sexual intercourse, and secondly, „Goblin Mode“ is used to describe reckless, wild and animate behavior.

In the summer of 2022, „Goblin Mode“ acquired a third meaning. „Goblin Mode“ is the term used to describe behavior where you don’t make any effort at all, where you totally let yourself go and don’t make any effort at all to make anything of the day or yourself. In other words, hanging out and chillin‘ while you’re muckin‘ around.

So if someone is in „Goblin Mode“ in 2022, the person consciously and completely does without makeup and does not use any filters when posting on social media.

A person in Goblin Mode activated her „inner goblin“ and refrains from creating order in her life. She doesn’t make the bed, she doesn’t do her hair, she dresses in a relaxed way, and she eats fast food. The person in Goblin Mode doesn’t tidy up and leaves their home seemingly neglected.

What Goblin Mode is really all about:

Editor’s comment: So the „Goblin Mode“ is actually just a break from everyday life in which you always represent something, always have obligations, and don’t let any falls go. The „Goblin mode“ is thereby actually a Cheat Day for the own life. If you always eat clean, you can stuff yourself with a pizza in Goblin Mode. Who usually always appears in a suit, costume or styled up, lets himself go in Goblin Mode. The worn clothes may have stains and smell: The main thing is to feel comfortable. If you always watch your language (in the office, for example), you can speak as you like in Goblin Mode. If you always behave politely, you will be a more demanding person in Goblin Mode.

Is Goblin Mode healthy? Not really, but the Goblin Mode is smart. Because it allows relaxation and does justice to the duality of life. Because always being or representing something can become exhausting. Here a break from it helps and best of all a break without a guilty conscience.

The Goblin Mode is therefore the opposite of the desire to be „perfect“.

History / Distribution „Goblin Mode“

The term „Goblin Mode“ gets its meaning from the vicious and ugly little creatures called „Goblins“. They cause chaos, are mean and not pretty.

Since the late 2000s, the expression „Goblin Mode“ has been spreading on the Internet. The expression initially meant that someone was „on it“, hyperactive and unpredictable. (As happens, for example, when drinking alcohol with energy drinks.

In 2022, the term „goblin fashion“ became popular when a photo-shopped (retouched) caption to a photo of Julia Fox and Kanye West went viral on social media. The manipulated caption included Julia Fox’s supposed statement that Kanye West would not like it if she activated Goblin Mode.

Further meaning of „Goblin Mode“

„Goblin Mode“ was chosen as the word of the year 2022 in the United Kingdom (UK). The Oxford Dictionary held a vote for the word of the year and here „Goblin Mode“ received 93 percent of the votes.

The Oxford Dictionary defines „Goblin Mode“ as follows: Goblin Mode is behavior in which one is bluntly selfish, lazy, and greedy without shame or remorse. It involves deliberately violating, rejecting, and ignoring social norms and expectations of others.

What does the thread / yarn emoji 🧵 mean? Explanation, meaning, definition

The thread emoji / yarn emoji 🧵 is a small, digital image of a spool on which a blue thread or yarn is rolled up. The type of thread or yarn depicted in the emoji is mostly used for sewing, for example, to sew pieces of fabric together for clothing or to darn holes in socks, for example.

The 🧵 emoji can be used when you send a message about sewing, when you talk about mending something – it doesn’t necessarily have to be about fabric, it can also be about a relationship, for example – or when you talk about broken clothes that you want to fix. The thread emoji is often used together with the scissors emoji, since thread or yarn is mainly cut with scissors, especially when talking about needlework.

Twitter: thread emoji / yarn emoji 🧵: explanation, meaning

On Twitter, the yarn emoji 🧵 is used to indicate that someone wants to express or expresses himself in several coherent and consecutive tweets on a matter.

The thread emoji 🧵 here indicates that there is a thread to follow. A „thread“ is, for example, forum posts in which two or more writers exchange ideas about a topic and go through it together.

Technical data / info: Thread Emoji / Yarn Emoji🧵

The thread emoji or yarn emoji 🧵 has been around since 2018, and was released in May in Unicode version 11.0 and emoji version 11.0.

The thread emoji is located in the activities category.

Combinations with the thread emoji 🧵

Combinations with other emojis, so-called kaomojis, are especially popular in Japan and are also increasingly used in our latitudes. Kaomojis are combinations of two or more emojis that can either change the meaning of the emoji altogether (for example, the eggplant emoji combined with the water drop emoji has nothing to do with vegetables or water, but is mostly used to flirt), or extend the original meaning.

In the case of the thread emoji, these combinations are mostly created to show what you are sewing or mending. For example, the thread emoji is used with a dress emoji 🧵👗, a pants emoji or a shirt emoji when you want to sew or mend a dress, pants or shirt.

Furthermore, there is also a whole emoji sewing kit: 🧶✂️🧵🧷🪡.

The magic spindle looks like this 🧵🪄.

When combined with a knot emoji, it is referred to as a knot in the yarn and when combined with the magic wand emoji, it could be referred to as a magic spool. Most commonly, the clock emoji, scissors emoji, all clothes emoji, wax crayon emoji, artist palette emoji, DNA emoji, and prayer beads emoji are used together with the thread emoji.

Does the thread emoji look the same everywhere?

No. Each operating system and often each platform has its own style for the emojis. For example, WhatsApp’s emojis look different from Facebook’s emojis. In addition, the emojis on, for example, an Apple device in WhatsApp may look different than the emojis of WhatsApp in an Android device. Nevertheless, all emojis, regardless of the operating system or platform, are designed in such a way that you can definitely recognize them and use them the way you are used to from the platform or device you normally use.

What is „Brrr skibidi dop dop / dom dom yes yes“? Memes, explanation, meaning, definition

„Brr Skibidi Dop Dop Dop Dop“ – complete actually „Brrr Skibidi Dop Dop Yes Yes Yes“ – is a sequence of sounds that appears in the song „Dom Dom Yes Yes“ by Biser King, made famous by Turkish TikTok influencer YasinCengiz in 2022.

In the original video that made „Brrr Skibidi Dop Dop Dop“ famous, YasinCengiz performed a dance in which he jiggled his belly alongside various Turkish dishes and restaurants in the Turkish capital of Antalya. (It was a belly dance of sorts, but not in the classic sense.) After this video went viral, he became a popular character for CapCut video templates and for speech bubbles that would poke fun at misconstrued song lyrics. Many other overweight TikTok users imitated his dance. Others stuffed pillows under their tops to achieve the same effect.

Origin of „Brrr Skibidi Dop Dop Dop“ / „Dom Dom Yes Yes“ (meme, explanation).

On April 17, 2022, the Turkish band Biser King released the single to the song „Dom Dom Yes Yes“ on Spotify. A few months later, on June 1, 2022, the band Biser King uploaded the official music video of their song „Dom Dom Yes Yes“ on YouTube. This video received around 1.7 million views over the next five months.

On January 26, 2022, a few months before the official release of the song „Dom Dom Yes Yes“ in April 2022, Biser King uploaded a video on TikTok in which they performed the song live. This video was played around 15.3 million times in just under half a year and received 424,100 likes. Initially, the sound from the video was used for a trend on TikTok in which women pulled their tops over their heads, bounced their bust, and then put glasses or sunglasses on their covered faces. For example, on August 23, 2022, a female TikToker posted such a video, which received over 1.3 million likes and was played more than 20 million times in three months.

Despite this breast trend, the sound from Biser King’s video was mainly used for videos similar to that of Turkish TikToker YasinCengiz, in which he jiggled his belly to the rhythm of the song.

He released this video on April 8, 2022, and it was played around 28.3 million times and received almost 1 million likes in seven months. Interestingly, YasinCengiz had performed the dance before the song – on March 5, 2022 – but at that time the video was only played just under 10 million times and received 240,000 likes.

How did the video go viral?

TikToker YasinCengiz’s videos first started going viral when he kept using the sound of Biser King for his „belly dance.“ For example, on April 16, 2022, he posted a video with the sound that was played about 85 million times in seven months and received 3.2 million likes. On May 31, 2022, YesinCengiz posted a collaboartion with verified TikToker and professional celebrity chef cznburak that was played around 53.3 million times in half a year and received nearly 2 million likes.

Due to the increasing virality of YasinCengiz’s content, other TikTok users started to imitate YasinCengiz’s „belly dance“ either with their own big bellies or by stuffing pillows under their tops. For example, on June 10, 2022, TikToker mahmoudmahe.r from the United Arab Emirates posted a video in which he stuffed a pillow under his shirt and performed the dance. The video was viewed nearly 10 million times and received nearly 300,000 likes in five MOnths. On August 19, 2022, Russian TikToker zheka_fatbellyy also performed the dance, this time with several women. His video was viewed nearly 10 million times in three months and received 433,000 likes.

Around August 2022, TikToker YasinCengiz’s inahlts also started to become popular in English-language meme circles on TikTok. This is especially evident in the comment columns from YasinCengiz videos in August 2022.

On September 11, 2022, TikToker quandaledingle_0 posted a speech bubble poking fun at misheard song lyrics, featuring YasinCengiz „belly dancing.“ This video was played about 1.4 million times and got 136,000 likes in two months. After that, YasinCengiz was incorporated into various meme templates on TikTok via green screen. For example, on November 14, 2022, TikToker brrskibidibidop posted a video that used a CapCut template of a man throwing a soccer to the moon. The video was played about 10.5 million times and received over 1.6 million likes in just two days.

What should you never google? Explanation

There are various reasons not to Google certain key terms. On the one hand, there are risks for the psyche because there is content that can be disturbing. On the other hand, there is dangerous half-knowledge, which leads to facts being presented in a distorted way. In addition, some search terms can lead to the suspicion that one is involved in criminal activities. This is because Google queries can be traced back via the IP address.

In the USA, it is already common practice for the police to read out search data. With a court order, for example, it is possible to track down Google users who have searched for certain key terms. The following is more information on the risks that can arise when using Google.

6 things you should not Google

1. making self-diagnoses on the Internet – a dangerous game

It has become standard in the modern world to use Google to get information when in doubt. This is because the Internet is the ideal platform for swarm knowledge. Generally speaking, this is referred to as collective intelligence. At the same time, untruths and false information are mixed in. The boundaries between truth and lies are becoming blurred. This has fatal effects on search queries that revolve around medical topics.

If lay people search for symptoms of a disease, there is a risk of misdiagnosis. Numerous diseases can have parallels, regardless of whether they are severe or mild. As a result, people without prior medical knowledge may diagnose themselves with serious illness. In the long term, this can worsen psychological well-being. Therefore, it is important to refrain from looking for diagnoses. Going to the doctor is the better option to get meaningful information.

In the long run, quality of life can take a hit if Internet queries are not narrowed down. The constant search for possible diseases creates anxiety. In this way, even healthy people can run the risk of developing excessive anxiety. This has a negative effect on the quality of life. In principle, Google can be a help in finding initial clues. Ultimately, the right measure is decisive. Along with this, the information should be discussed with a doctor.

2. depictions of violence on the Internet – traumatizing content on Google

Curiosity can be the downfall on the Internet. There are depictions that are extremely disturbing and can lead to trauma developing. That is why it is important to exercise caution. People interested in political events should check the sources. It can quickly happen that one ends up on websites that have no censorship. As a result, visitors to the site see bloody images from crisis regions. This can have negative consequences for the psyche, depending on one’s resilience.

In particular cases of hardship, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur. One example is Facebook employees who had to review reported content. In this regard, there was a wave of lawsuits against Facebook in the U.S. because employees had to view extreme violent content. As a result, post-traumatic stress disorder has developed. In this regard, those affected have criticized Facebook’s lack of support.

This results in a particular danger for children or people who have an unstable psyche. Consequently, it is significant to take important preventive measures. Among other things, there is the option of using software to protect against unwanted content. Along with this, parental control programs can be purchased to block dangerous websites. In addition, there is the option to set the Google filter individually to minimize the risks.

3. supposed self-help groups – tips, with potential danger

Basically, self-help groups are an enrichment for life. One can proactively exchange ideas with others in order to grow personally. In addition, self-help groups are often a supplement to therapeutic measures. Nevertheless, the whole thing has its limits, especially with regard to the Internet. In the course of the Internet, numerous groups have been established, which have the intention to help. This is only true to a limited extent. Because not every group that is searched for on Google is also a self-help group in the positive sense. Therefore, it is important to remain critical and cautious.

In the meantime, dubious self-help groups have established themselves, which have negative consequences for one’s own health. On the one hand, there are groups in which anorexic people exchange information. The aim here is not to curb the consequences of the disease. On the contrary, users exchange ideas to find out how they can become even thinner. There are also dangerous challenges. In these, sufferers compare themselves in losing weight. These are therefore destructive groups that support a disease pattern and make it difficult for sufferers to find ways out.

Away from this, there are groups that are contemptuous of women. The danger behind this is that the groups are not overtly obvious as such. At first, the groups seem like a virtual meeting place for men who have problems finding a partner. Consequently, it can happen that people who do not have a misogynistic world view also come across the content. In reality, however, the aim is to incite hatred against women. Generally speaking, this is referred to as „incel groups“.

4 Dangerous dares for the Internet: „Balconing,“ „Killfies,“ „Free Solo“ and the like.

More and more challenges are circulating on the Internet that cross all boundaries. Young people are risking their lives to gain fame for a moment. But there are also adults who undertake irrational actions and also put themselves in mortal danger. Terms such as „balconing“ or „free solo“ have a dangerous signaling effect on Google. Young people may feel encouraged to imitate the „feats.“

One dangerous trend, for example, is „balconing.“ This involves jumping from a balcony. It has already resulted in numerous deaths worldwide. In addition, there are groups of people who dare to jump from the roof. Hotel chains have already reacted and imposed high fines on these actions. Nevertheless, there are always reckless actions that end in death. It’s a dangerous trend fueled by the Internet. Young people encourage each other to take „dares.“

Selfie tourism also poses immense dangers, and not just to the environment. In the meantime, people are talking about „killfies“ when deaths occur in connection with selfies. People risk their lives to pose in dangerous regions. Whether it’s while driving, on a mountain cliff, or on the railing of a skyscraper, there are many selfies that come with danger. People risk their lives to have the perfect picture. For this, they take long distances to take the best snapshot. Various deaths have occurred around the world because people wanted to take a selfie of themselves.

It is also not advisable to search for terms such as „Free Solo“. In this regard, people climb at dizzying heights without belaying themselves. A well-known climber from the scene – Kurt Albert – died in a fall in 2010. Another person who enjoys notoriety in the scene is Alain Robert. Among other things, he has climbed the Torre Glories building. It is an office building with 32 floors, which has a height of 142 meters. That’s why he has the nickname „Spiderman“.

If you really want to know, never google „Blue Waffle“ and „Trypophobia“.

5. „Scary Goofy“: a nightmare for kids

In recent years, videos kept circulating, of a person who calls himself „Scary Goofy“. Under the profile name „Jonathan Galindo“, the „Scary Goofy“ spread disturbing videos via social networks and WhatsApp. His target group was children, whom he encouraged to perform dangerous actions. Here, too, any boundaries are crossed, because it is far more than a bad prank. In the videos, children are encouraged to commit suicide or self-harm. Numerous children were disturbed and permanently harmed by the content. The portals have reacted and deleted the videos. Unfortunately, the videos are increasingly reappearing on social networks.

Consequently, caution is advised when googling for „creepy goofy“. To date, it has not been possible to locate the creator. Parents in particular should be mindful and check the content when their children are online. It cannot be ruled out that the videos will continue to be disseminated – even among children. It is important to educate children and raise their awareness of the issue in order to contain the negative consequences. For children, it is only possible to recognize the potential danger under more difficult conditions. This is because the videos are presented as a „game“.

6. google and spoiler danger – a danger for movie and series fans

People who are enthusiastic about movies and series run the risk of finding out the outcome early. Various series and movies are already aired abroad before they are distributed in Germany. Therefore, there is a risk that the course of a plot is already revealed on the Internet. Therefore, fans should exercise particular caution when it comes to Google searches. In forums or videos, other users reveal the outcome of a film story. It can ultimately take away the complete suspense.

The word „spoiler“ comes from the English language. The verb „to spoil“ stands for „to spoil.“ It is not uncommon for the information to cause outrage among fans when media outlets reveal important information. As a result, online portals now provide a warning when certain information is „spoiled.“ The danger of „spoilers“ is not unique to the film industry. In the book world, too, information can make fans reluctant to read a book.

Therefore, groups of people, search terms should be chosen wisely to minimize the „spoiler danger“. In addition, it is helpful to pay attention to clues. Online portals, as already mentioned, provide important clues. The video description should also be read. Here you will often find the first clues with regard to the „spoiling“ of plot information.

What is the „Green Line Test“? Explanation, Meaning, Definition

The „Green Line Test“ supposedly says something about the dynamics of a couple and is supposed to indicate who is the dominant part in the relationship. For this, the posture of the two people is determined by means of a green line and thus a statement is made about who is dominant and who is rather weaker in the relationship.

Whoever leans more towards the other is said to be the weaker one in the relationship. In the picture, this would be the woman.

Was ist der Green Line Test, Erklärung, Bedeutung, Definition2

How does the „Green Line Test“ work? Explanation

For the „Green Line Test“ a joint photo of a couple is analyzed. A green line is drawn across the posture of each person. This should show how the two people relate to each other – both figuratively and metaphorically.

Now one looks at the two lines and their relationship to each other and can read from this how the dynamics of the two people look in the relationship.

According to the Green Line Test, the person leaning toward their partner is the inferior, weaker, more dependent and warmer part in the relationship. If one of the two people is sitting, according to the „Green Line Test“, it means that this person is more dominant, powerful and superior in the relationship. The same meaning is attributed to a straight line – that is, a person standing straight: The straight person is stronger, has more power in the relationship, and takes a more dominant role.

If one follows this theory, it would mean that men who lean toward their partner in pictures are needy, inferior, and emotionally dependent on their partner. In photos where the woman is standing up straight, on the other hand, she thus radiates that she is stronger, more independent, and more confident than her partner, according to the „Green Line Test“ theory.

How accurate is the „Green Line Test“ really?

According to researchers and psychologists, the „Green Line Test“ is not very meaningful. Even though the theory sounds convincing and seems logical at first, experts say that it is not valid against the latest findings in psychology. According to researchers, leaning on one’s partner is not a sign of weakness.

Especially in today’s world, where equality is writ large and men in particular are encouraged to show emotion and authenticity, such theories can be difficult in some cases.

In addition, the position in which couples present themselves in photos is often posed and thus not genuine. For example, the taller person often leans against the shorter one to bridge the size difference and signal closeness.

Nonetheless, a couple’s body language when interacting with each other can be an indicator of the dynamics or quality of a relationship. However, a single photo is rarely sufficient to make qualified statements about this. For this, one would have to experience the couple with each other over a certain period of time. Only then can a statement be made about the role relationships within the relationship. In addition, very few relationships are static and unchanging. For many couples, the relationship changes depending on the situation or stage of life, which can additionally affect the accuracy of the „Green Line Test“.

What / who is a Nepo Baby? Nepo Babies, explanation, meaning, definition

The „Nepo babies“ are people who were able to enrich themselves due to nepotism. This is mainly about children of celebrities. Quasi about the offspring of famous models, musicians or actors who have earned themselves a good career. For some time now, there has been a discussion on the net about whether the Nepo Babies would have had their success even without their influential parents.

Nepo Baby / Nepo Babies: Explanation, Meaning, Definition

Nepo is short for „nepotism „.

However, the phenomenon of nepo babies is by no means new. Such celebrity children have always existed. For example, the two sons (Emilio Estevez and Charlie Sheen) of the famous actor Martin Sheen. Goldie Hawn and Bill Hudson also have a famous daughter: Kate Hudson. Over time, the interest in the Nepo Babies has grown more and more.

Not least the ever continuing fuss about Prince Harry. As the grandson of the Queen, he enjoyed all the benefits and is one of the most famous people in the world. Prince Harry fulfills all the ingredients of a nepo baby. Together with his wife Meghan, he made the decision to take distance from the royal life. However, he is still well-known and rich. For many people, it’s an outrage how he keeps lashing out against his family. The majority agrees that he does not appreciate his privileges. This is how it is often reported in the media.

Are there good and bad Nepo babies?

Opinions differ widely on this question. Not every Nepo baby owes its success to its parents. Many of the celebrity children have further cemented their status also due to their own talent. At least, that’s how it’s claimed in some social media. For example, a much-discussed nepo-baby is actor Jack Quaid, son of actress Meg Ryan and actor Dennis Quaid. Jack Quaid had his breakthrough mainly with his role in „The Boys“. However, some social media users agree that the success was mainly based on the notoriety of his parents.

Actress Emma Roberts is also a Nepo baby. She is the niece of Julia Roberts and daughter of Eric Roberts. However, most do not mind her being called a nepo-baby. After all, she has proven her acting talent in series like „Scream Queens“ or „American Horror Story“.

It can be stated that the Internet has a new topic of discussion. The good news is that this topic is not divisive, but shows that this phenomenon has been around for a long time. The world just came up with a new name for it: Nepo-Baby.

Conclusion about the Nepo-Baby / Nepo Babies

In short, a Nepo Baby is about children who become successful through nepotism. Especially on the platform TikTok, it can be observed that some users very strongly discuss the acting offspring. Some even really delve into family trees to find even a single reference to a prominent family member. In the end, the question always arises whether the young actors would have made it even without their prominent roots.

Children of prominent parents are particularly scrutinized by the social media community. Every misstep, every statement and individual behavior is weighed in the balance. Those who live out their privileges without any talent of their own are punished with contempt and scorn. Nepo babies don’t have it easy in this day and age.

Nepo Baby: briefly explained

„Nepo babies“ are people who owe their success to their parents. Nepo babies are famous and well-known because their parents are.

What does it mean when someone has no decency? Explanation, meaning, definition

In general, one speaks of indecent behavior when certain actions contradict or violate the personal, current or social image. A person thus has no decency if he or she consciously or unconsciously behaves in a deviant manner.

In addition, other conditions must be met for behavior to be categorized as „no decency.“ This is because not all behavior that deviates is considered to be without decency. In this regard, the action must be perceived as negative or rude. Thus, the action must be in a negative context.

What is decency? Explanation, Meaning, Definition

„Decorum“ is a concept that is under the influence of numerous factors. In this regard, cultural and social influences play a substantial role. The zeitgeist of a society also determines whether a behavior is interpreted as indecent. Furthermore, there are political influences that determine which behavioral norms are considered acceptable. Especially in authoritarian regimes, such as North Korea, state institutions have an enormous influence on the code of conduct. Because of the many possible interpretations, it is only possible to a limited extent to give the word a universally valid definition. In the course of time, changes can always occur with regard to forms of decency.

There are indecent behaviors that become overtly obvious. This is the case when younger groups of people speak to older people in a disrespectful tone. In contrast, there are various milieus in which indecent behavior is less obvious. In conservative milieus, which are value-conscious, even wrong behavior at the table can be interpreted as indecent.

What does it mean when someone has no decency?

The reasons why some people lack decency, that is, why they lack certain forms of behavior, are many and varied.

It may be that these people come from a foreign culture where different rules of decency apply. These people have to learn the new rules first.

It can also be that indecent people have not enjoyed any education and thus the decency manners not at all familiar.

It can also be that indecent people deliberately violate the rules of decency, because they want to provoke or rebel, for example.

Another reason for indecent behavior can be that people of different generations meet here. Different rules of decency apply to older people than to younger ones. Thus, young people may behave „indecently“ in the eyes of older people, even if the young people believe they are behaving politely and are well-mannered. Some rules of decorum come out of time, some disappear, and some emerge anew.

Decorum and politeness: cultural influences on interpretations of behavior

In every culture there are different interpretations. Even in the Western hemisphere, there are sometimes serious differences when it comes to the interpretation of decency. Along with this, there are of course considerable differences between the continents.

In Japan, for example, it is impolite to tip other people. It doesn’t matter in which area you are requesting a service. It is also inappropriate to give a tip in a restaurant. This is because in Japanese culture, it is seen in an extremely negative light. It implies – according to Japanese understanding – that the employees are dependent on additional monetary donations. In contrast, in the U.S. it is important to tip – even for poor service. Generally, a tip of about 20% of the purchase price is the rule.

Apart from this, there are further differences depending on the respective culture. In Asian countries, laughter or smiling has a special meaning. Thus, non-verbal communication is also subject to the influences of the culture, which can lead to considerable misunderstandings. In this respect, it is customary in Asian cultures to smile – even in negative situations. Thus, it can happen that Asian people express their sympathy at a funeral with a smile. Asian people may also smile in other crisis situations. Consequently, smiling has a completely different meaning in Asian culture than in the Western hemisphere.

Decency in connection with the social zeitgeist

Different eras are accompanied by relevant changes. This also has an impact on attitudes toward behavior. In the recent past, it was considered frowned upon for women to advance professionally. Rigid social norms applied, which affected the family system, among other things. Along with this, it was normal for the man to be the sole breadwinner and provide for the family. The woman’s job was to take care of the household and raise the children. About 50 years ago, women were not allowed to open their own bank accounts. It was not until 1962 that the first women were allowed to open an account.

In modern society, there is a different zeitgeist. It is neither indecent nor offensive for women to have a career. Individuality and freedom are at the center of social life. In the 21st century, there is almost no more interference, depending on the region and country. Another negative example from the past is smoking behavior. While smoking was socially accepted in the past, things look different today. In the 20th century, the cigarette brand „Camel“ advertised its products with a doctor. This was because a doctor was depicted on the packaging. At that time it was allowed to smoke indoors. Contrary to this, in the 21st century it is absolutely impolite to smoke near other people.

Another pertinent example is drug use. The word „heroin“ is derived from the word „heroic.“ It was the miracle drug par excellence in the 20th century. This is because the Bayer Group considered the effect to be heroic, which is why the drug was given the name „heroin“. For many years, heroin was not a drug, but a cure – at least that’s how Bayer marketed it. It was only over the years, as the negative consequences came to light, that it was banned. Heroin was sold to numerous countries before it was perceived as a deadly drug. Today, consumption would not only be considered indecent. It would also constitute a criminal offense.

Ultimately, science makes an important contribution. Along with that, scientific findings have an impact on societal norms. The cannabis plant, for example, is becoming increasingly important, although cannabis products were less accepted in the past. Consumption was associated with a precarious social background. This is where stereotype thinking plays a role. At the same time, science has produced that cannabis products have positive effect properties, so that even medicine uses cannabis products. THC-free products, such as CBD oils, are gaining popularity. Thus, tolerance for cannabis products has increased in the past.

Bottom line: what is indecency?

Due to the many factors that influence, it is not possible to definitively define the word. There may be further changes in the future. Both social and political life are subject to constant change. In addition, digitalization has an enormous influence on developments. Life is increasingly taking place in the digital world, which is becoming globally networked. As a result, tolerance for technical devices has also increased and will continue to improve in the future.

Decency or indecency ultimately has many faces. It is important to include as many factors as possible if you want to look at the subject in more detail. In this way, misinterpretations and misunderstandings can be ruled out. It is important to keep an eye on the big picture.

What are „Live Battles“ on Lovoo? Explanation, meaning, definition

Lovoo is a dating and chat app that offers its users various ways of entertainment. It allows you to meet other people in different ways and supports you in finding new friends. It is predominantly aimed at a younger audience under the age of 30.

What is a Lovoo Live / Livestream? Explanation, meaning, definition

In a livestream it is possible to act as a spectator or as a participant (streamer). Spectators acknowledge streamers with applause or donate animated gifts. In this way, they themselves gain more attention and show the streamers what they like or dislike.

The gifts can be converted into rewards and cash bonuses. This increases the incentive to deliver high-quality and exciting livestreams. There is a comment function in the livestream, and viewers can also join in via video if the streamer allows it. Streamers can interact directly with the audience.

Viewers also have the option of inviting other people to join the side stream. To do this, they must be networked with them beforehand. This opens up a wide range of communication possibilities, for example via polls, battles and dates. Livestreams are not saved, so they are no longer available after they have ended. This prevents data misuse.

The advantages of Lovoo Live

Integrating the live function into a dating app was an innovation of the provider Lovoo. It allows users to get an even better picture of the other person. Live videos replace the often outdated profile pictures and make dating more entertaining and authentic. You get to know people in a very uncomplicated way. Those who use the live function only need to press the record button on their smartphone and can immediately communicate with hundreds of other people.

Alternatively, streams can be viewed in real time. Lovoo’s live function supports creativity, because the streamers are always coming up with new ideas to inspire their fans. In addition, there are contests and battles that encourage people to be active on the platform.

What are Lovoo Live Battles? Explanation

Battles are one of the many communication options on Lovoo Livestream. They were created to make dating more interesting and encourage app users to be more active. In a battle, individuals or teams can compete against each other. A ranking is determined. Whoever has collected the most diamonds is the winner and thus very popular.

This is the procedure:

For a Live Battle, the participant must start a stream. To do this, she clicks on the VS button, which takes her to the Battles. If it is irrelevant who the battle partner is, the competition can start immediately. One chooses a topic and then connects with the opponent. If you want to challenge a specific person, you can only choose from your favorite streamers.

A battle is therefore only possible between people who follow each other, as is familiar from social media platforms. The person who initiates the battle also determines the topic. To do this, he chooses his preferred hashtag from a small selection of predefined hashtags. The terms #lasstanzen, #kampfansage, #pushit, #mukkemachen and #random are available for selection. To win a battle, creativity is important. If you don’t want to actively battle, you can always watch and push your favorite with gifts.

What is a „Financial Cleanse“? Explanation, Meaning, Definition

The goal of a „Financial Cleanse“ is to improve one’s budget, cancel unnecessary subscriptions and discover savings potential within 30 days.

The „Financial Cleanse“ is a TikTok challenge that is primarily aimed at younger people. Generally speaking, this is referred to as Generation Z. These are young people born between 1995 and 2010. It is not uncommon for people of this age to run up debts. Loans and cell phone contracts can be conveniently concluded online. The proactive approach is designed to teach young people to recognize and avoid unnecessary spending.

Young people are increasingly talking about their finances. There are various ways to clean up their own finances. At the same time, savings tips have spread that are composed of half-truths and even pose a danger. In this regard, further explanations follow to inform and raise awareness about the topic.

Approach to the „Financial Cleanse“ – in 30 days to success

In the TikTok Challenge, young people try to improve their financial situation within 30 days. The TikTok Challenge starts with the „Bucket Budget.“ Young people are asked to write down all their fixed monthly costs. These can be cell phone contracts, subscriptions to fitness clubs or memberships in clubs that put a strain on the budget every month. Along with this, the costs are divided into different time periods, namely annual one-time payments and recurring payments that one makes monthly. This is because it is not uncommon for there to be hidden costs that are debited once a year. These should be included as well as the monthly fixed costs in order to determine realistic values.

As soon as the total costs are determined, it goes to categorize the costs. There are variable costs on the one hand and fixed costs on the other. In addition, one should include a savings rate. The variable costs are expenses that fluctuate. In this regard, it may be costs incurred when going to the movies or shopping in the city. Variable costs are related to one’s lifestyle. Fixed costs include all costs that are binding and cannot be varied. Whether rent payment, cell phone contract or car insurance, certain costs must be paid at regular intervals. Finally, it is advisable to set a savings rate. After all, it is just as important to build up reserves in order to be prepared for unforeseeable situations.

Finally, the monthly expenses are deducted from the monthly income. The difference that remains is the amount that can be used freely. Based on this, it is possible to make changes and optimizations to get a grip on finances. In this regard, memberships or insurances can be cancelled to reduce the cost burden. The financial plan can ultimately be customized, depending on personal preferences. On the one hand, a monthly plan can be devised to achieve a high savings rate. On the other hand, financial resources can be planned ostensibly for leisure activities.

Financial Cleanse: Dangerous Half-Truths – Rich in 30 Days

Unfortunately, there are supposed tips that pose a risk. Videos are posted where young people pose with expensive cars. Along with this, young people are encouraged to buy dubious securities and much more. Unrealistic promises are made that have nothing to do with reality. Consequently, it is significant to question the advice. It is basically not possible to make a lot of money with a small investment. Providers who make unrealistic promises should be categorically avoided.

Financial Cleanse is ostensibly about managing your finances responsibly. It is about important skills to learn the right way to handle money. Thus, it is less about making money as quickly as possible. A critical basic attitude is therefore appropriate in order to recognize dubious offers as such. Savings should under no circumstances be invested in financial investments about which one knows nothing. The principle „knowledge is power“ applies here. Young people should understand and be able to comprehend their own course of action in order to avoid complications or loss of money.

Tools for financial cleanup

In the past, various tools have been established to manage one’s money efficiently. Among others, the 80-30-20 rule enjoys great popularity. This is because the rule is simple to implement and extremely efficient in everyday practice. Even young people with little experience can integrate the 80-30-20 rule into their daily routine. With the 80-30-20 rule, 50% of the salary is budgeted for fixed costs. 30% of the money is used for leisure activities. This can be a trip to the cinema or a city break. The remaining 20% is used to build up assets. The rule thus serves to build up assets. However, it is also an ideal tool when it comes to financial cleanse.

Digitalization has opened up new ways of managing and saving money. Various developers have established themselves on the market who have designed savings apps. These allow all details to be entered digitally, eliminating the need for tedious writing down. In addition, depending on the software, the apps perform automatic analyses to find weaknesses. With this, income and expenses can be managed in an innovative way. There are free software that offer a solid basic function. For more sophisticated needs, paid products can be purchased that offer complex financial analysis.

Another important aid for everyday life relates to purchasing behavior. Often, impulse purchases lead to spending significantly higher than planned. The reason: When buying, happiness hormones are released, which lead to a short-term high. If one gives in to the impulse again and again, this can lead in the worst case into the debt spiral. This can be accompanied – in extreme cases of hardship – by a shopping addiction. It is therefore advisable not to listen to one’s own impulses. Ideally, one considers over a longer period of time whether one needs a certain product. Often, the impulses subside and you realize that you don’t need the product.

Conclusion: What is a „Financial Cleanse“? Explanation, meaning, definition

Considering the many risks that lead to the debt spiral, the „Financial Cleanse“ has a central role. Young people lack essential experience to realistically assess the dangers. Thanks to the TikTok Challenge, young people have the opportunity to develop a sense of income and expenditure. It strengthens the sense of responsibility. At the same time, a differentiated view is of elementary importance. After all, not all tips are suitable for everyday use and are even risky. That’s why you should always check the extent to which the savings tips are tried and tested and of reputable origin.

What are „Live Battles“ at TikTok? Explanation, Meaning, Definition

On TikTok, there is the so-called „Live Battle“ feature. In this feature, two streamers interact with each other and have the opportunity to collect money from viewers. Streamers are people who play computer games live and online, and other people watch them.

How do the Live Battles at TikTok work? Explanation

On TikTok, anyone can watch short videos or post them themselves. One can comment, like on other social media platforms, like or share the videos.

Additionally, there is a „streaming function“ on TikTok, similar to Twitch (Twitch is another social media platform exclusively for livestreaming mostly computer games).

This „streaming feature“ of TikTok allows users to go live on the platform itself and stream their content. This can be video games, but often other content is streamed as well.

Twitch streamers or YouTubers, for example, can take advantage of this feature to earn money on TikTok in addition to their original platforms. They do this by competing live against each other in so-called „Live Battles“ on TikTok.

The aim of TikTok’s streaming function is to let streamers play computer games against each other simultaneously via a split screen (i.e. a screen cut in half, with one streamer on each side). The viewers of these live battles can then decide which of the two streamers played better and wins the live battle. They do this by sending money to their favorite streamer.

With Live Battles, the streamers mainly reach a younger target group than their existing viewers on their original platforms such as Twitch or YouTube. Thus, they can expand their fan base with Live Battles and ideally generate more followers and likes on Twitch or YouTube as well.

TikTok also benefits from this feature. Because part of the money sent goes directly to TikTok itself. In addition, the platform generates more users this way and can thus increase its advertising revenue.

Although the feature has many fans, it is also viewed critically. Some comment that live battles are almost exclusively about money, with the fun of the game taking second place.

How can I play a Live Battle myself? TikTok, explanation

First you have to create a free TikTok account. Once this is created, you have to click on the plus symbol at the bottom of the account. Now the option „Live“ appears on the far right. Again, click on „Live“ to continue.

Here you now get the option to click on „Start Live“. If a live battle is possible, the option „Live with another host or spectator“ will also appear. If you click on the ∞-sign, you can send a request for a Live Battle to another account. If the other account accepts the request, the Live Battle can begin.

What is Scripting (for manifestation) and how does it work? Explanation, meaning, definition

Scripting is a manifestation exercise in which you write down your desires or goals in order to manifest them.
Scripting can be a helpful tool in making your desires a reality.

How does Scripting work? Explanation

Scripting is writing down one or more wishes and then acting as if the wish has already come true. You try to feel as you would if the wish were already a reality. You also regularly imagine exactly how it will be when the wish has come true, how you will behave and what life will be like. The more intensely one engages in this imagining, the more likely scripting will work. The idea is based on the law of attraction.

What is the law of attraction?

The Law of Attraction, also called the Law of Resonance, states that there is a connection between our inner feelings and thoughts and reality or our outer circumstances. Simply formulated, it means that like attracts like – thoughts become things. Thus, it is not so much what one wishes for that becomes reality, but rather what one thinks about a lot.

According to the law of attraction, every thought generates a certain vibration and thereby attracts thoughts and feelings with similar vibration.

Scripting Guide

You start by writing down a goal. It does not matter if it is a single word, a sentence or a whole page. The more often you write down the goal and the more detailed you formulate it, the higher are the chances of success.

Now you focus very strongly on it and imagine exactly how it will feel when the goal is achieved. Again, the more detailed and intense the imagination, the higher the chances of success.
Finally, it is important to be grateful in advance that you will reach the goal and to feel this gratitude authentically.

There is no ultimate, correct method in scripting or manifesting that guarantees success. Rather, success depends on how honestly one believes in it, how intensely one experiences the future feeling world in the now, and how frequently one experiences the thoughts and feelings of the future.

Frequently asked questions about scripting and manifestation

1. How many goals can one manifest at once?
The method works best if you focus on one goal at a time. Especially in the beginning, one is otherwise quickly overwhelmed or does not succeed in practicing manifestation authentically and intensively.

2. How often should one manifest daily?
The more often one manifests, the greater the chances of success. This does not mean that one should sit down and write or meditate several times a day. It can be enough to recall the feelings and thoughts again and again.

3. Can I manifest everything?
Yes. There are no limits to scripting and manifesting. The greater the desire or goal, the more elaborate and lengthy the process can be until it is achieved. In principle, however, it is possible to manifest any goal.

Who is Philomena Cunk? Explanation, Meaning, Definition

Philomena Cunk is a fictional character who enjoys a high popularity not only among TV series fans. She is the main female character in a mini-series produced by the BBC, which was available on Netflix. Furthermore, there are books and audiobooks on the individual episodes. These are called „Cunk on Britain,“ „Cunk on Christmas,“ „Cunk on Shakespeare,“ „Chunk on Earth“ and „Chunk on Everything.“ The heroine, who appears here partly as a presenter and partly as an interviewer, is embodied by British comedian and actress Diane Morgan.

That’s what „Cunk on Earth“ is about: Content

In the mockumentary Philomena Cunk wants to explore the mysteries of human civilization and its greatest achievements. She does this in a special way, confronting her interlocutors with very direct, often tough questions.

„Cunk On Earth“ is a documentary satire that approaches all topics of human history in a critical way. In the miniseries, humanity’s progress comes under scrutiny, taking a closer look at science, art and culture and the achievements that have produced them.

„Cunk on Earth“ is a journey through time from the Stone Age to the present day. Not only the 21st century, but also a future not yet described in detail is the subject here. The director presents the plot with documentary stylistic devices, the characters comment and speak in response to supposed inquiries from the producers. However, these are not included in the plot. Often the interviewees speak directly into the camera.

Among other things, Philomena Cunk coined the phrase „Soviet Onion.“

A typical example of a German mockumentary is the workplace comedy „Stromberg“(male lead Christoph Maria Herbst), a highly successful adaptation of the hit British series „The Office.“

To which film category does „Cunk on Earth“ belong?

The miniseries belongs to the mockumentary category. The word is a compound of the English words mocking and documentary. Philomena Cunk’s style of presenting is very funny, drenched in the dry humor that is considered typically British or black British humor.

„Cunk on Britain“ – it doesn’t get much more blackly humorous than that

In „Cunk on Britain,“ Philomena Cunk looks at the history of British culture and delivers it in her own hilarious way. „Cunk on Christmas“, „Cunk on Shakespeare“ as well as „Cunk on Everything“ work on the same basic principles.

The individual episodes have been published as audiobooks and books. The makers of the series attached great importance to the fact that the main character interviewed real experts. This is precisely what gave rise to the special authentic wit that makes the miniseries distinctive. However, they often talk about niche topics on which it was very difficult to find real experts. Therefore, they are portrayed by actors. The series creators have always had to face the accusation of inappropriately making fun of different social classes, even mocking them.

Philomena Cunk: Who is Diane Morgan?

Born in 1975, the British actress studied acting at the East 15 Acting School in Essex. She has appeared in numerous TV series and was able to demonstrate her black humor most recently in the British television series After Life (2019-2022).

In Charlie Brooker’s Weekly Wipe, a talk format in which prominent guests look at life from its humorous side, they talk about TV, film, the Internet, computer games and the weekly news. Here, Morgan asks sometimes absurd questions and often argues for steep theses.

What does „Santo subito“ mean? Explanation in german, meaning, definition

„Santo Subito“ is Italian and translated into German means „immediate saint“. The term is used in the Catholic Church to refer to immediate canonization after death. Normally, there is a five-year waiting period before a person can be canonized. In most cases, the process to canonization takes decades.

Where does the term „Santo Subito“ come from? What does it mean? Explanation

The term „Santo Subito“ gained notoriety during the funeral of former Pope John Paul II. At that time, many of the Catholics present wished that the deceased pope would be canonized immediately and made this known through posters and shouts of „Santo Subito!“. At that time, the future Pope Benedict XVI, who at that time was still known as Cardinal Ratzinger, dealt with the demand.

John Paul II’s canonization took place early because of permission to depart from the 1983 papal bull „Novæ leges pro causis sanctorum.“ He was beatified in 2011, just six years after his death. The canonization followed just three years later. Since then, Santo Subito has become an established term that supporters use to call for the swift beatification or canonization of a deceased member of the Church. Whether the Catholic Church accedes to this request must be decided on an individual basis in each case.

Since the year 1234, canonization has been done in a liturgical act only for popes.

Actually, the waiting period for a canonization process was 50 years. So 50 years had to pass before canonization could be implemented. John Paul II shortened the waiting period to five years. For Mother Teresa of Calcutta, he even suspended the shortened waiting period. She died in 1997 and already in 1999 the beatification process was opened. (Actually, it should not have started until 2002.) Mother Teresa was then beatified in 2003. Then in 2016, she was canonized by Pope Francis.

What is beatification?

If the Church, through the pope, determines that a deceased person „lived an exemplary life of faith“ and „followed Jesus Christ in a special way,“ the person can first be beatified. Here, there is usually a five-year bar from the person’s death.

Just as a saint or holy person is not „worshipped,“ so is a beatified person. Rather, he or she is to serve as an example to the faithful of the Catholic community and also acts as an intercessor before God. According to the teachings of the Catholic Church, in order to be beatified and subsequently pronounced blessed, it must be proven that the person has performed at least one miracle in each case. This can include, for example, spontaneous healings. In this case, a suffering person is relieved of his or her suffering through prayer or blessing by the person to be beatified.

What is the difference between saint and blessed?

There are some small but subtle differences between saints and blessed. Saints are venerated by the entire Catholic Church worldwide. Blessed, on the other hand, are venerated „only“ in dioceses, local churches or religious congregations. Before canonization, beatification must have taken place. In order to be canonized, at least one miracle must be proven again after the beatification and in lengthy procedures.

Which persons have been canonized „subito“?

Most recently, the Catholic Church met the demand for „Santo Subito“ with John Paul II. The latter was beatified back in 2011, just six years after his death by Benedict XVI. His canonization followed three years later, making him the fastest canonized pope in modern times.

Mother Teresa, a nun who died in 1997, was also beatified just six years later in 2003. Her beatification was one of the fastest in church history. In 2016, Mother Teresa of Calcutta was canonized.

John Paul I, who was pope for 33 days until his death in 1978, was beatified by Francis on Sept. 4, 2022. His canonization is currently underway. (As of January 2023)

Santo Subito for Benedict XVI.

German Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI died on Dec. 31, 2022, and calls for his canonization were made shortly after his death.

Other meaning of „Santo Subito“

„Santo Subito“ is a bicycle made by the bicycle manufacturer „BELLA CIAO“. (You can find out what „Bella ciao“ means here).

„Santo Subito“ is a 2019 Italian documentary film.

What is the make-up diet? How does it work? Explanation, meaning, definition

The makeup diet is about not wearing makeup, for a certain period of time. Among other things, there is the 5:2 principle, which has its origins in the USA. Here, make-up is dispensed with on two days. On the other five days, it is allowed to use makeup.

The aim is to reduce skin stress. This is because makeup contains numerous additives that, among other things, clog the skin pores. That is why the trend from the USA has established itself to limit the use of make-up.

How does the make-up diet work? Explanation, meaning, definition

Basically, there are no set rules, so you can vary on your own. The 5:2 rule is a recommended norm, but it is not binding. This is because there is no scientific basis for this numerical value. Past experience has shown that not wearing makeup has been proven to benefit the skin – even if it’s only for two days. The diet has shown to make the skin feel softer and healthier. The risk of skin blemishes is noticeably reduced.

In addition to simply not using makeup, there is the option of using high-quality cosmetics. Ideally, one uses the 5:3 rule on two days a week. On the remaining days, one uses only cosmetics that contain fewer additives. Especially people with sensitive skin should use high-quality products. This can prevent or minimize allergic reaction or other complications.

Nevertheless, it should be noted that the make-up diet has its limits. People who are particularly sensitive to cosmetic products should, if necessary, completely avoid cosmetics or limit their use even more. Along with this, there is a lack of relevant studies that are scientifically sound to prove the positive effect of the diet. If in doubt, those affected by skin problems should consult a dermatologist to find alternative methods.

Make-up diet: recognizing high-quality cosmetic products

As already mentioned, it is beneficial not only to schedule cosmetic-free days. Along with that, you should likewise go for quality products. A common problem, however, is that supposed organic cosmetics can be inferior. This is because additives such as „organic“ or „natural cosmetics“ are not legally protected terms. As a result, any manufacturer may declare its products as organic or natural. It is important to check the ingredients meticulously, regardless of the advertising promises.

Manufacturers are adept at cheating. Often, pictures of plants on a product suggest that it is a cosmetic of natural origin. At the same time, the products contain synthetic additives and only a small proportion of natural substances. Consumers should act on their own responsibility and take a close look at cosmetic products. This applies in particular to groups of people who are allergic to certain ingredients.

Ultimately, it is advisable to use certified cosmetic products. Here, buyers have the assurance that the products are natural. In the case of certified natural products, the guidelines are much stricter. There is, for example, the Cosmos seal as well as the NATRUE seal. The products do not contain microplastics and the proportion of natural substances is considerably higher than in conventional cosmetic products.

INCI list – learning to understand ingredients better

Fortunately, there are now legal frameworks that manufacturers must adhere to. Since 1997, a list of ingredients – the so-called INCI list – has been a legal requirement in the EU. INCI stands for „International Nomenclature for Cosmetic Ingredients.“ It is helpful to familiarize yourself with the specifications of the INCI list in order to better understand the information on the packaging.

Among other things, the INCI guideline requires that ingredients be listed in chronological order, in terms of concentration content. The ingredients with the highest content are listed right at the front. But be careful: If the ingredients account for less than 1%, the order may be varied. Manufacturers can play this to their own advantage by listing the best substances at the beginning.

It is also important to exercise particular caution when products are purchased online. If important information is missing, which is mandatory according to the INCI guideline, this indicates dubiousness. One should refrain from such products, because significant quality defects cannot be ruled out. Transparency is a first indicator for quality and safety.

Supporting measures for the make-up diet

It is not enough to rely exclusively on the makeup diet. In this regard, there are other ways to influence skin health. There are various detoxification organs that the human organism has: Kidney, lungs, skin, liver, intestines and the lymphatic organs. Along with this, it is significant to keep the big picture in mind in order to rid the human organism of toxins. Therefore, it is not beneficial to focus exclusively on the skin. Detoxifying via other organs also ultimately has a positive effect on skin health. This is because the organs form a detoxification system that has a holistic effect on health.

Among other things, it is helpful to stimulate the metabolism. Sporting activity has a positive effect on skin health, regardless of the type of sport. This is because sweating cleanses the pores. But skin health is just one benefit of many that comes with exercise. Additionally, exercise helps relieve stress and it strengthens the cardiovascular system and more. Away from this, there are other secret tips that help improve skin health. One can massage the skin or treat it with a moisturizer. With the help of additional measures, one can enhance the positive effects of the makeup diet.

Conclusion: What is a make-up diet?

Due to the chemical additives, it is recommended to integrate the make-up diet into everyday life. However, on its own, the diet has limited efficiency due to the lack of scientific evidence. In addition, it is therefore recommended to include other measures to extend the positive effects on the skin. A healthy diet and regular exercise sessions are just a few of the many influencing factors that are ultimately just as significant as the makeup diet itself.

What are Lowkey Dates? Explanation, meaning, definition

Lowkey dating is a product of today’s times, which are characterized by crises and inflation. This dating trend is about spending as little budget as possible when getting to know each other. Young people in particular have a hard time financially. Therefore, mainly students or trainees make so-called low-key dates. There are a variety of ways to make getting to know each other exciting, even if it is to keep the price low. In this regard, further explanations follow on the realization possibilities and the advantages that come along with the dating trend.

How Lowkey Dating Works

There are no set rules with this trend. Only the principle „less is more“ should be taken to heart. Apart from that, the meeting can be creative, fancy or classic. The possibilities for implementation are wide-ranging, because there are free offers that make getting to know each other excitingly feasible. The topic of money may also play a role in getting to know each other. Because the younger generation – Generation Z – is far more open than the older generation.

Ultimately, you can arrange a walk in the park. It’s free, easy to organize and fits perfectly into the scheme of low-key dating. At the same time, you have ideal conditions when dating. After all, a relaxing walk through nature creates a pleasant atmosphere. Moreover, the meetings can be made more active to give it more excitement. There are free round tours in museums. Culture-loving singles have the opportunity to exchange ideas on various topics. Whether history, art or technology, there are exciting offers in every city that invite you to discover.

Sport is also an option to organize a date. In this regard, a bike tour is recommended. The advantage is that sports are known to make you happy. Through the output of happiness norms, such as dopamine or serotonin, you will be remembered positively. Sport therefore not only connects teams, but also singles – ideally. The key is to choose a sport that suits both of you. Otherwise, there is a great risk that the dating partner will feel overwhelmed and uncomfortable.

Financial aspects in view

Ultimately, it’s not just about not spending money. The meeting may well be associated with costs. It is even beneficial to broach the subject of money in general. Because it is known that the relationship to money also reflects the personality. The way one deals with money gives first information about how one deals with it in everyday life. There are thrifty, conscientious groups of people. Contrary to this, there are also people who enjoy the moment and spend money more frivolously. Based on this, a first impression of the person can be given.

See: What is Cash Candid Dating?

There are several options to make the date cheap. This can be a visit to a café. In addition, it is possible to go shopping together to cook a dish from this. It is cheap, fun and also reveals the eating style from the dating partner. Eating behavior also provides deeper insights into the personality. Is it a responsible person who abstains from meat? Or does the dating partner take it easy? In this way, important impressions can be gained without investing a lot of money in the meeting.

The cinema also offers a cheap and unique chance to get closer. Here it is important to find out in advance about the taste in films. Otherwise, getting to know each other can quickly become a failure if there is an aversion to horror movies and the like. To make it more special, there is the option of visiting a drive-in movie theater. It is far more romantic and offers more privacy as well as space for personal conversations.

Things to consider – Dos and Don’ts for Lowkey Dating

The trend is becoming more and more popular, but it is important to keep the right balance. Anyone who looks exclusively at the cost is quickly perceived as stingy or uncreative. Therefore, it is significant to invest enough time in planning. It is not advantageous to pick the cheapest offer. After all, the invited person wants to be made to feel appreciated and interested. Along with this, one should look into the interests of the invited person in advance. Whether music, food or movies, it is helpful to find out the main interests. Based on this, it is possible to derive favorable activities that will make the meeting a successful day.

On the other hand, it is not recommended to organize the meetings in a noisy or hectic environment. Moreover, it is helpful if the dating partner has the possibility to end the meeting at any time. It creates a relaxed and informal atmosphere. Consequently, meetings should preferably take place in a public place. Additionally, it is important to refrain from passive activities. Otherwise, active get-to-know-you conversations come up short, which are ultimately of high importance.

Conclusion: What are Lowkey Dates? Explanation, meaning, definition

The trend has shown that good meetings do not have to be expensive. It is ultimately an excellent way to meet people. The advantage is that even younger groups of people can meet several people this way, regardless of their financial situation.

At the same time, you don’t have to cut corners. Even inexpensive meetings offer ideal conditions for getting to know each other, as long as you plan accordingly. In the wake of current crises, the trend has its raison d’être. In view of rising prices and inflationary influences, low-key dating is an adequate way to get to know new people.

What is Cash Candid Dating? Explanation, Meaning, Definition

Cash candidate dating is a new dating trend and describes the fact that the parties involved already talk about money on the first date. In the minds of many people, there is still the conviction that talking about money when getting to know someone is not very romantic or even repulsive. As a result of inflation, that conviction seems to be changing. Money conversations are now more and more often the deciding factor in whether or not to have a second meeting. In fact, conversations about finances can be very beneficial; after all, you get to know each other from a very important side.

Cash-candid dating: Rising cost of living affects dating

Inflation is on the minds of adults of every generation and has as much of an impact on the economy as it does on our personal lives. We are affected by it when we go shopping, in the family and at work, where colleagues discuss it. So it stands to reason that money is no longer a taboo subject in dating either. In fact, rising prices are having a measurable impact on dating.

Even though beliefs about money are a matter of upbringing and are passed on to us in the parental home, younger generations today no longer perceive conversations about money as taboo. The massive advertising we are exposed to creates a high pressure to consume, which is exacerbated by inflation. While how you think about money reveals a lot about your own values, it’s also wise to keep an eye on finances ahead of time.

A recent study by dating app Bumble found that nine out of 10 respondents under 35 want to talk about money matters on a first date. Among those older than 35, the topic is still taboo for about a third. In the survey, the financial stability of the person they were talking to was important to one in five. This made them feel more secure in the event of a deterioration in their own financial situation. While sharing the restaurant bill was a matter of course for many before inflation, people are now more often guided by their higher income.

Cash candidate dating: The right way to deal with the topic of conversation money

Talking openly about your financial options makes sense during inflation, because you avoid misunderstandings. Nevertheless, you should approach the topic sensitively, especially on the first date, and not jump in with the door. Instead of asking direct questions, it is relatively easy to find out about the financial situation of your counterpart by taking a roundabout route: a good way to start, for example, is to ask whether you pay the bill together or separately.

In this context, more can be asked right away. Another way to address finances indirectly is to talk about embarrassing mispurchases. This topic also opens up the chance to make a funny contribution and thus lighten up the conversation. You can also find out about your conversation partner’s financial situation through (expensive) hobbies.

What is Lucky Girl Syndrome? Explanation, meaning, definition

Despite his many opportunities, modern man is still in search of great happiness, the bulging bank account, the perfect relationship and the fulfilling job. These goals can be achieved with the too law of acceptance, propagate young, good-looking women on the Internet. This is referred to as the „lucky girl syndrome,“ which has become a TikTok trend.

The Lucky Girl Syndrome is based on the law of assumption

The Lucky Girl Syndrome is based on the mystical Law of Assumption propagated by many spiritual teachers and coaches. It assumes that the „right“ self-perception leads to the fulfillment of individual desires and life dreams.

Those who align their lives according to the Law of Acceptance are said to be able to achieve better relationships, more success in their careers and in financial matters as a result. Thus, the Law of Acceptance is very similar to the Law of Attraction, another of the seven Hermetic Laws. This is because people who believe in the Law of Attraction believe that by repeatedly focusing on the positive things they want in life, they will achieve them.

The Origins of the Law of Acceptance

The Law of Acceptance is based on beliefs elaborated by mystic Neville Goddard in the mid-20th century. He came into contact with metaphysics at the age of 17 and quickly became enthusiastic about it.

In intensive studies (including a five-year study of the Bible), he dealt with the universal law of acceptance and, together with his mentor Abdullah, acquired fundamental knowledge about manifestation. The law of manifestation is one of the seven hermetic laws, on which there are numerous writings by further mystics.

In the spiritual belief of these people, consciousness is the most powerful instrument of all, perhaps the only reality. However, in order to learn manifestation, it is not necessary to study deeply the seven hermetic laws. Because, in fact, in real life we manifest almost non-stop, but we are not aware of it. In purposeful manifesting, the art is to consciously direct one’s thoughts to the wish and to maintain the associated, positive emotional level. Only then can the wish come true.

The Lucky Girl Syndrome is nothing more than a simplified guide to the Law of Acceptance and uses the attractiveness of young women as an engine to better market themselves and increase their own popularity. The „Lucky Girls“ show us how easy it is (supposedly) to create a dream life. All one has to do is follow their recommendations.

The law of acceptance seen spiritually

Just like the Law of Attraction, the Law of Acceptance assumes people have the ability to influence their own destiny through the power of thought. It asserts that what one believes to be not only possible but true will come to pass.

Loosely based on the motto, „Align your thoughts accordingly, and you will live the life you’ve always wanted.“ You just have to be rock-solidly convinced of something and have no doubts. What one desires must become incontrovertible truth that cannot be shaken. In order to direct one’s thoughts in such a way that this belief really solidifies, representatives of this doctrine show us various ways.

The power of feeling plays the main role

For the desire to manifest, the right feeling is crucial. Only when the idea is accompanied by a strong feeling can the wish come true. Put simply, it means, „Live as if you are already there (at the goal), and it will occur.“ When we can feel that we finally have no more money worries, when we can feel that we have landed the dream job, then it is not far until the wish becomes reality. It is not at all necessary to know how the goal will be reached. For the fulfillment, the HOW is rather a hindrance.

How to make the dream life come true via acceptance?

The modern teachers on TikTok recommend the method of scripting. All manifestations are written down. You put yourself in a situation in the future, feel and think as if everything has already happened and you write in retrospect. The individual events and conditions, whether health, career or relationship, should be described very concretely.

You should be as detailed as possible about what happened and what feelings you felt, especially the positive ones. The more fully described about the experience, the better. Another method that helps manifestation is affirmations. We know these from meditation. Again, the idea is to deeply internalize the positive affirmations, but with the aid of deep relaxation.

„Lucky Girls“ simply succeeds at everything. Is that believable?

Is what the good-looking women on TikTok are spreading true? Can the law of acceptance really change lives fundamentally? On the Internet, the law of acceptance, which leads to a significant improvement in life circumstances and quality of life, is propagated as easy to implement.

But to get a conviction that must be as strong as deep faith in God, it takes daily practice and self-confidence. It also requires overwriting the negative thought patterns we all have with new, positive ones. These are changes that don’t happen in a few days. It takes weeks, often months, for new neural pathways to form and for us to use them. Even with a lot of training, it cannot be assumed that a person can completely free himself from his negative thought patterns.

The law of acceptance is certainly one way to make one’s life more pleasant, but there are also social obstacles that are and remain insurmountable for many people. Have the white, attractive young women on TikTok really achieved their status through the power of their thoughts? They owe us the proof.

Numerous psychological studies in the past have shown that attractive people are thought to be more competent than they possibly are. They are believed more than others. Another point of criticism: The conviction that one can influence everything through one’s own will is a typical claim of our meritocracy. It creates a lot of pressure. What happens if you can’t realize your wishes or achieve your goals? Has one then simply made too little effort? This reverse conclusion shows that the law of assumption is quite questionable.

What is the Weird Girl Aesthetic? Explanation, meaning, definition

Today (2023), those who swim against the tide are in vogue. That’s why Generation-Z has made it a point to „go out of style.“ To reach like-minded people, they use various video platforms like TikTok to do so. They like to push the boundaries of good taste and create fashion trends that don’t really correspond to any style. The main thing is to stand out. To express their individuality, they often show themselves in supposed fashion blunders.

The desire to be fashionably out of the ordinary first went viral in 2022 with the hashtag „#WeirdGirlAesthetic.“ #WeirdGirlAesthetic means something like „aesthetics of the weird girl.“ From the shopping platform „Lyst“ this fashion movement was chosen as one of the most important in the year. No wonder, because by now the catchphrase can boast more than 308 million views.

Where are the roots of the Weird Girl aesthetic? Explanation

That this is merely an „anti-fashion trend“ is contradicted by some influencers. Rather, they say, the roots of this fashion trend lie in the childhood of weird girls. Another Influencer describes that she derived her inspiration from old MTV videos or older movies like „The Fifth Element.“ Yet another influencer describes in great detail on her TikTok channel that the roots of the Weird Girl aesthetic lie in Harajuku style. This is a trendy district in Tokyo. It was here that teenagers set the fashion trend in the early 2000s and late 1990s.

If you take a closer look at the Harajuku look, you might think that a Disney princess has fallen for streetwear. A wide variety of styles can be seen. In an English online dictionary, this style is aptly called „Gothic Lolita Style“. The best-known trademarks of this look are glittery hair clips, plastic rings that are way too big, pleated skirts, bellyless shirts with sleeves that are way too short, and batik looks.

Three characteristics that make up a Weird Girl aesthetic

By many, the Weird Girl aesthetic is described as a sense of freedom and well-being. It’s simply about wearing what you feel like without artificially joining a fashion trend. The following three characteristics distinguish a Weird Girl aesthetic:

Not everything you wear has to be out of line. For this, one thing is often enough to make the Weird Girl aesthetic your own. A small thing in the bedroom or closet; it doesn’t matter at all. After all, tastes can change quickly and so the little things can also be quickly replaced.

No matter what is bought: It should always be secondhand. Especially with clothes, value should be placed on sustainability. It is important that the things that are purchased are durable.

Mainly, the Weird Girl aesthetic is all about sustainability. Therefore, you can work with whatever you have. However, now before you pull out the „ugliest“ clothes from your closet, you should rather combine the things that you would never dream of putting together. This way, every outfit becomes a bit „weirder“.

Conclusion on the Weird Girl Aesthetic

Many justify the Weird Girl aesthetic – aside from the emotional recall value – as a departure from the Clean Girl aesthetic. The Weird Girl aesthetic is more or less the fashion answer to party girl chic.

The Weird Girl aesthetic is a kind of anti-fashion. This means that young women love their fashion so much and want to wear everything at the same time. So if you want to take away a conclusion from the Weird Girl aesthetic, it’s this, that it’s totally okay to wear what you feel like and not have to follow every fashion trend. You can be free and don’t have to follow a line. This look works great with a bit of clever styling and creativity.

What does „Get a life“ mean? Explanation, meaning, definition

The saying „Get a life“ – literally translated „Get a life“ – is usually meant critically and can have the following meanings:

  • Mind your own business!
  • Finally do something with your life!
  • Finally start living!
  • Finally grow up!

What does „Get a life“ mean? Explanation, meaning, definition

Usually the request „Get a life“ is said to a person who is boring. The phrase „Get a life“ usually still resonates with some frustration that another person is wasting their life on unimportant or boring things.

Get a life = mind your own business!

The phrase „Get a life“ is sometimes directed at people who meddle in the affairs of others without being asked. They are suggested to take care of their own lives instead of dealing with the problems, feelings, motives of others, giving them advice and even prescribing rules of conduct.

Get a life = Finally do something with your life!

„Get a life“ can also be a – usually slightly annoyed – advice to someone who leads a boring, unfulfilling life. You want to shake this person up and encourage them to give their own life more meaning: for example, to develop their own interests, to do more, to get to know other people or to seize a professional opportunity.

Get a life = finally start living!

„Get a life“ is also what workaholics and nerds get to hear who are passionate about their field but don’t make time for other aspects of life and tend to become social misfits. It is meant as a call to build and enjoy a life besides work with friends, family and free time.

Get a life = grow up already!

With the slogan „Get a life“, sometimes eternal nest-stools are eye-rollingly urged to take responsibility for themselves, make their own decisions, move out of the parental home and become financially independent. The young adult thus addressed is supposed to finally build his own life and make his own way in the world under his own steam.

Origin of „Get a life

The exact origin of the phrase „Get a life“ is not known. Evidence of the phrase first appeared in the 1980s.

For example, in 1986, actor William Shatner, who played the role of Captain Kirk in the cult series Star Trek, used it. Shatner appeared in an episode of the U.S. comedy show Saturday Night Live. In a skit, he played himself attending a Star Trek convention and answering questions from enthusiastic Trekkies.

After some very detailed questions from his fans, he shouted into the crowd, „Get a life, you guys want? I mean to shout out loud, it’s just a TV show!“ He then asked one of the fans, „You must be almost 30. Have you ever kissed a girl?“ Finally, he asked the Trekkies to move out of their parents‘ basements. The „Get a life“ skit caused much debate as to whether it was hilarious or offensive to the fans.

Other meanings of „get a life“

The expression „to get a life“ is also used in US judicial language to mean that someone has been given a „life sentence“.

The phrase „get a life“ became popular in January 2023 when Greta Thunberg used it as a quick-witted response to a provocative tweet by Andrew Tate.

What is Wanderlove? Explanation, Meaning, Definition

If you translate the term „Wanderlove“ into German, it means something like „hiking love“. If you follow the dating trend, people have apparently become more open to relationships and travel again. You don’t always have to meet people who live in the same city. At least, this was the result of a survey. Wanderlove, then, refers to the dating trend of meeting people who live farther away – either another city, another country or even another continent.

A 2022 survey found that just under 39% of singles polled would be willing to travel to another city for a flirt or love. TV dating shows in particular have shown that you should also look beyond your own city once in a while when it comes to things romantic.

Wanderlove as a new dating trend

Looking at the phenomenon globally, one in three people is willing to enter into a relationship with someone who lives in a more distant city. In Germany, as many as 44% are willing to do so. Presumably, conclusions can be drawn here about the newly gained flexibility with regard to working life. There are also more opportunities to be more flexible when it comes to dating and love.

In addition to the place of residence, which is becoming increasingly irrelevant in terms of partnership, appearance is also no longer quite as important to some people. Rather, every third person stated that they also date a type of person who does not fit 100% into their external image. But what exactly are people looking for? With 63% of those surveyed, a majority of people place more emphasis on emotional maturity than on physical characteristics.

Is Wanderlove a new kind of long-distance relationship?

For the record: Wanderlove has nothing to do with meeting the love of your life on any hiking trails. It simply means that most people are more open to having a love affair with someone who lives farther away. Love knows no boundaries.

When you get right down to it, Wanderlove is a lot like a long-distance relationship. The difference is that with Wanderlove, you’re not necessarily looking for the love of your life, but simply want to make new, casual contacts that are outside of your own city.

Nowadays, you are also no longer obliged to perform your job in a single city. That’s why no one has to think about moving to another person right away. After all, the newfound freedom in working life can also be easily transferred to dating. After all, thanks to this flexibility, it is also possible to work from your partner’s home.

What Corona has to do with it

After working from home has gained a lot of popularity, virtual dating is rather not so popular. For many months, traveling and dating were simply impossible, and right now the urge of these two components seems to be all the greater. Obviously, the need to be able to move freely is now much greater than the fear of becoming a victim of desire.

But then, it is precisely this „lack of closeness“ and the spatial distance that is probably the attraction that Wanderlove brings. Wanderlove rather stands for a casual form of dating, although it does not have to be ruled out that something solid will come out of it.

Further meaning of Wanderlove

„Wanderlove“ is a novel written by Kirsten Hubbard. It was published in 2012.

Was bedeutet FAFO / fack around and find out? Erklärung, Bedeutung, Definition

„FAFO“ bedeutet „fack around and find out“. Der Ausspruch kann auf mehrere Arten verstanden werden.

Zuvor ein Hinweis: Ja, die Redaktion weiß wie man das Wort „fack“ richtig schreibt. (Mit „u“ an zweiter Stelle.) Jedoch ist „fack“ ein böses Wort und verringert die Werbeeinnahmen dieser Webseite. Da du alle Artikel kostenlos lesen darfst, sind Werbeeinahme unsere einzige Einnahmequelle.

Was bedeutet FAFO / fack around and find out? Erklärung, Bedeutung, Definition

FAFO wird meistens in einem negativen Sinne verwendet. Es bedeutet: Wer sich daneben benimmt, andere nervt und rumstresst, wird Konsequenzen dafür spüren. Entweder weil andere sich wehren oder weil man für Missachtung der Gesetze / Regeln festgenommen wird.

FAFO steht dafür, dass man Konsequenzen spürt oder spüren wird, wenn man bewusst moralische Grenzen überschreitet, Gesetze bricht und akzeptierte Regeln missachtet.

In den sozialen Medien wird FAFO unter anderem verwendet, um den negativen Ausgang einer Situation zu kommentieren. Es wird von FAFO gesprochen, wenn ein Vorhaben gescheitert ist.

FAFO kann so verstanden werden, dass es bedeutet: „leg dich nicht mit anderen an“, „provoziere andere nicht“ oder „fordere andere nicht heraus“. (Andere sind in dem Fall Stärkere.) Nur weil jemand, jetzt meint etwas dummes, leichtfertiges und falsches zutun.

Beispiele mit FAFO:

„Was soll schon passieren? FAFO!“

„Was ist, wenn ich meine Hausaufgaben nicht mache? FAFO!“

„Was ist, wenn ich den Gegenstand einfach mitnehme? FAFO!“

FAFO ist, wenn ein Räuber einen Laden ausrauben wollte, dies scheitert und er festgenommen wird.

FAFO passiert, wenn in den sozialen Medien eine unpopuläre oder provokante Meinung verbreitet. Dann wird man viel Gegenwind erfahren.

Positive Bedeutung von FAFO

Im positiven Sinne bedeutet FAFO, dass man aufhören soll zu zögern und zu überlegen, und endlich ins Handeln kommen soll. FAFO kann so verstanden: man dich aus, probier Dinge aus.

Hier kann FAFO so verstanden werden: Einfach mal machen und gucken, was passiert!

FAFO ist unter Programmierern auch bekannt. Hier wird es in dem Sinne verwendet, dass diese manchmal herumprobieren müssen oder wollen, um eine Lösung für ein Problem zu finden.

Weitere Bedeutung

FAFO ist die Abkürzung der „Freien Akademie für Osteopathie“.

What does „Rizz“ mean? Explanation, definition, meaning

„Rizz“ is the term used to describe the ability to seduce another person.

Another term for „Rizz“ is „Game“. If you have „Game“ or „Rizz“, you have charisma, manage to connect with another person and create romantic tension.

What does „Rizz“ mean? Explanation, definition, meaning

The expression „Rizz“ spread in the US youth language in 2022.

In colloquial language, people talk about having rizz.

But „rizz“ is much more than that. „Rizz“ stands for high self-confidence, for good self-worth or self-esteem, and for charisma. These are all qualities that people find attractive.

Add to that a handsome body and good clothes. Already the foundation for Rizz is laid. But this is nothing without the necessary combination of self-worth, charisma and eloquence.

Being generally attractive, trained and fit helps to have Rizz, of course. Being able to laugh at yourself and exuberance are also Rizz.

Rizz also takes place when „sliding into the DMs.“ Anyone who gives good quick-witted answers on dating apps in chats with potential partners has Rizz.

What is „unspoken Rizz?“

„Unspoken Rizz“ is the term used to describe a person’s charisma and appeal. („Unspoken“ means „unspoken“ in German).

Unspoken Rizz“ is about a person simply having charisma, captivating others, and the person not really knowing that they have this charisma. She is just like that. She does not pretend to have „Rizz“.

„unspoken Rizz“ is about simply finding a person attractive and likable.

Kai Cenat, creator of the word Rizz, he explains that „unspoken Rizz“ is about the physical presence and presence alone being attractive to other people (mostly women).

„Rizz,“ however, is not about another person manipulating others to sleep with that person, for example. It is really about a (almost innate) charisma that makes a person very attractive. Such charisma is not fakeable.

See also: What does „Pushing P“ mean?

Rizz: Origin

The term „Rizz“ was coined by influencer „Kai Cenat“ in 2021. He started using this word in the summer of 2021.

A famous video of him was published on YouTube on November 12, 2021. The title of the video is „Kai Cenat opens Rizz Academy“ and at the beginning of the video he recites the „National Rizz Anthem“.

The word „Rizz“ itself here is a contraction from the word „Charisma“. „Charisma“ was first shortened and transformed into „Risma“ or „Rissma“ and „Rizzma“. „Rizzma“ was then shortened to „Rizz“.

Rizz forms: W Rizz, L Rizz

According to Kai Cenat, there are three Rizz forms: W Rizz, V Rizz, and L Rizz.

„W Rizz“ stands for being attractive to other people and managing to build attraction. Those who have „W Rizz“ are articulate and have seduction skills.

„L Rizz“ is the opposite of „W Rizz.“ „L Rizz“ stands for not having Game, not managing to build attraction and not being attractive to women (or other people).

„W Rizz“ stands for „Win Rizz.“

„L Rizz“ stands for „Loss Rizz.“

Improve Rizz: What you can do

If you want to improve your Rizz, you have several options

1. it always helps to get in shape. In this case, weight training is recommended. This sport changes and improves your body image, which makes you feel better about your body in general. Sport also changes more: it makes you more self-confident and you start to pay attention to your diet.

2. talking to people improves the rizz. If you simply don’t have experience in flirting, you can’t be good at it. The name of the game here is: Practice flirting! (By the way: You can practice flirting by simply talking to women. Here is an entertaining game: Pick up 100 baskets. You approach women with the goal of getting a basket. Try it out and see what happens :).

3. get new clothes. Go to a clothing store and get advice. Say that you want to look better and need help choosing things. The salesperson will help you.

4. surround yourself with people who have rizz. They will influence you and you will learn from them.

Meditate and work on your personality. This will give you more inner peace and self-confidence.

6. learn small talk. You want to learn small talk? Then try this: Listen to stand-up comedy podcasts. This will influence you. The jokes and humor as well as the attitude of the podcasters will influence you.

Other meaning of Rizz

The hashtag „Rizz“ has been used over 5.6 billion times on TikTok as of January 5, 2023.

What is Lensa? Meaning, definition, explanation

Lensa is a photo app for smartphones and similar devices that came into increased focus in the winter of 2022. The app includes classic functions to edit, beautify, and transform portraits and selfies.

At the heart of the app, however, is an AI that can transform users‘ images into digitized works of art. These artistic images are called Magic Avatars. For this function, the user loads several pictures of himself into the app and ultimately receives those popular images from the AI, which are not free in this form, however.

Lensa developed into a trendy app, which in the meantime became one of the most downloaded apps in the Apple App Store and the Google Play Store for Android. However, the increased popularity of the software was not without its critics. There were critical comments about partly idealized and sexualized depictions and doubts about privacy, which were discussed in various newspapers and online editorials.

How does Lensa work? Explanation

In principle, Lensa is a classic photo app that allows users to digitally edit selfies and portraits according to their own preferences. This includes an accessible one-tap editor, digital retouching functions, smoothing wrinkles and editing options for dark circles and the like. In short, anyone who wants to revise their portrait for external presentation can access Lensa via smartphone or tablet. The app is available in many app stores as a free app, which, strictly speaking, only applies to some functions.

What sets Lensa apart from other photo apps is its Magic Avatars: stylized images of users that resemble works of art, sometimes in comic and illustration aesthetics. The portrait, which is usually stylized in striking colors, is usually strikingly similar in its contours to the person’s face. But behind the Magic Avatars is an AI that artfully processes the images.

Lensa thus taps into the trend of AI or AI-based functions that are enjoying increased popularity among digital image generators. Lensa is one of the first apps to integrate this technology so extensively into the design tool. So if you want to create a highly stylized avatar of yourself, you have reasons to reach for Lensa’s features.

The success of Lensa – popularity and criticism of the app

Lensa comes from a company called Prisma Labs from Sunnyvale, California. Prisma Labs and its founders, as well as Russian developers Andrey Usoltsev and Alexey Moiseenkov, also created the AI photo software Prisma. After the launch of Magic Avatars in November 2022, the app rose to become the most popular free app in many app stores. Lensa became a highlight for users who were looking for artistic avatars or wanted to cause amusement and excitement at a party.

However, Lensa’s success was also accompanied by criticism from established newspapers and media. From newspapers like Die Zeit or Süddeutsche Zeitung to trade magazines like t3n or Mashable to established TV channels like Bayerischer Rundfunk or the US ABC News – everyone was simply talking about the app after its release. Among other things, of course, this was due to the app’s atypical and popular features. But it was also due to journalistic curiosity versus the background behind the phenomenon.

One widespread criticism of the app after its release was its cost: Although Lensa was originally listed as a free app in many app stores, not all of its functions sometimes presented themselves as free. Those who wanted to access the aesthetics of the popular Magic Avatar not only had to take several pictures of themselves, but also pay a fee. This led to criticism of the payment model as well as data protection, including the question of copyright. However, the company behind Lensa emphasized that the images would be deleted from the servers shortly after they were created. A widespread criticism of the app also referred to the fact that the app transforms average people into immaculate and aesthetically highly polished avatars, to which some commentators attributed sexualized or sexist traits. However, the latter criticism could be extended to many of the image generators of this kind.

Overview – What is the significance of Lensa?

Whether you want to accept the criticism of the app – or not – the success of Lensa unquestionably heralds a new era of image generators for smartphones and the like. The use of modern AI and the realization that users are willing to pay for such images will certainly inspire one or two successor apps in the future. Lensa is helping image editors and digital portrait generators gain increased attention with this popularity.

To sum up: Lensa is a modern photo app, with powerful AI features that creates artistic Magic Avatars. The trending software thus took the app stores for smartphones and the like by storm in November and December 2022. The app has become a cause for both enthusiasm and criticism – from data privacy to cost to idealized image display. However, that doesn’t change the fact that Lensa is one of the hit apps of winter 2022.

What is ChatGPT? Meaning, definition, explanation

ChatGPT is an AI chatbot that responds to user prompts and queries with self-generated answers. What makes ChatGPT special is that the AI chatbot can respond to follow-up questions, enabling a kind of „conversation“. What makes ChatGPT special is that the AI chatbot creates new knowledge that predecessors were not capable of.

What is ChatGPT? Meaning, definition, explanation

ChatGPT is also an AI-based chatbot development service that allows developers to create chatbot applications through machine learning. ChatGPT is based on a modular approach where developers can choose the components for their bot. The tool uses machine learning to process the user’s input and provide them with appropriate responses. In addition, ChatGPT provides a unique feature for creating dialog flows, where the user’s answers transition into the next question. This allows developers to create a smooth, natural conversation. ChatGPT also provides a simple and easy-to-use drag-and-drop interface that simplifies and speeds up the process of creating chatbots.

How does Chat GPT work?

ChatGPT is a technology that enables computers to have natural and appropriate conversations with humans. It was developed by Open AI, an AI research organization founded by Elon Musk, Sam Altman and others.

ChatGPT is based on Deep Learning, an AI technology that allows computers to respond to natural language. It uses a Generative Pre-trained Transformer network called GPT-3, which enables a computer to have a coherent conversation by understanding natural language and responding appropriately to questions and instructions.

ChatGPT is able to carry on a conversation in real time by remembering contextual information contained in previous sentences. In this way, it can answer some instructions and questions without being asked for information again. It can also have creative conversations by suggesting new ideas and asking interesting questions.

In addition, developers can customize ChatGPT to enable specific conversations for specific use cases. For example, they can teach the chatbot to ask questions about a specific topic or execute specific commands.
The main idea behind ChatGPT is to provide people with a natural and enjoyable conversation experience by teaching computers how to behave humanely. It can be used for both personal and business purposes to provide customer support, complete e-commerce transactions, and more.

What can you do with ChatGPT?

ChatGPT is an AI-based chatbot software that allows users to process and respond to natural language input. It can be used in a variety of applications, from customer service to interactive fiction.

ChatGPT can write text or text responses in general. ChatGPT can write instructions, but also explanation. ChatGPT can also suggest recipe ideas and vacation destinations. ChatGPT’s response depends on the quality of the prompt.

ChatGPT can respond to both text and voice input and provides a number of features, including natural language processing, query recognition, response creation, conversation thread creation, entity recognition, and intent recognition. ChatGPT also has a number of features such as an integrated developer API, language modeling and a powerful machine learning tool. ChatGPT can be used to improve the conversation between humans and machines by processing a variety of natural language inputs that can understand all kinds of inputs and requests. It can also help improve the user experience when interacting with chatbots by enabling a natural and lively conversation.

ChatGPT can also be used in the development of chatbots for virtual assistants to provide a smooth and intuitive user experience. In addition, ChatGPT can also help in the development of applications such as automated chatbots, interactive fictions, voice assistants, and other AI-based applications.

What is the significance of Chat GPT and why is it special?

ChatGPT is an AI-based chatbot technology that allows developers to integrate natural conversation capabilities into their applications. It was developed by OpenAI and uses machine learning to respond to user input by generating a series of responses that match the context. ChatGPT can be programmed to interact in a variety of ways, including simple responses, knowledge-based responses, dialog management, and natural language input.

ChatGPT is a text generator based on Generative Pre-trained Transformer (GPT-3) technology. It is an AI-based software that enables people to have natural conversations. ChatGPT is special because it can create a real-time dialogue that resembles a human’s natural speech. The technology allows ChatGPT to respond to questions and commands by generating an appropriate response. The technology is designed to always learn and improve. This allows ChatGPT to respond to irregular input and adjust the dialogue, making a real conversation seem very natural. ChatGPT is mainly used for chatbots, virtual assistants and dialog systems, which makes it a valuable tool for companies that want to offer their customers a better interaction with their products and services.

„Tukoh Taka“ (Official FIFA Fan Festival™ Anthem) by Nicki Minaj, Maluma, & Myriam Fares: content, song

On the occasion of the FIFA Fan Festival 2022, the performers Nicki Minaj, Maluma and Myriam Fares composed the song „Tukoh Taka“. The song is the official anthem of the fan festival. At the festival in Doha, the artists performed the song live together for the first time on Saturday, November 19, 2022. Among other releases, the song appeared as part of the official soundtrack for the 2022 World Cup. The different anthems on the album appeared one after the other, with the first being „Haya Hayya (Better Together)“ by Trinidad Cardona, Davido and AISHA, released on April 1, 2022. The single „Tukoh Taka“ and its accompanying music video were released on November 17, 2022.

„Tukoh Taka“ (Official FIFA Fan Festival™ Anthem) by Nicki Minaj, Maluma, & Myriam Fares: content, song

The song lyrics are written in three different languages, which are English, Spanish, and Arabic. It is the first World Cup song that combines these three languages in one lyric. The performers sing in their respective mother tongues. The aim of the release was to spread a message of cultural integration to the media public by combining the languages, especially the share of Arabic.

The song title „Tukoh Taka“ has no single meaning and can be translated as „knock knock.“ The title recurs in the chorus through regular repetition by Myriam Fares. In this context, parallels were also drawn with the name „Waka Waka“ of the song by the singer Shakira for the World Cup in 2010. On the part of some critics it was insinuated here that it is merely a stylistic copy of the corresponding song.

In the verses of the song, Minaj and Maluma try to fight out competing positions in terms of physical seduction. The corresponding positions are to be presented from a female perspective, which is why the corresponding song passages are also sung by the female artists.

The male perspective on female seduction efforts is represented by Maluma as he expresses his misunderstanding of not getting a chance for physical intimacy with women. He interprets the behavior to mean that the women are actually concerned with receiving as much male attention as possible without seeking actual intimacy.

Finally, Myriam Fares tries to address the issue of integration in the final part of the text. The goal is to unite people of different cultures, to celebrate together and to speak with one voice. The different points of view presented in the lyrics aim to give the song a seductive atmosphere.

Criticism and controversy: World Cup 2022

The 2022 World Cup in Qatar was highly controversial internationally long before it began, due in particular to numerous questionable legal positions of the political system in the host country. Representatives from Qatar have contributed to the negative image of the host country through controversial statements in the media. For example, one World Cup ambassador spoke of „gayness as mental damage“ in reference to homosexuality. Corresponding statements also met with great criticism in Germany, for example from the German Justice Minister Buschmann or the German national player Goretzka.

In connection with the release of „Tukoh Taka,“ there were also critical positions in the international media towards the contributing artists. On the positive side, the linguistic diversity in particular was highlighted. On the other hand, the fact that no artists from Qatar were involved in the song was criticized in this context. Due to the negative political treatment of human rights, women’s rights and homosexuality by the government in Qatar, Minaj, Maluma and Fares were personally criticized for their involvement in the release. Maluma does not consider herself personally responsible for the legal situation in Qatar in this regard and has tried to justify her work on it. She explains her involvement in the song with her enjoyment of music and life in general. Also, in the Arab world, among other things, the mentioned stylistic parallel to Shakira’s work was criticized and the song was perceived as a copy.

Who is Lotta Volkova? life, profile, biography

Lotta Volkova is a Russian stylist, fashion designer and art director who has now achieved worldwide fame.

Who is Lotta Volkova? life, profile, biography

Lotta Volkova was born on February 13, 1984 in Novosibirsk, Russia.

Volkova keeps her private life strictly out of the public eye, which leads to the fact that nothing is known about her relationship status, potential siblings or children. She is 1.68 meters tall and weighs 58 kilos, according to official sources.

Lotta Volkova left her homeland at the age of 17 to head abroad. She is the daughter of a captain and an art-loving mother, who was fond of the music of the rock band Led Zeppelin. Their hit song „Whole Lotta Love“ is the model for Lotta’s first name. Her mother’s influence goes even further. She encourages her daughter to take alternative fashion paths and to be more non-conformist than conformist when it comes to her taste in clothes. Lotta Volkova took this inspiration with her to her adopted home in England. When she arrived in London, she decided to study fashion, photography and art.

Lotta Skeletrix

Three years later Volkovs created her own label (Lotta Skeletrix), which has since disappeared, but which will shape the rest of her life. Again and again her designs refer to a Soviet aesthetic, which is strongly interspersed with retrospective elements. Punk meets grunge, techno meets trash, bad taste meets good manners. Once again, anything that pleases is permitted. And Lotta Volkova’s designs appealed so much to the fashion world that she was soon staging her haute couture on behalf of others.

Now relocated to Paris, the fashion capital par excellence, Lotta Volkova sends her trendy pieces down the catwalk with the help of selected models. Her clients are the big players Vetements and Balenciaga. Sometimes Volkova can be seen on the catwalk in person, but most of the time she stays in the background. Privately, she likes to hang out with friends, which Lotta Volkova regularly documents on her Instagram account. Here, too, the image presented tends more towards shabby chic than cool perfection. However, the deliberate avoidance of vanity can be seen more as a ploy than an act of conviction.

Lotta Volkova: Instagram

Instagram: lottavolkova

What does Villain Era mean? TikTok, meaning, definition, explanation

The „Villain Era“ TikTok trend is about putting your own well-being and sensibilities above societal pressures.

„Villain Era“ – Origin

Since February 2022 already, a similar trend became visible on TikTok under the hashtag „feral“. The image of TikTokers changed from clean, neat and motivated to chaotic and untamed. It wasn’t until #VillainEra, however, that the trend reached its peak and entered the mainstream’s field of vision.

What does „Villain Era“ mean? TikTok, meaning, definition, explanation.

The trend is not to be understood literally. It is not about becoming a bad person or criminal, but about setting boundaries, no longer tolerating spitefulness and resisting the pressure of having to please people all the time.

That’s why the trend also appealed to women in particular. This is also because they are often portrayed as the enemy on the basis of such decisions. The idea still exists that women have to behave ladylike, look presentable and be well-behaved. Above all, women who have always cultivated this image and only later learn to set their own priorities are always seen by others as „naughty women“. The trend now picks up on this and transforms the image into something empowering. It also helps to deal with negative feedback.

„Villain Era“ – climax and aesthetics (TikTok)

The hashtag „Villain Era“ already has over 100 million views. The audio of thousands of clips is pondered with the quote „Well if that makes me a villain, then so f*cking be it“ from the series Euphoria, which is also very trendy.

The women no longer present themselves as superficially desirable or heroic, but as dark and mysterious. With a provocative look into the camera, they captivate the viewer and communicate their self-determination.

In addition to videos showing people who are now living their lives or serving the „Villain“ stereotype, there are also instructional videos for those who also want to get into their „Villain Era“ but can’t do so without help. But it’s not only on TikTok that such instructions can be found: A quick google is enough to find detailed articles on the subject. And on Spotify or YouTube you can find playlists that provide the right soundtrack for the „Villain Era“.

„Villain Era“ – How to become a „Villain“?

1. stop trying to please other people!
It is impossible to be liked by everyone. Be authentic and true to yourself. This way you are much more likely to meet people with whom you really have a connection.

2. put yourself first!
Everyone has needs and feelings, the suppression of which can negatively affect your well-being.

3. ask straight out!
Not beating around the bush is an important thing that some people have to learn. If you know what you want, you can ask for it without shame.

4. be self-confident!
If you know who you are, you can navigate your life better. You should not try to change your appearance or personality, but be happy with yourself. This can also mean admitting past mistakes and coming clean about them. Always remember: you are an individual with just as valid feelings and desires as anyone else!

„Villain Era“ – Dissenting Voices

Some are unhappy with the name of the self-determination trend and would rather christen it „Superhero Era“ in order not to unnecessarily demonize such a positive change.

What is „immunity debt“? Explanation, definition, meaning

The term „immunity debt“ first appeared during the Corona pandemic in 2021. It is considered an invention of Corona deniers or Corona trivializers and cannot be scientifically substantiated.

„Immune debt“ means that Covid 19 protective measures, such as wearing masks or staying away, would have done lasting harm to the immune system, especially that of children. Conversely, it means that people would have been better off exposing themselves to infection by the virus so that their immune systems could have adapted to the pathogen. But this simplistic notion of the exceedingly complex workings of the immune system is wrong. Canadian physician Dr. Samira Jeimy, an immunologist at St. Joseph’s Health Care London in Ontario, even considers the idea that you have to get sick to develop a healthy immune system to be old wives‘ tales and says it’s simply not true.

What is „immunity debt“? Explanation, definition, meaning

There are many different aspects of debt. Immunity debt is about the guilt of responsibility. Such guilt is linked to an action or non-action and arises when the action or failure to act harms someone. The link between the perpetrator and the victim is direct and immediate and cannot be transferred to others. Guilt is personal and the requirement is that the person acting or not acting had a choice.

However, the term „immunity debt“ suggests that it is a collective guilt. In this case, then, it would be the fault of all who complied with the Corona protections. Legally, however, there is no such thing as collective guilt. Such a guilt would not only contradict the Geneva Conventions, but also the „enlightened basic attitude of European cultural tradition“ in general.

The „immunity debt“ Myth

When asked about the biggest misconception or myth in the field of virology, Isabella Eckerle, a virologist at the Center for Novel Viral Diseases in the Department of Medical Specialties at the University Hospitals in Geneva, replied, „That we absolutely need infections to strengthen our immune system.“ For the body, being constantly sick means having to fight viruses all the time. But this weakens the immune system, not strengthens it, because there is no learning effect.

Viruses are not harmless bacteria. In the course of evolution, the human immune system has learned to deal with bacteria because it has been continuously confronted with them. Where necessary, antibiotics help nowadays. But it is completely different with viruses. They also appeared in very early times at intervals and among isolated human groups. They were contagious within these groups, killed and were therefore not transmitted. So our immune system is not designed for viruses. For this reason they can cause damage, even permanent. There are vaccinations against some viruses (measles, polio), but against most viruses there are no vaccinations. Unfortunately, there is also no immunity against them through the body’s own antibodies.

Only a few infections result in a certain immunity, for example influenza. But the price is high. Whenever the body has to respond to viruses by producing antibodies, the immune system is permanently weakened. Thus, immunity to certain viruses does not mean a strengthening but a weakening of the immune system. So it is nonsense to claim that lack of infections weakens the immune system. It is exactly the other way around. So likewise, it is nonsensical to want to get sick in order to stay healthy in the long run.

Corona protection does not cause immunity debt

There are doctors who claim that due to the protective measures during the Corona pandemic there is an „immunological gap“. The immune system had not been trained. From such claims developed the accusation of immunity debt. It comes from those who downplay the Corona virus and see the measures against it as dictatorial. Ultimately, as is often the case, this accusation is a simplification of a complex event that even virologists have yet to fully understand. Corona deniers, on the other hand, „know“ they are right. They think that if the measures had not been in place, people could have become infected. They would have first become sick, then healthy, and finally immune. Now, however, the „training effect“ has failed to materialize and people are becoming seriously ill as a result.

This argument sounds logical in its absolute simplicity. That is exactly what is fatal about it. For it was exclusively thanks to the protective measures against the Corona virus that more people did not die from it and that today there are vaccinations that allow an infection to survive. If the idea of immunity debt were to prevail and, as a consequence, the Covid 19 protective measures, and possibly also those against other viruses in the future, were to be omitted, this would not only be a medical but also an unparalleled step backwards in terms of education.

Conclusion: What is immunity debt?

The term „immunity debt“ did not exist until 2020. It spread during the Corona pandemic and comes from the corner of conspiracy theorists. immunity debt means a kind of collective guilt, which is attributed as needed to the adults to the children, the „conformists“ to the „free thinkers“ or even those who believe the science to those who know better.

There is in this matter, however, also a theory which can be considered quite as a counterposition against the idea of the immunity debt. There is the assumption that the Corona virus has left traces in the human immune system, namely in those who have been infected with it. It is irrelevant whether the course of the Covid 19 disease was severe or mild, because the virus demanded a response from the immune system in any case.

Other viruses are known to have longer-term negative effects on the immune system. After a measles or influenza infection, affected persons often have to struggle with secondary diseases for a long time, including those caused by bacterial pathogens. It is possible that this is also the case after Covid 19 disease. Evidence is still lacking, but the theory is plausible and contradicts an immunity debt. If the theory is correct, it would be essential to observe corona protection measures in the future.

What is the Wednesday Dance (Dance dance with my hands hands)? Explanation, song, instruction

„The Addams Family“ is a monster family penned by cartoonist Charles Addams. In the latest 2022 adaptation available on the streaming platform Netflix, the focus is on the daughter Wednesday Addams. In one episode, she performs the „Wednesday Dance (Dance Dance with my hands),“ which has since become a trend on TikTok.

What is the Wednesday Dance? (Dance dance with my hands hands)

The series character Wednesday Addams dances the dance in the fourth episode of the Netflix hit series „Wednesday“. The series is about the daughter Wednesday from the Addams family. Jeanna Ortega is responsible for the acting performance of Wednesday.

In the meantime, Jeanna Ortega has explained that she came up with the dance choreography herself. The inspiration for it comes ostensibly from the goth dance practiced in dance clubs in the 1980s. In the series, the dance is performed to the song „Goo Goo Much“ by „The Cramps. It has since become a trend on the video platform TikTok.

Viral TikTok trend – the dance challenge for the „Wednesday“ series

For the success on the social media platform TikTok, the dance was backed with another song. „Bloody Mary“ by Lady Gaga serves as the background sound for the choreography. In contrast to the original dance, the users here are opting for a faster version, resulting in a correspondingly trendy, modern dance version.

A scene from the episode entitled „Woe What a Night“ is primarily responsible for the dance trend on the Internet. The fourth episode of the series contains the relevant dance scene of Jeanna Ortega in her role as Wednesday Addams. In the said performance, she dances to the song at a so-called „rave’n“.

In the episode of the series, the dance scene is characterized by Wednesday attending the dance event with her crush Tyler Galpin. While she dances the „Wednesday Dance (Dance Dance with my Hands Hands),“ her movements are appropriate to those of a corpse. Accordingly, the TikTok trend focuses on the special and unique gestures of her hands with the song „Bloody Mary“ by Lady Gaga.

How to dance the Wednesday Dance? Instruction, Tutorial

The „Wednesday Dance (Dance Dance with my Hands Hands)“ has now been depicted by numerous users of the video platform TikTok and highlighted to a dance challenge. The dance steps are as follows:

1. walk forward while swinging your arms backward. Count to four while doing this.
2. as soon as Lady Gaga sings „with my hands“ in the song, it’s the zombie dance move’s turn.
Count to four again, then look up as soon as Lady Gaga sings: „above My Head, Head, Head“. 4.
4. turn to the side and do a „monkey dance move“ from the 1960s.
5. Lastly, do a flamenco style dance move.

TikTok user Niana Guerrero has now generated more than 10 million likes on the platform with her own performance. In addition to her, quite a few users focus on Wednesday’s special facial expressions in the series. Because there, she doesn’t blink once during the entire dance.

Background to the Wednesday Dance – allusions to the original series

Past moments of the Addams Family are discreetly honored. In particular, the father of the family, played by John Astin, receives a respectful tribute through the „Wednesday Dance (Dance dance with my hands).“ The same goes for the actress Lisa Loring dancing in 1964 in the original series, which is accompanied by a severed hand („ice cold hand“).

The series mother Morticia is played by Angelica Huston in the film „The Addams Family“. The film is also from the producer Tim Burton. A gesture from the „Wednesday Dance“ resembles a dance of said Morticia from the 1990s film production.

Background to the series Wednesday – where does the TikTok trend come from?

The streaming platform Netflix offers the series production „Wednesday“. It is a new adaptation of the „Addams Family“ that focuses on the sadistic youngest daughter Wednesday. She attends Nevermore Academy and further discovers her own psychic powers. In the series, she tries to use them to solve mysterious murders at the school caused by monsters. The idea and the script were written by Miles Millar and Alfred Gough.

The series belongs to the genre of mystery-comedy and comedy-horror, respectively, and was jointly produced by Tim Burton and Netflix. Tim Burton is a well-known, successful director and producer, who gained fame through film productions, such as „Edward with Scissorhands“ or „Charlie and the Chocolate Factory“, among others. He directed the first four episodes of the first season. He is also listed as an executive producer („Executive Producer“).

Since the debut of the U.S. production on November 23, the series „Wednesday“ has already reached over half a billion households. The first season consists of eight episodes of 42 minutes each, and the large number of viewers has caused the record in one week. The record refers to the number of hours streamed in terms of English-language TV series. According to it, the production was watched a little more than 341 million hours. It also achieved a place in the top 10 rankings for series productions within 93 countries.

Who is the Qatar Metro Man / Guy? Life, Info, World Cup 2022, TikTok

The Qatar Metro Man is a Kenyan migrant worker who became famous on social media during the 2022 World Cup in Qatar.

Where does the Qatar Metro Man / Guy come from?

The twenty-three-year-old man is Abubakr Abbas by name. He is a native of Mombasa in Kenya. Like many other migrant workers, he came to Qatar from Kenya in the run-up to the 2022 World Cup to offer his labor.

During his interview in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, in September 2022, he applied for a job as a security guard at the 2022 World Cup in Qatar. As he self-reported, his interview was the last chance to travel to Qatar for the World Cup. The interview took place only on the last day before the end of the application round. Shortly thereafter, he was already on his way to the Arab emirate. The World Cup began in November 2022 and Abubakr Abbas started his work.

What is the Qatar Metro Man’s / Guy’s job?

Abubakr Abbas was deployed in Qatar during the World Cup as one of the many hundreds of guides. Some guest workers who traveled to Qatar before the World Cup supported the work on the ground by providing the necessary regional information to the soccer fans from all over the world. This was also the practice at previous World Cups. Some of the workers were assigned to show tourists the way to the nearest subway station and provide information about subway connections. They acted as guides and are supposed to facilitate the procedures on the ground.

For this purpose, some of the workers deployed in Qatar sat on a raised seat reminiscent of the seat of an umpire at a tennis match. In addition, they were equipped with a microphone and a megaphone and were required to continuously repeat fixed phrases telling the fans the right direction to take.

The workers used for this work wore jackets in signal colors, through which the guests could recognize and assign them as guides from a distance. They also used an oversized foam hand in the color purple to visually show fans the right way to go.

How did Abubakr Abbas become the Qatar Metro man / guy?

On site, Abubakr Abbas learned that he was to be one of these guides during the World Cup. He had originally applied for a job as a security guard. His assignment was at the historic market called Souq Waqif and his main task was to show visitors to the Arab emirate the way to the nearest metro station.

After a few days, the young Kenyan got bored with this task as he was supposed to do it and started to get creative. Instead of just giving directions and announcing the metro, he began to turn the announcement into a chant, similar to the chant of soccer fans. As he did so, he shouted, „Metro? This way. Metro? This way.“ After some time, the fans joined in by responding to his question, „Metro?“ then again, „This way.“

Qatar Metro man / guy: TikTok, Metro, this way

In no time, Abubakr Abbas became a minor internet celebrity as his singing was shared on social media, especially on TikTok. He now has his own TikTok channel under the name „metro_man001“ and has over 55,000 followers.

The popularity of the Qatar Metro Man became so great after just a few days that many fans came to Souq Waqif just to see Abubakr Abbas at work. There they made videos of him and selfies with him. He had called for this through his social media channel after noticing how well his humorous way of doing his job was received by fans.

Qatar Metro Man / Guy tribute

Apart from the soccer fans who sang along with him on the way to the metro, after some time his colleagues also started celebrating their work with the Qatar Metro Man. Together with Abubakr Abbas, they presented their own choreography in which they recreated his singing and danced to it.

The Qatar Metro Man’s dedication did not go undetected by his employer and he was then officially honored for his efforts. In a small ceremony, he was presented with merchandise. He was also invited as a special guest for the World Cup soccer match between England and the USA at Al Bayt Stadium, where he was allowed to sing his shout-out in front of thousands of visitors.

What is a charcuterie board? Explanation, definition, meaning

A charcuterie board is an appetizer selection historically from France, especially with hams, charcuterie, pâtés, cheeses, grapes, butter and bread, typically served on a wooden board or stone platter and either eaten directly from these together or individually portioned on smaller plates per person.

Optionally, a charcuterie board is also often prepared and served with other types of fruit and/or „pickles“ (pickled or marinated vegetables) and, nowadays, as a purely vegan or vegetarian option. Other classic ingredients are olives and olive oil, nuts, various fresh herbs, edible flowers and blossoms, and spreads such as mustard or honey. This is usually accompanied by aromatic and strong red or white wines, but of course a charcuterie board can also be best accompanied by all other alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. However, despite the wide theoretical as well as practical range of variations, according to most experts, it is an assortment of cold appetizers.

What does „charcuterie“ mean in english? Translation, explanation

The French term „charcuterie“ actually stands for cured meat and is derived from the two words „chair“ (meat) and „cuit“ (cooked).

The term was first used and coined in the late 15th century when, in France, operators of stores specializing in „charcuterie“ („charcutiers“) helped to establish stylized arrangements of dishes as part of French food culture through their delicate as well as visually appealing preparation of cured meat. Although the geographical origin of the term „charcuterie“ is thus established without any doubt, some food historians quite correctly point to even much older ancestors in terms of culinary heritage.

Charcuterie Board: History

It was the traditional process of salt curing, developed and refined in the Roman Empire and ancient Greece over 2,000 years ago, that made ham and sausage varieties such as salami and prosciutto possible in the first place. What is a luxury today was originally a necessity. Long before refrigerators existed, people had to preserve meat with smoke and salt so they could enjoy it before it spoiled.

Also considered close historical relatives of the charcuterie board classified can be the simple meals of meat, sausage, cheese, bread, fruit, and local produce and wine or beer eaten by the working class throughout Europe as far back as the Middle Ages. Throughout Europe, these foods were part of the standard rations of farm workers. All of these meals were easily portable, did not require refrigeration, and required few utensils and no plates to eat. In France, wine was accompanied by peasant pâté or rillettes with mustard, butter, cheese, and baguette. In Italy, salami, an aged cheese such as Parmesan or pecorino, and bread and olive oil accompanied the wine.

In Germany, smoked meat with pickles or sauerkraut, dark bread and butter and/or cheese went well with beer of all kinds. In Great Britain, the so-called „Ploughman’s Lunch“ as a cold platter of cheese, bread and beer, raw or pickled onions, apples or pears, hard-boiled eggs, salads and sausage or pork pie still enjoys much popularity and high esteem today.

In the course of time and in the 18th and 19th centuries, when European aristocracy as well as rich bourgeoisie, in the course of Romanticism, reflected on the supposedly better, because authentic and simple country life, these robust dishes and meals gradually developed further and found, for example, as cheese course increasing acceptance even in the upper society. Even in the United States of America, whose food culture was still strongly influenced by British and French traditions at the time, an upper-class dinner was often followed by a cheese course with port or Madeira as well as nuts and fruit.

The first U.S. president, George Washington (1732-1799), in particular, is said to have been extremely fond of such sweet dessert wines as well as walnuts, which he allegedly consumed in huge quantities after the meal. While German farm workers at the time enjoyed sausages and spreads made from rather soft meats, Italian workers preferred hard and long-lasting sausages, and Spaniards and Portuguese consumed smoked fish and seafood as rustic meals during their breaks, traditional American cheeses such as cheddar, colby, Monterey jack, and brick cheese, as well as the dried meat beef jerky, prevailed in the U.S. as typical components of a charcuterie board often served in affluent households.

Charcuterie boards make the best pre-prepared food for parties

In the first two decades of the 20th century, such relatively austere as well as formally composed cold boards were increasingly supplemented and replaced by cheese toasts, cheese bites, and cheese on crackers in both the United States and Europe. Between about 1910 and 1920, the cocktail party became a popular gathering in both private and professional contexts. Pre-prepared platters as well as charcuterie boards were ideal for this purpose, as they allowed large groups of guests to consume a lot of alcohol and finger foods in a short period of time in an informal setting.

At the same time, more simple and casual midnight meals after attending a theater or concert were also becoming more popular. Cocktail parties as well as midnight snacks thus made informal dining standard in Western societies in many places, creating a renaissance of the immensely practical as well as perfect for social occasions charcuterie board. After World War II, the U.S. discovered French cheeses and Italian sausages, Greek olives and German rye bread, and the Swedish „smorgasbord“ appetizer platter, which bears a distinct resemblance to the modern charcuterie board.

The appeal of a charcuterie board is due in no small part to its beautiful appearance

In the 1960s and 1970s, the trend towards a somewhat healthier diet also slowly set in internationally, so that the previously lavish meat and sausage products on the buffet tables were increasingly joined by raw vegetable platters complete with dips and sauces. Since then, raw carrot and celery sticks, as well as radish florets, have also been a common sight on charcuterie boards. With the proliferation of cooking shows on television and relevant specialty food stores in the 1980s and 1990s, wines in general were also rediscovered, as well as classic peasant cuisine, and thus likewise the charcuterie board as universally welcome hospitality for festive occasions of all kinds.

Internet as well as Instagram have made photos of successful culinary creations a universally popular pastime since the turn of the millennium. Often, current images of charcuterie boards almost resemble a carefully color-coordinated still life as in the famous paintings of the old masters. Since, as is well known, the eye always eats with you, advisors for these time-honored and delicious cold platters recommend investing at least as much attention in arranging them as harmoniously as possible as in selecting top-quality dishes.

Charcuterie Board on TikTok

In 2022, the idea of the charcuterie board was taken up, modified and spread on TikTok. It became a trend (on TikTok) in 2022 to smear butter on a wooden board, season it, and garnish it. This was called a „butter charcuterie board.“

What are dabloons on TikTok? Explanation, definition, meaning

The Dabloon economy takes place on TikTok. It is a loosely structured, collective role-playing game in which users collect the fictional currency „dabloons,“ linguistically based on the 16th century Spanish coin „doubloon,“ and exchange them for fictional items such as weapons, soup, or a giant shark with a horse’s head.

What are dabloons on TikTok? Explanation, definition, meaning

You can win Dabloons by simply watching a video where you get a Dabloon. You will then come across other videos – most of them contain an image of a cat welcoming you with the words „Hello, traveler“ and then showing you its stock of goods, which you can buy for a certain number of dabloons.

There is no database that tracks how many you have or what you buy, nor is there an official website that creates or regulates such videos. You can also simply claim that you have ten billion dabloons in your supposed bank account, but other than the whimsy of deciding to cheat, there are no tangible benefits. But really, you are only cheating yourself.

Avid British Dabloons collector Beth Woodward says the reason for buying and giving Dabloons as gifts is because every adult misses being five years old and playing with their friends.

Origin of Dabloons on TikTok

According to the website Know Your Meme, the origin of the dabloon trend goes back to two photos shared on Instagram by the account catz.jpeg, showing cat paws with the simple caption „four dabloons“.

This nonsensical humor seemed to please the account’s hundreds of thousands of followers and was shared constantly over the next few months.

In October 2022, the phrase „But it’ll cost you 4 dabloons“ became popular on TikTok, and by the end of November, it turned into a real hype: thousands of accounts posted content and videos with dabloons under the hashtag „#dabloons,“ which by November 25 had racked up nearly 500 million views. That’s how this crazy dabloon economy began.

How did the trade in dabloons evolve?

All of a sudden, dabloon thieves appeared, draining users‘ accounts or plunging them into a debt spiral to Dabloon. Obviously, the kangaroo had to be invented to fight thieves. Then mafia and pirate leagues were created, and of course fighters and dragons were added to the economy to increase player protection and ward off opposing factions.

Within a day or two, however, the economy became so complicated that collectors like 21-year-old Alexis Dorsey needed a spreadsheet to keep track of their earnings. She and her roommate stood there for four hours, fiddling with the spreadsheets. A video posted by her roommate on TikTok in which Dorsey explained her detailed accounting system went viral, so the trend soon caught on – some users even tried coding their own dabloon tracking apps from scratch.

What is the problem with inflation?

TikTok users quickly realized there was a problem with this imaginary economy where everyone could mint their own coins.
Woodard says it all started as a fun way for people to get pastries, soup and maybe a warm blanket, but it quickly turned into major inflation. People started giving away endless dabloons, some selling soup for 10 dabloons, whereas before it was worth 4 dabloons.

To restore order, users developed rules, such as limiting the maximum number of inherited dabloons to 100 per video. The Dabloon FBI and the Dabloon Tax Authority were soon established.

Consumers prepare for a revolution

Dorsey says this is all a very cruel lesson that everyone is learning about the economic state of the United States. The Dabloons point out some of the problems people are literally facing in the current economic climate.

But some, like Woodard, are appalled by the ever-tightening grip of the (fictional) Dabloon government. Woodard says he hates that late capitalism has been introduced into the wonderful world of TikTok.

Yes, one week after conception, the Dabloon economy is threatened by a full-scale anti-capitalist revolt.
A secret base has already been established where the revolutionaries are gathering and preparing weapons and other resources in preparation for the revolution. Some users have donated their guard dogs, fighter jets, body armor, and recently some kites.

What unites the participants in the dabloon economy is the sheer joy of creating this vast fantasy world together.

What does Nobody’s Gonna Know mean? TikTok, meaning, definition, explanation

The „Nobody’s Gonna Know“ TikTok trend is a widely used audio clip that contains a conversation and background music.

What does „Nobody’s Gonna Know“ mean? TikTok, meaning, definition, explanation

The keyword „nobodys gonna know tiktok“ has over 1.7 billion clicks on TikTok.

Countless videos can be found on the platform under the hashtag #GonnaKnow. In these, users perform devious actions and pranks, known as „pranks,“ in hopes of remaining undetected.
The TikTok trend has reached a high level of awareness and is very popular among users. The audio clip is used in particular to achieve a high number of clicks on the videos and thus increase their own level of awareness.

Examples of the video trend

The videos produced with the „Nobody’s Gonna Know“ audio clip are characterized by different creative ideas:

  • One man attaches a wooden stick to a bill and tries to insert it several times into a vending machine to get free snacks.
  • Another man sprays dry grass with green paint to make it look fresh again.
  • One person paints an inexpensive model of sneakers so accurately that it looks like a very expensive pair.
    A woman orders two drinks at a fast food restaurant to disguise the fact that she will eat the entire amount of food ordered by herself.
  • Four-legged friends are also participating in the trend. A video shows a cat hiding in a serving bowl.
    A woman walks into a store with a stroller. A towel is placed over the stroller. When she lifts it, a goose is revealed.
  • A person is sitting at a desk at work. She opens the desk drawer. In the drawer is a small sleeping dog in a basket.

The uses for the clip are many and users are always coming up with new ideas to produce videos.
Some videos are also present on the platform YouTube and Instagram.

The content and meaning of „Nobody’s Gonna Know“

The wording in the videos is as follows:

„Nobody’s Gonna Know“ (2x).
„They’re Gonna Know“
„How Would They Know?“ (3x)
„I just…I can…“
„Oh My God“

The music in the background of the video comes from the American reality TV series „Bad Girls Club“ and is characterized by a tension-generating rhythm and tone. The artist behind the music is Dave James and the song title is „Primal Fear.“

In the reality TV series, the music was mostly played during scenes where there were awkward situations or conflicts between the women.

The conversation illustrates a conflict of conscience. One person plans to carry out a devious act and assumes that it will go undetected. The follow-up voice contradicts this assumption and conjectures that the action will be uncovered. The person performing the action asks in return how they are supposed to know. The following word sounds are stammered, so that it can be assumed that the action was carried out.

In conclusion, the skeptical person merely responds with the incredulously astonished statement, „Oh my God.“

The story of „Nobody’s Gonna Know“

he conversation, which at first seems strange, does not originate from an American reality TV show, as many people publicly assume. It originated in a TikTok video posted in 2020 by user @cgleason22.

Chris Gleason, who hails from New York, has been posting numerous videos with a humorous background on his TikTok profile since 2019 and now has over 135,000 followers.

The video, which now has over one million likes on the platform, was posted by the creator to joke about a conflict of conscience.

He states that he considered creating a fake account to post comments under his own videos. Whether this is true or he was merely joking remains unclear.
The original video shows the creator having a conversation with himself in the spirit of „angels and devils.“ Thus, it is not a conversation between two people, which could be assumed at first. The discussion arises because of the creator’s inner voices, which have different views regarding the topic.

Chris Gleason has started a trend with his video, which seems to occupy some people in this form and could thus achieve a great success.

What does „I Am Jose Mourinho“ mean? TikTok, Memes, Meaning, Definition, Explanation

„I am Jose Mourinho“ is a trend that has been particularly popular on TikTok. What the meme is all about and why it went viral on social networks is explained in the following article.

What does the meme „I am Jose Mourinho“ mean? TikTok, meaning, definition, explanation.

The meme became really famous when Mourinho attracted many people’s attention with a commercial saying „I am Jose Mourinho“. The statement made it seem like he was illustrating that he could do anything. This, of course, further emphasized his egotistical reputation.

Various users on TikTok subsequently took the opportunity to edit the meme. The clip was combined with various skits. Many of these edited clips show the use of complex tricks on how to achieve the desired result in relationships. For example, how to conquer the coveted girl or scare away the boy you don’t like.

Some also used the sound of the commercial to present themselves as invincible. For example, with a boast about not needing to go to a gym because you’re fit enough without one. The potential for funny quotes here is limitless, whether it’s about drinking, dieting or dating.

Incidentally, the very first edit of the meme received 271,000 likes in 14 days, something other TikTok users naturally wanted to achieve as well with their own self-designed memes. The meme also gained plenty of attention on Twitter. Numerous users started the trend with #IAmJoseMourinho.

History: „I am Jose Mourinho“

The meme originally came from a television commercial that was released on 04/06/2022. This one shows Jose Mourinho, who is seen as a great soccer genius and grabs everyone’s attention with his emotional and crazy attitude. The commercial is about Topps TV, an advertisement for sports trading cards.

In this commercial, Jose Mourinho gets the role of a monster coach who coaches all the teams (24) in the 2024 European Championship.

„I am Jose Mourinho“ is basically all about the sound of the coach. This is used as the basis for all content created on TikTok. This trend has numerous followers on TikTok, and other diverse platforms are now following the viral trend as well.

Who is Jose Mourinho?

Jose Mourinho is a soccer coach from Portugal and currently coaches the Italian club AS Rome. In 2000, he started his career as a coach and since then he has been one of the best managers in Europe. First-class clubs like Real Madrid, Inter Milan and Chelsea owe impressive season results to him.

His opinion of himself is exceedingly high and Mourinho is known for believing himself to be a true soccer god. However, even though he has a high opinion of himself, there is also no denying that he is very humorous and can laugh at himself from time to time.


The potential for memes of the phrase „I am Jose Mourinho“ is simply limitless, as it has the ability to represent numerous opinions on various topics, such as dieting, dating or housekeeping.

What are „The Backrooms“? Meaning, definition, explanation

„The Backrooms“ is a phenomenon from the Internet and belongs to the category of creepypastas. These are fictional horror stories that Internet users share among themselves. The original story originated in 2019 on the platform 4chan and can be traced back to a certain photo. Since then, a whole story with profound additional information has been formed.

The original story of the backrooms

The story of backrooms includes a very special photo. On it you can see an empty room with yellowish wallpaper. There is no furniture and no people visible. In addition, it is of poor quality and therefore looks creepy. When exactly the picture was first posted is still unknown. Since the latest discoveries, it can be traced back to 2012, on the platform 4chan. But it didn’t really get attention until 2019, when it got a story to go with it.

It reads, „If you’re not careful and you noclip out of reality in the wrong areas, you’ll end up in the Backrooms, where there’s nothing but the stink of old moist carpet, the madness of mono-yellow, the endless background noise of fluorescent lights at maximum hum-buzz, and approximately six hundred million square miles of randomly segmented empty rooms to be trapped in. God save you if you hear something wandering around nearby, because it sure as hell has heard you.“

This story says that if you are not careful, you could fall through the bottom of the world (noclip) and end up in the backrooms. These are another reality where there is nothing but just these corridors with the yellow wallpaper and the hum of the ceiling lamps. They cover an area of more than six million square miles. It is also suggested that one may not be alone.

The split into two camps

After this story was posted, it quickly spread around the Internet. Other users added more layers, while others liked the image itself and built a community there. These two sides of the backrooms are important to understand and show how differently users received the origin story.

The other levels of backrooms

On one side, there are the people who embraced the concept of backrooms. They found the idea very interesting that someone could just fall through the floor and end up in the Backrooms. To add even more horror, more levels were created. The empty corridors with the yellow wallpaper are just the first level (in some cases, the zero level) that you could fall into.

Supposedly, there are 999 of these levels. Some of them are harmless, while others house monsters. There are no limits here and anyone can work on this project. The levels are partly inspired by other images that have similarities to the first photo of the backrooms. For example, level 1 is an empty warehouse, level 2 is a maze of shafts and pipes. It is hard to give a complete summary because not all parts of the community develop the same stories.

The stories are collected on the official wiki, but no longer come from just one user. This project is comparable to the SCP Foundation, which is also a kind of collaborative story between users from all over the world. Its popularity has also led to more and more content being created. YouTuber „Kane Pixels“ has become famous for taking this story and creating his own videos around it. Countless other users followed suit. In addition, several video games of the backrooms have already been developed.

Liminality and the Backrooms

The original image of the backrooms actually belongs to another trend. This one involves posting pictures on the internet that are normal at first glance, but give you an uncomfortable vibe. After 2019, this trend has continued and is now more known as „liminal spaces“. Liminality here is hard to define and describes a state of change or transition. The concept itself is already very old and did not just emerge through the internet.

In this case, it refers to certain places where you are not, but only pass through. The image of backrooms fit this description perfectly. Unlike the backroom community, there is no backstory added. People merely like to look at these images because they spread enough horror themselves. However, some of them are in turn used by other parts of the community and incorporated into the backrooms.

Again, there are some works to mention that resemble the backrooms and embrace liminality. However, these existed before 2019 but reflect a similar concept. Examples include the movie „The Shining“ (1980), the video game „Control“ (2019), or the book „House of Leaves“ (2000). Most likely, the original image and story of the backrooms were inspired by these works, from which the two camps were formed.

What are Liminal Spaces? Meaning, definition, explanation

Liminal Spaces are a new phenomenon from the Internet. It describes places that lie between two destinations, serving as a transition from one to the other, so to speak. They are thresholds that capture a very specific moment or place, usually in pictures or videos. On sites like 4chan or Reddit, thousands of users share a fascination with such photos, which can trigger different feelings. Some have a tinge of nostalgia, others possibly of horror. Where does this enthusiasm of Liminal Spaces come from and how common are they?

Where do Liminal Spaces come from? Explanation

The concept of liminality is not new, but has been communicated for centuries. At the same time, the interpretation can differ and has also adapted over the years. Roughly speaking, it can be understood as a kind of transition. An example of this is the years spent as a teenager. This describes the transition between being a child and being an adult. In terms of spaces, it describes places that serve as thresholds.

However, the phenomenon of liminal spaces only emerged in 2019 and 2020. Even before then, people liked to post similar images showing empty hallways or long-forgotten shopping malls. But with the story of backrooms and the accompanying photo of a yellow-wallpapered room without furniture, this kind of image first got a designation. There were other images posted on the same 4chan forum that create a similar mood.

Unlike „The Backrooms,“ however, there is no context or backstory to Liminal Spaces. The images simply exist to be looked at. Everyone can interpret them for themselves and everyone looks differently at a photo of a Liminal Space, which makes this phenomenon very unique.

What makes Liminal Spaces stand out? Characteristics, features

It can be very different. One big criterion is that there are no living creatures in the pictures. After all, these places represent a transition where no life should exist. But the definitions can vary and there are different categories. It doesn’t always have to be old photos, but also edited and surreal images or spaces in video games can be shared.

Horror plays a big role in terms of Liminal Spaces and goes hand in hand with the genre. Here, it’s not monsters that haunt you, but a kind of existential dread that catches up with you. You know you’re alone, and that’s what triggers the horror. Will you ever be able to leave this place? What could possibly be lurking behind that dark doorway you can see out of the corner of your eye? This concept of subliminal creepiness is essential to liminal spaces.

A very simple example of a Liminal Space is a corridor in a hotel. The lobby and the room are anchor points where most people spend an extended period of time. But the corridors in between are just a threshold, serving alone to get from point A to point B. Many images of Liminal Spaces focus precisely on such hotel hallways, as they describe exactly what liminality stands for. Elevators, stairwells and large parking lots are also good examples of Liminal Spaces.

A sense of nostalgia

Something that unites most Liminal Spaces is a sense of nostalgia. Many of these images appeal to that very part in our brain, as if we’ve seen the space depicted there before. These include empty arcades, that one living room of grandma’s, old shopping malls, an empty parking lot at night, or abandoned playgrounds. These are typical liminal spaces and link the aspect of nostalgia.

These places remind us of days from our childhood spent with friends we probably hardly know today. Sometimes these images give you a comfort and you remember those very moments in life. Liminal Spaces are a glimpse into the past, to long forgotten places from the subconscious.

However, Liminal Spaces also show almost impossible places that may remind us of past dreams. You may also have a sense of déjà vu, thinking you’ve been exactly there before, but not being able to remember. The feeling of nostalgia is overshadowed by a possible fear, an inkling that not everything is as it is shown. This is also an important characteristic for Liminal Spaces.

Different Media and Liminal Spaces

Surprisingly, the concept of Liminal Spaces is nothing new, but has only been brought back to the surface by the advent of backrooms. However, there are many examples in previously published media that use liminal spaces as a specific element.

Liminality is often seen in video games, even before 2020; well-known liminal games include The Stanley Parable, Superliminal, and Control. Many older games also have subconscious liminality, because in the past, graphics were not as pronounced. Known for this are especially games that were made with the Source engine. This includes Half-Life 1 and Half-Life 2, but also many fan games. Super Mario 64, which was released for the N64 in the mid-1990s, also fell into the discussion around liminal spaces. Minecraft can also be described as a kind of Liminal Space in some situations, especially earlier alpha and beta versions.

Books, series, and movies have also long used this concept, especially in the genre of horror. The „Red Room“ in „Twin Peaks“, the Overlook Hotel in „The Shining“ or the house from „House of Leaves“ are just a few of the examples that subconsciously use the concept of liminal spaces to create creepiness.

What does Quiet Firing mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

„Quiet Firing“ literally means firing someone without firing them. What is meant by „quiet firing“ is that a person is denied all opportunities for advancement and development in the job.

What does Quiet Firing mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

When utilizing Quiet Firing, the bosses are counting on disagreeable employees to leave the company on their own. There are different approaches to achieve this. Sometimes only one method is used, but combinations are also possible.

Ordinary termination

To understand the motives behind quiet firing, it is important to know that employees are usually protected by law against termination without cause.

In most companies, a probationary period is contractually agreed at the start of employment. This often extends over six months. It is used by the employer and employee to find out whether the job actually suits the newly hired employee.

During the probationary period, both parties can terminate the employment relationship with a notice period of a few weeks without giving reasons.
The only exception is termination without notice. Here, the employment relationship is terminated immediately. However, this is only possible for serious reasons and must also be justified during the probationary period. It is often preceded by a warning. This document instructs the employee to refrain from certain misconduct, otherwise consequences will follow.

After the end of the probationary period, the Dismissal Protection Act applies to companies with more than ten employees. It serves to safeguard jobs and protect employees from arbitrary dismissal. A termination after the probationary period must be justified by the employer on the basis of real facts. The reason for termination must be provable, if necessary.

Motives of the employer for quiet firing

Once the probationary period has been successfully completed, it is no longer so easy for many companies to part with employees who have become disagreeable.

Particularly since some contracts also stipulate severance payments of considerable amounts. The employee then receives a certain amount if he or she loses the job.
After the end of the probationary period, the notice period is sometimes several months. If personnel are to be replaced urgently, it is still important to adhere to this period.

In quiet firing, HR managers try to avoid the above issues by getting the person in question to leave the company of his or her own accord. An employer-side termination with its possible consequences for the company is thus to be modified into an employee-side termination of the employment relationship.

But conflict aversion on the part of superiors can also be a reason for Quiet Firing. Instead of a possibly unpleasant clarification of problems, the focus is on a new start with another person.

Signs of Quiet Firing

So-called quiet firing can be brought on by supervisors in many ways.

Important, new or fulfilling tasks are assigned to other colleagues and instead the affected employee is asked to do obviously pointless, but time-consuming work. This has the effect of steadily decreasing the employee’s motivation. Particularly since appreciation is also denied by the top management.

A general too much or too little work can also indicate quiet firing.

Invitations to team meetings or other business meetings do not materialize. The employee increasingly has the feeling of being sidelined.

Instead of constructive criticism, the supervisor only makes accusations. The accusations may well be unfounded.
Employee meetings are repeatedly postponed or canceled without a new date. Participation in advanced training or other professional development is denied.

Salary increases and promotion opportunities are denied in the long term.

Options for affected employees

If you suspect that you are affected by quiet firing, the first thing you should do is talk to your colleagues. It may not be the individual who is the problem, but a generally poisoned working atmosphere. Perhaps a discussion among colleagues or a targeted meeting can help to resolve disagreements.

However, if it is clear that only one person is affected by the harassment at the boss level, it is worthwhile for him or her to first record all incidents in writing. Then the conversation is sought.
Depending on the structure of the company, persons of trust from the works council or the human resources department can be called in.
It is also possible to speak directly to the manager immediately. However, the latter requires some courage and self-control. With the help of the notes prepared beforehand, the problem is described in an objective and fact-based manner. Even if it is understandably difficult, reproaches and accusations should be avoided.

In some cases, the courage to be offensive is rewarded, namely when the quiet firing was not deliberate. However, it may also be that the conversation does not bring a solution or even reinforces the oppressive suspicion. In these cases, it may become necessary to focus on a professional reorientation.

Quiet Firing from the Employer’s Perspective

For the employer, this type of personnel management may solve a personnel problem in the short term. In the long run, however, it has no potential for success. This is because quiet firing poisons the atmosphere in the company, and employees become unsettled and demotivated. This lowers team morale and efficiency.

If the method becomes public, it is not only the damage to the company’s image that is great. Especially in times of a shortage of skilled workers, it becomes difficult or impossible for such companies to recruit motivated and qualified employees.

What are intrusive thoughts? Meaning, definition, explanation

Intrusive thoughts, also known as „intrusion,“ are sudden involuntary thoughts that are often perceived as disturbing and annoying. They take different forms and are sometimes related to mental disorders and illnesses. They are often related to taboo subjects such as sexuality or violence. Often there is a reference to fear, which has manifested itself in the experience of a person. This can be very diverse and, for example, be related to loss, which can manifest itself in the fear of losing a close person. Or also in the constant thought of possibly being infected with pathogens.

What are intrusive thoughts? Meaning, definition, explanation

Furthermore, intrusive thoughts usually have connections to memories of past events, which a person has gone through in his real life. Some of the experiences have not been fully processed, which is why they keep coming back to the affected person in the form of intrusion. Basically, this form of thoughts is characterized by the fact that the experiencing person has little to no control over the thoughts.

In some cases, the thoughts are particularly pronounced. This is usually the case with an underlying traumatic experience. This can result in recurring intrusive thoughts, which are also referred to as „flashbacks.“ This psychological term can also be found again and again in everyday language. In the field of psychotraumatology, a precise distinction is made between flashback and intrusion. However, both can be assigned to intrusive thoughts.

Flashbacks are a particularly intense form of intrusion. They can be symptoms of certain mental disorders and illnesses, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or depression. Certain triggers, which are key stimuli, are considered to trigger this form of intrusion. These cause memories of certain traumatic events of the past to suddenly force themselves into the consciousness of the affected person. They are recalled and often relived on a mental level, which is experienced as agonizing by the affected person. There is a strong connection to emotions that were experienced in connection with traumatic events in the past. The emotions are also reactivated, which is why they affect the person’s experience as part of the flashback. However, there does not always have to be a specific trigger.

Intrusions that are not flashbacks are usually experienced less intensely. The affected person can still perceive his or her surroundings and retains at least a partial connection to reality. Another characteristic of these thoughts is that they often occur at moments when they seem inappropriate. These can be, for example, intrusive sexual thoughts in a serious situation in which a serious demeanor or empathy is required. Often the thoughts also trigger worry or anxiety and cause sufferers to ruminate repeatedly about past events. Intrusions also do not necessarily have to have a specific trigger, but can occur quite suddenly without being controllable. They can also trigger other physical symptoms, which are often associated with stress. These include heart palpitations and breathing problems. In some cases, the experience can escalate to the point of a panic attack. In the psychiatric context, obsessive thoughts occurring in certain mental disorders are also classified as intrusive thoughts.

Gaining control over intrusive thoughts

In science, it is assumed that it is possible to inhibit intrusive thoughts with certain thought techniques. Likewise, certain brain regions and neurotransmitters play a major role. Basically, the hippocampus and in this context the neurotransmitter GABA are of particular importance in the brain. Research has shown that people with too low a concentration of GABA in the hippocampus are less able to inhibit intrusive thoughts. By releasing GABA, it is regular that the activity of certain neurons can be inhibited. Too low a concentration of GABA proves to be a hindrance in this respect.

Different approaches and recommendations exist on how to control intrusive thoughts. One possible way is to try to accept the thoughts. This involves accepting that these thoughts occur and being aware that many other people are affected by them. It can be helpful to take away the relevance of the thoughts. When less attention is paid to them, they seem less important than when thoughts always revolve around them. However, the intrusions should not be ignored or repressed. Attempting acceptance can lead to learning to deal with the thoughts better. It is helpful to reflect on the situations in which the thoughts occur and record them in writing. This can be done with the help of a diary. In this way, the affected person can take time every day to deal with the written thoughts. However, it is recommended to limit oneself in time. The thoughts can also be reworded in a positive way. For example, recurring worries can be considered useful because they encourage the person to act thoughtfully and to recognize dangers. This can prove beneficial in many life situations.

If intrusive thoughts are particularly pronounced, as is the case with flashbacks, it makes sense to seek professional help. This can take the form of psychotherapy by a psychological psychotherapist or psychiatric treatment by a specialist.

What is a „stay at home girlfriend“? Meaning, definition, explanation

The main characteristic of a „Stay at home Girlfriend“ (Sahgf for short) is that she does not go to work, but her boyfriend goes to work and provides for her financially. The „Stay at home Girlfriend“ stays at home, spends the day relaxing, does not pursue any profession or education, she goes to sports, goes for coffee and enjoys herself.

What is a stay at home girlfriend? Meaning, definition, explanation

A „stay at home girlfriend“ is not a housewife in the classical sense. That means she can take care of the household, but she doesn’t have to. She can do laundry, cleaning or tidying up, but she doesn’t have to. Rather – as the TikTok videos suggest – a „Stay at home Girlfriend“ has a lot of free time, which she spends on sports, relaxation and enjoyment.

The expression „Stay at home Girlfriend“ comes from English and can be freely translated as „stay at home girlfriend“. The expression is based on the English-language term „stay at home mom“. A „stay at home mom“ is a non-working mother who stays at home and takes care of the child or children. The counterpart to „stay at home mom“ is „stay at home dad.“

The first time the term has been used is by an influencer named Kendal Kay in August 2022 on the video platform TikTok. The young American posted a video of herself doing her normal daily routine. She captioned the video „Everything I did for my boyfriend – as a Stay at home Girlfriend“.

In the video, you can see her making coffee, making the beds, cleaning out the dishwasher, and making dinner, among other things. However, the activities in the video quickly faded into the background for viewers. The video rather gave the impression of a simple luxury life, which is also due to the fact that Kendal Kay is dating PR manager Lutz Lintz. Lintz is a millionaire and the apartment shown in the video is correspondingly luxurious.

The video started a trend on TikTok and several young women in turn posted videos in which they portrayed themselves as stay at home girlfriends or also used the videos to look for potentially wealthy men who wanted to get a girlfriend that way.

Criticism of the stay at home girlfriend

There are many people who are critical of the stay at home girlfriend trend. The problem is that in many videos, it seems like young women don’t have to do anything but look good and find rich men to be set for life. But in fact, very few women who are also dating rich men are completely financially dependent on their partners. A large proportion of women have their own jobs or run businesses in order to be financially secure.

Other voices suggest that such a trend would make it relatively easy for men to find young women who are easy to take advantage of. By pretending to the women that they want to support them financially, the men may demand other acts of a sexual nature in addition to domestic services. If the women are already financially or even socially dependent on the men at this point, they often see no other option than to submit to the demands.

However, it also becomes problematic when women, for example, give up their school, their education or even their circle of friends and family for the sake of their dream of a sahgf, and the relationship then eventually breaks down. The women are then completely destitute and have to somehow keep their heads above water with poorly paid odd jobs.

Disadvantages of a „Stay at home girlfriend

A „stay at home girlfriend“ is dependent on her boyfriend and his favor. If he doesn’t want her anymore and breaks up with her, she is left with nothing. She has no job and no money saved. Of course, this is only true if the „stay at home girlfriend“ has not used her free time to build a social media presence.

Stay at home girlfriends in Germany

In Germany, the TikTok trend of stay at home girlfriends is hardly pronounced, which is also due to the fact that the wealth situation is different and many women like to pursue their profession and are self-employed. It is true that there are also many people in Germany who earn very well and have a certain amount of wealth. However, the number is much smaller than in the USA. Accordingly, it is difficult for young women to find wealthy men who are also willing to support them completely financially. Experts believe it is more likely that the stay-at-home girlfriend trend will fade away just as quickly as most TikTok trends have done so far.

What is Quiet Dumping? Meaning, definition, explanation

Quiet dumping is a new name for a type of breakup that has been around for a long time. The relationship is no longer taken so important, the efforts are stopped – mostly with the goal that the other person pronounces the separation. Supposed to just peter out without having to have another breakup conversation.

What is Quiet Dumping? Meaning, definition, explanation

With the advent of online dating, forms of communication have crept into the love and relationship world that are very far from respect and appreciation. Ghosting, for example, is simply not contacting a new acquaintance until they realize on their own that contact is no longer desired. However, with quiet dumping, a love relationship already exists, it is no longer a matter of getting rid of new acquaintances.

The term „quiet dumping“ is derived from quiet quitting, which has become popular in social media and refers to the profession and means that the employee only works to rule and has already resigned. In quiet dumping, one of the partners has decided that they no longer want the relationship. Instead of ending the relationship, the other partner is manipulated into taking this step by changing his or her behavior.

How does Quiet Dumping manifest itself?

Quiet Dumping begins with a change in the partner’s behavior. The one who wants to end the relationship thereby creates a situation for the other in which he can only lose interest in the partnership in the long run. This is clearly and manipulation. The other is to be pushed thereby to a decision, which it would not have made without this manipulation. In professional circles, this manipulation is also called gaslighting. This is derived from the movie of the same name, in which the husband repeatedly turned on the gas-powered lights and claimed they were off in order to convince his wife she had gone insane. With this form of manipulation, the victim is deprived of the security in his own perception, so that he questions himself and no longer trusts his own judgment. This makes them vulnerable to further manipulation. Quiet dumping may involve the following behaviors on the part of the partner:

  • The partner no longer brings initiative, suggestions, or interest to the table
  • Complaints accumulate without the partner actively doing anything to rectify the situation
  • Conversations about thoughts, life events, and feelings no longer occur
  • Disrespect can accumulate (e.g. cancellations at short notice, being late, …)
  • The partner is left alone with all responsibilities and does not receive any more support
  • the contact to each other is only one-sided, only one of the partners is in touch
  • the sex life becomes much less or does not exist anymore
  • There is a lack of understanding and empathy.
    The Quiet Dumping cycle

Quiet Dumping sets in when one partner unilaterally decides that the relationship is no longer worth their efforts. This can be a conscious decision, but often it is also an unconscious inner denunciation to the partner. The cause may be disputes or problems that seem unsolvable. If previous discussions have not led to an improvement, it may be that one partner loses hope that the situation will still change. It would be consistent to say so and either separate or talk about a possible solution. If this does not happen, both are already in the middle of quiet dumping.

As manipulative as this development may seem, both partners are often involved in its development. A partner who is difficult to talk to, for example because he is very opinionated or lacks empathy, can quickly bring another into this spiral. If he comes into contact with an inconsistent person who is not aware of his feelings and who finds it difficult to make decisions, it is not far to quiet dumping. The less interest he shows now, the more the problems in the relationship usually worsen.

Causes for Quiet Dumping

Why don’t you just separate when you get the feeling that the relationship can’t be saved and doesn’t make you happy anymore? Often Quiet Dumping is not a bad intention of the partner, but he himself is overwhelmed with the situation. However, it is just as likely that a genuine narcissist is at work here, who has never really loved and is now in the relationship phase in which he is finished with the partner and keeps his eyes open for something new. These causes may be behind Quiet Dumping:

The feelings are gone, but the situation is too comfortable for them to leave
The partner’s life is demanding in other areas and he has no strength to think about the relationship.
The feelings are still there, but previous attempts to solve them have not resulted in any improvement and the hope for this is fading away
Toxic or even dangerous personality types such as narcissists use quiet dumping, sometimes very consciously, for manipulation.

How can you deal with Quiet Dumping?

Quiet Dumping hurts and also means standstill. Problems are not solved, but paused or even worsened. Therefore, there is only one solution here: address! It is important to maintain a non-violent communication without reproaches. These two messages mean the same thing, but the tone makes the music:

„You don’t even make an effort for us anymore, you’re always on the road and when I want to talk to you, you always have a lame excuse ready why it’s not possible again!“
„It makes me very sad that we don’t talk to each other. I wish we could find a way to solve our problems, and I ask you to take time to do that and talk to me.“

It is important to break the silence, get back into the conversation, and also draw a line. The partner may not even be aware that he or she is causing this situation by being passive – but he or she needs to accept that the other person is not going to let this happen to them. The outcome of a discussion may also mean that the couple is separating and that this was the final impetus to pronounce the separation. But this is still better than living in the uncertainty of quiet dumping.

What does „touch grass“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

„Touch grass“ is used online as a prompt to leave the virtual environment and return to the real world.

What does „touch grass“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

„Touch grass“ can be a friendly hint. In this case, a person is made aware of their excessive and therefore potentially harmful use of the Internet (or computer or smartphone). Meant in a kind and caring way, touch grass can then be understood as, „Before you stream any more episodes of the show, it might be quite good to get some fresh air.“

However, touch grass is also used to respond to offensive or inappropriate posts or comments. In this context, the expression means something like, „Your comment just now was totally out of line. Better to return to the real world first and factually reconsider what you said.“

However, the statement „touch gras „s also frequently occurs online to nip contradictions or other opinions in the bud. It is then comparable to saying, „I’m right anyway. I’m therefore not interested in your opinion.“

What does „touch grass“ mean? Explanation

„Touch grass“ is an English expression. „To touch“ means to touch. And „grass“ is the English word for grass. Literally translated, to touch grass means „to touch the grass“.

A saying comparable to „touch grass“ would be „Go get some fresh air.“

Background on the origin of „touch grass“

The expression appeared sporadically on the Internet as early as 2015.
However, it became common, often in connection with the image of a hand stroking fresh greenery, with the onset of the corona pandemic from 2020. Due to numerous lockdowns, many Internet users around the world sat in front of their devices longer than before. Spending time in the great outdoors was a thoroughly rare occurrence in some countries and regions during this period.

On the short message service Twitter in particular, users increasingly commented derogatorily on posts with „touch grass“. This also led to critical feedback. Some people considered it hurtful to dismiss comments made by others simply by saying that they should go outside again to clear their heads.

In addition, the term was all too often used to simply declare discussions over for lack of further arguments. Internet users also criticized this. However, this criticism did not slow down the popularity of touch grass.

At the end of 2020, the term was added to the Urban Dictionary. This online dictionary is filled by Internet users. It contains English slang terms and their explanations.

Due to the popularity of the term, numerous variations of touch grass are popping up around the world. Some evoke a smile, others have a serious political background and are quite thought-provoking.

Touch grass in the context of social media detox

No question. Social media connects people around the world in an uncomplicated and inexpensive way. Friendships can be made effortlessly and kept alive across great distances. News spreads at breakneck speed, and last but not least, digital networking made it possible for many to switch to the home office during the corona pandemic.

But the use of social media also brings disadvantages. Namely, when a lot of time is spent there.

What happened during the lockdown due to lack of opportunity has now become commonplace for many. Friendships are maintained only via text messages. Spending time in virtual worlds replaces walks in nature.

Too much on the Internet in combination with constant accessibility can lead to stress and the feeling of being controlled by others.

So-called doomscrolling, i.e. the popular Googling for scary news, permanently brings negative headlines to the fore.

But even positive things posted on social networks can be damaging. That is, when people forget that uploaded pictures and news do not always reflect reality. For example, they show the new parents with beaming baby on a meadow of flowers. However, all-nighters and full diapers usually don’t find their way onto the Internet. This creates a distorted reality that can quickly lead to dissatisfaction with one’s own life.
Social Media Detox, the mostly temporary renunciation of the use of social media, can counteract these negative aspects.

Gaining through renunciation

There is no right or wrong for the length of Social Media Detox. From a few hours to permanent abstinence, everything is possible. The only important thing is that the period fits in with your private and professional life and that important contacts are informed in advance.
It does not always have to be the full detox program. Leaving too many groups and deleting apps already create more free time.

Online acquaintances who predominantly arouse negative feelings such as envy or resentment should be reconsidered and, if necessary, terminated.
The time freed up by the social media detox is invested in hobbies previously cherished and forgotten. A phone call replaces the chat and the personal visit replaces the posted video.
Social Media Detox is no guarantee for more happiness in life, but it can help to reduce stress and increase satisfaction.

„1001 Arabian Nights“ by Ch!pz: song, TikTok, meme, explanation.

The Chinese Internet platform TikTok is always creating new trends and curiosities that cause a stir, especially among young people, but also across all age groups. At the moment, a song by the band Ch!pz is managing to captivate people, and for the whole of November 2022 it is providing dance routines and video clips that are being clicked millions of times. What is this trend all about and why is the song „1001 Arabian Nights“ so hot right now?

„1001 Arabian Nights“ by Ch!pz: dates, info, song

The song was released in 2005 by the Dutch band „Ch!pz“ and was released as part of the album called „The World of Ch!pz“. The song managed to stay at the top of the Dutch single charts for four weeks and reached number two in Austria. In Germany and Switzerland, the song managed to reach the third place of the respective single charts.

The song has the length of 3:07 minutes and belongs to the genre of pop, dance-pop and worldbeat, which can be clearly recognized by the disco sound, characteristic of this type of music in the 00s of the new century. The responsible label was „Universum“ and the songwriters Tony Cornelissen and Allan Eshuijs were involved in the creation of the song. The producer of the album and song was JayVandenberg. Commercially, the song is one of the most successful singles of Ch!pz.

„1001 Arabian Nights“: TikTok trend, dance

Even though this year’s trend is cribbed from and based on the original, there are some noticeable contents that were interpreted differently and in a new way. Since in the original video clip from 2005 the numbers 1 and 0 were formed with the arms and thus contributed to the choreography, it is immediately noticeable that the TikTok trend sets new stimuli here. In 2022, users don’t form the numbers of the song title with their arms, but rather with their hands. In addition, some of the users‘ dance moves are very different from the original. For example, some imitate starting a scooter or motorcycle with their hands shortly after showing the numbers with their fingers. Overall, the movements turn out to be more varied and lively than those of the four dancers and band members in the video clip of the original.

„1001 Arabian Nights“: Content

The song has a title that strongly alludes to the stories of „1001 Nights“ and combines the elements of the tales written down there. Thus, the song takes up the theme of the Orient and deals with the strange and mystical that people in Europe had always associated with this region of the world.

At the time of the partially dark and gloomy Middle Ages, the Orient meant the source of wisdom and modernity to the people of Europe, since the countries of the Orient were far more advanced in many parts of social life. Thus, the subfields of medicine, physics, astronomy and mathematics were able to outdo the West by worlds and clearly outshine it. Scholars of the so-called Occident not infrequently set out for the East to further their education and to learn things that could not be realized in Central Europe for a long time.

The theme of 1001 Nights also meant that a culture of secrets, the hidden and the mystical prevailed there, entwined with many sagas and legends. The smells of exotic fruits and spices in a bazaar, the secrets of a harem, romantic oases full of life in the middle of the great sandy deserts – all this is associated with this theme and is taken up in the song in question. Thus, the band members find themselves in India and have to master all sorts of trials and dangers in the video clip, in order to ultimately help a man gain wealth and prestige.

The clothing of the band members resembles that of explorers and oriental travelers, who in the course of the 19th century increasingly set out for the East and began to unravel the mysteries and legends. Thus, the band wanted to use the clichés to create an exotic and romantic image of the Orient and bring the audience closer to the theme of 1001 Nights. Not insignificant for the trend in November 2022, which washed the song again to the surface and could transport from the depths of the music archives, is also surely the world-wide topic, which spans this world region up-to-date.

For example, in Iran, which together with ancient Persia is very significantly representative of the Orient, there are mass protests and demonstrations for human rights that attract a lot of attention. In addition, the first soccer World Cup in an Arab country is taking place in the same month – the eyes of the whole world are on Qatar. Due to these circumstances, the theme of 1001 Nights in all its splendor is in direct contrast to the brutal reality that currently dominates and threatens the Orient.

Who were Ch!pz?

The musical group Ch!pz consists of four members and comes from the Netherlands. The aim of the group was to appeal mainly to children and young teenagers with simple and catchy song lyrics and melodies. The group was founded back in 2003, which was the initiative of the Dutch children’s channel Fox Kids.

The members of the band are equal parts men and women. The two singers Peter Rost and Kevin Hellenbrand are complemented by the two female singers Cilla Niekoop and Rachel van den Hoogen. The group’s music videos are mostly based on the same principle, combining song and dance in equal measure.

The videos tell stories in which the four band members have to perform heroic deeds in an exotic environment and always have a mission to fulfill. The band also became famous beyond the Netherlands and was able to inspire and attract attention especially in the D-A-CH area in Central Europe through high placements in the single charts.

A conclusion: „1001 Arabian Nights“ by Ch!pz

You can stand by TikTok and his trends as you like – it is undisputed that this song has managed to mobilize the masses and provide a real internet hit. It is always fascinating, even for the neutral viewer, to observe how a song can create a renewed fan base and furor almost twenty years after its initial release.

What is the „Old Money Aesthetic“ / „Old Money Fashion“? Fashion, explanation

The „Old Money Aesthetic“ is a TikTok fashion trend that is currently in vogue among Generation Z. It’s about buying clothes at affordable prices and making them look expensive and classy. It’s about buying clothes at affordable prices and making them look expensive and classy. To create this look, it is not necessary to buy expensive pieces from posh brands. You can also combine classic pieces to make them look expensive. The trend is not really new, even in the 1990s fashion icons of the fifties and sixties were gladly copied.

The main features of „Old Money Fashion“

The fashion trend „Old Money Fashion“ is reminiscent of venerable family dynasties like the Kennedys and finds a lot of imitators among young people. Under the hashtag „Old Money Fashion,“ TikTok records nearly 1.5 billion views. The style is conservative, but not necessarily old-fashioned. Small but essential details like necklaces, bangles, watches and bags make sure of that. People dress in high-quality, dapper-looking designer pieces (preferably without logo embroidery), i.e. pleated skirts, polo shirts, classic sweaters and wear pearl necklaces with them. Often one chooses one color, which is combined in several shades. One piece of clothing may contrast in color.

The basis of „Old Money Fashion“ is therefore the timeless-elegant, high-quality fashion style. We have very specific images of this style in our minds: we often associate it with people who inherited large fortunes and didn’t have to work for it. Inspiring style icons include Jackie Kennedys-Onassis, for example, but also Lady Di or the art figure Blair Waldorf from the American cult series „Gossip Girl.“

This makes „Old Money Fashion“ the opposite of „New Money Fashion“. It is not about mass, but about class and also not primarily about putting oneself in the limelight. The fashion trend, which is supposed to look expensive, focuses on a certain form of minimalism. The aim is not to look cheap at all, even with inexpensive clothes. Therefore, the unwritten fashion law is: a maximum of two design details per garment and no more than three accessories for the entire look. Of course, there may also be a piece that was really expensive. But you should only be able to tell at second glance.

Old Money Aesthetic: No Biedermeier and a lot of nostalgia

The somewhat staid style seems elitist and is anything but revealing. Showing cleavage is frowned upon, people deliberately keep a low profile. The „old money aesthetic“ does not copy the fashion of past times 1:1, but varies it with small details. To enhance the look with a detail, the most suitable are scarves, shoes, bags and belts. They round off the look and are more than anything else a statement, and an understatement. This is due to the reducing simplicity, which, if cleverly done, looks very elegant. The clothes give the impression that they are made specifically for the wearer or wearer. Logically, the highest form of this aesthetic is tailored clothing.

This style of clothing revels in nostalgia. Thus, the images one sees on TikTok of „Old Money Fashion“ are typical landscapes reminiscent of the vacation homes of wealthy families of decades past. The return to a supposedly better world in the past is a form of escapism that always makes itself felt in times of great upheaval. We long for the peace and quiet that the „good old days“ seem to hold.

What does Space Karen mean? Explanation, definition, meaning

„Space Karen“ is a mocking name for Elon Musk. Bioinformatician Dr. Emma Bell called him that in a tweet in 2020.

What does „Space Karen“ mean? Explanation, definition, meaning

The incident occurred on November 14, 2020 on the microblogging platform Twitter. It was caused by a controversial tweet by entrepreneur Elon Musk, who was critical of the functionality and credibility of Coronatests. This drew the ire of bioinformatician Dr. Emma Bell, who gave him the unflattering epithet „Space Karen“ in a tweet. The designation resonated around the world. This resulted in various memes depicting Elon Musk as „Space Karen.“ This trend has been reignited as of a few days ago (as of November 2022).

„Space Karen“ – cause and context

SpaceX founder and Tesla CEO Elon Musk stood out several times in 2020 as a critic of the Corona measures. In November of that year, he caused a stir with a tweet. In it, he criticized the effectiveness of rapid corona antigen testing. Musk wrote that he was tested for the corona virus a total of four times in the same day. Two results were positive and two others were negative. Musk called the whole thing a hoax. After all, he said, the four tests were done by the same machine and nurse.

While the tweet received a lot of encouragement from his followers, bioinformatician Dr. Emma Bell expressed anger. In a tweet, she explained why rapid antigen tests can vary. The tests give a result in less than 30 minutes and because of that can only detect infection if the person being tested is absolutely full of coronavirus. The real hoax, he said, was the fact that Space Karen (Elon Musk) publicly criticized the credibility of the tests without having sufficiently studied the matter.

The term „Space Karen“ quickly made the rounds and caused a lot of fun on Twitter. Elon Musk had publicly disgraced himself with ignorance and gaps in his knowledge. The not very friendly nickname has remained with the entrepreneur to this day.

What does the name „Space Karen“ mean? Explanation

To understand the meaning of the expression, an explanation of the background of the „Karen“ meme is necessary. Especially in America, the name Karen has been used for several years as a characterization of a woman who gets upset in public over trifles. The cause was numerous cell phone videos that quickly went viral. The videos showed women demanding disproportionate rights from various groups of people. They demanded to speak to superiors or police officers about trifles. That’s why the „Karen“ meme got the addition „Can I speak to your manager“?

A Karen is a middle-aged woman. Because the name is common in this group of people, Karen was chosen. She represents a white, privileged, middle-aged, thin-skinned woman. Karen doesn’t let anything stand in her way. She is argumentative and resistant to advice. A sassy „bob“ hairstyle is her trademark.

The Space from the title „Space Karen“ refers to Elon Musk as the founder and CEO of the SpaceX company. With this term, Dr. Emma Bell unmistakably addressed the insult to Elon Musk. The addition of Karen portrays Musk as a privileged, white, middle-aged woman who gets upset over trivial matters without first having studied the subject matter.

The „Space Karen“ designation is back in November 2022

After taking over Twitter, Elon Musk drew attention with numerous employee layoffs and office closures. A collective panic is developing on the platform. Some fear the future closure of the platform and are already looking for alternatives. In this context, the term „Space Karen“ flared up again. Many users are again sharing „Space Karen“ memes that show Elon Musk with a blond short hairstyle in space. These memes were originally created shortly after Dr. Emma Bell’s unflattering name for the Tesla CEO.

Who or what is Huggy Wuggy? Explanation, definition, meaning

Behind the English name with the cute sounding name (to hug = to embrace) is a fictional character from a computer game of the horror genre.

Who is Huggy Wuggy? Explanation, definition, meaning

The plush monster has long legs and extra-long arms.
The most memorable body part is Huggy Wuggy’s triangular face with a menacing-looking mouth. This is disproportionately large and shows double rows of teeth, which are equipped with numerous pointed teeth.

In the computer game, saliva threads reinforce the fearsome impression. The fur color of the online game character is blue. The paws are yellow.
In stores, Huggy Wuggy figures are offered in numerous fur colors and different sizes.

Poppy Playtime – the home of Huggy Wuggy

The plush monster is a protagonist of the video game „Poppy Playtime.“ The action takes place in a disused toy factory, which the player explores. In a gloomy and oppressive atmosphere, tasks must be solved to solve the mysterious disappearance of former employees of the factory.

The explorer is threatened by toy figures that have turned malevolent. Huggy Wuggy is also one of them. He used to be the company’s mascot and is now up to evil. The monster can lurk around every corner and strike with lightning speed. If he manages to catch the player, he will be killed.

History of the creation of Poppy Playtime

The first part of the video game „Poppy Playtime“ was launched by the American game development company „MOB Games“ in the fall of 2021.

After its great success, the second part followed in 2022. In this one, Huggy Wuggy gets competition from Mommy Long Legs. A pink, spider-like fantasy figure, of which there are now also fan articles.

Cult around Huggy Wuggy

Of course, the survival horror game is not aimed at the young target group. But in times of cell phones and social media, children of kindergarten or elementary school age are already being confronted with it, whether through siblings or older friends.

In addition, the numerous Huggy Wuggy merchandise products also arouse interest in the plush figure with the interesting exterior.
A wide variety of video clips of the monster can be found on online portals. Often these are stories freely invented by fans, in which people or pets are kidnapped by Huggy Wuggy. Sometimes the character also makes friends with well-known cartoon characters from children’s series.

Many millions of clicks received a Huggy Wuggy song, in which the fictional protagonist tells about a fatal hug.

Controversy around Huggy Wuggy

Teenagers or adult gamers enjoy the creepiness that the ambivalent character exudes. In younger children, on the other hand, who cannot yet distinguish between fiction and reality, Huggy Wuggy can cause great anxiety. And even if the boundary between fantasy and reality gradually becomes clearer from elementary school age, children are not immune to fears caused by Huggy Wuggy. Especially not when true horror stories about the long-armed monster allegedly circulate in the schoolyard.

Numerous kindergartens and schools have therefore already issued a Hubby Wuggy ban.

Parental interaction with Huggy Wuggy

Many parents know from their own childhood and puberty that it is often the forbidden that attracts them. Of course, the child should therefore not be consciously confronted with Huggy Wuggy. But if the child asks questions or even expresses fears, then understanding and openness are better than punishment and prohibitions.

Cautiously and without criticism, it should be found out where the child came into contact with the character. Are scary stories told in the kindergarten group or in the schoolyard? In this case, educators or teachers should be informed.
Or is an older friend or sibling being overly generous with the cell phone? Here, a direct conversation or a conversation with the respective parents may be able to remedy the situation.

In any case, the difference between fiction and reality should be explained to the frightened offspring in an age-appropriate manner. Depending on the child’s character, it can also be helpful to create your own scary character together. Humorous weaknesses take the edge off this.

In addition, it is important to discuss why scary fantasy figures are often so popular in a way that is as child-friendly as possible. Age-appropriate villains can be cited as an example.

Sensible use of media

Not only Huggy Wuggy, but also numerous other fictional or real characters from the Internet can frighten young children.

To recognize this in time and be able to react to it, children’s fears should never be dismissed as nonsense, but should always be taken seriously.

Parents who know what topics are hot with their offspring are often good at assessing when intervention may be necessary. Staying on the ball and in the conversation is the solution here. If the parents or guardians cannot understand what is being said or what they have seen, they should calmly ask questions. This makes the children feel that they are being taken seriously, and the answers may provide parents with important information.

Many parents take it for granted that the family computer is childproof. However, the older children get, the greater the risk that they will have access to content that is not age-appropriate or inappropriate. Depending on the age of the child, dangers on the Internet and how to deal with them should therefore be discussed. Youngsters need to know that it is also perfectly okay to say a clear no in this context if something doesn’t feel good or arouses fears.

What does Destroy Dick December (DDD) mean? meaning, definition, explanation

„Destroy Dick December“ is the joking overreaction and backlash to „No Nut November.“

What does Destroy Dick December (DDD) mean? meaning, definition, explanation

While No Nut November is about men practicing abstinence throughout the month of November, Destroy Dick December is about the exact opposite. Men are supposed to masturbate every day and the day determines the number: On the first day of December, once. On the second day of December, twice. On the third day of December, three times. On the fourth day of December, four times. etc. On the 31st day 31 times.

„Destroy Dick December“ should not be taken seriously. It is a joking exaggeration.

In some cases, the „Destroy Dick December“ is referred to as a reward for a successful „No Nut November“.

The „Destroy Dick December“ is also abbreviated with three D’s, thus: DDD.

Destroy Dick December (DDD): meaning, definition, explanation

Destroy Dick December is an overreaction to No Nut November. While the „No Nut November“ represents the total renunciation, the „Destroy Dick December“ demands to let oneself go, to be unrestrained and to give in to every urge. Yes, the „Destroy Dick December“ even calls for overdoing it and forcing masturbation.

The „Destroy Dick December“ can be called shock therapy (in the general sense). While the total renunciation in „No Nut November“ leads to habits being stopped and, in the best case, reconsidered, the „Destroy Dick December“ wants habits to be so exaggerated that they lose their effect and someone loses the desire for the habit. The point is to devalue even seemingly normal habits by overdoing them. (Editor’s note: We interpret benevolently).

Is Destroy Dick December (DDD) even possible? Answer: No!

Pulling off the „Destroy Dick December“ is impossible. This is due to several reasons: The sensitivity of the nerves would be so lowered that no excitement would be felt. The skin and nerves would be so overloaded and overstimulated that they would become damaged, bruised, inflamed, and sore. (In the worst case, edema could even occur.) Renewed touch would be experienced as very painful. (No further masturbation is possible in this context.) Also, the visual stimuli would lose their effect over time.

The recommendations in „Destroy Dick December“ are also not scientifically based, but stem from simple language logic. The number of days determines how often someone should masturbate.

If we add up all 31 days, we get the incredible number of 496. That alone should convince you to laugh at Destroy Dick December instead of taking it seriously.

Destroy Dick December: Distribution

„Destroy Dick December“ is a relatively new phenomenon. For the first time, the phrase „Destroy Dick December“ received significant searches on Google-Germany in December 2017, then in 2018 the queries increased above the level of 2017. Now in 2019, there are even more searches for „Destroy Dick December“. (Source: Google Trends)

The increasing searches for „Destroy Dick December“ show that the idea, joke, and meme of „Destroy Dick December“ is spreading.

For the first time, the idea and meme of „Destroy Dick December“ appeared on Instagram on November 10, 2018. There, user @rapper2k published a post with the text that people should forget about No Nut November and get ready for Destroy Dick December. Via Reddit, the idea and the meme spread.

On social media, posts on the topic are circulating under the hashtag #DestroyDickDecember.

Please don’t take Destroy Dick December seriously! Don’t.

Why did Jeffrey kill Dahmer? Explanation

Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is one of the worst but also most impressive serial offenders the U.S. has seen in the past 50 years. If nothing else, a Netflix series has brought his case back into the consciousness of many people who were unfamiliar with his actions, murders, sentence and demise. The focus today is still on the question for his actions. Besides the pure kidnappings, rapes and murders, it went as far as cannibalism. He ate many of his victims in one way or another. According to him, the reasons were mainly about loneliness and the desire to be in contact with his victims.

Dahmer killed, preserved and ate some of his victims

Between 1978 and 1991, Dahmer committed at least 16 murders. Whether that is the actual number or there were victims who could not be found and attributed to him is still disputed today. The perpetrators were exclusively men, some of whom had not yet reached the age of majority. He met many of his victims in the gay scene of Milwaukee and Ohio in general. His typical modus operandi was to lure the victims to his apartment, make them compliant with drugs and then kill them. Not in all cases, sexual intercourse was also involved.

After his arrest, not only did the investigation of his deeds begin, but also the search for a motive. Here, Dahmer’s own statements are available as well as the psychiatric reports that were made about him in the course of the proceedings. According to his own testimony, which was also partially confirmed later by the experts, Dahmer suffered primarily from loneliness. He came from a broken home, his mother had abandoned him in his youth, and his father rarely showed any serious interest in his son. Early on, therefore, he was looking for a group of which he could become a part and for friends in general.

Dahmer, who was himself homosexual, had chosen an overwhelming number of victims of color. Nevertheless, he later emphasized that he had not been concerned with the sexuality of the men, nor with their skin color, but had chosen them primarily because of their attractiveness. Moreover, it could be established during the trial that he apparently tried to perform forms of lobotomy on some of the victims in order to create a zombie friend for himself who would not leave him. This also matched the testimony as to why he ate parts from some victims – again, he emphasized that he wanted to prevent the men from leaving him again so he could keep them with him.

Jeffrey Dahmer: Psychiatric report and assessment of motives for the crime in court

The psychiatric reports were primarily concerned with the loneliness Dahmer referred to. According to his own statements, after a sexual partner left his apartment again, he always felt a sense of emptiness and loneliness. He tried to prevent this, on the one hand, by anesthetizing his victims and, on the other hand, by conducting experiments later on so that he could possibly keep them with him as mindless slaves. According to his own statements, he was drunk during most of the murders, because otherwise he would not have been able to carry out the corresponding acts. Beyond that, however, he acted purposefully and methodically: most of his victims traveled alone, were chosen beforehand, and the murders happened on weekends so that he had enough time to remove any traces.

He took his fascination in keeping some parts of the corpses from some films and wanted to build an altar for himself from the heads. Until the end, however, Dahmer emphasized that the murders should have always been only a means to keep people with him and not to lead them lonely anymore. This was later also recorded as the most important motive by psychologists in their assessment of Dahmer’s motives.

Why didn’t Jeffrey Dahmer get a death sentence? Statement

The U.S. states of Ohio and Wisconsin, where Jeffrey Dahmer was convicted, had abolished the death penalty or temporarily suspended its application at the time of his conviction. Thus, only one conviction resulted in a long prison sentence, although Jeffrey Dahmer’s crimes drew great media attention and public outrage.

Jeffrey Dahmer – crimes and antecedents

Jeffrey Dahmer was a U.S. serial killer, sex offender, and cannibal who was active in the U.S. states of Ohio and Wisconsin between the 1970s and 1990s. Dahmer murdered male teenagers and young men he met in bars or within the local gay scene. He lured his victims to his apartment, where he overpowered and strangled them, then performed sexual acts on their bodies. Jeffrey Dahmer documented his crimes himself. In some cases, he consumed body parts after the murders.

The series of murders was solved accidentally because Dahmer aroused suspicion toward his neighbors. A police search of his home led to his arrest. During subsequent interrogations, Jeffrey Dahmer confessed to 17 murders and described all the details of his crimes. One of the murders was committed in Ohio, and all of the other offenses were committed in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Due to provisions in the U.S. legal system, trials were held in both states.

Jeffrey Dahmer – Conviction in Ohio

Dahmer’s first murder occurred in Bath, Ohio. The murder was not solved until 1991 along with Dahmer’s subsequent crimes. Jeffrey Dahmer was found guilty by a jury in Ohio and sentenced to life in prison for murder. The trial was exceptionally short, lasting less than an hour, due to the clear evidence.

Ohio officially had the death penalty reinstated at the time of the murder in 1978. However, after the reinstatement of the death penalty in 1976, the situation had to be resolved through lengthy court proceedings, so the death penalty was further suspended in 1978. At the time of Dahmer’s conviction in 1992, the death penalty was again carried out in Ohio. However, for Dahmer’s trial, the situation at the time of the crime, in 1978, was crucial.

Jeffrey Dahmer – Wisconsin Convictions

All of Dahmer’s other murders occurred in Wisconsin between 1987 and 1991. Of the 16 murders Dahmer confessed to in Wisconsin, he was charged with only 15 murders. In one case, prosecutors deemed the evidence insufficient for conviction. In the trial itself, Dahmer’s mental health played a major role, as he was diagnosed with several psychiatric disorders. Nevertheless, he was deemed sane and found guilty on all 15 murder counts charged. The sentence was 15 consecutive life sentences.

The death penalty had already been abolished in Wisconsin in the 19th century. Thus, a death sentence was not an option. However, the case of Jeffrey Dahmer opened a debate about reinstating the death penalty in Wisconsin, as the crimes caused great horror. Nevertheless, the state stood by its decision not to allow the death penalty.

No death penalty for Jeffrey Dahmer – reactions.

There was great public outrage that Jeffrey Dahmer did not receive the death penalty. The case received particularly high media interest because of its cruelty. Even Dahmer himself testified that he wished for and deserved the death penalty. However, the legal situation in the two relevant states of Wisconsin and Ohio was clear at the time of the trials. In the aggregate, Jeffrey Dahmer’s prison sentences would have added up to about 900 years, with no possibility of parole or early release. Still, many people saw their sense of justice or retribution unsatisfied by the sentences.

What does „friyay“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

„Friyay“ expresses joy that Friday is (or soon will be) and that it marks the end of the work week (for most).

What does „Friyay“ mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

„Friyay“ is an interjection that represents excitement, relief, and anticipation. When „Friyay“ is, the (hard) work week is over. The drudgery has come to an end and now one can devote oneself to leisure as well as recreation. The time of unfreedom, hierarchies and fixed meetings is over, on the weekend you can approach life more relaxed and without pressure.

„Friyay“ is comparable to TGIF, Vice Friday and Freeday, as well as Wednesday. Partly „Friyay“ is also written „Fri-yay“.

Friyay is a portmanteau of the words „Friday“ and „yay“. „-Day“ and „yay“ sound very similar and rhyme. This favored the creation of „friyay“.

In English, the interjection „yay“ is used when cheering. (So with „friyay“ there is rejoicing for it being Friday).

Regarding the word creation „friyay“, it must be said that this works with any day of the week that ends in „day“. (So all of them!) This would look like this: Monyay, Tuesyay, Wednesyay, Thursyay, Saturyay, and Sunyay. (Translated: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday, Sunday.) Except that the first four days – Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday – are missing the weekend prospects. Because the work week still goes on. On Sunday, you don’t want to shout „yay“ either, because this is where the work week ends. So you’re rather sad and already suspect the Monday blues.

Distribution of Friyay

On social media, #Friyay is a common and frequently used hashtag. On social media, the hashtag is most often used on a Friday to celebrate that it is finally Friday.

On Instagram, the hashtag #friyay has now been used over 13.4 million times. On TikTok, the word „FriYay“ has been used over 949 million times. (Both as of November 2022)

On Google Trends, it can be seen that searches for „friyay“ have been rising sharply since the end of 2014. This can be interpreted as the word „Friyay“ spreading and becoming more popular in the mid-2010s.

Other meaning of Friyay

„Friyay Fun“ is a glamour column focusing on weekly review.

„Friyay“ is a song by Berto‘ Beatz.


What is the meaning of „POTUS“, „FLOTUS“ and „SCOTUS“? Meaning of the abbreviation, explanation, definition

The terms „POTUS“, „FLOTUS“ and „SCOTUS“ are acronyms of the terms „President of the United States“, „First Lady of the United States“ and „Supreme Court of the United States“. Acronyms are special cases of certain abbreviations where groups of words or single words are reduced to their initial components.

What is the meaning of „POTUS“, „FLOTUS“ and „SCOTUS“? Meaning of the abbreviation, explanation, definition

Nowadays, the acronyms „POTUS“, „FLOTUS“ and „SCOTUS“ are mainly used in newspaper articles, reports or other written documents with reference to the persons meant. Their main advantage is that they are very efficient in terms of language due to their brevity. On the other hand, these acronyms define clear terms, which facilitates understanding.

The Twitter account of the US President has the handle „@POTUS“. The Twitter account of the First Lady of the United States has the handle „@FLOTUS“. The Twitter handle of „The Supreme Court of the United States“ is „@SCOTUS“.


The first of the three acronyms mentioned appeared in 1879. The term „SCOTUS“ was already found in a book called „The Phillips Telegraphic Code for the Rapid Transmission by Telegraph“. As the title of the book indicates, „SCOTUS“ was an abbreviation of the term „Supreme Court of the United States“, which was used primarily for Morse code and the like. then in 1895, the term „POTUS“ for „President of the United States“ appeared. „FLOTUS“ for „First Lady of the United States“ was not used until 1980. Over time, the terms have become more and more naturalized into the English language, especially American English, and are now a normal part of it.

What use did and do the acronyms have?

Historically, the acronyms „SCOTUS“ and „POTUS“ had mainly a strategic and practical use. Since at that time telegraphy, i.e. communication was still done via Morse code, each typed character was valuable and above all time-consuming. For example, „President of the United States“ required 30 characters, while „POTUS“ required only five. At that time, this meant, above all, a huge saving of characters and time. If an urgent message had to be sent with reference to the president, using the acronym proved to be extremely efficient.

Are there already other acronyms of this type?

It is to be expected that more acronyms of this type will be formed over time. So far, „COTUS“ for „Constitution of the United States“ or „TOTUS“ for „Teleprompter of the United States“ have appeared sporadically. As political systems within the United States are always adapting to new developments, the language will also evolve to incorporate many new acronyms of this type.

Other meaning of POTUS

POTUS is a play written by Selina Fillinger that has been performed on Broadway since 2022. The play premiered on April 27, 2022.

The play is about the president, a PR disaster and seven women who try to protect the president.

Who are the „Elevator Boys“? Names, info, resume, profile, biography

The „Elevator Boys“ are a content-creator group that has gained widespread fame primarily through their videos on the TikTok platform. The videos, in which a kind of role-playing game is made, became internationally known. The initial situation is as follows: As a viewer, you enter an elevator and in it stand the „Elevator Boys“. They flirt with their looks and body language. It is supposed to stimulate the head cinema of each individual. They became really famous when other TikTok users parodied these videos. However, the guys don’t take themselves too seriously. The origin of this fancy idea is a banal one: boredom.

Elevator Boys: Names and members

The five members of the content creator group, consisting of Tim Schäcker (22), Luis Freitag (22), Jacob Rott (21), Julien Brown (21) and the group’s „chick“ Bene Schulz 20 (years), got to know each other during Corona. In the beginning, each created their own content. After Tim and Luis met and became friends with Jacob, it didn’t take long for the group to start working together. Since the guys all lived in Frankfurt and only Julien was from Nuremberg, he was the last to join. That ended up being the lynchpin. From there, they started creating and uploading a wide variety of content on TikTok. They went viral with their POV (point of view) video „You enter the elevator.“ This has been viewed 1.2 million times.

The leader of the troupe is Tim, who works as a model on the side. The idea for the very first „Elevator Boys“ video, however, came from Jacob. The group is particularly popular because there is no rivalry among them. They convince with their relaxed manner and their authentic appearance. They harmonize well with each other and their main goal is to involve the viewers in the videos and entertain them.

Elevator Boys: Curriculum Vitae, Profile, Biography

The POV’s serve entertaining purposes. In their first TV appearance on the ProSieben show „Late Night Berlin“ with Klaas Heufer-Umlauf, they explain the background to their videos.

The five members were born and raised in Germany. They work part-time as models. They mainly create content on TikTok and have recently started earning money with YouTube videos. Although not much is known about their private life, there is some interesting information about them:

Tim Schäcker was born on March 12, 1999, he is also very fond of animals and owns a dog named Cooper. He grew up in Frankfurt. His star sign is Pisces. Luis Freitag has a brother with whom he has already shot a few TikToks. He was born on November 15, 1999 and is therefore a Scorpio. Jacob Rott, like his colleagues, works part-time as a model and is the founder of the group. He was born on April 3, 2000 and has the star sign Aries. Julien Brown is the only one of the troupe from Nuremberg. Julien was born on March 16, 2000. His star sign is Pisces. The „chick“ of the troupe is Bene Schulz. He also has a brother who is younger than him. He is of the zodiac sign Gemini and was born in Germany on May 23, 2001.

Elevator Boys: Links, TikTok and Instagram of the members

All five members are represented on various social media platforms. The links to each profile can be found in their individual Linktree web pages. On Linktree, all accounts are linked. So if you’re interested in paying the guys a visit, you’ll find their profiles listed here:

Tim: @timschaecker | Linktree

Luis: @Luis_freitag | Linktree

Jacob: JACOB ROTT | Linktree

Julien: itsjulienbrown | Linktree

Bene: @BeneSchulz | Linktree

Where does the group name „Elevator Boys“ come from?

In fact, the „Elevator Boys“ got this name from their viewers. The famous TikTok video was born out of boredom. But because it went viral internationally in such a short time, they soon got the name „Elevator Boys.“ The troupe does not feel attacked at all by the numerous parodies and reactions to their POVs. Rather, they use them to work with themselves.

Anyone who is now curious about the „Elevator Boys“ can visit their joint YouTube channel. New content is also constantly being created and uploaded here.

Apart from that, there is also the joint TikTok account, through which the „Elevator Boys“ have become famous.

The group also has an Instagram account, where their followers are constantly kept up to date on the lives of the „Elevator Boys.

Who is Alexa Breit? Curriculum vitae, Profile, Biography, Instagram

Alexa Breit is a German model and influencer.

Alexa Breit: resume, profile, biography

She was born on 05.03.1999 in Kaiserlautern in Germany, where she went to a private school. She has Caucasian roots and was raised Christian. Her star sign is Pisces.
Alexa has blue eyes and blond hair and is 165,1 cm tall with a weight of about 48kg and wears shoe size 38.

She lives in Berlin, where she is also training to be a physiotherapist.

No information is known about her siblings and parents.

Alexa is very interested in fashion and glamour, likes to do sports and eats healthy and mostly vegan food.

In 2021 there was an annual calendar of Alexa on the site emso.de.

Alexa Breit: Instagram

Alexa became famous through Instagram, where she now has 1.2 million followers and over 600 posts. She posted her first photo in June 2015. Her agency is called TheCreate GmbH and is based in Cologne.

Link to her Instagram account: alexa_breit

Posts can also be found on her Facebook page, where she has 970 followers and 757 likes.
Link to her Facebook page: breitalexa

Alexa has also been very active on Tiktok for some time, posting dance and comedy videos there. She has 298,000 followers there and over 1.6 million likes.
Link to her Tiktok account: @alexabreit

In addition, Alexa also runs an OnlyFans account, through which her 12,100 followers can buy exclusive visuals.

Since September 2016, she can be found on Twitter and although she is now rather less active there, she still has over 2000 followers.

On Youtube there are some couple videos from summer 2021 of Alexa Breit together with Fabian Arnold, but no official statement on her page that the two are (still) a couple. Fabian Arnold is also a model and influencer.

What are Porch Pirates? Meaning, definition, explanation

People who secretly steal a package from the door of a neighbor’s house are also called Porch Pirates. This can be a parcel or package. However, stealing a parcel shipment is not only possible right at the front door. Since the distribution channel is often very long, theft can occur anywhere and is therefore difficult to trace.

What are Porch Pirates? Meaning, definition, explanation

The term Porch Pirates originates from the English language. Parcel theft occurs almost daily in Germany. If a parcel is delivered and the recipient is not at home, parcel carriers have the opportunity to leave the parcel in front of the house or apartment door. Very few houses have a secure place to deposit parcels in addition to a mailbox. Accordingly, the parcels often lie unattended in front of the door for a longer period of time. For thieves, it is the best opportunity to commit theft.

How can you protect yourself from Porch Pirates?

Already when ordering goods, it is possible to determine where the package will be delivered. If you work, it makes sense to deliver the parcel to a pick-up station or to ask your neighbor to accept the parcel. Some parcel service providers do not simply leave the parcel on the doorstep if the recipient does not arrive. They drop it off at the nearest postal station, from where it can be picked up. In this case, the recipient contains a written notification, which is placed in the mailbox. However, as a deterrent to thieves, the front door can also be equipped with an alarm system including a video camera. Even the mere sight of cameras deters many thieves in advance.

Consequences of piracy

More and more people order their goods online. As a result, many packages are on the move. Porch pirates either strike by chance, because they discover a dropped package at a front door, or they specifically lie in wait. In both cases, they either take the whole package or steal only part of the contents. However, it can also happen that a package is stolen directly from the hold of a truck. When a supplier hands out packages, he also doesn’t always close the hold right away. This makes it easy for thieves in parking lots or on the street to reach into the hold and steal a package or parcel.

Disadvantage of long distribution channels

In the case of organized crime, complete pallet loads or full truckloads may disappear. Theft can occur from the carrier, consignee or shipper. Porch piracy can involve individuals or organized gangs. To protect against theft, tracking systems, surveillance systems, and comprehensive corporate security are good options. They can prevent theft. In the past, package theft has occurred in which the goods were removed and replaced with a weight. After the package is sealed, it can easily pass through the rest of the distribution system. As a result, parcel tracking continues, but the goods have disappeared.

Thefts of delivered packages and parcels

The term porch pirates refers to a situation where individuals steal packages from the front door or a porch before the recipient can pick it up. Many cases are not reported to the police. This is due in part to the fact that many online stores will pay for the damage or resend the goods if they are stolen. Pre-piracy is much less common in Germany than in the USA. Since piracy has increased drastically in the USA, a higher penalty has been imposed since 2019.

What is the NPC meme? What does it mean? Meaning, definition and origin explained

The NPC meme is a variant of the Wojak / Feels Guy meme. The figures shown are gray and instead of a normal face, they have an expressionless and highly simplified face that resembles a simple smiley. All „NPCs“ have the same facial expression.

The NPC meme is a reaction to the current political culture and situation in the world. The term „NPC“ is used to describe people who are assumed not to think for themselves, but to adopt the attitude of another or superior as if automatically. This means that NPCs repeat and parrot the opinions of others without considering implications or criticizing the opinion.

Update 2022: What are NPCs?

In youth and Internet lingo in 2022, people were referred to as NPCs who simply stand around (in the background), talk (babble) something irrelevant, and otherwise make no contribution. These NPCs populate the background, so to speak, talk about something and otherwise have no meaning or relevance. At worst, the loud talk of NPCs is distracting or they just get in the way.

Of course, one would also have to acknowledge that a place without NPCs would be pretty empty. Further, one would have to acknowledge that one’s self is an NPC in the lives of others, who may be interfering with one’s intention to record a video or whose talk that others are NPCs devalues and interferes with others. The last thing you might see and realize is that you take yourself too seriously if you think others are the NPCs and you think you are at the center of the world. (Maybe it’s the other way around?)

The NPC meme simply explained:

In the past, these people would have been called „sheep“, „sheeple“ or „(ideologically) deluded.“

What does NPC mean? Meaning, definition, explanation

The word „NPC“ means non-player character. The term comes from video games. There, characters that serve the plot, interact with the player or simply populate the world are called NPCs. They do not have free will. Each of their actions and statements has been predetermined by the game architect, who has set immutable rules for everything(!). NPCs cannot break out of these rules. They also cannot change them or deviate from them. NPCs only react to stimuli and are not able to develop (or rethink) their abilities, opinions or views.

The way these NPCs function has been applied to various humans and is a pejorative term.

How to recognize an NPC? What characteristics they have:

People who meet the following characteristics can be called NPCs:

  • They adopt opinions, arguments, and statements of others without question.
  • They do not question opinions, arguments, facts and statements.
  • They ignore internal and external contradictions.
    They lack moral ambivalence.
  • Their attitude is strongly one-sided.
  • They deliberately do not build empathy for their opponents and do not want to understand their position.

Statements by NPCs seem as if they have been learned by heart. They repeat a set of arguments, information and facts. The more populist and simple the information, the easier they spread it. NPCs seem incapable of evolving their opinions or integrating new information into their world. They rigidly divide the world into good and evil. NPCs seem to listen only to their „leaders“ or those they have chosen to lead them and soak up any instruction or information from that person.

Their reactions seem automatic and thus have a robotic character.

Examples of NPCs

Whether NPCs like or dislike a person, group, or thing determines their reaction. The motive or possible beneficiaries do not matter.

Their behavior can be broken down to simple stimulus-response patterns:

  • „A person or group I don’t like has said or done something, so I criticize or defame them.“
  • „A person or group I like has said or done something, so I praise or defend them.“

The attitude toward the person or group determines the evaluation. Not the motive, intent, or who benefits.


It works for Trump opponents, „Trump said something. So I’m criticizing him.“ As well as for Trump supporters, „Trump said something (again). So I think it’s good.“

In German politics, it also works..:

For AfD opponents, „The AfD said something, anything, so I criticize them.“ or „I only focus on the negative of the AfD.“ – For AfD fans: „The AfD said something. I think it’s great.“ or „I only focus on the positive of the AfD and ignore contradictions and inconsistencies.“

Someone is a Merkel fan, then he finds everything she says / does good or he is Merkel opponent, then he finds everything she says or does bad.

Other formulas:

  • „A (political) group I don’t like is demonstrating, so I take part in the counter-demonstration.“
  • „I classify all statements of a (political) group or person I don’t like in such a way that they appear negative and must be rejected.“
  • „A person who is part of or has sympathies for a (political) group I dislike, I dislike and avoid all contact with – regardless of the person’s character.“

NPCs support a cause or are against a cause without having much deep knowledge about it. They easily become part of a large crowd.

Reactions to the NPC meme

Some of the reactions to the NPC meme were very strong, as many supporters of different political persuasions felt addressed. They interpreted the NPC meme as belittling and defaming their humanity. Among others, Trump opponents and Trump supporters felt addressed. In addition, Social Justice Warrior (SJW), supporters of gender doctrine, and their opponents reacted.

They were accused with the NPC meme of using like „NPCs“ the same arguments and phrases that are spread in the media, as well as having the same attitudes as spread in their milieu media.

„NPCs“ are also accused of ignoring contradictory information, turning it around to fit their worldview, or simply calling the other person a „Nazi“ or „racist“ in order to morally devalue and denigrate them.

Where did the NPC meme come from?

The NPC meme started on the internet forum and board 4Chan. A post titled „Are You an NPC?“ was published there on July 7, 2016. This post discusses the idea that people who follow every trend, believe everything the media says, take every piece of information at face value, and subscribe to every group-think can be called NPCs. They appear human, but have no thoughts of their own. There, NPCs were first depicted as gray figures with simplified and identical facial expressions.

Accordingly, „NPC“ is simply a new term for the old phenomenon of fellow travelers.

The basis for this idea is a Psychology Today article published in 2011 that discusses the idea that not all people have an inner monologue. They act without thinking and simply adopt opinions.

How are NPCs possible?

„NPCs“ are accused, among other things, of being one-sided and of having unbalanced (political) opinions. This is correct and is not the fault of NPCs, because politics only works through one-sidedness. An example of this? You can pass better animal welfare laws or more business-friendly animal „protection“ laws. If the government passes an animal welfare law that increases animal welfare, it can be interpreted as anti-business because it increases the cost of keeping animals. If the government passes an animal welfare law that relaxes husbandry rules, it is good for the economy because costs may go down, thus increasing profits, but it is bad for the animals because husbandry conditions have been reduced.

Groupthink and follower-think is a fundamental part of the human psyche. Being part of a group gives security and increases the chances of survival – people in the Stone Age already knew this. This thinking is deeply anchored in the human psyche. Anyone who questions group thinking must expect to be quickly ostracized or criticized. Examples of this?

In October, Sarah Wagenknecht criticized the „Unteilbar“ demonstration in Berlin. She was criticized for this and said afterwards that she felt bullied and feared a campaign against her.

This groupthink and the division of the world into good and evil is dangerous. Because the legitimization that someone is the „good guy“ can lead to the idea that everything can be done to the „bad guys“ because they are the „bad guys. In doing so, the „good guys“ renounce any empathy for the „bad guys“ and deliberately do not want to develop any understanding for the position of the „bad guys“. This leads to the „bad guys“ being dehumanized because they deviate greatly from the values of the „good guys.“ How should a society now deal with these dehumanized „bad guys“?

Everything has two sides: Who wants to see the shadow?

One must rightly accuse the NPCs of being incapable of recognizing that everything has a positive and negative side – that is, a shadow. No political group or person is purely negative or purely positive. This thinking is dangerous because it leads to the fact that supporters and the ideas of a (political) group that an NPC dislikes can always be demonized because of the dislike. In doing so, the other side of the coin is ignored and anything negative is targeted.

Basically, anyone who does not want to recognize that every (political) group or person has two sides and thus can never be unilaterally bad or unilaterally good would have to be called an NPC. They thus ignore the fact that something is only true if the opposite is true. With it they operate politics in the core, because this is unfortunately one-sided.

In the conclusion it must be said that there are no „bad people“, but only people whose behavior is evaluated as „bad“. In the same way, there are no „good people“, but only people whose behavior is evaluated as „good“. Whoever dares to take this small leap can develop understanding for the „bad people“ and see that they are not so „bad“ after all.

Who is Dr. Livesey? Walk, Memes, Meaning, Explanation, Definition

Dr. David Livesey is a character from the novel „Treasure Island“ by Robert Louis Stevensen, published in 1883.

In the novel „Treasure Island“ Dr. David Livesey is a doctor.

In 2022, an excerpt of a 1988 Soviet comic adaptation became internationally popular on the Internet. The phonics song „Why Not“ by Ghostface Playa was added to the clip. The comic animation became known as „Dr. Livesey Phonk Walk“.

What is the Dr. Livesey Phonk Walk? Song, Meme, Explanation

The „Dr. Livesey Phonk Walk“ is a clip from the Soviet animated film Treasure Island.

In the clip that became famous, Dr. Livesey is seen walking with two other characters. In the scene, the phonk song „Why Not“ by Ghostface Playa is played. The scene went viral because of Dr. Livesey’s special walk and the Phonk song „Why Not.“

In the clip, Dr. Livesey is depicted as a Chad or GigaChad-like character. He has a strong chest, broad shoulders, a winning smile and walks (very) self-aware. Dr. Livesey is fearless, optimistic, and enthusiastic. Without fear or anxiety, he walks into uncomfortable situations.

Dr. Livesey’s confident walk was precisely one reason the meme went viral. Many social media users commented that he walks like a GigaChad.

Story of the Soviet comic Dr. Livesey:

The comic adaptation was produced in 1988 in Kiev, Ukraine, by the film studio „Kievnauchfilm“. (At that time Ukraine was not yet an independent state, but was part of the Soviet Union (USSR). In 1988 Ukraine was still called „Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic“).

The Russian name of Dr. David Livesey is Доктор Ливси. Dr. Livesey was voiced by Yevgeny Papernyy.

On an inset character card, Dr. Livesey is described as a kind and cheerful person who is good with people and is not married.

In scenes distributed on YouTube and other social networks, Dr. David Livesey is seen examining alcoholic Billy Bones and telling him to stop drinking if he wants to continue living. It is here that Dr. Livesey says his very famous line, „The words ‚rum‘ and ‚death‘ should mean the same thing to you!“ (As Dr. Livesey says the phrase, he can be seen holding a bottle of rum (labeled „Rom“) in his right hand and a skull in his left).

In other scenes, Dr. Livesey is seen fighting effortlessly, defending himself while smelling a flower, and handling bombs.

Spread: Dr. Livesey Phonk Walk (Meme)

Already in 2018, memes about Dr. Livesey spread on the Russian Facebook „VK“. In 2021, Dr. Livesey became popular on the Russian-language Internet. However, it was not until 2022 that the „Dr. Livesey Phonk Walk“ on TikTok became popular internationally. A video of Dr. Livesey was published here back in July. The phonk song „Why Not“ by Ghostface Playa was used for the video. A few weeks later, from the middle and end of August, the song went viral worldwide and became more popular.

International searches on Google for „Dr. Livesey“ increased massively from August 14, 2022. (A strong indication that the meme went viral).

Dr. David Livesey – Treasure Island: character, info

In the novel „Treasure Island“ Dr. Livesey is an intelligent, well-known, good and helpful doctor. He lives in the village of Black Hill.

Dr. Livesey is a calm and level-headed character who never acts hastily, but is always level-headed and keeps a clear head. For the character Jim, Dr. Livesey acts as a mentor of sorts.

Dr. Livesey is also a judge in the novel Treasure Island.

Dr. Livesey was born in England in 1708.

What is Sober October? Meaning, definition, explanation

Sober October is about not drinking alcohol for the entire month of October.

What is Sober October? Meaning, definition, explanation

Rules for Sober October:

There is only one rule:

1. Don’t drink alcohol in October.

Don’t drink beer, refrain from wine. Refrain from mixed drinks. Refrain from drinking liquor. Stay dry.

Still go to parties and friends‘ houses. Stand firm when alcohol is offered to you. Learn to say „no.“

Why should you participate in Sober October? Reasons

Alcohol consumption can become problematic without you realizing it. A break of a few weeks – similar to fasting – can change one’s own perception of drinking behavior. The time of „Sober October“ should therefore be used to reflect on one’s own well-being and habits.

The biggest advantage of „Sober October“ is that you don’t have a hangover the day after a party and you don’t have to sober up. Another big advantage is that you didn’t have a film break (blackout).

Another advantage is that one’s body can fully benefit from strength training, since growth phases are not interrupted by alcohol.

Those who participate in „Sober October“ learn to say „no“. Because one will have to turn down quite a few offers.

If you want to go one step further, ask yourself why you need alcohol at all: Is it for relaxation, to get high, or to loosen up? If so, the next question should be asked immediately: Why can’t I do this without a bottle? What is inhibiting me?

Another reason for participating in Sober October is that you save money. Namely, one no longer spends money on alcoholic beverages.

Giving up alcohol improves your diet. Alcohol isn’t very nutritious, and what you eat when you’re drunk usually isn’t either. (It’s usually nice and greasy.)

Ultimately, sobriety is also self-care.

Sober October: Sober in the club

People who party sober will perceive their friends and those present at the club differently.

Editor’s note: The author was once sober at the club. The smells you perceive when sober are not pretty. People stank badly of sweat. Conversations with drunks are little or a lot of fun. Either people are fun and act like kids or they are already so drunk that they suffer a loss of control or become aggressive.

Health Reasons for Sober October:

People who abstain from alcohol perceive their bodies differently and better. Most people know that it is sometimes not so easy to decide when you are drunk that you should stop drinking. As a result, you tend to drink too much.

Alcohol makes you fat! Alcohol contains many calories and regular consumption is reflected in the weight. With men there is here the famous beer belly.

If you abstain from alcohol (for a few weeks), your skin will improve. It will look healthier. Your immune system will become stronger. Because alcohol dehydrates the body.

Abstaining from alcohol can increase mental / spiritual health. Someone can become more emotionally stable. Memory can also get better.

Sleep is disturbed by alcohol and is less restful. Someone who goes to bed sober will wake up much more refreshed.

It is also true that too many people die of alcohol poisoning or become alcoholics. Preventing this should be society’s goal.

The bottom line is that every day you don’t drink alcohol is a good day for your health.

Origin of Sober October

The idea and the project of „Sober October“ goes back to an Australian initiative and fundraiser. The aim of the initiative was for participants not to drink alcohol for one month. Participants of the initiative are supposed to collect money and donate it to „Life Education Australia“.

In the meantime, the initiative also exists in Great Britain. There, it is called „Go Sober for October.

Who is Super Sus (Supersus)? Curriculum vitae, life, profile, biography

„Super Sus“ is a Ukrainian Urban Explorer, YouTuber and web video producer.

Super Sus (Supersus): Curriculum vitae, life, Profile, Biography

In Cyrillic letters „Super Sus“ is called: Супер Сус.

Super Sus also goes by the name „Susanin“ or „Vasya“.

Super Sus lives in Kiev, Ukraine.

Super Sus speaks Ukrainian and Russian.

Super Sus (Supersus): Urban Explorer

In his videos Super Sus explores the underworld and overworld of Kiev and Ukraine. He explores bunkers, subway tunnels and subway facilities like canals. But Super Sus also explores old towers, dilapidated buildings and abandoned factories. (In particular, he explores old abandoned Soviet plants and facilities).

Super Sus is not squeamish in a videos and is not afraid of dirt either. (See: Mysophobia) He shows himself in his videos with dirt and grime on his face and body, with dirty pants and dirty clothes. His charismatic nature and self-confidence ensure that he is a small internet sensation. Because he repeatedly and very self-confidently leaves his comfort zone. Here he sometimes risks his life, for example when he lies next to moving subway tracks).

Super Sus is accompanied by his cameraman Dima.

Super Sus has already explored the catacombs of Paris. In one video, Super Sus and his companions explored an old theater. Among other things, they climbed through ventilation shafts.

Super Sus (Supersus) in Pripyat / Chernobyl

In 2018, he published a video of his visit to Pripyat near Chernobyl.

Super Sus published a video about his project to explore the underground from the Chernobyl reactor. In the video you can see how Super Sus and his companions row in rubber boats through water accumulations near the reactor. Super Sus even falls into the (radioactive) water here. In later scenes, Super Sus can be seen moving through the (radioactive) water in a diving suit.

In a later video, Super Sus and his companions had themselves checked for radiation in a hospital.

Super Sus (Supersus): TikTok 2022 (Song)

On TikTok, videos of Super Sus went viral in September 2022. In these he can be seen in subway tunnels with black dirty face.

The song „Phonky Tribu“ by Funk Tribu is usually playing in the background of the videos.

Super Sus (Supersus): YouTube, Instagram

YouTube: Супер Сус

Instagram: sssuper_sus

On Instagram, Super Sus has over 199,000 followers. On YouTube, he has over 1.64 million subscribers. (Both as of September 2022)